Table of contents
  1. Story
  2. Slides
    1. Slide 1 Semantic Data Science for the US Census Bureau
    2. Slide 2 Google Search Display: Census Bureau
    3. Slide 3 Google Search Result: Census Bureau
    4. Slide 4 Data Access Tools
    5. Slide 5 Data Visualization Gallery
    6. Slide 6 Census Data Visualization Gallery As Data For the Digital Government Strategy
    7. Slide 7 Census Data Visualization Gallery: Spotfire
    8. Slide 8 The Data Web: Data Ferrett
    9. Slide 9 Data Ferrett Description
    10. Slide 10 Community Economic Development HotReport Description
    11. Slide 11 Community Economic Development HotReport Web Site
    12. Slide 12 White House Big Data Event: Data to Knowledge to Action
    13. Slide 13 Semantic Data Science Team Attends White House Big Data Event
    14. Slide 14 NITRD Supplement to the FY14 President’s Budget
    15. Slide 15 Demos
    16. Slide 16 Contact Information
    17. Slide 17 Some Next Steps
    18. Slide 18 Data Access Tools
    19. Slide 19 Census Semantic Knowledge Base
    20. Slide 20 Semantic Knowledge Base
    21. Slide 21 Data Access Tools
    22. Slide 22 Data Access Tools: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet
    23. Slide 23 Direct File Access: Public
    24. Slide 24 Direct File Access Public: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet
    25. Slide 25 Census Taxonomy and Vocabulary: MindTouch Matrix
    26. Slide 26 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Excel Glossary
    27. Slide 27 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Glossary
    28. Slide 28 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Taxonomy
    29. Slide 29 Conclusions and Recommendations
    30. Slide 30 Statistical Abstract 2012: Spotfire Knowledge Base
  3. Spotfire Dashboard
  4. Research Notes
  5. Data Access Tools
    1. Interactive Internet Data Tools
    2. Research Data Centers
    3. Software to Download
    4. Direct File Access
    5. Access Tools at Other Sites
  6. Direct File Access
    1. 100_and_sample_profile/ 07-Jun-2002 09:03 - 
    2. 108_Congressional_Districts/ 13-Mar-2003 00:01 -
    3. 109_Congressional_Districts/ 06-Jan-2005 00:00 -
    4. 110_Congressional_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:22 -
    5. AIAN_SF/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -
    6. CQS/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -
    7. EEO_2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -
    8. Island_Areas/ 30-Apr-2003 00:01 -
    9. PUMS/ 06-Aug-2003 00:01 -
    10. Race_Hispanic_Latino_Summary_File/ 09-Jun-2004 10:35 -
    11. Sim_Hispanic_Totals/ 05-May-2003 00:01 -
    12. State_Legislative_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:03 -
    13. Summary_File_1/ 27-Sep-2011 11:26 -
    14. Summary_File_1_Supplement/ 11-Jun-2003 00:01 -
    15. Summary_File_2/ 27-Sep-2011 11:34 -
    16. Summary_File_2_Supplement/ 27-Mar-2003 16:46 -
    17. Summary_File_3/ 27-Sep-2011 14:08 -
    18. Summary_File_4/ 22-Jul-2003 00:02 -
    19. Summary_File_Extracts/ 16-Nov-2006 13:57 -
    20. demographic_profile/ 19-Apr-2002 14:08 -
    21. determination/ 27-Sep-2011 14:16 -
    22. eeo2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -
    23. redistricting_file--pl_94-171/ 12-Oct-2001 11:02 - 
  7. Glossary
    1. #
      1. 1-Year Estimates
      2. 100-percent data
      3. 113th Congressional District Summary File (100-Percent)
      4. 3-Year Estimates
      5. 484(f) Committee
      6. 5-Year Estimates
    2. A
      1. Ability to speak English
      2. Accommodation and food services
      3. Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation (A.C.E.)
      4. Acquisition
      5. Acreage
      6. Active members (of retirement systems)
      7. Adjustments
      8. Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services
      9. Administrative costs (of retirement systems)
      10. Adopted child
      11. Advanced Technology Products
      12. AES Applicant
      13. AES downtime filing citation
      14. AESDirect
      15. Africa
      16. African
      17. Age
      18. Age dependency ratio
      19. Agency and private trust transactions
      20. Aggregate
      21. Agricultural Commodities
      22. Agricultural sales
      23. Agriculture
      24. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
      25. Aid to local governments
      26. Air Carrier Codes
      27. Air conditioning
      28. Air Shipping Weight (SWT)
      29. Air transportation
      30. Air Value
      31. Air waybill
      32. Alaska Native
      33. Alaska Native Regional Corporation (ANRC)
      34. Alaska Native Village Statistical Area (ANVSA)
      35. Alcoholic beverage taxes
      36. All Employees
      37. All Establishments with 20 Employees or more
      38. All Other Hispanic or Latino
      39. Allocation
      40. American
      41. American Community Survey (ACS)
      42. American FactFinder (AFF)
      43. American Housing Survey (AHS)
      44. American Indian
      45. American Indian off-reservation trust land
      46. American Indian or Alaska Native
      47. American Indian reservation - federal
      48. American Indian reservation - state
      49. American Indian Tribal Subdivision
      50. American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)
      51. American Samoa
      52. Amusement taxes
      53. Ancestry
      54. Annotation
      55. Annual Fringe Benefits not included in Payroll
      56. Annual payroll (in thousands of dollars)
      57. Annual Survey of Manufactures
      58. ANSI Code
      59. Apportionment
      60. Apportionment population
      61. Arab
      62. Area
      63. Area Measurement
      64. Arts, entertainment, and recreation
      65. Asia - South
      66. Asia Near East
      67. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
      68. Asian
      69. Assistance and subsidies
      70. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
      71. Authorized agent
      72. Automated Broker Interface (ABI)
      73. Automated Export System (AES)
      74. Automated Export System Trade Interface Requirements (AESTIR)
      75. Automated Foreign Trade Zone Reporting Program (AFTZRP)
      76. Auxiliary enterprises
      77. Average
      78. Average family size
      79. Average household size
      80. Average household size of owner-occupied units
      81. Average household size of renter-occupied units
    3. B
      1. Baby Boomers
      2. Balance
      3. Balance of Payments (BOP)
      4. Barrio
      5. Barrio-Pueblo
      6. Base population
      7. Bathtub or shower
      8. Battery operated radio
      9. Bedrooms
      10. Beginning-of-Quarter Employment
      11. Beneficiaries
      12. Benefits
      13. Benefits, insurance trusts
      14. Bill of Lading (BL)
      15. Birthplace
      16. Births
      17. Black or African American
      18. Block
      19. Block Group (BG)
      20. Block Numbering Area (BNA)
      21. Bond
      22. Bond funds
      23. Bonded Warehouse
      24. Booking
      25. Borough
      26. Borrowing
      27. Boundary
      28. Boxhead
      29. Broad Lines
      30. Bureau of Ecomonic Analysis (BEA)
      31. Bureau of Indian Affairs
      32. Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)
      33. Business Expenses Survey (BES)
      34. Business on property
      35. Buyer
    4. C
      1. CAFTA-DR (Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement)
      2. Calculated Duty
      3. Canadian Data Exchange
      4. Canadian Estimate
      5. Capital expenditures (except land and mineral rights)
      6. Capital expenditures for mineral land and rights
      7. Capital outlay
      8. Card Count
      9. Cargo
      10. Carnet
      11. Carrier
      12. Cash and deposits
      13. Cash and securities (of retirement systems)
      14. Cash and security holdings
      15. Cash assistance
      16. Categorical assistance programs
      17. Category Code
      18. Cell
      19. Cell suppression
      20. Censo 2000 Puerto Rico en Español
      21. Census
      22. Census (decennial)
      23. Census (economic)
      24. Census (governments)
      25. Census 2000 Gateway
      26. Census 2000 Supplementary Survey (C2SS)View
      27. Census area
      28. Census block
      29. Census County Division (CCD)
      30. Census Day
      31. Census Designated Place (CDP)
      32. Census geography
      33. Census Information Centers
      34. Census of Population and Housing (CPH/PHC) reports
      35. Census Subarea
      36. Census tract
      37. Census Transportation Planning Products (CTPP)
      38. Central American Common Market
      39. Central City
      40. Central place
      41. Certainty Unit
      42. Change in housing costs
      43. Charges
      44. Charges and miscellaneous general revenue
      45. Child
      46. Child dependency ratio
      47. Children ever born – fertility
      48. CIF (cost, insurance, freight) import value
      49. Citizenship status
      50. City
      51. Civil penalty
      52. Civilian employed
      53. Civilian noninstitutionalized population
      54. Civilian population
      55. Class of worker
      56. Classification
      57. Classing method
      58. Co-owners or co-renters
      59. Collapsed table
      60. Combined New England City and Town Area (Combined NECTA)
      61. Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
      62. Commerce Control List (CCL)
      63. Commercial activities, N.E.C.
      64. Commercial Regions
      65. Commodity
      66. Commodity code
      67. Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)
      68. Commonwealth
      69. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
      70. Commuting (Journey to work)
      71. Company
      72. Comparison Profile (CP)
      73. Comparitive Statistics Report
      74. Compliance alert
      75. Components of population change
      76. Comunidad
      77. Concentration ratio
      78. Condominium status and fee
      79. Confidence interval (American Community Survey)
      80. Confidentiality
      81. Confidentiality edit
      82. Congressional District (CD)
      83. Consignee
      84. Consignment
      85. Consolidated city
      86. Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA)
      87. Constant Dollar Adjustment
      88. Construction
      89. Consumption (imports only)
      90. Container
      91. Containerized Shipments
      92. Continuous Measurement System
      93. Contract rent
      94. Contract work
      95. Contributions
      96. Contributions, insurance trust
      97. Controlled (American Community Survey)
      98. Controlling agency
      99. Cooperative status and fees
      100. Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs)
      101. Corporation net income taxes
      102. Correction
      103. Correctional institutions
      104. Cost and ownership sharing
      105. Cost of goods sold
      106. Count Question Resolution (CQR)
      107. Country Codes
      108. Country of Destination (exports only)
      109. Country of Origin (imports only)
      110. Country of shipment (imports only)
      111. Country Subcodes
      112. County and equivalent entity
      113. County Business Patterns
      114. County governments
      115. County subdivision
      116. Criminal penalty
      117. Cross tabulation
      118. Crosswalk
      119. Cumulative to date or Year-to-Date (YTD)
      120. Current charges
      121. Current expenditures
      122. Current income
      123. Current operation
      124. Current Population Survey (CPS)
      125. Customized Data Request (Special Request)
      126. Customs broker
      127. Customs Value
    5. D
      1. Data
      2. Data Access and Dissemination System (DADS)
      3. Data edits
      4. Data profiles
      5. Dataset
      6. Death and gift taxes
      7. Deaths
      8. Debt
      9. Debt issued
      10. Debt offsets
      11. Debt outstanding
      12. Debt redemption
      13. Debt retired
      14. Decennial
      15. Decennial census
      16. Deficit
      17. Delinquent
      18. Demographic analysis
      19. Demographic profile
      20. Derived measures
      21. Destination
      22. Detailed Lines
      23. Detailed Tables (DT)
      24. Diplomatic pouch
      25. Direct expenditures
      26. Disability
      27. Disaster repairs
      28. Disclosure avoidance
      29. Disclosure Limitation
      30. Distributor
      31. District (or port) of Entry
      32. District (or port) of Exportation
      33. District (or port) of Unlading
      34. District and Port Classification
      35. Districts (Special)
      36. Division
      37. Document and stock transfer taxes
      38. Domestic Exports
      39. Down payment
      40. Download
      41. Drayage
      42. Dress Rehearsal
      43. Drop Box
      44. Drop down list
      45. Drop shipment
      46. Dumping
      47. Dun and Bradstreet Number (DUNS)
      48. Dunnage
      49. Dutiable Value of Imports
      50. Duty
    6. E
      1. Earnings
      2. Earnings on Investments
      3. Earnings on investments, insurance trust revenue
      4. Economic Census
      5. Economic Census of Puerto Rico and Island Areas
      6. Economic indicators
      7. Economic place
      8. Economy-Wide Key Statistics (EWKS)
      9. Education
      10. Educational attainment
      11. Educational services
      12. EEO County Set
      13. Electric power
      14. Electronic Export Information (EEI)
      15. Elementary and secondary education
      16. Elementary school
      17. Embedded Housing Unit (EHU)
      18. Employed
      19. Employee-retirement expenditure
      20. Employee-retirement revenue
      21. Employee-retirement system
      22. Employees
      23. Employer Identification Number (EIN)
      24. Employers
      25. Employment security administration
      26. Employment status
      27. Employment status reference week
      28. Employment/population ratio
      29. End user
      30. End-Use
      31. Energy Star Rated Appliances
      32. Enhancement
      33. Entity
      34. Entry number
      35. Environment and housing
      36. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
      37. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation
      38. Equipment
      39. Equipment number
      40. Establishment
      41. Estate
      42. Estimates (American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey)
      43. Estimates base (Population Estimates Program)
      44. Ethnic Origin or Race
      45. Ethnicity
      46. Euro Area
      47. Europe
      48. European
      49. European Union
      50. Exchange Rate
      51. Exclusions
      52. Exemption legend
      53. Exemptions
      54. Expenditure
      55. Experienced civilian labor force
      56. Experienced unemployed
      57. Export
      58. Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
      59. Export control
      60. Export Control Classification Number (ECCN)
      61. Export license
      62. Exporter Data Base
      63. Exports
      64. Exports (Domestic)
      65. Exports (Foreign or Re-exports)
      66. Exports (Total)
      67. Exterior additions and replacements
    7. F
      1. Families and primary individuals
      2. Family household
      3. Family Income
      4. Family size
      5. Family type
      6. Farm residence
      7. Fatal error message
      8. Feature
      9. Federal home heating and cooling assistance program
      10. Federal Information Processing Series/Standards (FIPS)
      11. Female householder, no husband present
      12. Fertility
      13. Field of degree
      14. File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
      15. Filer ID
      16. Filers
      17. Filing electronic export information
      18. Filter
      19. Finance and insurance
      20. Financial administration
      21. Fines and forfeits
      22. FIPS class code
      23. Fire protection
      24. Firm
      25. Fiscal year
      26. Fish and game
      27. Food stamp receipt
      28. Foreign born
      29. Foreign entity
      30. Foreign Exports (Re-exports)
      31. Foreign Military Sales (FMS)
      32. Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)
      33. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)
      34. Forestry
      35. Forwarding agent
      36. Foster children
      37. Free Along Ship (F.A.S.) Export Value
      38. Free or reduced-price meals programs
      39. Freight
      40. Freight Forwarder
      41. Frequency of language use
      42. Full-faith and credit debt
      43. Full-Quarter (Stable) Employment
      44. Full-time employees
      45. Full-time equivalent employment
      46. Full-Time, Year-Round Worker
      47. Full-time, year-round workers in designated calendar year
      48. Functional status code
      49. Functions
      50. Fund
    8. G
      1. Gas supply
      2. Gay
      3. Gender
      4. General debt
      5. General expenditure
      6. General expenditure, N.E.C.
      7. General Imports
      8. General local government support
      9. General obligation debt
      10. General public buildings
      11. General revenue
      12. General sales or gross receipts taxes
      13. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)
      14. Geographic Area Series (GAS)
      15. Geographic comparison tables (GCT)
      16. Geographic Component
      17. Geographic entity
      18. Geographic hierarchy
      19. Geographic Identifiers
      20. Geographic Identifiers Table (G001)
      21. Geography (census)
      22. Geography Quick Report (GQR)
      23. Gini Index
      24. Go-outside-home disability
      25. Goods
      26. Government administration
      27. Government subsidy for repairs and alterations
      28. Grade in which enrolled
      29. Grandparents as caregivers
      30. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
      31. Gross National Product (GNP)
      32. Gross rent
      33. Gross rent as a percentage of income
      34. Group Quarters (GQ)
      35. Group quarters population
      36. Guam
      37. Guarantors of primary mortgages
    9. H
      1. Harmonized System
      2. Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated
      3. Hawaiian home land
      4. Health
      5. Health care and social assistance
      6. Health insurance coverage
      7. Hearing disability
      8. Heating fuel
      9. High school
      10. Higher education
      11. Highways
      12. Hispanic or Latino origin
      13. Home equity loan
      14. Home improvement
      15. Home-equity mortgages
      16. Homeowner association fee
      17. Homeowner vacancy rate
      18. Hospitals
      19. Household
      20. Household income
      21. Household language
      22. Household population
      23. Household size
      24. Household type
      25. Household type and relationship
      26. Householder
      27. Housing and community development
      28. Housing unit
      29. Housing unit density
      30. Housing Vacancies and Homeownership
    10. I
      1. If-Then-Else Edit
      2. Immigrants
      3. Import Adjustments
      4. Import Charges
      5. Imports
      6. Imports (General)
      7. Imports for Consumption
      8. Imputation
      9. In-transit Shipments
      10. Inactive members
      11. Inbond
      12. Income
      13. Incorporated place
      14. Independent City (IC)
      15. Individual income taxes
      16. Industrial classification
      17. Industry (economic)
      18. Industry (population data)
      19. Industry Quick Report (IQR)
      20. Industry Series
      21. Information sector
      22. Inland freight in Canada
      23. Institutionalized population
      24. Insurance benefits and repayments
      25. Insurance sales and gross receipts taxes
      26. Insurance trust expenditure
      27. Insurance trust revenue
      28. Insurance trust system
      29. Integrated Coverage Measurement (ICM)
      30. Intercensal estimates
      31. Interest earnings
      32. Interest expenditure
      33. Intergovernmental expenditure
      34. Intergovernmental revenue
      35. Intergovernmental revenue for federal government
      36. Intergovernmental revenue for general local government support
      37. Intergovernmental revenue from local governments
      38. Intergovernmental revenue from state governments
      39. Interior additions and replacements
      40. Intermediate consignee
      41. Internal point
      42. Internal transaction number (ITN)
      43. International Data Base (IDB)
      44. International Standards Organization (ISO) Country Codes
      45. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
      46. Interpolation
      47. Island Areas
      48. Issued banknotes
      49. Item nonresponse
    11. J
      1. Job Change
      2. Job Creation
      3. Job Destruction
      4. Joint-Use Area
      5. Journey to work
      6. Judicial and legal (government employment statistics)
      7. Judicial and legal (government finance statistics)
    12. K
      1. Kg (kilogram)
      2. Kitchen facilities
    13. L
      1. L (liter)
      2. Labor force
      3. Labor force participation rate
      4. Land and existing structures, capital outlay expenditures
      5. Land area
      6. Land rent
      7. Language spoken at home
      8. Latin American Free Trade Market (LAFTA)
      9. Latino
      10. Legal form of organization
      11. Legal/Statistical Area Description code
      12. Legal/Statistical Area Description Code (LSAD)
      13. Legend
      14. Libraries
      15. License applicant
      16. License exception
      17. License taxes
      18. License taxes - alcoholic beverages
      19. License taxes - amusements
      20. License taxes - corporation in general
      21. License taxes - hunting and fishing
      22. License taxes - motor vehicle operators
      23. License taxes - motor vehicles
      24. License taxes - occupations and businesses, not elsewhere classified (n.e.c.)
      25. License taxes - public utilities
      26. Linguistic isolation
      27. Liquor store revenue
      28. Liquor stores
      29. Liquor stores expenditure
      30. Living quarters
      31. Loading document
      32. Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
      33. Lodgers
      34. Long form
      35. Long-term debt
      36. Long-term debt issued
      37. Long-term debt offsets
      38. Long-term debt refunded
      39. Long-term debt retired
      40. Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)
      41. Low-value shipments
      42. Lower bound (American Community Survey)
    14. M
      1. M (meter)
      2. Macro Editing
      3. MAF/TIGER database
      4. Management of companies and enterprises
      5. Manifest
      6. Manufactured/mobile home park fees
      7. Manufactured/mobile homes
      8. Manufacturing
      9. Margin of Error (MOE)
      10. Marital status
      11. Mass-market software
      12. Meals included in rent
      13. Mean
      14. Mean income
      15. Means of transportation to work
      16. Median
      17. Median age
      18. Median income
      19. Membership (of retirement systems)
      20. Mental disability
      21. Merchandise
      22. Merchandise Trade
      23. Merchandise Trade Balance
      24. Merger
      25. Metadata
      26. Method of Transportation (MOT)
      27. Metropolitan
      28. Metropolitan Area (MA)
      29. Metropolitan Division
      30. Metropolitan Statistical Area
      31. Microdata files
      32. Micropolitan Statistical Area
      33. Migration
      34. Military dependents
      35. Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
      36. Minor Civil Division (MCD)
      37. Miscellaneous and unallocated expenditure
      38. Miscellaneous commercial activities
      39. Mobile homes or boat costs
      40. Mode of transportation
      41. Monthly housing costs
      42. Monthly housing costs as a percentage of income
      43. Monthly payment for principal and interest
      44. Mortgage origination
      45. Mortgage payment
      46. Mortgage status
      47. Mortgages
      48. Motor fuel sales taxes
      49. Motor vehicles license taxes
      50. Multi-unit structure
      51. Municipal governments
      52. Municipio
    15. N
      1. N.E.C.
      2. N.E.S.O.I.
      3. N.S.P.F.
      4. Narrative profile
      5. National defense and international relations
      6. Nationality
      7. Native born
      8. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
      9. Nativity status
      10. Natural increase
      11. Natural resources
      12. Net domestic migration
      13. Net international migration
      14. Net long-term debt
      15. Net migration
      16. New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
      17. New England City and Town Area (NECTA) Division
      18. New England County Metropolitan Area (NECMA)
      19. New Hires
      20. Newly Industrialized Countries (NICS)
      21. Nominal Dollars
      22. Non-Hispanic White Alone
      23. Non-Petroleum Products
      24. Noncontiguous States (Non-Con) Statistics
      25. Nonemployer Statistics (NES)
      26. Nonguaranteed debt
      27. Noninstitutionalized population
      28. Nonrelatives
      29. Nonsampling error
      30. North America
      31. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
      32. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
      33. North American Product Classification System (NAPCS)
      34. North American Treaty Organization (NATO) Allies
      35. Northern Mariana Islands
      36. Not in labor force
      37. Number of employees
      38. Number of establishments
      39. Number of workers in family in designated calendar year
      40. Number of workers in family in the past 12 months
      41. Numeric population change
    16. O
      1. Occasional use
      2. Occupants per room
      3. Occupation
      4. Occupations and business license taxes
      5. Occupied housing unit
      6. Off-Reservation Trust Land
      7. Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC)
      8. Offshore Areas
      9. Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA)
      10. Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA) Joint-Use Areas
      11. Old age dependency ratio
      12. Old-age assistance
      13. OnTheMap
      14. Operating expenses
      15. Order party
      16. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
      17. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
      18. Origin of Movement (OM)
      19. Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES)
      20. Other activities on property
      21. Other additions and replacements
      22. Other and unallocable expenditure
      23. Other business receipts
      24. Other Ethnic Origin or Race
      25. Other expenses
      26. Other government administration
      27. Other license taxes
      28. Other relative
      29. Other services (except public administration)
      30. Outlying areas
      31. Overlay
      32. Own children
      33. Owner-occupied housing unit
    17. P
      1. Pacific Islands
      2. Pacific Rim
      3. Packing list
      4. Paid employees
      5. Parents' Place of Birth
      6. Parish
      7. Parking facilities
      8. Parks and recreation
      9. Part
      10. Part-time employees
      11. Partnership agencies
      12. Party ID type
      13. People in family
      14. People in household
      15. Per capita income
      16. Percent estimated
      17. Percent population change
      18. Percentage
      19. Period of military service
      20. Person
      21. Personally identifiable information (PII)
      22. Petroleum products
      23. PHC-1 tables
      24. Physical disability
      25. Place
      26. Place of birth
      27. Place of Work
      28. Plumbing facilities
      29. Police protection
      30. Population
      31. Population density
      32. Population estimate (Population Estimates Program)
      33. Population estimates
      34. Population in occupied housing units
      35. Population projections
      36. Port of export
      37. Portable Document File (PDF)
      38. Postcensal estimates
      39. Postdeparture filing
      40. Postdeparture filing citation
      41. Poverty
      42. Poverty Status of Households in (designated calendar year)
      43. Power of attorney
      44. Preferences
      45. Price Asked
      46. Primary benefit
      47. Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA)
      48. Principal and interest
      49. Principal City
      50. Principal parties in interest
      51. Privacy Act
      52. Private vehicle occupancy
      53. Production Workers
      54. Products
      55. Products and Services code
      56. Professional, scientific, and technical services
      57. Program Indicators
      58. Proof of filing citation
      59. Property tax relief
      60. Property taxes
      61. Protective inspection and regulation
      62. Public administration
      63. Public Law 103-430 (P.L. 103-430)
      64. Public Law 105-119 (P.L. 105-119)
      65. Public Law 94-171 (P.L. 94-171)
      66. Public safety
      67. Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)
      68. Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files
      69. Public utility taxes
      70. Public welfare
      71. Puerto Rico
      72. Purchase of land and existing structures
    18. Q
      1. Quality measures
      2. Quantiles
      3. Quantity
      4. Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)
      5. Quartile
      6. Questionnaire
      7. Quick Facts
      8. Quick Tables (QT)
      9. Quintile
      10. Quota
    19. R
      1. Race
      2. Race alone
      3. Race alone or in any combination
      4. Race alone or in combination
      5. Race in combination
      6. Rank
      7. Ranking table
      8. Rate
      9. Rate Provision
      10. Ratio
      11. Re-exports
      12. Real Dollars
      13. Real estate and rental and leasing
      14. Real estate taxes
      15. Reason for moving
      16. Recent movers
      17. Redistricting
      18. Redistricting Data Program
      19. Reference map
      20. Reference Week
      21. Refunding
      22. Region
      23. Regular highway facilities
      24. Related children
      25. Related party transaction
      26. Relative
      27. Remainder
      28. Remission
      29. Remodeling
      30. Rent asked
      31. Rental vacancy rate
      32. Renter-occupied housing unit
      33. Rents and royalties
      34. Resales
      35. Residence 1 year ago
      36. Residence 5 years ago
      37. Residence in (designated calender year)
      38. Residence Rule and Residence Situations
      39. Residence to Workplace Flows
      40. Resident population
      41. Resident population plus armed forces
      42. Residual
      43. Respondent
      44. Response coverage ratio
      45. Retail trade
      46. Retention
      47. Retirement system
      48. Revenue
      49. Revisions or Revision Policy
      50. Room additions and renovations
      51. Rooms
      52. Rooms used for business
      53. Routed export transaction
      54. Routine maintenance in last year
      55. Rural
    20. S
      1. Salaries and wages
      2. Sale of property
      3. Sales
      4. Sales and gross receipts taxes
      5. Sales, shipments, receipts, revenue, or business done
      6. Sample
      7. Sample data
      8. Sample survey
      9. Sampling and Non-sampling Errors
      10. Sampling error
      11. Sanitation
      12. Schedule B
      13. Schedule C
      14. Schedule D
      15. Schedule K
      16. School District
      17. School district governments
      18. School enrollment
      19. Seasonal Adjustment
      20. Seasonal units
      21. Second or junior mortgage payment or home equity loan
      22. Secondary family
      23. Sector (economic)
      24. Securities
      25. Selected Commodity Subscription (1-10 Service)
      26. Selected Conditions
      27. Selected Monthly Owner Costs
      28. Selected Monthly Owner Costs As A Percentage of Income
      29. Selected physical problems - moderate
      30. Selected physical problems - severe
      31. Selective sales and gross receipts taxes
      32. Self-care disability
      33. Seller
      34. Separations
      35. Service center
      36. Service-Connected Disability Rating
      37. Service-Connected Disability Rating Status
      38. Services
      39. Severance taxes
      40. Sewage Disposal
      41. Sewerage
      42. Sex
      43. Sex ratio
      44. Shares of Aggregate Income
      45. Shipment
      46. Shipment reference number
      47. Shipper's Export Declaration (SED)
      48. Shipping documents
      49. Shipping Weight (SWT)
      50. Short form
      51. Short-term debt
      52. Sinking funds
      53. Social insurance administration
      54. Social services and income maintenance
      55. Solid waste management
      56. Some Other Race
      57. South/Central America
      58. Space research and technology
      59. Special assessments
      60. Special district governments
      61. Special Districts
      62. Special Program Indicator (SPI)
      63. Specialization and Coverage ratio
      64. Specified Owner Occupied Housing Units
      65. Specified Renter-Occupied Units
      66. Split shipment
      67. Spouse
      68. Standard Data Product
      69. Standard deviation
      70. Standard distributions
      71. Standard error (ACS)
      72. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
      73. Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
      74. Standard Occupation Classification (SOC)
      75. State and equivalent entity
      76. State Data Center (SDC)
      77. State Designated American Indian Statistical Area (SDAISA)
      78. State Designated Tribal Statistical Area (SDTSA)
      79. State government
      80. State Legislative District (SLD)
      81. Statistical Month
      82. Statistical Significance, Test of
      83. Statistics about Foreign Trade
      84. Statistics about Governments
      85. Stepfamily
      86. Stub
      87. Sub-sector (economic)
      88. Subbarrio
      89. Subfamily
      90. Subminor civil division
      91. Subminor Civil Division (SubMCD)
      92. Subsaharan African
      93. Subsistence activity
      94. Substitution
      95. Subzone
      96. Summary File (SF)
      97. Summary File 1 (SF 1)
      98. Summary File 2 (SF 2)
      99. Summary File 3 (SF 3)
      100. Summary File 4 (SF 4)
      101. Summary level
      102. Summary level code list
      103. Summary table
      104. Summary Tape Files 1-4 (STFs 1-4)
      105. Suppression
      106. Surplus
      107. Survey
      108. Survey of Business Owners (SBO)
      109. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
      110. Systems and equipment
    21. T
      1. Table
      2. Tabulation
      3. Tariff
      4. Tariff schedule
      5. Taxes
      6. Technical documentation
      7. Telephone available
      8. Telephone Service Available
      9. Tenure
      10. Thematic map
      11. Three-Year Estimates (American Community Survey)
      12. TIGER database
      13. Time leaving home to go to work
      14. Time sharing
      15. Title 13 (U.S. Code)
      16. Tobacco products sales taxes
      17. Total capital expenditures
      18. Total compensation
      19. Total cost of materials
      20. Total cost of supplies
      21. Total depreciation
      22. Total Exports
      23. Total inventories
      24. Total outstanding principal amount
      25. Total rental payments during year
      26. Total retirements
      27. Total value of shipments and receipts for services
      28. Town
      29. Township governments
      30. Tract
      31. Tract number
      32. Traffic Analysis District (TAD)
      33. Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ)
      34. Transit
      35. Transit subsidies
      36. Transitioning Goods
      37. Transmitting electronic export information
      38. Transporation reference number
      39. Transportation
      40. Transportation and warehousing
      41. Transshipment
      42. Travel time to work
      43. Tribal Block Group
      44. Tribal Block Group (BG)
      45. Tribal Census Tract
      46. Tribal Designated Statistical Area (TDSA)
      47. Tribal Grouping
      48. Tribal Jurisdiction Statistical Area (TJSA)
      49. Turnover Rate
      50. Twenty Latin America Republics
      51. Two or More Races
      52. Type of institution
      53. Type of Materials Used for Foundation
      54. Type of Materials Used for Outside Walls
      55. Type of Materials Used for Roof
      56. Type of operation or tax status code
      57. Type of school
    22. U
      1. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
      2. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
      3. U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)
      4. Ultimate Consignee
      5. Undocumented Shipments
      6. Unemployed
      7. Unemployment compensation expenditure
      8. Unemployment rate
      9. Unit of Quantity
      10. United States
      11. United States Munition List (USML)
      12. United States or American
      13. United States Virgin Islands
      14. Units in structure
      15. Universe
      16. Unlading
      17. Unmarried partner
      18. Unmarried-partner household
      19. Unorganized territory
      20. Unrelated individual
      21. Upper bound (American Community Survey)
      22. Urban
      23. Urban Area
      24. Urban Cluster (UC)
      25. Urban Growth Area (UGA)
      26. Urbanized Area (UA)
      27. USA Trade Online
      28. Usual hours worked per week worked in designated calendar year
      29. Usual hours worked per week worked in the past 12 months
      30. Usual residence
      31. Usual residence elsewhere
      32. Utilities
      33. Utility
      34. Utility debt
      35. Utility expenditure
      36. Utility revenue
    23. V
      1. Vacancy status
      2. Vacant housing unit
      3. Value
      4. Value (exports)
      5. Value (imports)
      6. Value added
      7. Value of business done
      8. Value of construction work
      9. Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
      10. Vehicles available
      11. Verify message
      12. Vessel Shipping Weight (SWT)
      13. Vessel Value
      14. Veteran status
      15. Veteran's services
      16. Village
      17. Violation of the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR)
      18. Virgin Islands
      19. Visible feature
      20. Vision disability
      21. Voluntary self-disclosure
      22. Voluntary self-disclosure (VSD)
      23. Voting District (VTD)
    24. W
      1. Warning message
      2. Water Area
      3. Water Supply
      4. Water transport and terminals
      5. Weeks worked in (designated calender year)
      6. Weeks worked in the past 12 months
      7. White
      8. Wholesale trade
      9. Wholesaler/distributor
      10. Withdrawals
      11. Withdrawals, insurance trust
      12. Without Correction for ICM
      13. Work experience
      14. Work Status in (designated calender years)
      15. Worked in (designated calendar year)
      16. Worked in the past 12 months
      17. Worker
      18. Workers' compensation expenditure
      19. Workers' compensation revenue
      20. Workers' compensation system
      21. Workplace
      22. Worksite
      23. Written authorization
    25. X
    26. Y
      1. Year householder move into unit
      2. Year of entry
      3. Year structure built
      4. Year-to-Date (YTD) or Cumulative to date
      5. Years of military service
    27. Z
      1. ZIP Code
      2. ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA)
      3. Zona urbana
      4. Zone admission number

Census Semantic Knowledge Base

Last modified
Table of contents
  1. Story
  2. Slides
    1. Slide 1 Semantic Data Science for the US Census Bureau
    2. Slide 2 Google Search Display: Census Bureau
    3. Slide 3 Google Search Result: Census Bureau
    4. Slide 4 Data Access Tools
    5. Slide 5 Data Visualization Gallery
    6. Slide 6 Census Data Visualization Gallery As Data For the Digital Government Strategy
    7. Slide 7 Census Data Visualization Gallery: Spotfire
    8. Slide 8 The Data Web: Data Ferrett
    9. Slide 9 Data Ferrett Description
    10. Slide 10 Community Economic Development HotReport Description
    11. Slide 11 Community Economic Development HotReport Web Site
    12. Slide 12 White House Big Data Event: Data to Knowledge to Action
    13. Slide 13 Semantic Data Science Team Attends White House Big Data Event
    14. Slide 14 NITRD Supplement to the FY14 President’s Budget
    15. Slide 15 Demos
    16. Slide 16 Contact Information
    17. Slide 17 Some Next Steps
    18. Slide 18 Data Access Tools
    19. Slide 19 Census Semantic Knowledge Base
    20. Slide 20 Semantic Knowledge Base
    21. Slide 21 Data Access Tools
    22. Slide 22 Data Access Tools: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet
    23. Slide 23 Direct File Access: Public
    24. Slide 24 Direct File Access Public: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet
    25. Slide 25 Census Taxonomy and Vocabulary: MindTouch Matrix
    26. Slide 26 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Excel Glossary
    27. Slide 27 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Glossary
    28. Slide 28 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Taxonomy
    29. Slide 29 Conclusions and Recommendations
    30. Slide 30 Statistical Abstract 2012: Spotfire Knowledge Base
  3. Spotfire Dashboard
  4. Research Notes
  5. Data Access Tools
    1. Interactive Internet Data Tools
    2. Research Data Centers
    3. Software to Download
    4. Direct File Access
    5. Access Tools at Other Sites
  6. Direct File Access
    1. 100_and_sample_profile/ 07-Jun-2002 09:03 - 
    2. 108_Congressional_Districts/ 13-Mar-2003 00:01 -
    3. 109_Congressional_Districts/ 06-Jan-2005 00:00 -
    4. 110_Congressional_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:22 -
    5. AIAN_SF/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -
    6. CQS/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -
    7. EEO_2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -
    8. Island_Areas/ 30-Apr-2003 00:01 -
    9. PUMS/ 06-Aug-2003 00:01 -
    10. Race_Hispanic_Latino_Summary_File/ 09-Jun-2004 10:35 -
    11. Sim_Hispanic_Totals/ 05-May-2003 00:01 -
    12. State_Legislative_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:03 -
    13. Summary_File_1/ 27-Sep-2011 11:26 -
    14. Summary_File_1_Supplement/ 11-Jun-2003 00:01 -
    15. Summary_File_2/ 27-Sep-2011 11:34 -
    16. Summary_File_2_Supplement/ 27-Mar-2003 16:46 -
    17. Summary_File_3/ 27-Sep-2011 14:08 -
    18. Summary_File_4/ 22-Jul-2003 00:02 -
    19. Summary_File_Extracts/ 16-Nov-2006 13:57 -
    20. demographic_profile/ 19-Apr-2002 14:08 -
    21. determination/ 27-Sep-2011 14:16 -
    22. eeo2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -
    23. redistricting_file--pl_94-171/ 12-Oct-2001 11:02 - 
  7. Glossary
    1. #
      1. 1-Year Estimates
      2. 100-percent data
      3. 113th Congressional District Summary File (100-Percent)
      4. 3-Year Estimates
      5. 484(f) Committee
      6. 5-Year Estimates
    2. A
      1. Ability to speak English
      2. Accommodation and food services
      3. Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation (A.C.E.)
      4. Acquisition
      5. Acreage
      6. Active members (of retirement systems)
      7. Adjustments
      8. Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services
      9. Administrative costs (of retirement systems)
      10. Adopted child
      11. Advanced Technology Products
      12. AES Applicant
      13. AES downtime filing citation
      14. AESDirect
      15. Africa
      16. African
      17. Age
      18. Age dependency ratio
      19. Agency and private trust transactions
      20. Aggregate
      21. Agricultural Commodities
      22. Agricultural sales
      23. Agriculture
      24. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
      25. Aid to local governments
      26. Air Carrier Codes
      27. Air conditioning
      28. Air Shipping Weight (SWT)
      29. Air transportation
      30. Air Value
      31. Air waybill
      32. Alaska Native
      33. Alaska Native Regional Corporation (ANRC)
      34. Alaska Native Village Statistical Area (ANVSA)
      35. Alcoholic beverage taxes
      36. All Employees
      37. All Establishments with 20 Employees or more
      38. All Other Hispanic or Latino
      39. Allocation
      40. American
      41. American Community Survey (ACS)
      42. American FactFinder (AFF)
      43. American Housing Survey (AHS)
      44. American Indian
      45. American Indian off-reservation trust land
      46. American Indian or Alaska Native
      47. American Indian reservation - federal
      48. American Indian reservation - state
      49. American Indian Tribal Subdivision
      50. American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)
      51. American Samoa
      52. Amusement taxes
      53. Ancestry
      54. Annotation
      55. Annual Fringe Benefits not included in Payroll
      56. Annual payroll (in thousands of dollars)
      57. Annual Survey of Manufactures
      58. ANSI Code
      59. Apportionment
      60. Apportionment population
      61. Arab
      62. Area
      63. Area Measurement
      64. Arts, entertainment, and recreation
      65. Asia - South
      66. Asia Near East
      67. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
      68. Asian
      69. Assistance and subsidies
      70. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
      71. Authorized agent
      72. Automated Broker Interface (ABI)
      73. Automated Export System (AES)
      74. Automated Export System Trade Interface Requirements (AESTIR)
      75. Automated Foreign Trade Zone Reporting Program (AFTZRP)
      76. Auxiliary enterprises
      77. Average
      78. Average family size
      79. Average household size
      80. Average household size of owner-occupied units
      81. Average household size of renter-occupied units
    3. B
      1. Baby Boomers
      2. Balance
      3. Balance of Payments (BOP)
      4. Barrio
      5. Barrio-Pueblo
      6. Base population
      7. Bathtub or shower
      8. Battery operated radio
      9. Bedrooms
      10. Beginning-of-Quarter Employment
      11. Beneficiaries
      12. Benefits
      13. Benefits, insurance trusts
      14. Bill of Lading (BL)
      15. Birthplace
      16. Births
      17. Black or African American
      18. Block
      19. Block Group (BG)
      20. Block Numbering Area (BNA)
      21. Bond
      22. Bond funds
      23. Bonded Warehouse
      24. Booking
      25. Borough
      26. Borrowing
      27. Boundary
      28. Boxhead
      29. Broad Lines
      30. Bureau of Ecomonic Analysis (BEA)
      31. Bureau of Indian Affairs
      32. Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)
      33. Business Expenses Survey (BES)
      34. Business on property
      35. Buyer
    4. C
      1. CAFTA-DR (Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement)
      2. Calculated Duty
      3. Canadian Data Exchange
      4. Canadian Estimate
      5. Capital expenditures (except land and mineral rights)
      6. Capital expenditures for mineral land and rights
      7. Capital outlay
      8. Card Count
      9. Cargo
      10. Carnet
      11. Carrier
      12. Cash and deposits
      13. Cash and securities (of retirement systems)
      14. Cash and security holdings
      15. Cash assistance
      16. Categorical assistance programs
      17. Category Code
      18. Cell
      19. Cell suppression
      20. Censo 2000 Puerto Rico en Español
      21. Census
      22. Census (decennial)
      23. Census (economic)
      24. Census (governments)
      25. Census 2000 Gateway
      26. Census 2000 Supplementary Survey (C2SS)View
      27. Census area
      28. Census block
      29. Census County Division (CCD)
      30. Census Day
      31. Census Designated Place (CDP)
      32. Census geography
      33. Census Information Centers
      34. Census of Population and Housing (CPH/PHC) reports
      35. Census Subarea
      36. Census tract
      37. Census Transportation Planning Products (CTPP)
      38. Central American Common Market
      39. Central City
      40. Central place
      41. Certainty Unit
      42. Change in housing costs
      43. Charges
      44. Charges and miscellaneous general revenue
      45. Child
      46. Child dependency ratio
      47. Children ever born – fertility
      48. CIF (cost, insurance, freight) import value
      49. Citizenship status
      50. City
      51. Civil penalty
      52. Civilian employed
      53. Civilian noninstitutionalized population
      54. Civilian population
      55. Class of worker
      56. Classification
      57. Classing method
      58. Co-owners or co-renters
      59. Collapsed table
      60. Combined New England City and Town Area (Combined NECTA)
      61. Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
      62. Commerce Control List (CCL)
      63. Commercial activities, N.E.C.
      64. Commercial Regions
      65. Commodity
      66. Commodity code
      67. Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)
      68. Commonwealth
      69. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
      70. Commuting (Journey to work)
      71. Company
      72. Comparison Profile (CP)
      73. Comparitive Statistics Report
      74. Compliance alert
      75. Components of population change
      76. Comunidad
      77. Concentration ratio
      78. Condominium status and fee
      79. Confidence interval (American Community Survey)
      80. Confidentiality
      81. Confidentiality edit
      82. Congressional District (CD)
      83. Consignee
      84. Consignment
      85. Consolidated city
      86. Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA)
      87. Constant Dollar Adjustment
      88. Construction
      89. Consumption (imports only)
      90. Container
      91. Containerized Shipments
      92. Continuous Measurement System
      93. Contract rent
      94. Contract work
      95. Contributions
      96. Contributions, insurance trust
      97. Controlled (American Community Survey)
      98. Controlling agency
      99. Cooperative status and fees
      100. Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs)
      101. Corporation net income taxes
      102. Correction
      103. Correctional institutions
      104. Cost and ownership sharing
      105. Cost of goods sold
      106. Count Question Resolution (CQR)
      107. Country Codes
      108. Country of Destination (exports only)
      109. Country of Origin (imports only)
      110. Country of shipment (imports only)
      111. Country Subcodes
      112. County and equivalent entity
      113. County Business Patterns
      114. County governments
      115. County subdivision
      116. Criminal penalty
      117. Cross tabulation
      118. Crosswalk
      119. Cumulative to date or Year-to-Date (YTD)
      120. Current charges
      121. Current expenditures
      122. Current income
      123. Current operation
      124. Current Population Survey (CPS)
      125. Customized Data Request (Special Request)
      126. Customs broker
      127. Customs Value
    5. D
      1. Data
      2. Data Access and Dissemination System (DADS)
      3. Data edits
      4. Data profiles
      5. Dataset
      6. Death and gift taxes
      7. Deaths
      8. Debt
      9. Debt issued
      10. Debt offsets
      11. Debt outstanding
      12. Debt redemption
      13. Debt retired
      14. Decennial
      15. Decennial census
      16. Deficit
      17. Delinquent
      18. Demographic analysis
      19. Demographic profile
      20. Derived measures
      21. Destination
      22. Detailed Lines
      23. Detailed Tables (DT)
      24. Diplomatic pouch
      25. Direct expenditures
      26. Disability
      27. Disaster repairs
      28. Disclosure avoidance
      29. Disclosure Limitation
      30. Distributor
      31. District (or port) of Entry
      32. District (or port) of Exportation
      33. District (or port) of Unlading
      34. District and Port Classification
      35. Districts (Special)
      36. Division
      37. Document and stock transfer taxes
      38. Domestic Exports
      39. Down payment
      40. Download
      41. Drayage
      42. Dress Rehearsal
      43. Drop Box
      44. Drop down list
      45. Drop shipment
      46. Dumping
      47. Dun and Bradstreet Number (DUNS)
      48. Dunnage
      49. Dutiable Value of Imports
      50. Duty
    6. E
      1. Earnings
      2. Earnings on Investments
      3. Earnings on investments, insurance trust revenue
      4. Economic Census
      5. Economic Census of Puerto Rico and Island Areas
      6. Economic indicators
      7. Economic place
      8. Economy-Wide Key Statistics (EWKS)
      9. Education
      10. Educational attainment
      11. Educational services
      12. EEO County Set
      13. Electric power
      14. Electronic Export Information (EEI)
      15. Elementary and secondary education
      16. Elementary school
      17. Embedded Housing Unit (EHU)
      18. Employed
      19. Employee-retirement expenditure
      20. Employee-retirement revenue
      21. Employee-retirement system
      22. Employees
      23. Employer Identification Number (EIN)
      24. Employers
      25. Employment security administration
      26. Employment status
      27. Employment status reference week
      28. Employment/population ratio
      29. End user
      30. End-Use
      31. Energy Star Rated Appliances
      32. Enhancement
      33. Entity
      34. Entry number
      35. Environment and housing
      36. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
      37. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation
      38. Equipment
      39. Equipment number
      40. Establishment
      41. Estate
      42. Estimates (American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey)
      43. Estimates base (Population Estimates Program)
      44. Ethnic Origin or Race
      45. Ethnicity
      46. Euro Area
      47. Europe
      48. European
      49. European Union
      50. Exchange Rate
      51. Exclusions
      52. Exemption legend
      53. Exemptions
      54. Expenditure
      55. Experienced civilian labor force
      56. Experienced unemployed
      57. Export
      58. Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
      59. Export control
      60. Export Control Classification Number (ECCN)
      61. Export license
      62. Exporter Data Base
      63. Exports
      64. Exports (Domestic)
      65. Exports (Foreign or Re-exports)
      66. Exports (Total)
      67. Exterior additions and replacements
    7. F
      1. Families and primary individuals
      2. Family household
      3. Family Income
      4. Family size
      5. Family type
      6. Farm residence
      7. Fatal error message
      8. Feature
      9. Federal home heating and cooling assistance program
      10. Federal Information Processing Series/Standards (FIPS)
      11. Female householder, no husband present
      12. Fertility
      13. Field of degree
      14. File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
      15. Filer ID
      16. Filers
      17. Filing electronic export information
      18. Filter
      19. Finance and insurance
      20. Financial administration
      21. Fines and forfeits
      22. FIPS class code
      23. Fire protection
      24. Firm
      25. Fiscal year
      26. Fish and game
      27. Food stamp receipt
      28. Foreign born
      29. Foreign entity
      30. Foreign Exports (Re-exports)
      31. Foreign Military Sales (FMS)
      32. Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)
      33. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)
      34. Forestry
      35. Forwarding agent
      36. Foster children
      37. Free Along Ship (F.A.S.) Export Value
      38. Free or reduced-price meals programs
      39. Freight
      40. Freight Forwarder
      41. Frequency of language use
      42. Full-faith and credit debt
      43. Full-Quarter (Stable) Employment
      44. Full-time employees
      45. Full-time equivalent employment
      46. Full-Time, Year-Round Worker
      47. Full-time, year-round workers in designated calendar year
      48. Functional status code
      49. Functions
      50. Fund
    8. G
      1. Gas supply
      2. Gay
      3. Gender
      4. General debt
      5. General expenditure
      6. General expenditure, N.E.C.
      7. General Imports
      8. General local government support
      9. General obligation debt
      10. General public buildings
      11. General revenue
      12. General sales or gross receipts taxes
      13. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)
      14. Geographic Area Series (GAS)
      15. Geographic comparison tables (GCT)
      16. Geographic Component
      17. Geographic entity
      18. Geographic hierarchy
      19. Geographic Identifiers
      20. Geographic Identifiers Table (G001)
      21. Geography (census)
      22. Geography Quick Report (GQR)
      23. Gini Index
      24. Go-outside-home disability
      25. Goods
      26. Government administration
      27. Government subsidy for repairs and alterations
      28. Grade in which enrolled
      29. Grandparents as caregivers
      30. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
      31. Gross National Product (GNP)
      32. Gross rent
      33. Gross rent as a percentage of income
      34. Group Quarters (GQ)
      35. Group quarters population
      36. Guam
      37. Guarantors of primary mortgages
    9. H
      1. Harmonized System
      2. Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated
      3. Hawaiian home land
      4. Health
      5. Health care and social assistance
      6. Health insurance coverage
      7. Hearing disability
      8. Heating fuel
      9. High school
      10. Higher education
      11. Highways
      12. Hispanic or Latino origin
      13. Home equity loan
      14. Home improvement
      15. Home-equity mortgages
      16. Homeowner association fee
      17. Homeowner vacancy rate
      18. Hospitals
      19. Household
      20. Household income
      21. Household language
      22. Household population
      23. Household size
      24. Household type
      25. Household type and relationship
      26. Householder
      27. Housing and community development
      28. Housing unit
      29. Housing unit density
      30. Housing Vacancies and Homeownership
    10. I
      1. If-Then-Else Edit
      2. Immigrants
      3. Import Adjustments
      4. Import Charges
      5. Imports
      6. Imports (General)
      7. Imports for Consumption
      8. Imputation
      9. In-transit Shipments
      10. Inactive members
      11. Inbond
      12. Income
      13. Incorporated place
      14. Independent City (IC)
      15. Individual income taxes
      16. Industrial classification
      17. Industry (economic)
      18. Industry (population data)
      19. Industry Quick Report (IQR)
      20. Industry Series
      21. Information sector
      22. Inland freight in Canada
      23. Institutionalized population
      24. Insurance benefits and repayments
      25. Insurance sales and gross receipts taxes
      26. Insurance trust expenditure
      27. Insurance trust revenue
      28. Insurance trust system
      29. Integrated Coverage Measurement (ICM)
      30. Intercensal estimates
      31. Interest earnings
      32. Interest expenditure
      33. Intergovernmental expenditure
      34. Intergovernmental revenue
      35. Intergovernmental revenue for federal government
      36. Intergovernmental revenue for general local government support
      37. Intergovernmental revenue from local governments
      38. Intergovernmental revenue from state governments
      39. Interior additions and replacements
      40. Intermediate consignee
      41. Internal point
      42. Internal transaction number (ITN)
      43. International Data Base (IDB)
      44. International Standards Organization (ISO) Country Codes
      45. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
      46. Interpolation
      47. Island Areas
      48. Issued banknotes
      49. Item nonresponse
    11. J
      1. Job Change
      2. Job Creation
      3. Job Destruction
      4. Joint-Use Area
      5. Journey to work
      6. Judicial and legal (government employment statistics)
      7. Judicial and legal (government finance statistics)
    12. K
      1. Kg (kilogram)
      2. Kitchen facilities
    13. L
      1. L (liter)
      2. Labor force
      3. Labor force participation rate
      4. Land and existing structures, capital outlay expenditures
      5. Land area
      6. Land rent
      7. Language spoken at home
      8. Latin American Free Trade Market (LAFTA)
      9. Latino
      10. Legal form of organization
      11. Legal/Statistical Area Description code
      12. Legal/Statistical Area Description Code (LSAD)
      13. Legend
      14. Libraries
      15. License applicant
      16. License exception
      17. License taxes
      18. License taxes - alcoholic beverages
      19. License taxes - amusements
      20. License taxes - corporation in general
      21. License taxes - hunting and fishing
      22. License taxes - motor vehicle operators
      23. License taxes - motor vehicles
      24. License taxes - occupations and businesses, not elsewhere classified (n.e.c.)
      25. License taxes - public utilities
      26. Linguistic isolation
      27. Liquor store revenue
      28. Liquor stores
      29. Liquor stores expenditure
      30. Living quarters
      31. Loading document
      32. Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
      33. Lodgers
      34. Long form
      35. Long-term debt
      36. Long-term debt issued
      37. Long-term debt offsets
      38. Long-term debt refunded
      39. Long-term debt retired
      40. Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)
      41. Low-value shipments
      42. Lower bound (American Community Survey)
    14. M
      1. M (meter)
      2. Macro Editing
      3. MAF/TIGER database
      4. Management of companies and enterprises
      5. Manifest
      6. Manufactured/mobile home park fees
      7. Manufactured/mobile homes
      8. Manufacturing
      9. Margin of Error (MOE)
      10. Marital status
      11. Mass-market software
      12. Meals included in rent
      13. Mean
      14. Mean income
      15. Means of transportation to work
      16. Median
      17. Median age
      18. Median income
      19. Membership (of retirement systems)
      20. Mental disability
      21. Merchandise
      22. Merchandise Trade
      23. Merchandise Trade Balance
      24. Merger
      25. Metadata
      26. Method of Transportation (MOT)
      27. Metropolitan
      28. Metropolitan Area (MA)
      29. Metropolitan Division
      30. Metropolitan Statistical Area
      31. Microdata files
      32. Micropolitan Statistical Area
      33. Migration
      34. Military dependents
      35. Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
      36. Minor Civil Division (MCD)
      37. Miscellaneous and unallocated expenditure
      38. Miscellaneous commercial activities
      39. Mobile homes or boat costs
      40. Mode of transportation
      41. Monthly housing costs
      42. Monthly housing costs as a percentage of income
      43. Monthly payment for principal and interest
      44. Mortgage origination
      45. Mortgage payment
      46. Mortgage status
      47. Mortgages
      48. Motor fuel sales taxes
      49. Motor vehicles license taxes
      50. Multi-unit structure
      51. Municipal governments
      52. Municipio
    15. N
      1. N.E.C.
      2. N.E.S.O.I.
      3. N.S.P.F.
      4. Narrative profile
      5. National defense and international relations
      6. Nationality
      7. Native born
      8. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
      9. Nativity status
      10. Natural increase
      11. Natural resources
      12. Net domestic migration
      13. Net international migration
      14. Net long-term debt
      15. Net migration
      16. New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
      17. New England City and Town Area (NECTA) Division
      18. New England County Metropolitan Area (NECMA)
      19. New Hires
      20. Newly Industrialized Countries (NICS)
      21. Nominal Dollars
      22. Non-Hispanic White Alone
      23. Non-Petroleum Products
      24. Noncontiguous States (Non-Con) Statistics
      25. Nonemployer Statistics (NES)
      26. Nonguaranteed debt
      27. Noninstitutionalized population
      28. Nonrelatives
      29. Nonsampling error
      30. North America
      31. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
      32. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
      33. North American Product Classification System (NAPCS)
      34. North American Treaty Organization (NATO) Allies
      35. Northern Mariana Islands
      36. Not in labor force
      37. Number of employees
      38. Number of establishments
      39. Number of workers in family in designated calendar year
      40. Number of workers in family in the past 12 months
      41. Numeric population change
    16. O
      1. Occasional use
      2. Occupants per room
      3. Occupation
      4. Occupations and business license taxes
      5. Occupied housing unit
      6. Off-Reservation Trust Land
      7. Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC)
      8. Offshore Areas
      9. Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA)
      10. Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA) Joint-Use Areas
      11. Old age dependency ratio
      12. Old-age assistance
      13. OnTheMap
      14. Operating expenses
      15. Order party
      16. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
      17. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
      18. Origin of Movement (OM)
      19. Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES)
      20. Other activities on property
      21. Other additions and replacements
      22. Other and unallocable expenditure
      23. Other business receipts
      24. Other Ethnic Origin or Race
      25. Other expenses
      26. Other government administration
      27. Other license taxes
      28. Other relative
      29. Other services (except public administration)
      30. Outlying areas
      31. Overlay
      32. Own children
      33. Owner-occupied housing unit
    17. P
      1. Pacific Islands
      2. Pacific Rim
      3. Packing list
      4. Paid employees
      5. Parents' Place of Birth
      6. Parish
      7. Parking facilities
      8. Parks and recreation
      9. Part
      10. Part-time employees
      11. Partnership agencies
      12. Party ID type
      13. People in family
      14. People in household
      15. Per capita income
      16. Percent estimated
      17. Percent population change
      18. Percentage
      19. Period of military service
      20. Person
      21. Personally identifiable information (PII)
      22. Petroleum products
      23. PHC-1 tables
      24. Physical disability
      25. Place
      26. Place of birth
      27. Place of Work
      28. Plumbing facilities
      29. Police protection
      30. Population
      31. Population density
      32. Population estimate (Population Estimates Program)
      33. Population estimates
      34. Population in occupied housing units
      35. Population projections
      36. Port of export
      37. Portable Document File (PDF)
      38. Postcensal estimates
      39. Postdeparture filing
      40. Postdeparture filing citation
      41. Poverty
      42. Poverty Status of Households in (designated calendar year)
      43. Power of attorney
      44. Preferences
      45. Price Asked
      46. Primary benefit
      47. Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA)
      48. Principal and interest
      49. Principal City
      50. Principal parties in interest
      51. Privacy Act
      52. Private vehicle occupancy
      53. Production Workers
      54. Products
      55. Products and Services code
      56. Professional, scientific, and technical services
      57. Program Indicators
      58. Proof of filing citation
      59. Property tax relief
      60. Property taxes
      61. Protective inspection and regulation
      62. Public administration
      63. Public Law 103-430 (P.L. 103-430)
      64. Public Law 105-119 (P.L. 105-119)
      65. Public Law 94-171 (P.L. 94-171)
      66. Public safety
      67. Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)
      68. Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files
      69. Public utility taxes
      70. Public welfare
      71. Puerto Rico
      72. Purchase of land and existing structures
    18. Q
      1. Quality measures
      2. Quantiles
      3. Quantity
      4. Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)
      5. Quartile
      6. Questionnaire
      7. Quick Facts
      8. Quick Tables (QT)
      9. Quintile
      10. Quota
    19. R
      1. Race
      2. Race alone
      3. Race alone or in any combination
      4. Race alone or in combination
      5. Race in combination
      6. Rank
      7. Ranking table
      8. Rate
      9. Rate Provision
      10. Ratio
      11. Re-exports
      12. Real Dollars
      13. Real estate and rental and leasing
      14. Real estate taxes
      15. Reason for moving
      16. Recent movers
      17. Redistricting
      18. Redistricting Data Program
      19. Reference map
      20. Reference Week
      21. Refunding
      22. Region
      23. Regular highway facilities
      24. Related children
      25. Related party transaction
      26. Relative
      27. Remainder
      28. Remission
      29. Remodeling
      30. Rent asked
      31. Rental vacancy rate
      32. Renter-occupied housing unit
      33. Rents and royalties
      34. Resales
      35. Residence 1 year ago
      36. Residence 5 years ago
      37. Residence in (designated calender year)
      38. Residence Rule and Residence Situations
      39. Residence to Workplace Flows
      40. Resident population
      41. Resident population plus armed forces
      42. Residual
      43. Respondent
      44. Response coverage ratio
      45. Retail trade
      46. Retention
      47. Retirement system
      48. Revenue
      49. Revisions or Revision Policy
      50. Room additions and renovations
      51. Rooms
      52. Rooms used for business
      53. Routed export transaction
      54. Routine maintenance in last year
      55. Rural
    20. S
      1. Salaries and wages
      2. Sale of property
      3. Sales
      4. Sales and gross receipts taxes
      5. Sales, shipments, receipts, revenue, or business done
      6. Sample
      7. Sample data
      8. Sample survey
      9. Sampling and Non-sampling Errors
      10. Sampling error
      11. Sanitation
      12. Schedule B
      13. Schedule C
      14. Schedule D
      15. Schedule K
      16. School District
      17. School district governments
      18. School enrollment
      19. Seasonal Adjustment
      20. Seasonal units
      21. Second or junior mortgage payment or home equity loan
      22. Secondary family
      23. Sector (economic)
      24. Securities
      25. Selected Commodity Subscription (1-10 Service)
      26. Selected Conditions
      27. Selected Monthly Owner Costs
      28. Selected Monthly Owner Costs As A Percentage of Income
      29. Selected physical problems - moderate
      30. Selected physical problems - severe
      31. Selective sales and gross receipts taxes
      32. Self-care disability
      33. Seller
      34. Separations
      35. Service center
      36. Service-Connected Disability Rating
      37. Service-Connected Disability Rating Status
      38. Services
      39. Severance taxes
      40. Sewage Disposal
      41. Sewerage
      42. Sex
      43. Sex ratio
      44. Shares of Aggregate Income
      45. Shipment
      46. Shipment reference number
      47. Shipper's Export Declaration (SED)
      48. Shipping documents
      49. Shipping Weight (SWT)
      50. Short form
      51. Short-term debt
      52. Sinking funds
      53. Social insurance administration
      54. Social services and income maintenance
      55. Solid waste management
      56. Some Other Race
      57. South/Central America
      58. Space research and technology
      59. Special assessments
      60. Special district governments
      61. Special Districts
      62. Special Program Indicator (SPI)
      63. Specialization and Coverage ratio
      64. Specified Owner Occupied Housing Units
      65. Specified Renter-Occupied Units
      66. Split shipment
      67. Spouse
      68. Standard Data Product
      69. Standard deviation
      70. Standard distributions
      71. Standard error (ACS)
      72. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
      73. Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
      74. Standard Occupation Classification (SOC)
      75. State and equivalent entity
      76. State Data Center (SDC)
      77. State Designated American Indian Statistical Area (SDAISA)
      78. State Designated Tribal Statistical Area (SDTSA)
      79. State government
      80. State Legislative District (SLD)
      81. Statistical Month
      82. Statistical Significance, Test of
      83. Statistics about Foreign Trade
      84. Statistics about Governments
      85. Stepfamily
      86. Stub
      87. Sub-sector (economic)
      88. Subbarrio
      89. Subfamily
      90. Subminor civil division
      91. Subminor Civil Division (SubMCD)
      92. Subsaharan African
      93. Subsistence activity
      94. Substitution
      95. Subzone
      96. Summary File (SF)
      97. Summary File 1 (SF 1)
      98. Summary File 2 (SF 2)
      99. Summary File 3 (SF 3)
      100. Summary File 4 (SF 4)
      101. Summary level
      102. Summary level code list
      103. Summary table
      104. Summary Tape Files 1-4 (STFs 1-4)
      105. Suppression
      106. Surplus
      107. Survey
      108. Survey of Business Owners (SBO)
      109. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
      110. Systems and equipment
    21. T
      1. Table
      2. Tabulation
      3. Tariff
      4. Tariff schedule
      5. Taxes
      6. Technical documentation
      7. Telephone available
      8. Telephone Service Available
      9. Tenure
      10. Thematic map
      11. Three-Year Estimates (American Community Survey)
      12. TIGER database
      13. Time leaving home to go to work
      14. Time sharing
      15. Title 13 (U.S. Code)
      16. Tobacco products sales taxes
      17. Total capital expenditures
      18. Total compensation
      19. Total cost of materials
      20. Total cost of supplies
      21. Total depreciation
      22. Total Exports
      23. Total inventories
      24. Total outstanding principal amount
      25. Total rental payments during year
      26. Total retirements
      27. Total value of shipments and receipts for services
      28. Town
      29. Township governments
      30. Tract
      31. Tract number
      32. Traffic Analysis District (TAD)
      33. Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ)
      34. Transit
      35. Transit subsidies
      36. Transitioning Goods
      37. Transmitting electronic export information
      38. Transporation reference number
      39. Transportation
      40. Transportation and warehousing
      41. Transshipment
      42. Travel time to work
      43. Tribal Block Group
      44. Tribal Block Group (BG)
      45. Tribal Census Tract
      46. Tribal Designated Statistical Area (TDSA)
      47. Tribal Grouping
      48. Tribal Jurisdiction Statistical Area (TJSA)
      49. Turnover Rate
      50. Twenty Latin America Republics
      51. Two or More Races
      52. Type of institution
      53. Type of Materials Used for Foundation
      54. Type of Materials Used for Outside Walls
      55. Type of Materials Used for Roof
      56. Type of operation or tax status code
      57. Type of school
    22. U
      1. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
      2. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
      3. U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)
      4. Ultimate Consignee
      5. Undocumented Shipments
      6. Unemployed
      7. Unemployment compensation expenditure
      8. Unemployment rate
      9. Unit of Quantity
      10. United States
      11. United States Munition List (USML)
      12. United States or American
      13. United States Virgin Islands
      14. Units in structure
      15. Universe
      16. Unlading
      17. Unmarried partner
      18. Unmarried-partner household
      19. Unorganized territory
      20. Unrelated individual
      21. Upper bound (American Community Survey)
      22. Urban
      23. Urban Area
      24. Urban Cluster (UC)
      25. Urban Growth Area (UGA)
      26. Urbanized Area (UA)
      27. USA Trade Online
      28. Usual hours worked per week worked in designated calendar year
      29. Usual hours worked per week worked in the past 12 months
      30. Usual residence
      31. Usual residence elsewhere
      32. Utilities
      33. Utility
      34. Utility debt
      35. Utility expenditure
      36. Utility revenue
    23. V
      1. Vacancy status
      2. Vacant housing unit
      3. Value
      4. Value (exports)
      5. Value (imports)
      6. Value added
      7. Value of business done
      8. Value of construction work
      9. Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
      10. Vehicles available
      11. Verify message
      12. Vessel Shipping Weight (SWT)
      13. Vessel Value
      14. Veteran status
      15. Veteran's services
      16. Village
      17. Violation of the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR)
      18. Virgin Islands
      19. Visible feature
      20. Vision disability
      21. Voluntary self-disclosure
      22. Voluntary self-disclosure (VSD)
      23. Voting District (VTD)
    24. W
      1. Warning message
      2. Water Area
      3. Water Supply
      4. Water transport and terminals
      5. Weeks worked in (designated calender year)
      6. Weeks worked in the past 12 months
      7. White
      8. Wholesale trade
      9. Wholesaler/distributor
      10. Withdrawals
      11. Withdrawals, insurance trust
      12. Without Correction for ICM
      13. Work experience
      14. Work Status in (designated calender years)
      15. Worked in (designated calendar year)
      16. Worked in the past 12 months
      17. Worker
      18. Workers' compensation expenditure
      19. Workers' compensation revenue
      20. Workers' compensation system
      21. Workplace
      22. Worksite
      23. Written authorization
    25. X
    26. Y
      1. Year householder move into unit
      2. Year of entry
      3. Year structure built
      4. Year-to-Date (YTD) or Cumulative to date
      5. Years of military service
    27. Z
      1. ZIP Code
      2. ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA)
      3. Zona urbana
      4. Zone admission number

  1. Story
  2. Slides
    1. Slide 1 Semantic Data Science for the US Census Bureau
    2. Slide 2 Google Search Display: Census Bureau
    3. Slide 3 Google Search Result: Census Bureau
    4. Slide 4 Data Access Tools
    5. Slide 5 Data Visualization Gallery
    6. Slide 6 Census Data Visualization Gallery As Data For the Digital Government Strategy
    7. Slide 7 Census Data Visualization Gallery: Spotfire
    8. Slide 8 The Data Web: Data Ferrett
    9. Slide 9 Data Ferrett Description
    10. Slide 10 Community Economic Development HotReport Description
    11. Slide 11 Community Economic Development HotReport Web Site
    12. Slide 12 White House Big Data Event: Data to Knowledge to Action
    13. Slide 13 Semantic Data Science Team Attends White House Big Data Event
    14. Slide 14 NITRD Supplement to the FY14 President’s Budget
    15. Slide 15 Demos
    16. Slide 16 Contact Information
    17. Slide 17 Some Next Steps
    18. Slide 18 Data Access Tools
    19. Slide 19 Census Semantic Knowledge Base
    20. Slide 20 Semantic Knowledge Base
    21. Slide 21 Data Access Tools
    22. Slide 22 Data Access Tools: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet
    23. Slide 23 Direct File Access: Public
    24. Slide 24 Direct File Access Public: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet
    25. Slide 25 Census Taxonomy and Vocabulary: MindTouch Matrix
    26. Slide 26 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Excel Glossary
    27. Slide 27 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Glossary
    28. Slide 28 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Taxonomy
    29. Slide 29 Conclusions and Recommendations
    30. Slide 30 Statistical Abstract 2012: Spotfire Knowledge Base
  3. Spotfire Dashboard
  4. Research Notes
  5. Data Access Tools
    1. Interactive Internet Data Tools
    2. Research Data Centers
    3. Software to Download
    4. Direct File Access
    5. Access Tools at Other Sites
  6. Direct File Access
    1. 100_and_sample_profile/ 07-Jun-2002 09:03 - 
    2. 108_Congressional_Districts/ 13-Mar-2003 00:01 -
    3. 109_Congressional_Districts/ 06-Jan-2005 00:00 -
    4. 110_Congressional_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:22 -
    5. AIAN_SF/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -
    6. CQS/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -
    7. EEO_2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -
    8. Island_Areas/ 30-Apr-2003 00:01 -
    9. PUMS/ 06-Aug-2003 00:01 -
    10. Race_Hispanic_Latino_Summary_File/ 09-Jun-2004 10:35 -
    11. Sim_Hispanic_Totals/ 05-May-2003 00:01 -
    12. State_Legislative_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:03 -
    13. Summary_File_1/ 27-Sep-2011 11:26 -
    14. Summary_File_1_Supplement/ 11-Jun-2003 00:01 -
    15. Summary_File_2/ 27-Sep-2011 11:34 -
    16. Summary_File_2_Supplement/ 27-Mar-2003 16:46 -
    17. Summary_File_3/ 27-Sep-2011 14:08 -
    18. Summary_File_4/ 22-Jul-2003 00:02 -
    19. Summary_File_Extracts/ 16-Nov-2006 13:57 -
    20. demographic_profile/ 19-Apr-2002 14:08 -
    21. determination/ 27-Sep-2011 14:16 -
    22. eeo2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -
    23. redistricting_file--pl_94-171/ 12-Oct-2001 11:02 - 
  7. Glossary
    1. #
      1. 1-Year Estimates
      2. 100-percent data
      3. 113th Congressional District Summary File (100-Percent)
      4. 3-Year Estimates
      5. 484(f) Committee
      6. 5-Year Estimates
    2. A
      1. Ability to speak English
      2. Accommodation and food services
      3. Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation (A.C.E.)
      4. Acquisition
      5. Acreage
      6. Active members (of retirement systems)
      7. Adjustments
      8. Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services
      9. Administrative costs (of retirement systems)
      10. Adopted child
      11. Advanced Technology Products
      12. AES Applicant
      13. AES downtime filing citation
      14. AESDirect
      15. Africa
      16. African
      17. Age
      18. Age dependency ratio
      19. Agency and private trust transactions
      20. Aggregate
      21. Agricultural Commodities
      22. Agricultural sales
      23. Agriculture
      24. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
      25. Aid to local governments
      26. Air Carrier Codes
      27. Air conditioning
      28. Air Shipping Weight (SWT)
      29. Air transportation
      30. Air Value
      31. Air waybill
      32. Alaska Native
      33. Alaska Native Regional Corporation (ANRC)
      34. Alaska Native Village Statistical Area (ANVSA)
      35. Alcoholic beverage taxes
      36. All Employees
      37. All Establishments with 20 Employees or more
      38. All Other Hispanic or Latino
      39. Allocation
      40. American
      41. American Community Survey (ACS)
      42. American FactFinder (AFF)
      43. American Housing Survey (AHS)
      44. American Indian
      45. American Indian off-reservation trust land
      46. American Indian or Alaska Native
      47. American Indian reservation - federal
      48. American Indian reservation - state
      49. American Indian Tribal Subdivision
      50. American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)
      51. American Samoa
      52. Amusement taxes
      53. Ancestry
      54. Annotation
      55. Annual Fringe Benefits not included in Payroll
      56. Annual payroll (in thousands of dollars)
      57. Annual Survey of Manufactures
      58. ANSI Code
      59. Apportionment
      60. Apportionment population
      61. Arab
      62. Area
      63. Area Measurement
      64. Arts, entertainment, and recreation
      65. Asia - South
      66. Asia Near East
      67. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
      68. Asian
      69. Assistance and subsidies
      70. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
      71. Authorized agent
      72. Automated Broker Interface (ABI)
      73. Automated Export System (AES)
      74. Automated Export System Trade Interface Requirements (AESTIR)
      75. Automated Foreign Trade Zone Reporting Program (AFTZRP)
      76. Auxiliary enterprises
      77. Average
      78. Average family size
      79. Average household size
      80. Average household size of owner-occupied units
      81. Average household size of renter-occupied units
    3. B
      1. Baby Boomers
      2. Balance
      3. Balance of Payments (BOP)
      4. Barrio
      5. Barrio-Pueblo
      6. Base population
      7. Bathtub or shower
      8. Battery operated radio
      9. Bedrooms
      10. Beginning-of-Quarter Employment
      11. Beneficiaries
      12. Benefits
      13. Benefits, insurance trusts
      14. Bill of Lading (BL)
      15. Birthplace
      16. Births
      17. Black or African American
      18. Block
      19. Block Group (BG)
      20. Block Numbering Area (BNA)
      21. Bond
      22. Bond funds
      23. Bonded Warehouse
      24. Booking
      25. Borough
      26. Borrowing
      27. Boundary
      28. Boxhead
      29. Broad Lines
      30. Bureau of Ecomonic Analysis (BEA)
      31. Bureau of Indian Affairs
      32. Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)
      33. Business Expenses Survey (BES)
      34. Business on property
      35. Buyer
    4. C
      1. CAFTA-DR (Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement)
      2. Calculated Duty
      3. Canadian Data Exchange
      4. Canadian Estimate
      5. Capital expenditures (except land and mineral rights)
      6. Capital expenditures for mineral land and rights
      7. Capital outlay
      8. Card Count
      9. Cargo
      10. Carnet
      11. Carrier
      12. Cash and deposits
      13. Cash and securities (of retirement systems)
      14. Cash and security holdings
      15. Cash assistance
      16. Categorical assistance programs
      17. Category Code
      18. Cell
      19. Cell suppression
      20. Censo 2000 Puerto Rico en Español
      21. Census
      22. Census (decennial)
      23. Census (economic)
      24. Census (governments)
      25. Census 2000 Gateway
      26. Census 2000 Supplementary Survey (C2SS)View
      27. Census area
      28. Census block
      29. Census County Division (CCD)
      30. Census Day
      31. Census Designated Place (CDP)
      32. Census geography
      33. Census Information Centers
      34. Census of Population and Housing (CPH/PHC) reports
      35. Census Subarea
      36. Census tract
      37. Census Transportation Planning Products (CTPP)
      38. Central American Common Market
      39. Central City
      40. Central place
      41. Certainty Unit
      42. Change in housing costs
      43. Charges
      44. Charges and miscellaneous general revenue
      45. Child
      46. Child dependency ratio
      47. Children ever born – fertility
      48. CIF (cost, insurance, freight) import value
      49. Citizenship status
      50. City
      51. Civil penalty
      52. Civilian employed
      53. Civilian noninstitutionalized population
      54. Civilian population
      55. Class of worker
      56. Classification
      57. Classing method
      58. Co-owners or co-renters
      59. Collapsed table
      60. Combined New England City and Town Area (Combined NECTA)
      61. Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
      62. Commerce Control List (CCL)
      63. Commercial activities, N.E.C.
      64. Commercial Regions
      65. Commodity
      66. Commodity code
      67. Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)
      68. Commonwealth
      69. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
      70. Commuting (Journey to work)
      71. Company
      72. Comparison Profile (CP)
      73. Comparitive Statistics Report
      74. Compliance alert
      75. Components of population change
      76. Comunidad
      77. Concentration ratio
      78. Condominium status and fee
      79. Confidence interval (American Community Survey)
      80. Confidentiality
      81. Confidentiality edit
      82. Congressional District (CD)
      83. Consignee
      84. Consignment
      85. Consolidated city
      86. Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA)
      87. Constant Dollar Adjustment
      88. Construction
      89. Consumption (imports only)
      90. Container
      91. Containerized Shipments
      92. Continuous Measurement System
      93. Contract rent
      94. Contract work
      95. Contributions
      96. Contributions, insurance trust
      97. Controlled (American Community Survey)
      98. Controlling agency
      99. Cooperative status and fees
      100. Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs)
      101. Corporation net income taxes
      102. Correction
      103. Correctional institutions
      104. Cost and ownership sharing
      105. Cost of goods sold
      106. Count Question Resolution (CQR)
      107. Country Codes
      108. Country of Destination (exports only)
      109. Country of Origin (imports only)
      110. Country of shipment (imports only)
      111. Country Subcodes
      112. County and equivalent entity
      113. County Business Patterns
      114. County governments
      115. County subdivision
      116. Criminal penalty
      117. Cross tabulation
      118. Crosswalk
      119. Cumulative to date or Year-to-Date (YTD)
      120. Current charges
      121. Current expenditures
      122. Current income
      123. Current operation
      124. Current Population Survey (CPS)
      125. Customized Data Request (Special Request)
      126. Customs broker
      127. Customs Value
    5. D
      1. Data
      2. Data Access and Dissemination System (DADS)
      3. Data edits
      4. Data profiles
      5. Dataset
      6. Death and gift taxes
      7. Deaths
      8. Debt
      9. Debt issued
      10. Debt offsets
      11. Debt outstanding
      12. Debt redemption
      13. Debt retired
      14. Decennial
      15. Decennial census
      16. Deficit
      17. Delinquent
      18. Demographic analysis
      19. Demographic profile
      20. Derived measures
      21. Destination
      22. Detailed Lines
      23. Detailed Tables (DT)
      24. Diplomatic pouch
      25. Direct expenditures
      26. Disability
      27. Disaster repairs
      28. Disclosure avoidance
      29. Disclosure Limitation
      30. Distributor
      31. District (or port) of Entry
      32. District (or port) of Exportation
      33. District (or port) of Unlading
      34. District and Port Classification
      35. Districts (Special)
      36. Division
      37. Document and stock transfer taxes
      38. Domestic Exports
      39. Down payment
      40. Download
      41. Drayage
      42. Dress Rehearsal
      43. Drop Box
      44. Drop down list
      45. Drop shipment
      46. Dumping
      47. Dun and Bradstreet Number (DUNS)
      48. Dunnage
      49. Dutiable Value of Imports
      50. Duty
    6. E
      1. Earnings
      2. Earnings on Investments
      3. Earnings on investments, insurance trust revenue
      4. Economic Census
      5. Economic Census of Puerto Rico and Island Areas
      6. Economic indicators
      7. Economic place
      8. Economy-Wide Key Statistics (EWKS)
      9. Education
      10. Educational attainment
      11. Educational services
      12. EEO County Set
      13. Electric power
      14. Electronic Export Information (EEI)
      15. Elementary and secondary education
      16. Elementary school
      17. Embedded Housing Unit (EHU)
      18. Employed
      19. Employee-retirement expenditure
      20. Employee-retirement revenue
      21. Employee-retirement system
      22. Employees
      23. Employer Identification Number (EIN)
      24. Employers
      25. Employment security administration
      26. Employment status
      27. Employment status reference week
      28. Employment/population ratio
      29. End user
      30. End-Use
      31. Energy Star Rated Appliances
      32. Enhancement
      33. Entity
      34. Entry number
      35. Environment and housing
      36. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
      37. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation
      38. Equipment
      39. Equipment number
      40. Establishment
      41. Estate
      42. Estimates (American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey)
      43. Estimates base (Population Estimates Program)
      44. Ethnic Origin or Race
      45. Ethnicity
      46. Euro Area
      47. Europe
      48. European
      49. European Union
      50. Exchange Rate
      51. Exclusions
      52. Exemption legend
      53. Exemptions
      54. Expenditure
      55. Experienced civilian labor force
      56. Experienced unemployed
      57. Export
      58. Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
      59. Export control
      60. Export Control Classification Number (ECCN)
      61. Export license
      62. Exporter Data Base
      63. Exports
      64. Exports (Domestic)
      65. Exports (Foreign or Re-exports)
      66. Exports (Total)
      67. Exterior additions and replacements
    7. F
      1. Families and primary individuals
      2. Family household
      3. Family Income
      4. Family size
      5. Family type
      6. Farm residence
      7. Fatal error message
      8. Feature
      9. Federal home heating and cooling assistance program
      10. Federal Information Processing Series/Standards (FIPS)
      11. Female householder, no husband present
      12. Fertility
      13. Field of degree
      14. File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
      15. Filer ID
      16. Filers
      17. Filing electronic export information
      18. Filter
      19. Finance and insurance
      20. Financial administration
      21. Fines and forfeits
      22. FIPS class code
      23. Fire protection
      24. Firm
      25. Fiscal year
      26. Fish and game
      27. Food stamp receipt
      28. Foreign born
      29. Foreign entity
      30. Foreign Exports (Re-exports)
      31. Foreign Military Sales (FMS)
      32. Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)
      33. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)
      34. Forestry
      35. Forwarding agent
      36. Foster children
      37. Free Along Ship (F.A.S.) Export Value
      38. Free or reduced-price meals programs
      39. Freight
      40. Freight Forwarder
      41. Frequency of language use
      42. Full-faith and credit debt
      43. Full-Quarter (Stable) Employment
      44. Full-time employees
      45. Full-time equivalent employment
      46. Full-Time, Year-Round Worker
      47. Full-time, year-round workers in designated calendar year
      48. Functional status code
      49. Functions
      50. Fund
    8. G
      1. Gas supply
      2. Gay
      3. Gender
      4. General debt
      5. General expenditure
      6. General expenditure, N.E.C.
      7. General Imports
      8. General local government support
      9. General obligation debt
      10. General public buildings
      11. General revenue
      12. General sales or gross receipts taxes
      13. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)
      14. Geographic Area Series (GAS)
      15. Geographic comparison tables (GCT)
      16. Geographic Component
      17. Geographic entity
      18. Geographic hierarchy
      19. Geographic Identifiers
      20. Geographic Identifiers Table (G001)
      21. Geography (census)
      22. Geography Quick Report (GQR)
      23. Gini Index
      24. Go-outside-home disability
      25. Goods
      26. Government administration
      27. Government subsidy for repairs and alterations
      28. Grade in which enrolled
      29. Grandparents as caregivers
      30. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
      31. Gross National Product (GNP)
      32. Gross rent
      33. Gross rent as a percentage of income
      34. Group Quarters (GQ)
      35. Group quarters population
      36. Guam
      37. Guarantors of primary mortgages
    9. H
      1. Harmonized System
      2. Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated
      3. Hawaiian home land
      4. Health
      5. Health care and social assistance
      6. Health insurance coverage
      7. Hearing disability
      8. Heating fuel
      9. High school
      10. Higher education
      11. Highways
      12. Hispanic or Latino origin
      13. Home equity loan
      14. Home improvement
      15. Home-equity mortgages
      16. Homeowner association fee
      17. Homeowner vacancy rate
      18. Hospitals
      19. Household
      20. Household income
      21. Household language
      22. Household population
      23. Household size
      24. Household type
      25. Household type and relationship
      26. Householder
      27. Housing and community development
      28. Housing unit
      29. Housing unit density
      30. Housing Vacancies and Homeownership
    10. I
      1. If-Then-Else Edit
      2. Immigrants
      3. Import Adjustments
      4. Import Charges
      5. Imports
      6. Imports (General)
      7. Imports for Consumption
      8. Imputation
      9. In-transit Shipments
      10. Inactive members
      11. Inbond
      12. Income
      13. Incorporated place
      14. Independent City (IC)
      15. Individual income taxes
      16. Industrial classification
      17. Industry (economic)
      18. Industry (population data)
      19. Industry Quick Report (IQR)
      20. Industry Series
      21. Information sector
      22. Inland freight in Canada
      23. Institutionalized population
      24. Insurance benefits and repayments
      25. Insurance sales and gross receipts taxes
      26. Insurance trust expenditure
      27. Insurance trust revenue
      28. Insurance trust system
      29. Integrated Coverage Measurement (ICM)
      30. Intercensal estimates
      31. Interest earnings
      32. Interest expenditure
      33. Intergovernmental expenditure
      34. Intergovernmental revenue
      35. Intergovernmental revenue for federal government
      36. Intergovernmental revenue for general local government support
      37. Intergovernmental revenue from local governments
      38. Intergovernmental revenue from state governments
      39. Interior additions and replacements
      40. Intermediate consignee
      41. Internal point
      42. Internal transaction number (ITN)
      43. International Data Base (IDB)
      44. International Standards Organization (ISO) Country Codes
      45. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
      46. Interpolation
      47. Island Areas
      48. Issued banknotes
      49. Item nonresponse
    11. J
      1. Job Change
      2. Job Creation
      3. Job Destruction
      4. Joint-Use Area
      5. Journey to work
      6. Judicial and legal (government employment statistics)
      7. Judicial and legal (government finance statistics)
    12. K
      1. Kg (kilogram)
      2. Kitchen facilities
    13. L
      1. L (liter)
      2. Labor force
      3. Labor force participation rate
      4. Land and existing structures, capital outlay expenditures
      5. Land area
      6. Land rent
      7. Language spoken at home
      8. Latin American Free Trade Market (LAFTA)
      9. Latino
      10. Legal form of organization
      11. Legal/Statistical Area Description code
      12. Legal/Statistical Area Description Code (LSAD)
      13. Legend
      14. Libraries
      15. License applicant
      16. License exception
      17. License taxes
      18. License taxes - alcoholic beverages
      19. License taxes - amusements
      20. License taxes - corporation in general
      21. License taxes - hunting and fishing
      22. License taxes - motor vehicle operators
      23. License taxes - motor vehicles
      24. License taxes - occupations and businesses, not elsewhere classified (n.e.c.)
      25. License taxes - public utilities
      26. Linguistic isolation
      27. Liquor store revenue
      28. Liquor stores
      29. Liquor stores expenditure
      30. Living quarters
      31. Loading document
      32. Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
      33. Lodgers
      34. Long form
      35. Long-term debt
      36. Long-term debt issued
      37. Long-term debt offsets
      38. Long-term debt refunded
      39. Long-term debt retired
      40. Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)
      41. Low-value shipments
      42. Lower bound (American Community Survey)
    14. M
      1. M (meter)
      2. Macro Editing
      3. MAF/TIGER database
      4. Management of companies and enterprises
      5. Manifest
      6. Manufactured/mobile home park fees
      7. Manufactured/mobile homes
      8. Manufacturing
      9. Margin of Error (MOE)
      10. Marital status
      11. Mass-market software
      12. Meals included in rent
      13. Mean
      14. Mean income
      15. Means of transportation to work
      16. Median
      17. Median age
      18. Median income
      19. Membership (of retirement systems)
      20. Mental disability
      21. Merchandise
      22. Merchandise Trade
      23. Merchandise Trade Balance
      24. Merger
      25. Metadata
      26. Method of Transportation (MOT)
      27. Metropolitan
      28. Metropolitan Area (MA)
      29. Metropolitan Division
      30. Metropolitan Statistical Area
      31. Microdata files
      32. Micropolitan Statistical Area
      33. Migration
      34. Military dependents
      35. Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
      36. Minor Civil Division (MCD)
      37. Miscellaneous and unallocated expenditure
      38. Miscellaneous commercial activities
      39. Mobile homes or boat costs
      40. Mode of transportation
      41. Monthly housing costs
      42. Monthly housing costs as a percentage of income
      43. Monthly payment for principal and interest
      44. Mortgage origination
      45. Mortgage payment
      46. Mortgage status
      47. Mortgages
      48. Motor fuel sales taxes
      49. Motor vehicles license taxes
      50. Multi-unit structure
      51. Municipal governments
      52. Municipio
    15. N
      1. N.E.C.
      2. N.E.S.O.I.
      3. N.S.P.F.
      4. Narrative profile
      5. National defense and international relations
      6. Nationality
      7. Native born
      8. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
      9. Nativity status
      10. Natural increase
      11. Natural resources
      12. Net domestic migration
      13. Net international migration
      14. Net long-term debt
      15. Net migration
      16. New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
      17. New England City and Town Area (NECTA) Division
      18. New England County Metropolitan Area (NECMA)
      19. New Hires
      20. Newly Industrialized Countries (NICS)
      21. Nominal Dollars
      22. Non-Hispanic White Alone
      23. Non-Petroleum Products
      24. Noncontiguous States (Non-Con) Statistics
      25. Nonemployer Statistics (NES)
      26. Nonguaranteed debt
      27. Noninstitutionalized population
      28. Nonrelatives
      29. Nonsampling error
      30. North America
      31. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
      32. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
      33. North American Product Classification System (NAPCS)
      34. North American Treaty Organization (NATO) Allies
      35. Northern Mariana Islands
      36. Not in labor force
      37. Number of employees
      38. Number of establishments
      39. Number of workers in family in designated calendar year
      40. Number of workers in family in the past 12 months
      41. Numeric population change
    16. O
      1. Occasional use
      2. Occupants per room
      3. Occupation
      4. Occupations and business license taxes
      5. Occupied housing unit
      6. Off-Reservation Trust Land
      7. Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC)
      8. Offshore Areas
      9. Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA)
      10. Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA) Joint-Use Areas
      11. Old age dependency ratio
      12. Old-age assistance
      13. OnTheMap
      14. Operating expenses
      15. Order party
      16. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
      17. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
      18. Origin of Movement (OM)
      19. Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES)
      20. Other activities on property
      21. Other additions and replacements
      22. Other and unallocable expenditure
      23. Other business receipts
      24. Other Ethnic Origin or Race
      25. Other expenses
      26. Other government administration
      27. Other license taxes
      28. Other relative
      29. Other services (except public administration)
      30. Outlying areas
      31. Overlay
      32. Own children
      33. Owner-occupied housing unit
    17. P
      1. Pacific Islands
      2. Pacific Rim
      3. Packing list
      4. Paid employees
      5. Parents' Place of Birth
      6. Parish
      7. Parking facilities
      8. Parks and recreation
      9. Part
      10. Part-time employees
      11. Partnership agencies
      12. Party ID type
      13. People in family
      14. People in household
      15. Per capita income
      16. Percent estimated
      17. Percent population change
      18. Percentage
      19. Period of military service
      20. Person
      21. Personally identifiable information (PII)
      22. Petroleum products
      23. PHC-1 tables
      24. Physical disability
      25. Place
      26. Place of birth
      27. Place of Work
      28. Plumbing facilities
      29. Police protection
      30. Population
      31. Population density
      32. Population estimate (Population Estimates Program)
      33. Population estimates
      34. Population in occupied housing units
      35. Population projections
      36. Port of export
      37. Portable Document File (PDF)
      38. Postcensal estimates
      39. Postdeparture filing
      40. Postdeparture filing citation
      41. Poverty
      42. Poverty Status of Households in (designated calendar year)
      43. Power of attorney
      44. Preferences
      45. Price Asked
      46. Primary benefit
      47. Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA)
      48. Principal and interest
      49. Principal City
      50. Principal parties in interest
      51. Privacy Act
      52. Private vehicle occupancy
      53. Production Workers
      54. Products
      55. Products and Services code
      56. Professional, scientific, and technical services
      57. Program Indicators
      58. Proof of filing citation
      59. Property tax relief
      60. Property taxes
      61. Protective inspection and regulation
      62. Public administration
      63. Public Law 103-430 (P.L. 103-430)
      64. Public Law 105-119 (P.L. 105-119)
      65. Public Law 94-171 (P.L. 94-171)
      66. Public safety
      67. Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)
      68. Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files
      69. Public utility taxes
      70. Public welfare
      71. Puerto Rico
      72. Purchase of land and existing structures
    18. Q
      1. Quality measures
      2. Quantiles
      3. Quantity
      4. Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)
      5. Quartile
      6. Questionnaire
      7. Quick Facts
      8. Quick Tables (QT)
      9. Quintile
      10. Quota
    19. R
      1. Race
      2. Race alone
      3. Race alone or in any combination
      4. Race alone or in combination
      5. Race in combination
      6. Rank
      7. Ranking table
      8. Rate
      9. Rate Provision
      10. Ratio
      11. Re-exports
      12. Real Dollars
      13. Real estate and rental and leasing
      14. Real estate taxes
      15. Reason for moving
      16. Recent movers
      17. Redistricting
      18. Redistricting Data Program
      19. Reference map
      20. Reference Week
      21. Refunding
      22. Region
      23. Regular highway facilities
      24. Related children
      25. Related party transaction
      26. Relative
      27. Remainder
      28. Remission
      29. Remodeling
      30. Rent asked
      31. Rental vacancy rate
      32. Renter-occupied housing unit
      33. Rents and royalties
      34. Resales
      35. Residence 1 year ago
      36. Residence 5 years ago
      37. Residence in (designated calender year)
      38. Residence Rule and Residence Situations
      39. Residence to Workplace Flows
      40. Resident population
      41. Resident population plus armed forces
      42. Residual
      43. Respondent
      44. Response coverage ratio
      45. Retail trade
      46. Retention
      47. Retirement system
      48. Revenue
      49. Revisions or Revision Policy
      50. Room additions and renovations
      51. Rooms
      52. Rooms used for business
      53. Routed export transaction
      54. Routine maintenance in last year
      55. Rural
    20. S
      1. Salaries and wages
      2. Sale of property
      3. Sales
      4. Sales and gross receipts taxes
      5. Sales, shipments, receipts, revenue, or business done
      6. Sample
      7. Sample data
      8. Sample survey
      9. Sampling and Non-sampling Errors
      10. Sampling error
      11. Sanitation
      12. Schedule B
      13. Schedule C
      14. Schedule D
      15. Schedule K
      16. School District
      17. School district governments
      18. School enrollment
      19. Seasonal Adjustment
      20. Seasonal units
      21. Second or junior mortgage payment or home equity loan
      22. Secondary family
      23. Sector (economic)
      24. Securities
      25. Selected Commodity Subscription (1-10 Service)
      26. Selected Conditions
      27. Selected Monthly Owner Costs
      28. Selected Monthly Owner Costs As A Percentage of Income
      29. Selected physical problems - moderate
      30. Selected physical problems - severe
      31. Selective sales and gross receipts taxes
      32. Self-care disability
      33. Seller
      34. Separations
      35. Service center
      36. Service-Connected Disability Rating
      37. Service-Connected Disability Rating Status
      38. Services
      39. Severance taxes
      40. Sewage Disposal
      41. Sewerage
      42. Sex
      43. Sex ratio
      44. Shares of Aggregate Income
      45. Shipment
      46. Shipment reference number
      47. Shipper's Export Declaration (SED)
      48. Shipping documents
      49. Shipping Weight (SWT)
      50. Short form
      51. Short-term debt
      52. Sinking funds
      53. Social insurance administration
      54. Social services and income maintenance
      55. Solid waste management
      56. Some Other Race
      57. South/Central America
      58. Space research and technology
      59. Special assessments
      60. Special district governments
      61. Special Districts
      62. Special Program Indicator (SPI)
      63. Specialization and Coverage ratio
      64. Specified Owner Occupied Housing Units
      65. Specified Renter-Occupied Units
      66. Split shipment
      67. Spouse
      68. Standard Data Product
      69. Standard deviation
      70. Standard distributions
      71. Standard error (ACS)
      72. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
      73. Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
      74. Standard Occupation Classification (SOC)
      75. State and equivalent entity
      76. State Data Center (SDC)
      77. State Designated American Indian Statistical Area (SDAISA)
      78. State Designated Tribal Statistical Area (SDTSA)
      79. State government
      80. State Legislative District (SLD)
      81. Statistical Month
      82. Statistical Significance, Test of
      83. Statistics about Foreign Trade
      84. Statistics about Governments
      85. Stepfamily
      86. Stub
      87. Sub-sector (economic)
      88. Subbarrio
      89. Subfamily
      90. Subminor civil division
      91. Subminor Civil Division (SubMCD)
      92. Subsaharan African
      93. Subsistence activity
      94. Substitution
      95. Subzone
      96. Summary File (SF)
      97. Summary File 1 (SF 1)
      98. Summary File 2 (SF 2)
      99. Summary File 3 (SF 3)
      100. Summary File 4 (SF 4)
      101. Summary level
      102. Summary level code list
      103. Summary table
      104. Summary Tape Files 1-4 (STFs 1-4)
      105. Suppression
      106. Surplus
      107. Survey
      108. Survey of Business Owners (SBO)
      109. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
      110. Systems and equipment
    21. T
      1. Table
      2. Tabulation
      3. Tariff
      4. Tariff schedule
      5. Taxes
      6. Technical documentation
      7. Telephone available
      8. Telephone Service Available
      9. Tenure
      10. Thematic map
      11. Three-Year Estimates (American Community Survey)
      12. TIGER database
      13. Time leaving home to go to work
      14. Time sharing
      15. Title 13 (U.S. Code)
      16. Tobacco products sales taxes
      17. Total capital expenditures
      18. Total compensation
      19. Total cost of materials
      20. Total cost of supplies
      21. Total depreciation
      22. Total Exports
      23. Total inventories
      24. Total outstanding principal amount
      25. Total rental payments during year
      26. Total retirements
      27. Total value of shipments and receipts for services
      28. Town
      29. Township governments
      30. Tract
      31. Tract number
      32. Traffic Analysis District (TAD)
      33. Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ)
      34. Transit
      35. Transit subsidies
      36. Transitioning Goods
      37. Transmitting electronic export information
      38. Transporation reference number
      39. Transportation
      40. Transportation and warehousing
      41. Transshipment
      42. Travel time to work
      43. Tribal Block Group
      44. Tribal Block Group (BG)
      45. Tribal Census Tract
      46. Tribal Designated Statistical Area (TDSA)
      47. Tribal Grouping
      48. Tribal Jurisdiction Statistical Area (TJSA)
      49. Turnover Rate
      50. Twenty Latin America Republics
      51. Two or More Races
      52. Type of institution
      53. Type of Materials Used for Foundation
      54. Type of Materials Used for Outside Walls
      55. Type of Materials Used for Roof
      56. Type of operation or tax status code
      57. Type of school
    22. U
      1. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
      2. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
      3. U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)
      4. Ultimate Consignee
      5. Undocumented Shipments
      6. Unemployed
      7. Unemployment compensation expenditure
      8. Unemployment rate
      9. Unit of Quantity
      10. United States
      11. United States Munition List (USML)
      12. United States or American
      13. United States Virgin Islands
      14. Units in structure
      15. Universe
      16. Unlading
      17. Unmarried partner
      18. Unmarried-partner household
      19. Unorganized territory
      20. Unrelated individual
      21. Upper bound (American Community Survey)
      22. Urban
      23. Urban Area
      24. Urban Cluster (UC)
      25. Urban Growth Area (UGA)
      26. Urbanized Area (UA)
      27. USA Trade Online
      28. Usual hours worked per week worked in designated calendar year
      29. Usual hours worked per week worked in the past 12 months
      30. Usual residence
      31. Usual residence elsewhere
      32. Utilities
      33. Utility
      34. Utility debt
      35. Utility expenditure
      36. Utility revenue
    23. V
      1. Vacancy status
      2. Vacant housing unit
      3. Value
      4. Value (exports)
      5. Value (imports)
      6. Value added
      7. Value of business done
      8. Value of construction work
      9. Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
      10. Vehicles available
      11. Verify message
      12. Vessel Shipping Weight (SWT)
      13. Vessel Value
      14. Veteran status
      15. Veteran's services
      16. Village
      17. Violation of the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR)
      18. Virgin Islands
      19. Visible feature
      20. Vision disability
      21. Voluntary self-disclosure
      22. Voluntary self-disclosure (VSD)
      23. Voting District (VTD)
    24. W
      1. Warning message
      2. Water Area
      3. Water Supply
      4. Water transport and terminals
      5. Weeks worked in (designated calender year)
      6. Weeks worked in the past 12 months
      7. White
      8. Wholesale trade
      9. Wholesaler/distributor
      10. Withdrawals
      11. Withdrawals, insurance trust
      12. Without Correction for ICM
      13. Work experience
      14. Work Status in (designated calender years)
      15. Worked in (designated calendar year)
      16. Worked in the past 12 months
      17. Worker
      18. Workers' compensation expenditure
      19. Workers' compensation revenue
      20. Workers' compensation system
      21. Workplace
      22. Worksite
      23. Written authorization
    25. X
    26. Y
      1. Year householder move into unit
      2. Year of entry
      3. Year structure built
      4. Year-to-Date (YTD) or Cumulative to date
      5. Years of military service
    27. Z
      1. ZIP Code
      2. ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA)
      3. Zona urbana
      4. Zone admission number

Story

A Census Semantic Knowledge Base

I have a long history of working with Census data and was recently invited to make a presentation of our Semantic Data Science Team Attends White House Big Data Event.

My Slides entitled "Semantic Data Science for the Census Bureau" started with a Google Search for 'Census Bureau' which showed seven topics because of the new Google display. See Google Alters Search to Handle More Complex Queries and My Comment.

Inititially, I selected the 7th topic: Data Access Tools and three of the 18 subtopics under: Interactive Internet Data Tools: Data Visualization Gallery, DataFerrett, and Community Economic Development HotReport, because I had previously done Census Data Visualization Gallery As Data For the Digital Government Strategy and knew that Cavin Capps, Big Data Lead for the Census Bureau, had done DataFerret and DataFerrett’s newest tool, the Community Economic Development HotReport.

Encouraged by the very positive feedback from the presentation, I decided to outline some next steps to work with the Data Access Tools to pilot a US Census Semantic Knowledge Base using the following process:

  • Select two of the five options: Interactive Internet Data Tools and Direct File Access (Public)
  • Define what I mean by a Semantic Knowledge Base as follows:
    • Initially we need at least a taxonomy and a vocabulary.
    • Eventually, we would like an ontology and thesaurus.
    • We need to build a data and metadata ecosystem with relational and graph data sets.
    • The pilot will build a knowledge base in MindTouch, spreadsheets in Excel, a dashboard in Spotfire, and a business process for data collection in Be Informed.
    • The pilot will be scaled up to create a RDF triple store for the YARCData Graph Appliance.
    • In essence, I am going to build a “SemanticData.gov” type application for the US Census Data.

So the Interactive Internet Data Tools and Direct File Access (Public) topics and file structure, respectively, must reflect the considerable expertise and experience of the Census Bureau on how to organize and publish all the content they have. They provide taxonomies and the Glossary topic within the Interactive Internet Data Tools procides a vocabulary. Is also provides Related Terms so it is also the beginning of a Thesaurus (a vocabularly with relationships between terms).

In addition, we need the data dictionaries and data set properties for eacn Tools if we are to have a Data Ecosytem in our CensusSemantic Knowledge Base..

A critical decision in building a Semantic Knowledge Base is what needs to go in MIndTouch (a state-of-the-art Wiki) and what needs to go in the Excel spreadsheets. A good example here is the Glossary because many of the Definitions were longer text blobs so I repurposed them into MindTouch. This also makes the entire Glossary searchable using Google Chrome Find and means I can build a simple semantic model on top of the Taxomony and Vocabulary on the way to using Be Informed for that.

So then it was a matter of carrying out the details so the Census Semantic Knowledge Base could be captured in both relational and graph data sets in Excel that could then be imported into Spotfire for visualization and analytics. For example, how many Glossary terms have a Related Term, Related Terms, See Other, and/or More Information? Part of the details is checking the quality of the spreadsheet knowledge base which is done with the aid of Spotfire.

The taxonomy (Interactive Internet Data Tools) and vocabulary (Glossary) are shown in the matrix below with links to the knowledge base (in process).

 

Interactive Internet Data Tools Description URL (1) Function URL(2)
Data Visualization Gallery A weekly exploration of Census data used to promote visualization and make data accessible to a broader audience. http://www.census.gov/dataviz/ 38 Visualizations with Flash and Links to the Data (Boundary Files Not Provided)

Census Data Visualization with 68 Visualizations Using a Spreadsheet in a Spotfire Knowledge Base

2010 Census Interactive Population Map Use this tool to explore 2010 Census statistics down to the block level, compare your community with others, and embed charts on your web site. http://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ Map and Table on Same Page With Dynamic Interaction Download summary files goes to Word, PDF, and DP  for Access Files by State
The American FactFinder This interactive application provides statistics from the Economic Census, the American Community Survey, and the 2010 Census, among others. http://factfinder2.census.gov/ The Mother Load of Data! Censtat Leads to Here
QuickFacts State and County QuickFacts provides frequently requested Census Bureau information at the national, state, county, and city level. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/ QuickFacts includes 52 statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with more than 5,000 people, totaling 3195 Download the full data set Followed Instructions to Create Spreadsheet for VIsualizations in a Spotfire Knowledge Base
Easy Stats Quick and easy access to selected statistics collected by the U.S. Census Bureau through the American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/easystats/ This interactive tool provides the latest statistics about where you live. You can search different geographies including states, counties, incorporated places (towns/cities) and census designated places (CDP). With Easy Stats, you can view detailed racial, age and sex breakdowns and much more.

Select Geography (State, County, Place) and One of Four Topics (Financial, Jobs, Housing, People, Education) with a Total of 21 Options to Create a Spreadsheet for VIsualizations in Spotfire

My  Note: I did not find all the data in one file.

County Business & Demographics Map Use this interactive map to explore Census data through a mashup of population and economic data. http://www.census.gov/cbdmap/ County Business Patterns data are processed through various automated and analytical edits to remove anomalies, validate geographic coding, addresses, and industry classification. The Noise Infusion Method is applied to protect individual business establishments from disclosure. 26 Columns by 2,151,507 Rows.

Download the data in Comma-Separated Value (csv) format starting with year 1986. Data Dictionary: County Business Layout and Big Data Set in a Spotfire Knowledge Base.

Economic Database Search and Trend Charts Easy access to Economic Statistics using drop-down menus. Create tables in ASCII text and spreadsheet format. Display customizable dynamic charts. http://www.census.gov/econ/currentdata/   Need to look at this next
Glossary  Simple definitions of key Census Bureau terms. http://www.census.gov/glossary/ Definitions with More Information, and Related Terms Glossary with 1132 rows by 27 columns by Alphabet: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z in a Spotfire Knowledge Base
Censtats Applications available include: Census Tract Street Locator, County Business Patterns, Zip Business Patterns, International Trade Data, and more. http://censtats.census.gov/   Leads to American Factfinder Which Leads to the Direct File Access Public Download Site
Online Mapping Tools

Using TIGER and the American FactFinder.

TIGER products are spatial extracts from the Census Bureau's MAF/TIGER database, containing features such as roads, railroads, rivers, as well as legal and statistical geographic areas. The Census Bureau offers several file types and an online mapping application.

http://factfinder2.census.gov/

http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger.html
Leads to Lots of "Get Data"

Building Deep Links into American Factfinder (PDF)

My Note: This can be Semantic Web Linked Open Data. See 2012 Statistical Abstract Spotfire Knowledge Base Below.

US Gazetteer Place name, and ZIP code search engine. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html Download 2013 Census U.S. Gazetteer files for congressional districts, places, counties, county subdivisions, census tracts, American Indian areas, school districts, state legislative districts, urban areas, and ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs). This vintage matches the 2013 American Community Survey data available from the Census Bureau. Download 2013 Census U.S. Gazetteer files Data Dictionary and 15 Files for Spotfire Knowledge Base
Business Dynamics Statistics This tool shows tabulations on establishments, firms, and employment with unique information on firm age and firm size. http://www.census.gov/ces/dataproducts/bds/   Need to look at this next
DataFerrett A tool and data librarian that searches and retrieves data across federal, state, and local surveys, executes customized variable recoding, creates complex tabulations and business graphics. Current Population Survey, Survey of Income and Program Participation, American Community Survey, American Housing Survey, Small Area Income Poverty Estimates, Population Estimates, Economic Census Areawide Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics data, Centers for Disease Control data, and more. http://dataferrett.census.gov/   Can Screen Scrape Examples
Community Economic Development HotReport DataFerrett’s newest tool, the Community Economic Development HotReport provides community and business leaders speedy access to information on counties and the Employment & Training Administration’s Workforce Innovation in Regional Economic Development (WIRED) areas across the U.S. http://ced.census.gov/   Can Screen Scrape Examples
QWI Online Select and find out about NAICS-based or SIC-based Quarterly Workforce Indicators by state, geographic grouping, industry, year and quarter, sex, age group, and ownership. http://lehd.ces.census.gov/applications/qwi_online/   Need to look at this next
OnTheMap This tool shows where workers are employed and where they live through an interactive and geographically flexible mapping interface. The maps, charts, and reports also provide detailed worker characteristics such as age, earnings, NAICS industry sector, as well as information on race, ethnicity, and educational attainment. http://onthemap.ces.census.gov/   Need to look at this next
Industry Focus This tool lets you determine the top industries for your local area and your local workers, focus on a particular industry to see how it ranks among top industries, and also look at the characteristics of those who work in that industry. http://lehd.ces.census.gov/applicati...try_focus.html   Need to look at this next
Census 2000 EEO Data Tool Using the web-based tool, you can select tabulations for various levels of geography based on residence or workplace. The data estimates available present information for various occupation groupings by race and ethnicity and sex. http://www.census.gov/people/eeotabulation/   Need to look at this next
2012 Statistical Abstract The U.S. Census Bureau is terminating the collection of data for the Statistical Compendia program effective October 1, 2011. The Statistical Compendium program is comprised of the Statistical Abstract of the United States and its supplemental products - - the State and Metropolitan Area Data Book and the County and City Data Book. http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/ The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. 30 Chapters and About 1500 Spreadsheets

Spotfire Knowledge Base: FedStats.net

My Note: Worked With Private Company That Is Tryng to Keep This Going

Footnote: (1) The purpose of showing the actual URL is to see how much it conveys is at the destination, e.g. http://www.census.gov/glossary/ cleary conveys there is a glossary at the destination, but not its scope and dimensions.

Footnote (2)

Some Conclusions and Recommendations

  • A taxonomy (Interactive Internet Data Tools) and vocabulary (Glossary) from Census were used to pilot a semantic knowledge base.
  • Agile development of the semantic knowledge base was possible when the data dictionary and data are readily available in a spreadsheet or at the download site so one can focus on doing the data science and analytics.
  • The Census "Building Deep Links into American FactFinder" can be Semantic Web Linked Open Data.
  • See 2012 Statistical Abstract as a Semantic Knowledge Base in the Next Slide.
  • The Semantic Community Platform can produce a Census data science ecosystem and products in an interoperability interface with semantic interoperability.
  • Next is piloting Be Informed for Census survey data collection and then YARCData on the triple stores that are created. 

MORE TO FOLLOW

Slides

Slides

Slide 1 Semantic Data Science for the US Census Bureau

http://semanticommunity.info/
http://datacommunitydc.org/blog/2013...ce-conference/
https://silverspotfire.tibco.com/us/...niemann/Public
http://semanticommunity.info/Census_Semantic_Knowledge_Base

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Slide 2 Google Search Display: Census Bureau

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Slide 3 Google Search Result: Census Bureau

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Slide 4 Data Access Tools

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Slide 5 Data Visualization Gallery

http://www.census.gov/dataviz/

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Slide 6 Census Data Visualization Gallery As Data For the Digital Government Strategy

http://semanticommunity.info/Census_Data_Visualization

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Slide 7 Census Data Visualization Gallery: Spotfire

Web Player

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Slide 8 The Data Web: Data Ferrett

http://dataferrett.census.gov/

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Slide 9 Data Ferrett Description

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Slide 10 Community Economic Development HotReport Description

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Slide 11 Community Economic Development HotReport Web Site

http://ced.census.gov/

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Slide 12 White House Big Data Event: Data to Knowledge to Action

http://semanticommunity.info/A_NITRD_Dashboard/Making_the_Most_of_Big_Data

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Slide 13 Semantic Data Science Team Attends White House Big Data Event

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Slide 14 NITRD Supplement to the FY14 President’s Budget

http://semanticommunity.info/A_NITRD_Dashboard/Making_the_Most_of_Big_Data#Proposed_GMU_Course
http://semanticommunity.info/Emerging_Technology_SIG_Big_Data_Committee/Government_Challenges_With_Big_Data
http://semanticommunity.info/A_NITRD_Dashboard/Making_the_Most_of_Big_Data#Current_and_Planned_Coordination_Activities

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Slide 16 Contact Information

http://semanticommunity.info
http://yarcdata.com/

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Slide 17 Some Next Steps

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Slide 18 Data Access Tools

http://www.census.gov/main/www/access.html

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Slide 19 Census Semantic Knowledge Base

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Slide 20 Semantic Knowledge Base

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Slide 21 Data Access Tools

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Slide 22 Data Access Tools: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet

http://semanticommunity.info/@api/deki/files/27084/CensusSemanticKnowledgeBase.xlsx

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Slide 23 Direct File Access: Public

http://www2.census.gov/census_2000/datasets/

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Slide 24 Direct File Access Public: Knowledge Base Spreadsheet

http://semanticommunity.info/@api/deki/files/27084/CensusSemanticKnowledgeBase.xlsx

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Slide 25 Census Taxonomy and Vocabulary: MindTouch Matrix

http://semanticommunity.info/Census_Semantic_Knowledge_Base#Story

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Slide 26 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Excel Glossary

http://semanticommunity.info/@api/deki/files/27084/CensusSemanticKnowledgeBase.xlsx

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Slide 27 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Glossary

 Web Player

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Slide 28 Census Semantic Knowledge Base: Spotfire Taxonomy

 Web Player

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Slide 29 Conclusions and Recommendations

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Slide 30 Statistical Abstract 2012: Spotfire Knowledge Base

http://semanticommunity.info/FedStats.net#Spotfire_Dashboard

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Spotfire Dashboard

For Internet Explorer Users and Those Wanting Full Screen Display Use: Web Player Get Spotfire for iPad App

Data Access Tools

Source: http://www.census.gov/main/www/access.html

Interactive Internet Data Tools

  • Data Visualization Gallery - A weekly exploration of Census data used to promote visualization and make data accessible to a broader audience.
  • 2010 Census Interactive Population Map - Use this tool to explore 2010 Census statistics down to the block level, compare your community with others, and embed charts on your web site.
  • The American FactFinder - This interactive application provides statistics from the Economic Census, the American Community Survey, and the 2010 Census, among others.
  • QuickFacts - State and County QuickFacts provides frequently requested Census Bureau information at the national, state, county, and city level.
  • Easy Stats - quick and easy access to selected statistics collected by the U.S. Census Bureau through the American Community Survey.
  • County Business & Demographics Map - use this interactive map to explore Census data through a mashup of population and economic data.
  • Economic Database Search and Trend Charts - Easy access to Economic Statistics using drop-down menus. Create tables in ASCII text and spreadsheet format. Display customizable dynamic charts.
  • Glossary - Simple definitions of key Census Bureau terms.
  • Censtats - Applications available include: Census Tract Street Locator, County Business Patterns, Zip Business Patterns, International Trade Data, and more.
  • Online Mapping Tools - using TIGER and the American FactFinder
  • US Gazetteer - Place name, and ZIP code search engine.
  • Business Dynamics Statistics - This tool shows tabulations on establishments, firms, and employment with unique information on firm age and firm size.
  • DataFerrett is a tool and data librarian that searches and retrieves data across federal, state, and local surveys, executes customized variable recoding, creates complex tabulations and business graphics. Current Population Survey, Survey of Income and Program Participation, American Community Survey, American Housing Survey, Small Area Income Poverty Estimates, Population Estimates, Economic Census Areawide Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics data, Centers for Disease Control data, and more. 
    DataFerrett’s newest tool, the Community Economic Development HotReport provides community and business leaders speedy access to information on counties and the Employment & Training Administration’s Workforce Innovation in Regional Economic Development (WIRED) areas across the U.S.
  • The Local Employment Dynamics partnership offers a variety of data tools including the following:
    • QWI Online: Select and find out about NAICS-based or SIC-based Quarterly Workforce Indicators by state, geographic grouping, industry, year and quarter, sex, age group, and ownership.
    • OnTheMap: This tool shows where workers are employed and where they live through an interactive and geographically flexible mapping interface. The maps, charts, and reports also provide detailed worker characteristics such as age, earnings, NAICS industry sector, as well as information on race, ethnicity, and educational attainment.
    • Industry Focus: This tool lets you determine the top industries for your local area and your local workers, focus on a particular industry to see how it ranks among top industries, and also look at the characteristics of those who work in that industry.
  • Census 2000 EEO Data Tool - Using the web-based tool, you can select tabulations for various levels of geography based on residence or workplace. The data estimates available present information for various occupation groupings by race and ethnicity and sex.

Research Data Centers

  • Secure Census Bureau Research Data Centers across the country offer qualified researchers with approved projects the opportunity to perform statistical analysis on selected internal microdata from the Census Bureau and other statistical agencies.

Software to Download

  • Extract Software - General purpose data display and extraction tool that works with Census Bureau CD-ROMs recorded in dBASE format - (for: IBM-PC's and compatibles with CD-ROM player)
  • VPLX Software - Variance Estimation for Complex Samples (for IBM-PC's and compatibles and UNIX [Sun/Solaris])
  • CSPro (Census and Survey Processing System) is a public-domain software package for entering, tabulating and mapping census and survey data.
  • IMPS software - The Integrated Microcomputer Processing System (IMPS) software performs the major tasks of census and survey processing.

Direct File Access

Access Tools at Other Sites

This symbol Off Site indicates a link to a non-government web site. Our linking to these sites does not constitute an endorsement of any products, services or the information found on them. Once you link to another site you are subject to the policies of the new site.

Direct File Access


[DIR] Parent Directory -

[DIR] 100_and_sample_profile/ 07-Jun-2002 09:03 - 

[DIR] 108_Congressional_Districts/ 13-Mar-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] 109_Congressional_Districts/ 06-Jan-2005 00:00 -

[DIR] 110_Congressional_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:22 -

[DIR] AIAN_SF/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] CQS/ 01-Oct-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] EEO_2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -

[DIR] Island_Areas/ 30-Apr-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] PUMS/ 06-Aug-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] Sim_Hispanic_Totals/ 05-May-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] State_Legislative_Districts/ 04-Jan-2007 18:03 -

[DIR] Summary_File_1/ 27-Sep-2011 11:26 -

[DIR] Summary_File_1_Supplement/ 11-Jun-2003 00:01 -

[DIR] Summary_File_2/ 27-Sep-2011 11:34 -

[DIR] Summary_File_2_Supplement/ 27-Mar-2003 16:46 -

[DIR] Summary_File_3/ 27-Sep-2011 14:08 -

[DIR] Summary_File_4/ 22-Jul-2003 00:02 -

[DIR] Summary_File_Extracts/ 16-Nov-2006 13:57 -

[DIR] demographic_profile/ 19-Apr-2002 14:08 -

[DIR] determination/ 27-Sep-2011 14:16 -

[DIR] eeo2000/ 24-Feb-2004 16:09 -

[DIR] redistricting_file--pl_94-171/ 12-Oct-2001 11:02 - 

Glossary

Source: http://www.census.gov/glossary/

My Note: Semantic Index will include More Information and Related Terms Columns (Thesaurus-like!)

#

1-Year Estimates

Estimates based on 1 year of American Community Survey (ACS) data. They are meant to reflect the characteristics of a geographic area over the entire 12 month period. They are published for geographic areas with a population of 65,000 or more.

More information

100-percent data

Information based on a limited number of basic population and housing questions collected from both the short form and the long form for every inhabitant and housing unit in the United States. The decennial population and housing censuses from 2000 and 2010 disseminate 100-percent data in the following datasets: Census 2000 Summary File 1, Census 2000 Summary File 2, Census 2000 Redistricting Data Summary File, 2010 Summary File 1, 2010 Summary File 2, 2010 Redistricting Data Summary File, and others.

Related terms: Census (decennial)Sample data

113th Congressional District Summary File (100-Percent)

Data from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 have been retabulated for the 113th Congressional District boundaries.

The 113th Congress was seated in January 2013.

Related term: Congressional District (CD)

3-Year Estimates

Estimates based on 3 years of American Community Survey (ACS) data. They are meant to reflect the characteristics of a geographic area over the entire 36 month period. They are published for geographic areas with a population of 20,000 or more.

More information

484(f) Committee

Inter-agency committee that reviews requests for changes to the statistical reporting requirements of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTS) for imports or the Schedule B for exports. The 484(f) Committee is comprised of the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the U.S. International Trade Commission. Requests for changes should be addressed to: The Chairman; Committee for Statistical Annotation of Tariff Schedules; United States International Trade Commission; Washington, D.C. 20436; and emailed to 484(f)@usitc.gov no later than April 1 for the July revision of the HTS only, or August 1 for the January revision of the HTS or Schedule B.

Related terms: Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States AnnotatedSchedule BStatistics about Foreign Trade,

5-Year Estimates

Estimates based on 5 years of American Community Survey (ACS) data. They reflect the characteristics of a geographic area over the entire 60 month period. They are published for geographic areas down to the block group level.

More information

A

Ability to speak English

For a respondent who speaks a language other than English at home, this refers to their assessment of their ability to speak English, from "very well" to "not at all."

Related term: Language spoken at home

Accommodation and food services

The Accommodation and food services sector is comprised of establishments providing customers with lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The sector includes both accommodation and food services establishments because the two activities are often combined at the same establishment.

Accommodation and food services are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 72.

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Related terms: EstablishmentNorth American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation (A.C.E.)

A survey designed to measure the undercount/overcount of the census.

Acquisition

Entity that was purchased by another entity.

Related term: Merger

Acreage

This question determines a range of acres (cuerdas in Puerto Rico) on which the house or mobile home is located. A major purpose for this question, in conjunction with the question on agricultural sales, is to identify farm units.

Adjustments

The Foreign Trade Division applies adjustments for seasonal and working-day variations, and for price changes.

Goods are initially classified under the Harmonized System (HS) which describes and measures the characteristics of goods traded. Combining trade into approximately 140 export and 140 import end-use categories makes it possible to examine goods according to their principal uses. These categories are used as the basis for computing the seasonal and working-day adjusted data. These adjusted data are then summed to the six end-use aggregates for publication. These data are provided to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, from the U.S. Census Bureau, for use in the Balance of Payments and the National Income and Product Accounts.

The seasonal adjustment procedure is based on a model that estimates the monthly movements as percentages above or below the general level of each end-use commodity series (unlike other methods that redistribute the actual series values over the calendar year). Imports of petroleum and petroleum products are adjusted for the length of the month. Because of the extremely variable movements of the data series for aircraft, users studying data trends may wish to analyze aircraft separately from other trade.

Price Change Adjustments are done using the Fisher chain-weighted methodology. The deflators are primarily based upon the monthly price indexes published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics using techniques developed for the National Income and Product Accounts by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Related term: Harmonized System

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

The Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services sector comprises establishments performing routine support activities for the day-to-day operations of other organizations. The establishments in this sector specialize in one or more of these support activities and provide these services to clients in a variety of industries and, in some cases, to households. Activities performed include office administration, hiring and placing of personnel, document preparation and similar clerical services, solicitation, collection, security and surveillance services, cleaning, and waste disposal services.

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 56.

More information

Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Administrative costs (of retirement systems)

Expenses paid out of the retirement fund for salaries and wages and current operation costs of the pension plan administrative staff, as well as for investment costs, are classified as “other” payments.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Adopted child

A child legally taken into a family to be raised by that family. Applies to the American Community Survey and the decennial census.

Related terms: Foster childrenOwn childrenRelated children

Advanced Technology Products

About 500 of some 22,000 commodity classification codes used in reporting U.S. merchandise trade are identified as "advanced technology" codes and they meet the following criteria:

  • The code contains products whose technology is from a recognized high technology field (e.g.), biotechnology).
  • These products represent leading edge technology in that field.
  • Such products constitute a significant part of all items covered in the selected classification code.

This product and commodity-based measure of advanced technology differs from broader North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industry-based measures which include all goods produced by a particular industry group, regardless of the level of technology embodied in the goods. ATP classifications are assigned by the Foreign Trade Division of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Related terms: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)Statistics about Foreign Trade,

AES Applicant

The U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) or authorized agent who applies to the Census Bureau for authorization to report export information electronically to the Automated Export System (AES), or through AESDirect or its related applications.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

AES downtime filing citation

A statement used in place of a proof of filing citation when the Automated Export System (AES) or AESDirect computer systems experience a major failure. The downtime filing citation is not to be used when the filer's system is down or experiencing delays. The citation must appear on the bill of lading, air waybill, export shipping instructions, or other commercial loading documents.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Statistics about Foreign Trade

AESDirect

A free Internet application supported by the U.S. Census Bureau that allows U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)'s, their authorized agent, or the authorized agent of the Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI) to transmit Electronic Export Information (EEI) through the Automated Export System (AES) via the Internet at AESDirect.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Electronic Export Information (EEI)Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI),

Africa

All Schedule C codes beginning with "7". Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, British Indian Ocean Territories,Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa), Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana,Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho,Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia,Niger, Nigeria, Reunion, Rwanda, St. Helena, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Related term: International Standards Organization (ISO) Country CodesSchedule CStatistics about Foreign Trade

African

Refers to people who identified their ancestry as "African," and does not include those who identified as "African American."

Related terms: AncestrySubsaharan African

Age

Census Bureau programs define age as the length of time in completed years that a person has lived. For the most recent decennial census, age was the length of time in completed years that a person had lived as of Census Day--April 1, 2010. The Census Bureau’s national surveys compute age as of the interview date.

Purpose of the two-part question, “What is your age and what is your date of birth?”

The purpose of this two-part question frequently used in Census Bureau questionnaires is to ensure accuracy of age data and to minimize non-response rates. Because age is a critical element in determining federal funding, it is imperative to have high quality age data. Age is also a basic demographic characteristic that is crossed by social characteristics, such as marital status and education, and economic characteristics, such as labor force participation and poverty, in many data products. Especially because of the multiple uses of age data and their visibility, it is important that they be of high quality. Asking for both date of birth in month, day, and year format, along with age, helps to ensure that quality.

Age dependency ratio

A measure derived by dividing the combined population under 18 years and 65 years and over by the population 18-64 years and multiplying by 100. (American Community Survey, Decennial Census, and Population Estimates Program)

Related terms: Child dependency ratioOld age dependency ratio

Agency and private trust transactions

Excluded from Census Bureau data on government finances because it involves receipt, holding, and disbursement of moneys by the government as agent or trustee for other governments or private persons, such as collection of local government taxes, collection of Federal income taxes and social security “taxes,” receipt and return of guarantee deposits, and the like.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Aggregate

The sum of the values for each of the elements in the universe. For example, aggregate household income is the sum of the income of all households in a given geographic area. Aggregates are frequently used in computing mean values (mean equals aggregate divided by universe count).

Related terms: MeanUniverse

Agricultural Commodities

Agricultural commodities, as determined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, are derived from farming or the cultivating of the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Agricultural sales

This refers to the total amount (before taxes and expenses) received in the 12 months prior to the interview, from the sale of crops, vegetables, fruits, nuts, livestock and livestock products, and nursery and forest products, produced on “this property.”

Agriculture

Development and conservation of natural resources for agricultural purposes. Includes provision and support of agricultural extension services, experiment stations, fairs, associations, and other agricultural activities; promotion, improvement, regulation, and protection of agricultural production, processing, and marketing; and the like. Excludes activities related to fish and game, forestry, irrigation, flood control, and other conservation activities.

Related terms: Natural resourcesStatistics about Governments

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting establishments classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 11.

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Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Aid to local governments

Construction, maintenance, operation, and support of airport facilities.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Air Carrier Codes

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) developed and maintains 2-digit and 3-digit codes for air carriers. The U.S. Census Bureau created a 4-digit air carrier code. Automated Export System (AES) and Automated Broker Interface (ABI) participants must report either the 2-digit IATA or the 3-digit IATA code. The AES and ABI systems will not accept the Census Bureau's codes.

See a list of air carrier codes at More information

Air conditioning

Air conditioning is defined as the cooling of air by a refrigeration unit. It does not include evaporative coolers, fans, or blowers, which are not connected to a refrigeration unit; however, it does include heat pumps. (This item is only for the Pacific Islands)

Air Shipping Weight (SWT)

Represents the gross weight in kilograms of shipments made by air, including the weight of moisture content, wrappings, crates, boxes, and containers (other than cargo vans and similar substantial outer containers). In some instances, shipments between the United States and countries abroad enter or depart through Canada or Mexico. Such shipments are recorded under the method of transportation by which they enter or depart the United States regardless of the transportation mode between Canada or Mexico and the country of origin or destination.

Related terms: Shipping Weight (SWT)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Air transportation

Construction, maintenance, operation, and support of airport facilities.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Air Value

The value of goods that enter or leave the country by air. In some instances, shipments between the United States and countries abroad enter or depart through Canada or Mexico. Such shipments are recorded under the method of transportation by which they enter or depart the United States regardless of the transportation mode between Canada or Mexico and the country of origin or destination.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Air waybill

The shipping document used for the transportation of air freight, which includes conditions, limitations of liability, shipping instructions, description of commodity, and applicable transportation charges. It is generally similar to a straight non-negotiable bill of lading and is used for similar purposes.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Alaska Native

Self-identification among people of Alaska Native descent. There were six main Alaska Native groups in the 2010 Census:

  • Alaska Athabaskan
  • Aleut
  • Inupiat
  • Tlingit-Haida
  • Tsimshian
  • Yup’ik

Related terms: Census (decennial)Race

Alaska Native Regional Corporation (ANRC)

A legal entity organized to conduct both business and nonprofit affairs of Alaska Natives within a defined region of Alaska pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. For the Census Bureau, ANRCs are considered legal geographic entities. 

More information

Related terms: Alaska Native Village Statistical Area (ANVSA)American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)

Alaska Native Village Statistical Area (ANVSA)

A statistical entity that represents the densely settled extent of an Alaska Native village, which may consist of one or more associations, bands, clans, communities, groups, tribes, or villages recognized pursuant to the Alaska Native Settlement Act.

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Related terms: Alaska Native Regional Corporation (ANRC)American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)

All Employees

In the economic census, these individuals consist of all full-time and part-time employees on the payrolls of establishments during any part of the pay period including the 12th of March. Included are all persons on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations during this pay period.

Related term: Establishment

All Establishments with 20 Employees or more

In the economic census, this includes all mining establishments (firms) with at least 20 employees or more that were in operation at any time during the year.

These establishments consist of paid full-time and part-time employees on the payrolls during any part of the pay period which included the 12th of March. They include salaried officers and executives of corporations; employees on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated firms.

All Other Hispanic or Latino

Refers to people who reported their origin as "Hispanic,” "Spanish," "Latino," or other variations of Hispanic general terms without identifying a specific country of origin in the Hispanic origin question.

Related terms: AncestryHispanic or Latino origin

Allocation

The process by which a characteristic (for example, age, race or rent) is assigned to a person or housing unit in the absence of an acceptable entry on the census or survey questionnaire. The general procedure for inserting omitted entries or changing unacceptable entries is to assign an entry for a person that is consistent with other entries for that person or entries for other persons with similar characteristics. The procedure is similar for missing entries.

Related terms: ImputationSubstitution

American

Refers to people who identified their ancestry as "American," "United States," as a region such as "Southerner," or as belonging to a U.S. state such as "Texan."

Related term: Ancestry

American Community Survey (ACS)

The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. The ACS replaced the decennial census long form in 2010 and thereafter by collecting long form type information throughout the decade rather than only once every 10 years.

Questionnaires are mailed to a sample of addresses to obtain information about households -- that is, about each person and the housing unit itself.

The American Community Survey produces demographic, social, housing and economic estimates in the form of 1-year, 3-year and 5-year estimates based on population thresholds. The strength of the ACS is in estimating population and housing characteristics. It produces estimates for small areas, including census tracts and population subgroups.

Although the ACS produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates,it is the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program that produces and disseminates the official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities and towns, and estimates of housing units for states and counties.

For 2010 and other decennial census years, the Decennial Census provides the official counts of population and housing units.

More information

Related term: Continuous Measurement System

American FactFinder (AFF)

An electronic system for access and dissemination of Census Bureau data on the internet. The system offers prepackaged data and user-selected data tables and maps from the 2000 and 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing, the 2002 and 2007 Economic Censuses, the Population Estimates Program, annual economic surveys, and the American Community Survey. The system was formerly known as the Data Access and Dissemination System (DADS).

American Housing Survey (AHS)

Sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, the AHS is the most comprehensive national housing survey in the United States.

The AHS is a longitudinal housing unit survey that asks questions about the quality of housing in the United States. Returning to the same housing units every other year to gather data, this survey allows users the unique opportunity to analyze housing and household changes over long periods of time. In gathering information, Census Bureau interviewers visit or telephone the household occupying each housing unit in the sample.

The AHS provides current information on a wide range of housing subjects, including size and composition of the nation’s housing inventory, vacancies, fuel usage, physical condition of housing units, characteristics of occupants, equipment breakdowns, home improvements, mortgages and other housing costs, persons eligible for and beneficiaries of assisted housing, home values, and characteristics of recent movers. In addition to these core indicators, the AHS includes topical supplements, which rotate in and out of the questionnaire.

National and metropolitan data are collected from July through December every 2 years from a sample of housing units. The 2011 sample includes approximately 186,400 housing units and each housing unit in the AHS sample represents itself and over 2,000 other units. The U.S. Census Bureau updates the sample by adding newly constructed housing units and units discovered through coverage improvement efforts. The sample also includes an oversample of assisted housing units, drawn from HUD administrative records. The national survey, which began in 1973, has sampled the same units since 1985.

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American Indian

Self-identification among people of American Indian descent. Many American Indians report membership in a tribe(s). There are 42 broad categories of tribes, or tribal groupings for American Indians:

  • Apache
  • Arapaho
  • Blackfeet
  • Canadian and French American Indian
  • Central American Indian
  • Cherokee
  • Cheyenne
  • Chickasaw
  • Chippewa
  • Choctaw
  • Colville
  • Comanche
  • Cree
  • Creek
  • Crow
  • Delaware
  • Hopi
  • Houma
  • Iroquois
  • Kiowa
  • Lumbee
  • Menominee
  • Mexican American Indian
  • Navajo
  • Osage
  • Ottawa
  • Paiute
  • Pima
  • Potawatomi
  • Pueblo
  • Puget Sound Salish
  • Seminole
  • Shoshone
  • Sioux
  • South American Indian
  • Spanish American Indian
  • Tohono O'Odham
  • Ute

Related terms: Census (decennial)Race

American Indian off-reservation trust land

Areas for which the United States holds titles in trust for the benefit of a tribe (tribal trust land) or for an individual American Indian (individual trust land).

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Related terms: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)American Indian reservation - federalAmerican Indian reservation - stateOff-Reservation Trust Land

American Indian or Alaska Native

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes people who indicate their race as “American Indian or Alaska Native” or report entries such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup’ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian groups.

Respondents who identified themselves as “American Indian or Alaska Native” were asked to report their enrolled or principal tribe. Therefore, tribal data in tabulations reflect the written entries reported on the questionnaires. Some of the entries (for example, Metlakatla Indian Community and Umatilla) represent reservations or a confederation of tribes on a reservation. The information on tribe is based on self-identification and, therefore, does not reflect any designation of federally or state-recognized tribe. The information for the 2010 Decennial Census was derived from the American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Classification List for Decennial Census 2000 and updated from 2002 to 2009 based on the annual Federal Register notice entitled “Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible to Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs,” Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, issued by OMB, and through consultation with American Indian and Alaska Native communities and leaders.

Related term: Race

American Indian reservation - federal

Areas that have been set aside by the United States for the use of tribes, the exterior boundaries of which are more particularly defined in final tribal treaties, agreements, executive orders, federal statutes, secretarial orders, or judicial determination.

The Census Bureau recognizes federal reservations (and associated off-reservation trust lands) as territory over which American Indian tribes have primary governmental authority. American Indian reservations can be legally described as colonies, communities, Indian colonies, Indian communities, Indian rancherias, Indian reservations, Indian villages, pueblos, rancherias, ranches, reservations, reserves, settlements, or villages. The Census Bureau contacts representatives of American Indian tribal governments to identify the boundaries. The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) maintains a list of federally recognized tribal governments.

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Related terms: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)American Indian off-reservation trust landAmerican Indian reservation - stateAmerican Indian Tribal SubdivisionOff-Reservation Trust LandTribal Block Group (BG)Tribal Census TractTribal Designated Statistical Area (TDSA)Tribal Jurisdiction Statistical Area (TJSA)

American Indian reservation - state

Reservations established by some state governments for tribes recognized by the state. A governor-appointed state liaison provides the names and boundaries for state reservations. The names of the American Indian reservations recognized by state governments, but not by the federal government, are followed by "(state)" in the data presentations.

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Related terms: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)American Indian reservation - federalState Designated American Indian Statistical Area (SDAISA)State Designated Tribal Statistical Area (SDTSA)

American Indian Tribal Subdivision

Legal administrative subdivisions of federally recognized American Indian reservations and off-reservation trust lands or statistical subdivisions of Oklahoma tribal statistical areas (OTSAs). These entities are internal units of self-government or administration that serve social, cultural, and/or economic purposes for American Indians, and are described as additions, administrative areas, areas, chapters, county districts, communities, districts, or segments.

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Related terms: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)American Indian off-reservation trust landAmerican Indian reservation - federalOff-Reservation Trust Land,Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area (OTSA)

American Samoa

The Census Bureau treats American Samoa as the statistical equivalent of a state for data presentation purposes.More information

Related terms: Island AreasPacific Islands

Ancestry

Refers to a person’s self-identification of the ethnic origin, descent, roots, heritage, or place of birth of the person or of the person’s ancestors. Selected ancestry groups include Arab, Brazilian, Canadian, Czech, Ethiopian, Haitian, Irish, Jamaican, Italian, Nigerian, Russian, etc.

Related terms: NationalityPlace of birth

Annotation

An explanatory note (e.g., proof of filing citation, postdeparture filing citation, Automated Export System (AES) downtime filing citation, exemption, or exclusion legend) placed on the bill of lading, air waybill, export shipping instructions, or other loading documents.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Annual Fringe Benefits not included in Payroll

This item is the employer's costs for social security tax, unemployment tax, workmen's compensation insurance, state disability insurance pension plans, stock purchase plans, union-negotiated benefits, life insurance premiums, and insurance premiums on hospital and medical plans for employees.

Fringe benefits include both legally required expenditures and payments for voluntary programs. The legally required portion consists primarily of federal old age and survivors' insurance, unemployment compensation, and workers' compensation. Payments for voluntary programs include all programs not specifically required by legislation, whether they were employer initiated or the result of collective bargaining. They include the employer portion of such plans as insurance premiums, premiums for supplemental accident and sickness insurance, pension plans, supplemental unemployment compensation, welfare plans, stock purchase plans on which the employer payment is not subject to withholding tax, deferred profit-sharing plans, and payments made directly to retired employees or their survivors that do not pass through a fund. They exclude such items as losses on company-operated cafeterias and snack bars, cost of in-plant medical services, cost of free parking lots, discounts on employee purchases, cost of uniforms and other work clothing supplied to employees and similar expenditures, and wages and salaries reported in payroll (holidays, vacations, sick pay, bonuses, jury pay, costs for training, and partially subsidized housing and safety).

Annual payroll (in thousands of dollars)

Payroll includes all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation allowances, sick-leave pay, and employee contributions, to qualified pension plans paid during the year to all employees. For corporations, payroll includes amounts paid to officers and executives; for unincorporated businesses, it does not include profit or other compensation of proprietors or partners. Payroll is reported before deductions for social security, income tax, insurance, union dues, etc. This definition of payroll is the same as that used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on Form 941.

Annual Survey of Manufactures

Sample estimates of statistics for all manufacturing establishments with one or more paid employees.

ANSI Code

“National Standard” codes that use the up to eight-digit Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) identifier in some Census Bureau products under the oversight of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). These codes are assigned to American Indian, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian areas, consolidated cities, counties, county subdivisions, places, subminor civil divisions, and states.

In addition, the commonly used two-digit state and three-digit county codes and two-digit congressional district codes are now under ANSI oversight, but identified in Census Bureau products as Federal Information Processing Series (FIPS) codes since these codes maintain continuity with the former FIPS standard codes. (The former FIPS standard codes for core based statistical areas are issued under the authority of the Office of Management and Budget and are under no administrative standard.)

The Census Bureau also maintains five-digit Federal Information Processing Series codes for the same geographic entities, maintaining and issuing these codes after the Federal Information Processing Standards codes were discontinued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 2005.

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Related term: Federal Information Processing Series/Standards (FIPS)

Apportionment

After each Decennial Census the population count of the United States and overseas military and civilian dependents is used to calculate the number of representatives beyond the one per state to which each state is entitled. With 435 members of Congress, this effort disperses the remaining 385 representatives based on the method of equal proportions. The method of equal proportions is applied to the population totals for states (and overseas military) and does not include the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Island Areas, or the District of Columbia. By law, the re-distribution of Congress is required no later than December 31, following the collection of the Census or in years ending in 0. The most recent apportionment occurred on December 20, 2010.

Related terms: Decennial censusRedistricting

Apportionment population

The population counts used to calculate the apportionment of the U.S. House of Representatives every 10 years using the results of the census. It consists of the total resident population (citizens and non-citizens) of the 50 states. In Census 2010, the apportionment population also included U.S. Armed Forces personnel and federal civilian employees stationed outside the United States (and their dependents living with them) that can be allocated, based on administrative records, back to a home state. This is the same procedure used in 1990 and 2000. Private U.S. citizens living abroad, who are not employed by the federal government, are not included in the overseas counts for apportionment.

Related terms: ApportionmentDecennial censusPopulationResident population

Arab

Refers to people who reported any type of Arab ancestry, including those who reported a specific group such as "Lebanese," "Syrian," or "Palestinian," and those who identified with a more broad group such as "Arab," "Arabic," or "Middle Eastern."

Related term: Ancestry

Area

The size, in square miles or square meters, recorded for each geographic entity for which the Census Bureau tabulates and disseminates data.

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Related terms: Land areaWater Area

Area Measurement

The decennial census table G001 (referred in American FactFinder as product type “Geography Header”) provides the size, in square meters, of geographic entities for which the U.S. Census Bureau tabulates and disseminates data. Land area is shown in Field Name AREALAND and water area in Field Name AREAWATR. To convert square meters to square kilometers, divide by 1,000,000; to convert square kilometers to square miles, divide by 2.589988; to convert square meters to square miles, divide by 2,589,988.

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Arts, entertainment, and recreation

The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector includes a wide range of establishments that operate facilities or provide services to meet varied cultural, entertainment, and recreational interests of their patrons. This sector comprises (1) establishments that are involved in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits intended for public viewing; (2) establishments that preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural, or educational interest; and (3) establishments that operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobby, and leisure-time interests.

Arts, entertainment, and recreation establishments are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 71.

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Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Asia - South

Schedule C codes, designation county of origin. These start with the digit "5". Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.

Related terms: Schedule CStatistics about Foreign Trade

Asia Near East

All Schedule C Codes, designating county of origin, beginning with "5."Bahrain, Gaza Strip Administered by Israel, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Yemen, Syria, United Arab Emirates, West Bank Administered by Israel.

Related terms: Schedule CStatistics about Foreign Trade

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Countries participating in APEC: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea (South), Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Asian

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. This includes people who reported detailed Asian responses such as:

  • Asian Indian
  • Bangladeshi
  • Bhutanese
  • Burmese
  • Cambodian
  • Chinese
  • Filipino
  • Hmong
  • Indonesian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Laotian
  • Malaysian
  • Nepalese
  • Pakistani
  • Sri Lankan
  • Taiwanese
  • Thai
  • Vietnamese
  • Other Asian, specified
  • Other Asian, not specified

Related terms: Census (decennial)Ethnic Origin or RaceRace

Assistance and subsidies

Cash contributions and subsidies to persons, not in payments for goods or services or claims against the government. For local governments, this object category comprises only direct cash assistance payments to public welfare recipients. For states, it includes also veterans' bonuses and direct cash grants for tuition, scholarships, and aid to nonpublic education institutions.

Related terms: ExpenditureStatistics about Governments

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Countries participating in ASEAN: Brunei, Burma (Myanmar),Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Authorized agent

An individual or legal entity physically located in or otherwise under the jurisdiction of the United States that has obtained power of attorney or written authorization from a U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) or Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI) to act on its behalf, and for purposes of this part, to complete and file the Electronic Export Information (EEI).

Related terms: Electronic Export Information (EEI)Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI),

Automated Broker Interface (ABI)

A CBP system through which an importer or licensed customs broker can electronically file entry and entry summary data on goods imported into the United States.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Automated Export System (AES)

The electronic system, including AESDirect, for collecting export information that was previously captured on the Shipper's Export Declaration.

Automated Export System Trade Interface Requirements (AESTIR)

The document that describes the operational requirements of the Automated Export System (AES). The AESTIR presents record formats and other reference information used in the AES.

Related term: Automated Export System (AES)

Automated Foreign Trade Zone Reporting Program (AFTZRP)

The electronic reporting program used to transmit statistical data on goods admitted into a Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) directly to the Census Bureau.

Related term: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)

Auxiliary enterprises

State institutions of higher education. Dormitories, cafeterias, athletic contests, lunchroom, student activities, and other auxiliary activities of state institutions of higher education financed mainly by revenue from charges.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Average

The number found by dividing the sum of all quantities by the total number of quantities.

Related terms: MeanMedian

Average family size

A measure obtained by dividing the number of members of families by the total number of families (or family householders).

Related term: Family household

Average household size

A measure obtained by dividing the number of people in households by the total number of households (or householders).

Related term: Household

Average household size of owner-occupied units

A measure obtained by dividing the number of people living in owner‑occupied housing units by the number of owner‑occupied housing units.

Related term: Owner-occupied housing unit

Average household size of renter-occupied units

A measure obtained by dividing the number of people living in renter‑occupied housing units by the number of renter‑occupied housing units.

Related term: Renter-occupied housing unit

B

Baby Boomers

Baby Boomers include people born from mid-1946 to 1964. The Baby Boom is distinguished by a dramatic increase in birth rates following World War II, and is one of the largest generations in the U.S. history.

Balance

The difference between exports and imports. A positive balance is called a surplus. A negative balance is called a deficit.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Balance of Payments (BOP)

Goods on a Census basis are adjusted by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis to goods on a BOP basis to bring the data in line with the concepts and definitions used to prepare the international and national accounts. Broadly, the adjustments include changes in ownership that occur without goods passing into or out of the customs territory of the United States. These adjustments are necessary to supplement coverage of the Census basis data, to eliminate duplication of transactions recorded elsewhere in the international accounts, and to value transactions according to a standard definition.

See more at Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Barrio

Along with Barrio-Pueblo, the primary legal subdivision of municipios in Puerto Rico. Similar to the minor civil divisions (MCDs) used for reporting census data in 29 states of the United States.

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Related terms: Barrio-PuebloMinor Civil Division (MCD)MunicipioSubbarrio

Barrio-Pueblo

Along with Barrio, the primary legal subdivision of municipios in Puerto Rico. Similar to the minor civil divisions (MCDs) used for reporting census data in 29 states of the United States.

More information

Related terms: BarrioMinor Civil Division (MCD)MunicipioSubbarrio

Base population

The population count or estimate used as the starting point in the estimates process. It is typically the most recent population census count. The April 1, 2010 estimates base population may differ from the April 1, 2010 Census count due to legal boundary updates, other geographic program changes, and Count Question Resolution actions.

Related terms: Count Question Resolution (CQR)Population estimates

Bathtub or shower

A housing unit was considered to have a bathtub or shower only if the equipment was permanently connected to piped running water. These facilities can be located either inside or outside the building. (This item is only for the Pacific Islands)

Battery operated radio

Included as battery-operated radios are car radios, transistors, and other battery operated sets in working order or needing only a new battery for operation. (This item is only for the Pacific Islands)

Bedrooms

The number of bedrooms is the count of rooms designed to be used as bedrooms; that is, the number of rooms that would be listed as bedrooms if the house, apartment, or mobile home were on the market for sale or for rent. Included are all rooms intended to be used as bedrooms even if they currently are being used for some other purpose.

Beginning-of-Quarter Employment

An estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the specified quarter. The Census Bureau releases statistics on Beginning-of-Quarter Employment based on the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) program.

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Related terms

Full-Quarter (Stable) EmploymentJob ChangeJob CreationJob DestructionLongitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)New HiresOnTheMapOrigin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES)Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)SeparationsTurnover Rate

Benefits

Payments to which participants may be entitled under a pension plan, including pension benefits, death and disability benefits due on termination of employment and all other benefits directly paid from the retirement fund to recipients during the fiscal year surveyed.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Bill of Lading (BL)

A document that establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and a transportation company under which freight is to be moved between specified points for a specified charge. Usually prepared by the authorized agent on forms issued by the carrier, it serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage, and a receipt for goods.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Births

For Population Estimates Program -- total number of live births occurring to the residents of the United States as estimated by the Census Bureau using data from the National Center for Health Statistics.

For ACS and 1990 and Census 2000 Programs see Children ever born – fertility.

Related term: Children ever born – fertility

Black or African American

A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as “Black or African American.” or report entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.

Related terms: Ethnic Origin or RaceRace

Block

A statistical area bounded by visible features, such as streets, roads, streams, and railroad tracks, and by nonvisible boundaries, such as selected property lines and city, township, school district, and county boundaries.

A block is the smallest geographic unit for which the Census Bureau tabulates decennial census data.

Many blocks correspond to individual city blocks bounded by streets, but blocks – especially in rural areas – may include many square miles and may have some boundaries that are not streets. The Census Bureau established blocks covering the entire nation for the first time in 1990. Previous censuses back to 1940 had blocks established only for part of the nation. Over 8 million blocks were identified for Census 2000 and over 11 million blocks were identified for the 2010 Census.

More information

Related terms: 100-percent dataCensus blockCensus geographyCensus tract

Block Group (BG)

A statistical subdivision of a census tract, generally defined to contain between 600 and 3,000 people and 240 and 1,200 housing units, and the smallest geographic unit for which the Census Bureau tabulates sample data.

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Related terms: Census blockCensus geographyCensus tractSample data

Block Numbering Area (BNA)

Formerly, a statistical subdivision created for grouping and numbering blocks within a county for which census tracts had not been established. Beginning with Census 2000, all counties had census tracts, making block numbering areas unnecessary. This concept was retired prior to Census 2000.

More information

Related terms: Census blockCensus tract

Bond

An instrument used by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) as security to ensure the payment of duties, taxes and fees and/or compliance with certain requirements such as the submission of manifest information.

Related terms: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Bond funds

Funds established to account for the proceeds of bond issues pending their disbursement.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Bonded Warehouse

An approved private warehouse used for the storage of goods until duties or taxes are paid and the goods are properly released by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Bonds must be posted by the warehouse proprietor and by the importer to indemnify the government if the goods are released improperly. Goods entering a bonded warehouse are included in General Imports but not Imports for Consumption. They are considered Imports for Consumption when they leave the bonded warehouse for domestic consumption.

Related terms: Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

Booking

A reservation made with a carrier for a shipment of goods on a specific voyage, flight, truck or train.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Borough

A county equivalent in Alaska, a minor civil division in New York, and an incorporated place in Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

More information

Related terms: County and equivalent entityCounty subdivisionIncorporated placeMinor Civil Division (MCD)Place

Borrowing

Long-term debt incurred, other than to refund existing long-term debt, plus any net increase in short-term debt outstanding.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Boundary

The extent or limit of a geographic area such as a block, census tract, county, or place. A boundary may or may not follow a visible geographic physical feature and may be legal or statistical.

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Boxhead

The portion of a statistical table in which are located the captions for individual columns together with needed classifying and qualifying spanner heads. Spanner heads may appear across one or more column heads to add further descriptive captions to the columns.

Broad Lines

Refers to broad categories of commodities / products classified by the economic census. Broad lines are not applicable to the manufacturing and mining sectors.

Bureau of Ecomonic Analysis (BEA)

A bureau within the U.S. Department of Commerce that produces economic accounts statistics that enable government and business decision-makers, researchers, and the American public to follow and understand the performance of the Nation's economy. The BEA provides Balance of Payments adjustments to the international trade in goods data and data on international trade in services.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Bureau of Indian Affairs

The federal government agency, located in the Department of the Interior, responsible for the historic and legal relationships between the federal government and American Indian communities.

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

A bureau within the U.S. Department of Commerce that is concerned with the advancement of U.S. national security, foreign policy, and economic interests. The BIS is responsible for regulating the export of sensitive goods and technologies; enforcing export control, antiboycott, and public safety laws; cooperating with and assisting other countries on export control and strategic trade issues; and assisting U.S. industry to comply with international arms control agreements.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Business Expenses Survey (BES)

Provides statistics on business operating expenses. The Business Expenses Survey supplements economic census data for wholesale trade, retail trade, and service industries with estimates of operating expenses including payroll and fringe benefits, taxes and license fees, software and computer expenses, and lease and rental payments. Data are available for years ending in 2 and 7 in conjunction with the economic census.

Business on property

A business must be easily recognizable from the outside. It usually will have a separate outside entrance and have the appearance of a business, such as a grocery store, restaurant, or barbershop. It may be either attached to the house or mobile home or be located elsewhere on the property.

Buyer

The principal in the export transaction that purchases the commodities for delivery to the ultimate consignee. The buyer and ultimate consignee may be the same.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

C

CAFTA-DR (Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement)

Countries participating in the CAFTA-DR: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Calculated Duty

Estimates of calculated duty do not necessarily reflect amounts of duty paid and should, therefore, be used with caution. The inclusion in the figures of some U.S. products returned after processing and assembly abroad, for which a portion of the value is eligible for duty free consideration, may cause these duty figures to be somewhat overstated as a result. In cases where articles are dutiable at various or special rates, a dutiable value is shown but no duty is calculated. Thus, there is an understatement in the estimates of calculated duty to the extent that these situations exist.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Canadian Data Exchange

The data for U.S. exports to Canada are derived from import data compiled by Canada.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Canadian Estimate

Effective with January 2001 statistics, the current month data for exports to Canada contain an estimate for late arrivals and corrections. The following month, this estimate is replaced, in the press release tables only, with the actual value of late receipts and corrections. This estimate improves the current month data for exports to Canada and treats late receipts for exports to Canada in a manner more consistent with the treatment of late receipts for exports to other countries.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Capital expenditures (except land and mineral rights)

In the economic census mining sector, this item includes permanent additions and major alterations as well as new and used machinery and equipment used for replacement and additions to plant capacity for which depreciation, depletion, or Office of Minerals Exploration accounts are ordinarily maintained. Reported capital expenditures include work done on contract, as well as by the mine forces.

Totals for expenditures include the costs of assets leased from other concerns through capital leases. In addition, these data include expenditures made during the year for development and exploration of mineral properties. Excluded are expenditures for land and cost of maintenance and repairs charged as current operating expenses and capital expenditures for mineral land and rights.

For any equipment or structure transferred for the use of the reporting establishment by the parent company or one of its subsidiaries, the value at which it was transferred to the establishment was to be reported. If an establishment changed ownership during the year, the cost of the fixed assets (building and equipment) was to be reported.

Related term: Capital expenditures for mineral land and rights

Capital expenditures for mineral land and rights

In the economic census mining sector, this item includes all capital expenditures for acquiring either undeveloped or developed acreage. Included are all capitalized lease bonuses and any other outlays necessary to acquire leases, mineral rights, fee lands incident to mineral exploration, development, or production.

Related term: Capital expenditures (except land and mineral rights)

Capital outlay

Direct expenditure for contract or force account construction of buildings, grounds, and other improvements, and purchase of equipment, land, and existing structures. Includes amounts for additions, replacements, and major alterations to fixed works and structures. However, expenditure for repairs to such works and structures is classified as current operation expenditure.

Related terms: ConstructionEquipmentStatistics about Governments

Card Count

The number of individual export or import line items.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Cargo

Goods being transported.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Carnet

An international customs document that allows the carnet holder to import into the United States or export to foreign countries certain goods on a temporary basis without the payment of duties.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Carrier

An individual or legal entity in the business of transporting passengers or goods. Airlines, trucking companies, railroad companies, shipping lines, pipeline companies, and slot charterers are all examples of carriers.

Cash and deposits

Cash on hand and demand and savings or time deposits.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Cash and securities (of retirement systems)

Cash, deposits, government securities, bonds, stocks, etc., accumulated by a pension fund for the purpose of meeting retirement benefits when they become due.

Government securities include U. S. Treasury bonds, notes, and Federal Financing Bank and other federal agency securities. Non-government securities include stocks, bonds, federally-sponsored agency securities, investments held in trust, mutual funds, and direct loans.

Investments held in trust may include funds administered by private agencies, guaranteed investment accounts, shares held in government common fund accounts, and loans made to employees.

Common funds are prorated using available secondary sources into appropriate investment detail “stocks, bonds, federal securities, etc.”. Beginning in 2001–2002, corporate bonds and stocks are posted at market or fair market value. Federal securities include U.S. Treasury notes; federal agency obligations include mortgage-backed securities of the Government National Mortgage Association, and bonds issued by the Commodity Credit Corporation, Tennessee Valley Authority, and other agencies.

Federal securities may include “where totals alone are supplied” bonds issued by agencies operating under federal authority but privately administered. Mortgages may include mortgage-backed securities where detail is unknown. Short–term funds such as cash on hand, demand deposits, and time deposits such as certificates of deposits are classified as “cash and deposits,” but may include federal securities or commercial and finance company paper not shown in detail.

Related terms: Retirement systemStatistics about Governments

Cash and security holdings

Cash and deposits and governmental and private securities “bonds, notes, mortgages, corporate stocks, etc., including loans and other credit paper held by state loan and investment funds” except holdings of agency and private trust funds. Includes fund investments in securities issued by government concerned but does not include interfund loans, receivables, and the value of real property and other fixed assets.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Cash assistance

Direct cash payments to beneficiaries of public welfare programs.

Related terms: Public welfareStatistics about Governments

Categorical assistance programs

Old Age Assistance, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and Medical Assistance.

Related terms: Public welfareStatistics about Governments

Category Code

A 3-digit Textile Code used in the Textile Data Products.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Cell

In a tabulation, a field containing a single number, usually a count of some kind of unit, such as persons or housing units possessing some kind of characteristic (for example, a certain age or number of rooms). In a statistical table with rows and columns of numbers, a cell constitutes the intersection of one row and one column. Sometimes also termed tally cell or data item.

Cell suppression

Witholding data to protect the confidentiality of information reported by individual businesses or persons. Data withheld are replaced with D's in appropriate data cells.

Censo 2000 Puerto Rico en Español

Census 2000 Puerto Rico in Spanish. The data for Census 2000 Puerto Rico in Spanish are accessed in FactFinder from a link in the ‘Special Interest’ section of the Main Page. The same data in English are included in the Census 2000 of the United States dataset. FactFinder does not present data from the 1990 Census of Population and Housing for Puerto Rico.

Census

A complete enumeration, usually of a population, but also of businesses and commercial establishments, housing, farms, governments, and so forth.

Census (decennial)

The census of population and housing, taken by the Census Bureau in years ending in 0 (zero). Article I of the Constitution requires that a census be taken every ten years for the purpose of reapportioning the U.S. House of Representatives.

More information

Related terms: ApportionmentCensus of Population and Housing (CPH/PHC) reportsDecennial censusRedistricting

Census (economic)

Collective name for the censuses of construction, manufactures, minerals, minority- and women-owned businesses, retail trade, service industries, transportation, and wholesale trade, conducted by the Census Bureau every five years, in years ending in 2 and 7.

The economic census includes all U. S. employer establishments, except for agriculture and public administration establishments.

Census (governments)

A census of governments is conducted by the Census Bureau every five years, in years ending in 2 and 7, as required by law under Title 13, U.S. Code, Section 161.

The 2012 Census, similar to those taken since 1957, covers three major subject fields: government organization, public employment, and government finances. The census identifies the scope and nature of the nation’s state and local governments, classifies local government organizations, powers and activities, and measures state and local governments’ fiscal relationships.

The data is released by level of government (state, local, or state and local combined), type of government (state, county, city, township, special district, school district), and category of governmental activity.

Census 2000 Gateway

This page provides descriptions and links to Internet tables and reference materials relating to Census 2000.

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Census 2000 Supplementary Survey (C2SS)View

The Census 2000 Supplementary Survey was an operational test conducted as part of the Census 2000, and used the American Community Survey questionnaire to collect demographic, social, economic, and housing data from a national sample. This evaluation study gives the Census Bureau essential information about the operational feasibility of converting from the long form to the American Community Survey. The data are for the nation, states, and most cities and counties above 250,000 population. Researchers will be able to use the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey data as they develop the policy-specific models they will use once the American Community Survey is fully operational later in the decade.

The data was made available in three releases: 1) core tables for 50 states, the District of Columbia and the nation (Summer 2001); 2) core tables for most counties and cities with populations of 250,000 or more (Fall 2001); 3) the remaining 700 non-core tables, including race iterations for 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the nation (Winter 2001-2002).

Census 2000 Supplementary Survey detailed tables are identified and labeled using established guidelines. Table identification begins with a letter that refers to the type of data in the table, and then a number is assigned sequentially as the tables are produced. Tables_Overview labeled:

  • 'P' are population tables
  • 'H' are housing tables
  • 'PCT' are population tables that cover geographies to the census tract level

For example, ‘Table P4. Sex by Age‘ is a population table with the sequential number, ‘4’.

Related term: American Community Survey (ACS)

Census area

The statistical equivalent of a county in Alaska. Census areas are delineated cooperatively by the state of Alaska and the Census Bureau for statistical purposes in the portion of Alaska not within an organized borough.

More information

Related terms: BoroughCityCounty and equivalent entity

Census block

A statistical area bounded by visible features, such as streets, roads, streams, and railroad tracks, and by nonvisible boundaries, such as selected property lines and city, township, school districts, and county boundaries.

A block is the smallest geographic unit for which the Census Bureau tabulates decennial census data.

Many blocks correspond to individual city blocks bounded by streets, but blocks – especially in rural areas – may include many square miles and may have some boundaries that are not streets. The Census Bureau established blocks covering the entire nation for the first time in 1990. Previous censuses back to 1940 had blocks established only for part of the nation. Over 8 million blocks were identified for Census 2000 and over 11 million blocks were identified for the 2010 Census.

More information

Related terms: 100-percent dataCensus geographyCensus tract

Census County Division (CCD)

A subdivision of a county or equivalent entity that is a relatively permanent statistical area established cooperatively by the Census Bureau and state, tribal, and local government authorities. Used for presenting census and survey data in those states that do not have well-defined and stable minor civil divisions.

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Related terms: County subdivisionMinor Civil Division (MCD)

Census Day

Reference date for the population and housing census conducted every 10 years in years ending in zero (0). Title 13 of the U.S. Code establishes April 1 as Census Day. For every decennial census since 1930, Census Day was April 1. In early censuses, Census Day occurred on other dates.

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Related term: Title 13 (U.S. Code)

Census Designated Place (CDP)

Statistical counterpart of incorporated places, delineated to provide data for settled concentrations of population identifiable by name but not legally incorporated under the laws of the state in which they are located. CDPs are delineated cooperatively by state and local officials and the Census Bureau, following Census Bureau guidelines.

More information

Related terms: Incorporated placePlace

Census geography

A collective term referring to the types of geographic areas used by the Census Bureau in its data collection and tabulation operations.

This diagram shows many geographic entities for which data are available from the Census Bureau.

With connecting lines, the diagram shows the hierarchical relationships between geographic types. For example, a line extends from states to counties because a state is comprised of many counties, and a county can never cross a state boundary.

If no line joins two geographic types, then an absolute and predictable relationship does not exist between them.

For example, many places do not cross a county boundary (that is, only one county). However, some places extend over more than one county like New York City. Therefore, an absolute hierarchical relationship does not exist between counties and places, and any tabulation involving both these geographic types may represent only a part of one county or one place.

As the diagram shows, many lines radiate from blocks, indicating that all geographic entities can be described as a collection of blocks, the smallest geographic unit for which the Census Bureau reports data.

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Census Information Centers

The Census Information Center (CIC) program is a cooperative activity between the Census Bureau and the national nonprofit organizations representing interests of racial and ethnic communities. The program objective is to make census information and data available to the participating organizations for analysis, policy planning, and for further dissemination through a network of regional and local affiliates.

For a listing of the organizations and the contacts, see More information

Census of Population and Housing (CPH/PHC) reports

After each decennial census, the results are released to the public in a variety of ways, including publishing multiple series of reports titled Census of Population and Housing. The abbreviation for these reports was CPH for some decades (including 1990 and 2010) and PHC for some decades (including 1970 and 2000).

For a complete listing of the CPH/PHC reports, go to the following link where the reports are available to download.

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Related term: Decennial census

Census Subarea

Statistical subdivisions of boroughs, city and boroughs, municipalities, and census areas, all of which are statistical equivalent entities for counties in Alaska.

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Related term: County subdivision

Census tract

A small, relatively permanent statistical subdivision of a county delineated by a local committee of census data users for the purpose of presenting data. Census tracts nest within counties, and their boundaries normally follow visible features, but may follow legal geography boundaries and other non-visible features in some instances, Census tracts ideally contain about 4,000 people and 1,600 housing units.

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Census Transportation Planning Products (CTPP)

The CTPP is a set of special tabulations designed by transportation planners using large sample surveys conducted by the Census Bureau. From 1970 to 2000, the CTPP and its predecessor, UTPP, used data from the decennial census long form. The decennial census long form has now been replaced with a continuous survey called the American Community Survey (ACS). Therefore, the CTPP now uses the ACS sample for the special tabulation.

The first CTPP using the ACS is the 2006-2008 CTPP, using 3 years of the ACS and is restricted to geographic units (counties and places) with population of 20,000 or more. The 2006-2010 CTPP, using 5 years of ACS was delivered to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) in May 2013 and will be released to the public through AASHTO's website in the fall 2013. This tabulation will include small geographic units such as census tracts and Transportation Analysis Zones (TAZs).

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Central American Common Market

Countries participating in the Central American Common Market: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Central City

Formerly, the largest place in a metropolitan statistical area or consolidated metropolitan statistical area. Additional places that met specific criteria also were identified as central cities.

This concept was retired in 2003 with the introduction of the Principal City concept.

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Related terms: Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA)Metropolitan Statistical Area

Central place

Formerly, the core incorporated place(s) or a census designated place(s) of an urban area, usually consisting of the most populous place(s) in the urban area plus additional places that qualify under Census Bureau criteria.

This concept was retired prior to the 2010 Census with the introduction of the 2010 Census urban area criteria.

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Related terms: UrbanUrban AreaUrban Cluster (UC)Urbanized Area (UA)

Certainty Unit

Unit sampled with a probability = 1 (Weight = 1). Also referred to as a “take all” unit.

Change in housing costs

In the American Housing Survey, this term applies to the householder and those who moved with the householder. A comparison is made between the share of the housing costs paid in the previous unit and the share paid in the present residence. Housing costs include mortgage and rent payment, real estate taxes, insurance, utilities, land rent, and mobile home park fees.

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Related term: Recent movers

Charges

Also referred to as Import Charges. The import charges represent the aggregate cost of all freight, insurance, and other charges (excluding U.S. import duties) incurred in bringing the merchandise from alongside the carrier at the port of exportation in the country of exportation and placing it alongside the carrier at the first port of entry in the United States. In the case of overland shipments originating in Canada or Mexico, such costs include freight, insurance, and all other charges, costs and expenses incurred in bringing the merchandise from the point of origin (where the merchandise begins its journey to the United States) in Canada or Mexico to the first port of entry.

Related terms: Import ChargesStatistics about Foreign Trade

Charges and miscellaneous general revenue

General revenue other than taxes and intergovernmental revenue.

Related terms: Miscellaneous commercial activitiesStatistics about Governments

Child

A son or a daughter by birth, a stepchild, or an adopted child of the householder, regardless of the child's age or marital status.

Related terms: Own childrenRelated children

Child dependency ratio

A measure derived by dividing the population under 18 years by the population 18-64 years and multiplying by 100. (American Community Survey, Decennial Census, and Population Estimates Program).

Related terms: Age dependency ratioOld age dependency ratio

Children ever born – fertility

Refers to the number of live births. Stillbirths, stepchildren, and adopted children are excluded from the number of children ever born.

Typically it is asked of women age 15 to 50, or women of all ages but some surveys ask men how many children they have fathered.

Related term: Universe

CIF (cost, insurance, freight) import value

Represents the landed value of the merchandise at the first port of arrival in the United States. It is computed by adding Import Charges to the Customs Value and therefore excludes U.S. import duties.

Related terms: Customs ValueImport ChargesStatistics about Foreign Trade

Citizenship status

People who indicate that they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad of at least one U.S. citizen parent are U.S. citizens.

People who indicate that they are U.S. citizens through naturalization are also U.S. citizens.

Naturalized U.S. citizens are foreign-born people who identify themselves as naturalized. Naturalization is the conferring, by any means, of citizenship upon a person after birth.

Related terms: Foreign bornNative bornNativity statusPlace of birth

City

A type of incorporated place in 49 states and the District of Columbia (Hawaii does not contain any incorporated places.) In 23 states and the District of Columbia, some or all cities are not part of any Minor Civil Division (MCD), and the Census Bureau treats these as county subdivisions, statistically equivalent to MCDs.

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Related terms: Incorporated placeMinor Civil Division (MCD)Place

Civil penalty

A monetary penalty imposed on a U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI), authorized agent, Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI), carrier, or other party to the transaction for violating the Foreign Trade Regulations, including failing to file export information, filing false or misleading information, filing information late, and/or using the Automated Export System (AES) to further any illegal activity, and/or violating any other regulations of this part.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

Civilian noninstitutionalized population

All U.S. civilians not residing in institutional group quarters facilities such as correctional institutions, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, and other long-term care living arrangements.

Related terms: Institutionalized populationNoninstitutionalized population

Civilian population

All U.S. residents not in the active-duty military.

Related term: Resident population

Class of worker

All people over the age of 15 who have been employed at any time are asked to designate the type of work normally done or the work performed most regularly. Occupations and types of work are then broken down into the following 5 classes.

Private Wage and Salary Workers--Includes people who worked for wages, salary, commission, tips, pay-in-kind, or piece rates for a private-for-profit employer or a private-not-for-profit, tax-exempt, or charitable organization.

Self-employed people whose business was incorporated are included with private wage and salary workers because they are paid employees of their own companies. Some tabulations present data separately for these subcategories: "For profit," "Not-for-profit," and "Own business incorporated."

Government Workers--Includes people who are employees of any local, state, or federal governmental unit, regardless of the activity of the particular agency. For some tabulations, the data are presented separately for the three levels of government.

Employees of foreign governments, the United Nations, or other formal international organizations controlled by governments should be classified as "Federal Government employee."

Self-Employed Workers--Includes people who worked for profit or fees in their own unincorporated business, profession, or trade, or who operated a farm.

Unpaid Family Workers--Includes people who worked 15 hours or more without pay in a business or on a farm operated by a relative.

Salaried/Self-Employed--In tabulations that categorize persons as either salaried or self-employed, the salaried category includes private and government wage and salary workers; self-employed includes self-employed people and unpaid family workers.

Related term: Worker

Classification

A systematic grouping of commodities, such as the Harmonized System (HS), Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTS), Schedule B, Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), or End-Use. The Foreign Trade Division collects statistical import data by HTS numbers and export data by Schedule B numbers. These are recoded to SITC, NAICS, and End-Use codes for publication in the monthly trade press release.

Related terms: End-UseHarmonized SystemHarmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States AnnotatedNorth American Industry Classification System (NAICS)Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Classing method

Classing Method refers to the process used to assign values to classes for a thematic map. American FactFinder offers the choice of 4 classing methods:

  • Natural Breaks - identifies groupings that naturally exist in the data
  • Equal Interval - divides data into classes of equal size
  • Quantile - units of measurement are ranked and then divided equally into the number of classes
  • User Defined - the user determines how values are assigned to classes

Related term: Thematic map

Co-owners or co-renters

In the American Housing Survey, this category includes households for which the names of two or more unrelated household members are on the deed of ownership, mortgage, land contract, contract to purchase or similar document, or lease; or, if there is no lease, two or more unrelated household members are responsible for paying the rent.

More information

Collapsed table

A detailed table from the American Community Survey with a reduced amount of detail shown to comply with data release rules. Collapsed tables are found in the American FactFinder.

Specifically, it is a detailed table with a “C” prefix in the table identification for which two or more lines of data from the corresponding “B” prefix table have been collapsed into a single line in the “C” table. For example, in a table the lines “75 to 79 years,” “80 to 84 years” and “85 years and over” from B01001A table may be collapsed into a single line of data ”75 years and over” in the C01001A table. Not every B table has a collapsed version.

Combined New England City and Town Area (Combined NECTA)

Consists of two or more adjacent New England city and town areas (NECTAs) that have an employment interchange measure (EIM) of 15 or more. (The EIM is a measure of ties between two adjacent entities. It is the sum of the percentage of workers living in the smaller entity who work in the larger entity and the percentage of employment in the smaller entity that is accounted for by workers who reside in the larger entity.)

More information

Related term: New England City and Town Area (NECTA)

Combined Statistical Area (CSA)

Consists of two or more adjacent core based statistical areas (CBSAs) that have an employment interchange measure (EIM) of 15 or more. (The EIM is a measure of ties between two adjacent entities. It is the sum of the percentage of workers living in the smaller entity who work in the larger entity and the percentage of employment in the smaller entity that is accounted for by workers who reside in the larger entity.) 

More information

Related terms: Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs)Metropolitan Statistical AreaMicropolitan Statistical Area

Commerce Control List (CCL)

A list of items found in Supplement No. 1 to Party 774 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Supplement No. 2 to Party 774 of the EAR contains the General Technology and Software Notes relevant to entries contained in the CCL.

Related term: Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

Commercial Regions

Groups of municipios that collectively cover Puerto Rico.

Commodity

An economic good such as a product of agriculture, mining, or a customized or mass produced article that is readily exchanged within the market.

Commodity code

In the economic census Commodity Flow Survey (CFS), this term applies to the products that an establishment produces, sells, or distributes. This does not include items that are considered as excess or byproducts of the establishment's operation. Respondents reported the description and the five-digit Standard Classification of Transported Goods (SCTG) code for the major commodity contained in the shipment, defined as the commodity with the greatest weight in the total shipment.

Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)

Provides data on the movement of goods in the United States. Some exports data are also available.

Related term: Mode of transportation

Commonwealth

The legal designation for four states (Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia), Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands. The Census Bureau does not use this term in presenting data.

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Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

The Census Bureau treats the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) as the statistical equivalent of a state for data presentation purposes.

More information

Related terms: Island AreasNorthern Mariana IslandsPacific Islands

Commuting (Journey to work)

Includes data on where people work, how they get to work, how long it takes to get from their home to their usual workplace, when they leave home to go to their usual workplace, and carpooling. The terms journey to work and commuting are interchangeable.

On the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation, residence-to-worksite commuting flows show only where people work and where they live (up to 9 largest flows plus U.S. balance of all other areas).

Related terms: EmployedEqual Employment Opportunity (EEO) TabulationJourney to workPlace of WorkResidence to Workplace FlowsWorkplace,Worksite

Company

In the economic census, a company (or "enterprise") is comprised of all the establishments that operate under the ownership or control of a single organization. A company may be a business, service, or membership organization; consist of one or several establishments; and operate at one or several locations. It includes all subsidiary organizations, all establishments that are majority-owned by the company or any subsidiary, and all the establishments that can be directed or managed by the company or any subsidiary.

A company may have one or many establishments. Examples include product and service sales offices (retail and wholesale), industrial production plants, processing or assembly operations, mines or well sites, and support operations (such as an administrative office, warehouse, customer service center, or regional headquarters). Each establishment should receive, complete, and return a separate census form.

The following is really part of the establishment definition: for the economic census, a company operating at different physical locations will generally receive a separate report form for each location, even if the locations were producing the same line of goods. If the company operates in two or more distinct and separable lines of manufacturing at the same location, a separate report may be requested to prepare a separate report form for each activity.

Comparison Profile (CP)

Comparison profiles are tables available from the American Community Survey (ACS) for 1-year estimates beginning in 2007. These tables show detailed demographic, social,economic and housing data about a selected geography over several years. Users can identify trends and patterns over time.

Comparison profiles are available for the United States, the 50 states, the District of Columbia and geographic areas with a population of more than 65,000 in the American FactFinder.

Related terms: American Community Survey (ACS)Data profiles

Comparitive Statistics Report

Shows U. S. and state totals classified by 2002 North American Industry Classification System for both 2002 and 2007. Due to classification changes, these comparisons are not possible elsewhere for construction and wholesale trade industries.

Compliance alert

An electronic response sent to the filer by the Automated Export System (AES) when the shipment was not reported in accordance with this part (e.g., late filing). The filer is required to review their filing practices and take steps to conform with export reporting requirements.

Related term: Automated Export System (AES)

Components of population change

Demographic events (births, deaths, domestic migration, and international migration) used to estimate changes in the population during a specified time period.

Comunidad

Communities that are not the government center of a municipio in Puerto Rico, represented by a census designated place for data reporting purposes. There are no incorporated places in Puerto Rico.

More information

Related terms: MunicipioZona urbana

Concentration ratio

In the economic census, this term represents concentration of sales, shipments, receipts, or revenue by largest firm size ranges.

Condominium status and fee

A type of ownership that enables a person to own an apartment or house in a development of similarly owned units and to hold a common or joint ownership of some or all of the common areas and facilities such as land, roof, hallways, entrances, elevators, swimming pool, etc. Condominiums may be single-family houses as well as units in apartment buildings.

Confidence interval (American Community Survey)

The sample estimate and its standard error permit the construction of a confidence interval that represents the degree of uncertainly about the estimate. Each American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey estimate is accompanied by the upper and lower bounds of the 90 percent confidence interval. A 90 percent confidence interval can be interpreted roughly as providing 90 percent certainty that the true number falls between the upper and lower bounds.

Related terms: American Community Survey (ACS)Census 2000 Supplementary Survey (C2SS)Estimates (American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey)Margin of Error (MOE)Standard error (ACS),

Confidentiality

The guarantee made by law (Title 13, United States Code) to individuals who provide census information regarding nondisclosure of that information to others. By law, we cannot disclose any private information that identifies a person or a business.

If we violate this law, it is a federal crime; we face severe penalties, including a federal prison sentence of up to five years, a fine of up to $250,000, or both. More information

Related terms: Privacy ActTitle 13 (U.S. Code)

Confidentiality edit

The name for the Census 2000 disclosure avoidance procedure.

Related term: Disclosure avoidance

Congressional District (CD)

An area established by law for the election of representatives to the United States Congress. After the apportionment of congressional seats among the states based on decennial census population counts, each state with multiple seats is responsible for establishing CDs for the purpose of electing representatives. Each CD is to be as equal in population to all other CDs in the state as practicable, based on the decennial census counts. The boundaries may be changed more than once during a decade.

The District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and each Island Area each contain one CD for a single nonvoting delegate.

More information

Data for Congressional Districts are available in American Factfinder.

  • 106th Congress, seated in 1999 and 2000 - Census 2000
  • 109th Congress, seated in 2005 and 2006 - ACS
  • 110th Congress, seated in 2007 and 2008 - Census 2000, ACS
  • 111th Congress, seated in 2009 and 2010 - 2010 Census, ACS
  • 112th Congress, seated in 2011 and 2012 - same as 111th Congress
  • 113th Congress, seated in 2013 and 2014 - 2010 Census, ACS

Related terms: ApportionmentDecennial censusRedistricting

Consignee

The person or entity named in a freight contract, a contract of carriage that designates to whom goods have been consigned, and that has the legal right to claim the goods at the destination.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Consignment

Delivery of goods from a U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) (the consignor) to an agent (consignee) under agreement that the agent sells the goods for the account of the USPPI.

Related terms: Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

Consolidated city

An incorporated place that has combined its governmental functions with a county or minor civil division. The primary incorporated place and the county or MCD continuing to exist as legal entities, even though the county or MCD performs few or no governmental functions and has few or no elected officials. Where this occurs—and where one or more other incorporated places in the county or MCD continue to function as separate governments, even though they have been included in the consolidated government—the primary incorporated place is referred to as a consolidated city. More information

Related terms: Incorporated placeMinor Civil Division (MCD)

Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA)

Formerly, a geographic entity delineated by the Office of Management and Budget for use by federal statistical agencies. An area became a CMSA if it met the requirements to qualify as a metropolitan statistical area, had a population of 1,000,000 or more, if component parts were recognized as primary metropolitan statistical areas, and if local opinion favored the designation.

This concept was retired in 2003 with the introduction of the Core Based Statistical Areas concept. More information

Related terms: Central CityMetropolitan Area (MA)Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA)

Constant Dollar Adjustment

The U.S. Census Bureau began publishing seasonally adjusted constant dollar merchandise trade data in January 1990. The constant dollar series was created to meet the requirements of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. Census replaced its fixed-weighted constant dollar series with a chained-dollar series with the release of the April 2003 issue of the U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services (FT-900), on June 13, 2003. We adopted this methodology to improve the quality of the constant dollar series and for consistency with other official government statistics released by the Department of Commerce. Users are reminded, however, that the Census constant dollar series will not match BEA's constant dollar series because of the underlying coverage differences between the current dollar National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) and Census data.See Real Dollars.

Related term: Real Dollars

Construction

The construction sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects (e.g., highways and utility systems). Construction work done may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.

Construction establishments are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 23.

More information

Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Consumption (imports only)

Measures the total of merchandise that has physically cleared through Customs either entering consumption channels immediately or entering after withdrawal for consumption from bonded warehouses under Customs custody or from Foreign Trade Zones. Many countries use the term "special imports" to designate statistics compiled on this basis.

Related terms: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Container

A uniform, reusable metal "box" in which goods are shipped by vessel, truck, or rail as defined in the International Convention for Safe Containers, as amended (TIAS 9037; 29 U.S.T. 3709).

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Containerized Shipments

Shipments transported in any van-type container. Containerized import shipments are identified by the reported method of transportation code, and therefore all shipments are either identified as containerized or non-containerized. This excludes containerized import shipments into Foreign Trade Zones, which are not identified by CBP and as such are not included in this release. Export shipments are reported with an indicator that can either identify an export shipment as containerized or non-containerized. Filers may not always report an indicator, resulting in missing containerized information on export shipments. No attempt is made to estimate the value or shipping weight of containerized exports with missing indicators. Therefore, the containerized export data may be understated.

Continuous Measurement System

This system is a re-engineering of the method for collecting the housing and socio-economic data traditionally collected in the decennial census. It provides data every year instead of once in ten years. It blends the strength of small area estimation from the census with the quality and timeliness of the continuing surveys. This system includes a large monthly survey, the American Community Survey, and additional estimates through the use of administrative records in statistical models. It was in a developmental period that started in 1996 and, in 2005, began full-scale national implementation. This survey replaces the ‘long-form’ for the 2010 Decennial Census of population and housing.

Related term: American Community Survey (ACS)

Contract rent

The monthly rent agreed to or contracted for, regardless of any furnishings, utilities, fees, meals, or services that may be included. For vacant units, it is the monthly rent asked for the rental unit at the time of interview.

Related term: Gross rent

Contract work

The monthly rent agreed to or contracted for, regardless of any furnishings, utilities, fees, meals, or services that may be included. For vacant units, it is the monthly rent asked for the rental unit at the time of interview.

Related term: Gross rent

Contributions

Amounts paid into a pension fund by the parent government or employees pursuant to terms of the fund, state law, actuarial calculations, or other basis for determinations. For multiple-employer pension plans, includes contributions received from other governments and their employees (where applicable). Government contributions may come from any source including amounts from dedicated taxes, state payments, or general fund transfers. Excludes any amounts received for transmittal to the Federal Social Security System, amounts received from the liquidation of investments, and any other receipts for social insurance programs not part of the pension funds.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Contributions, insurance trust

Amounts derived from contributions, assessments, premiums, "taxes," etc., required of employers and employees for financing of compulsory or voluntary social insurance programs operated by the government. Any contributions by a government to a social insurance system it administers (either as employer contributions or for general financial support) are excluded from insurance trust revenue. However, such contributions are included in exhibit statistics on insurance trust system receipts.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Controlled (American Community Survey)

During the ACS weighting process, the official county-level population and housing unit estimates are used as controls. Weights are adjusted so that ACS estimates conform to these controls. This is done to improve person and housing unit coverage and to reduce the variability of the ACS estimates. Total population and total housing unit estimates are controlled for states and counties. Combinations of age, sex, and Hispanic origin may also be controlled. Controlled estimates are by definition fixed, and are not subject to sampling error.

Controlling agency

The agency responsible for the license determination on specified goods exported from the United States.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Cooperative status and fees

In the American Housing survey, a cooperative is a type of ownership whereby a group of housing units is owned by a corporation of member-owners. Each individual member is entitled to occupy or rent out an individual housing unit and is a shareholder in the corporation that owns the property, but does not own the unit directly. The corporation may have a mortgage on the whole group of units. The member may have a loan or mortgage to buy his or her shares in the corporation.

A cooperative maintenance fee (also called carrying charge) is a fee charged to the owners of the cooperative on a regular basis. It covers a share of the annual amount paid by the cooperative for real estate taxes, mortgage interest, and operating cost. In the publications, medians for condominium fees and cooperative fees are rounded to the nearest dollar.

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Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs)

Refer collectively to metropolitan statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas. CBSAs consist of the county or counties (or equivalent entities) associated with at least one core (urbanized area or urban cluster) of at least 10,000 population, plus adjacent counties having a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured through commuting ties. More information

Related terms: Combined Statistical Area (CSA)Metropolitan Statistical AreaMicropolitan Statistical AreaPrincipal CityUrban Cluster (UC),Urbanized Area (UA)

Corporation net income taxes

Taxes on net income of corporations and unincorporated businesses (when taxed separately from individual income). Includes distinctively imposed net income taxes on special kinds of corporations (e.g. financial institutions).

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Correction

Confinement and correction of adults and minors convicted of offenses against the law, and pardon, probation, and parole activities.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Correctional institutions

State prisons, reformatories, houses of correction, and other state institutions for the confinement and correction of convicted persons and juveniles. Includes only state-operated facilities; excludes cost of maintaining prisoners in institutions of other governments.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Cost and ownership sharing

In the American Housing Survey, this term is restricted to owner-occupied housing units, with ownership referring to two or more names on a deed or title. Shared costs include only payments designated for mortgage or utility costs (not taxes or insurance), whether paid directly to a mortgage or utility company, or to household members. "Not living here" means that one of the people sharing the ownership or cost is not a household member.

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Cost of goods sold

Cost of goods is the sum of expenses incurred in the U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) acquisition or production of the goods.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

Count Question Resolution (CQR)

The CQR Program is an administrative review program that handles external challenges to particular official Census counts of housing units and group quarters population received from state, local or tribal area elected officials of governmental entities or their designated representatives in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.

For more specific information regarding the Census 2010 CQR Program go to the following links:https://www.census.gov/2010census/about/cqr.phphttp://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/notes/errata.pdf


For more specific information regarding the 2000 Census CQR Program go to the following links.http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/notes/errata.pdf

Country Codes

The names and codes of the countries of the world are listed in Schedule C, Classification of Country and Territory Designations for U.S. Foreign Trade Statistics.

Related terms: Statistics about Foreign TradeUrban Cluster (UC)

Country of Destination (exports only)

Country of destination for exports is the country where the goods are to be consumed, further processed, or manufactured, as known to the U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) at the time of exportation.

Related term: U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

Country of Origin (imports only)

The country where the goods were mined, grown, or manufactured or where each foreign material used or incorporated in a good underwent a change in tariff classification indicating a substantial transformation under the applicable rule of origin for the good. The country of origin for U.S. imports are reported in terms of the International Standards Organization (ISO) codes designated in the Schedule C, Classification of Country and Territory Designations. Certain foreign trade reports show country subcodes to indicate special tariff treatment afforded some imported articles.

Related terms: International Standards Organization (ISO) Country CodesSchedule CStatistics about Foreign Trade

Country of shipment (imports only)

The country where the merchandise was shipped. The U.S. Census Bureau does not publish statistics based on the country of shipment.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Country Subcodes

Indicators used to identify special trade agreements and are found in several U.S. Census imports of merchandise products.

County and equivalent entity

The primary legal subdivision of most states. In Louisiana, these subdivisions are known as parishes.

The Census Bureau treats the following entities as equivalents of counties for purposes of data presentation:

  • Boroughs, city and boroughs, municipalities, and census areas in Alaska
  • Municipios in Puerto Rico
  • Districts and islands in American Samoa
  • Municipalities in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
  • Islands in the U.S. Virgin Islands

The District of Columbia and Guam have no primary divisions, and the entire area is considered equivalent to a county for statistical purposes. In four states (Maryland, Missouri, Nevada and Virginia), there are one or more cities that are independent of any county and thus constitute primary subdivisions of their states.

More information

Related terms: BoroughCensus areaMunicipio

County Business Patterns

Annually produced tables that provide detailed geographic, industry and other data for U. S. business establishments with paid employees.

County governments

Organized local governments authorized in state constitutions and statutes and established to provide general government; includes those governments designed as counties, parishes in Louisiana, and boroughs in Alaska.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

County subdivision

A legal or statistical division of a county recognized by the Census Bureau for data presentation. The types of county subdivisions are census county divisions (CCDs), minor civil divisions (CCDs), census subareas and unorganized territories.

More information

Related terms: Census County Division (CCD)Census SubareaMinor Civil Division (MCD)Unorganized territory

Criminal penalty

For the purpose of this part, a penalty imposed for knowingly or willfully violating the Foreign Trade Regulations, including failing to file export information, filing false or misleading information, filing information late, and/or using the Automated Export System (AES) to further illegal activity. The criminal penalty includes fines, imprisonment, and/or forfeiture.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Cross tabulation

The interrelation of two or more data characteristics, where each of the categories of one variable is repeated for each of the categories of the other variables. A cross-tabulation is denoted where "by" is used as the conjunction between variable terms, for example, age by sex or age by sex by race.

Related term: Detailed Tables (DT)

Crosswalk

A table that shows equivalent elements (or "fields") in more than one database or survey. It maps the elements in one survey or database to the equivalent elements in another survey or database.

Crosswalks show people where to put the data from one survey or database into a different one.

Cumulative to date or Year-to-Date (YTD)

Data for January of the current year through the current data month. For example, if merchandise trade data were just released for July, the cumulative to date totals would be for the first seven months (January-July).

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Current charges

Amounts received from the public for performance of specific services benefitting the person charged, and from sales of commodities and services, except liquor store sales. Includes fees, assessments, and other reimbursements for current services, rents and sales derived from commodities or services furnished incident to the performance of particular functions, gross income of commercial activities, and the like. Excludes amounts received from other governments (see Intergovernmental revenue) and interdepartmental charges and transfers. Current charges are distinguished from license taxes, which relate to privileges granted by the government or regulatory measures for the protection of the public.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Current expenditures

All expenditures with the exception of capital outlay. Includes current operations, assistance and subsidies, interest on debt, and insurance benefits and payments.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Current income

In the American Housing Survey, this data is restricted to families and primary individuals only. Current income for families and primary individuals for most respondents is defined as the total income of the family and any primary individuals in the past year.

Income sources may be composed of: wages and salaries, self-employment, interest, dividends, rental income, social security or railroad retirement, retirement or survivor pensions, Supplementary Security Income (SSI), child support or alimony, public assistance or public welfare, food stamp benefits, disability payments, workers' compensation, veterans' disability, other disability, and other income (VA payments, unemployment, royalty, estates, and more).

More information

Related term: Families and primary individuals

Current operation

Direct expenditure for compensation of own officers and employees and for supplies, materials, and contractual services except amounts for capital outlay.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Current Population Survey (CPS)

The Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the primary source of labor force statistics for the population of the United States.

The CPS is the source of numerous high-profile economic statistics, including the national unemployment rate, and provides data on a wide range of issues relating to employment and earnings. The CPS also collects demographic data that complement and enhance our understanding of labor market conditions in the nation overall, among many different population groups, in the states and in substate areas.

Customized Data Request (Special Request)

Foreign Trade Data Service that allows customers to request customized report(s) to their specifications for a fee.

Customs broker

An individual or entity licensed to enter and clear imported goods through CBP for another individual or entity.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Customs Value

The Customs value is the value of imports as appraised by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection in accordance with the legal requirements of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended. This value is generally defined as the price actually paid or payable for merchandise when sold for exportation to the United States, excluding U.S. import duties, freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in bringing the merchandise to the United States. The term "price actually paid or payable" means the total payment (whether direct or indirect, and exclusive of any costs, charges, or expenses incurred for transportation, insurance, and related services incident to the international shipment of the merchandise from the country of exportation to the place of importation in the United States) made, or to be made, for imported merchandise by the buyer to, or for the benefit, of the seller. In the case of transactions between related parties, the relationship between buyer and seller should not influence the Customs value.

In those instances where assistance was furnished to a foreign manufacturer for use in producing an article which is imported into the United States, the value of the assistance is required to be included in the value reported for the merchandise. Such "assists" include both tangible and intangible assistance, such as machinery, tools, dies and molds, blue prints, copyrights, research and development, and engineering and consulting services. If the value of these "assists" is identified and separately reported, it is subtracted from the value during statistical processing. However, where it is not possible to isolate the value of "assists", they are included. In these cases the unit values may be increased due to the inclusion of such "assists".

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

D

Data

Refers to facts on people and business collected in censuses and surveys and through administrative records (e.g., birth certificates) and the results released based on these data collections. A more precise definition makes a distinction between “data” (facts collected before processing and “information” (facts processed, sorted, and released in tables or as microdata).

Related term: Microdata files

Data Access and Dissemination System (DADS)

An electronic system for access and dissemination of Census Bureau data, now called the American FactFinder.

Related term: American FactFinder (AFF)

Data edits

A process which detects and validates reported data by considering factors such as historical reporting, industry/geographic ratios and averages and proper classification for a given record.

Data profiles

Tables from the American Community Survey (ACS) that provide summaries of various demographic, social, economic, and housing characteristics for the U.S., regions, divisions, states, counties, county subdivisions, places, metropolitan areas, American Indian and Alaska Native areas, Hawaiian home lands and congressional districts. These profiles are similar in content to the demographic profiles from the decennial censuses.

Note: The ACS data profile for demographic characteristics and housing units should be used if official estimates from the Population Estimates Program are not available. The DP-1: General Demographic Characteristics table from the population estimates program will provide the official intercensal population estimates.

In the American FactFinder, these profiles have a table identifier (Table ID) beginning with “DP.”

Related terms: Demographic profileDetailed Tables (DT)Geographic comparison tables (GCT)Narrative profileQuick Tables (QT)

Dataset

Refers to the assembled results of one data collection operation (for example, the results of the 2010 Census or the 2012 Economic Census) as a whole or in major subsets (for example, 2010 Census Summary File 1 or the 2007 Survey of Business Owners). The dataset may include statistics, graphs, maps, microdata, printed reports, and results in other forms.

Related term: Microdata files

Death and gift taxes

Taxes imposed on transfer of property at death, in contemplation of death, or as a gift.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Deaths

Total number of deaths occurring to residents of an area as estimated using reports from National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and Federal-State Cooperative for Population Estimates (FSCPE). The death rate expresses deaths during a specified time period as a proportion of an area's population at the midpoint of the time period. Rates are expressed per 1,000 population.

Debt

All long-term credit obligations of the government and its agencies whether backed by the governments' full faith and credit or nonguaranteed, and all interest-bearing short-term credit obligations. Includes judgments, mortgages, and revenue bonds, as well as general obligations bonds, notes, and interest-bearing warrants. Excludes noninterest-bearing short-term obligations, interfund obligation, amounts owed in a trust or agency capacity, advances and contingent loans from other governments, and rights of individuals to benefits from government-administered employee retirement funds. Refunding of long-term debt is the issuance of long-term obligations in exchange for, or to finance, the retirement of outstanding long term debt, generally to obtain more favorable interest rates.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Debt outstanding

All debt obligations remaining unpaid on the date specified.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Debt redemption

Long-term debt redeemed (i.e., amounts retired other than by refunding) plus any net decrease in short-term debt outstanding.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Decennial

Occurring or being done every 10 years.

Decennial census

The census of population and housing, taken by the Census Bureau in years ending in 0 (zero). Article I of the Constitution requires that a census be taken every ten years for the purpose of reapportioning the U.S. House of Representatives. Title 13 of the U. S. Code provides the authorization for conducting the census in Puerto Rico and the Island Areas.

Related terms: ApportionmentCensus of Population and Housing (CPH/PHC) reportsRedistrictingTitle 13 (U.S. Code)

Deficit

When import value is greater than export value.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Delinquent

Entity that fails to respond by the given due date.

Demographic analysis

A technique used to develop an understanding of the age, sex, and racial composition of a population and how it has changed over time through the basic demographic processes of birth, death, and migration. Demographic Analysis (usually abbreviated as DA) also refers to a specific set of techniques for developing national population estimates by age, sex, and race from administrative records to be used to assess the quality of the decennial census.

Demographic profile

A profile includes tables that provide various demographic, social, economic, and housing characteristics for the U.S., regions, divisions, states, counties, county subdivisions, places, metropolitan areas, American Indian and Alaska Native areas, Hawaiian home lands and congressional districts.

In the American FactFinder, profiles have a table identifier beginning with “DP.”

Related terms: Data profilesGeographic comparison tables (GCT)Quick Tables (QT)

Derived measures

Census data include various derived measures, such as medians, means, and percentages, as well as certain rates and ratios. Derived measures that round to less than 0.1 are not shown but indicated as zero.

Related terms: MeanMedianPercentage

Destination

The foreign location to which a shipment is consigned.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Detailed Lines

Refers to detailed categories of commodities / products classified by the economic census. Detailed lines are not applicable to the manufacturing and mining sectors.

Detailed Tables (DT)

In American FactFinder, tables from summary files that provide the most detailed data on all topics and geographic areas from thedecennial censuses and the American Community Survey. Tables include totals and subtotals (except for the 1990 census detailed tables). Users may choose more than one geographic area and more than one table that display in a scrolling list, but only what displays on the width of the screen will print.

The 200 and 2010 Census detailed tables are identified and labeled using established guidelines. Table identification begins with a letter or letters that refers to the type of data in the table, and then a number is assigned sequentially as the tables are produced. Table labels:

  • "P" are population tables
  • "H" are housing tables
  • "PCT" are population tables that cover geographies to the census tract level
  • "HCT" are housing tables that cover geographies to the census tract level
  • "PL" are tables derived from the Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Summary File

For example, Table P12. Sex by Age is a population table with the sequential number "12."

American Community Survey (ACS) detailed tables begin with the letters “B” for base tables, and “C” for collapsed tables. The “collapsed” tables cover the same topics as the base table, but with fewer details.

Related terms:American Community Survey (ACS)Collapsed tableGeographic comparison tables (GCT)Quick Tables (QT)Summary File (SF)

Diplomatic pouch

A pouch that is sealed shut and used to carry communications. This could be anything from a envelop to a 40-ft container. However, the pouch must be stamped or otherwise marked as a "diplomatic pouch."

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Direct expenditures

Payments to employees, suppliers, contractors, beneficiaries, and other final recipients of government payments (i.e., all expenditure other than Intergovernmental expenditure).

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Disability

A long-lasting physical, mental, or emotional condition. This condition can make it difficult for a person to do activities such as walking, climbing stairs, dressing, bathing, learning, or remembering. This condition can also impede a person from being able to go outside the home alone or to work at a job or business.

Disaster repairs

In the American Housing Survey, the unit is considered to have been involved in a major disaster if either more than half the home, or more than two rooms, required repairs in the last two years. The sorts of catastrophes involved could include disasters such as severe damage from floods, earthquakes, mud slides, or forest, brush, and other wildfire, tornadoes and hurricanes, and other disasters such as explosions and fires. Also includes damage from broken pipes and grease fires.

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Related term: Home improvement

Disclosure avoidance

Statistical methods used in the tabulation of data prior to releasing data to ensure the confidentiality of responses.

Related term: Confidentiality edit

Disclosure Limitation

Disclosure limitation is the process for protecting the confidentiality of data. A disclosure of data occurs when published statistical information identifies either an individual or business that has provided information under a pledge of confidentiality. The techniques used by the Census Bureau to protect confidentiality in tabulations vary, depending on the type of data.

To limit disclosure, statistics for two or more CBP ports may be combined and published under an arbitrary designation, or shipping weight or value may be excluded from an individual CBP port. In addition, value and shipping weight for a commodity may be placed in separate ports. Consequently, statistics for individual ports may be understated or overstated due to the suppression of the weight or value of the affected commodities. See Suppression below.

Distributor

An agent who sells directly for a supplier and maintains an inventory of the supplier's products.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

District (or port) of Entry

The district (or port) in which merchandise clears Customs for entry into consumption channels, bonded warehouses or Foreign Trade Zones.

Related terms: Bonded WarehouseForeign Trade Zone (FTZ)

District (or port) of Exportation

For vessel or air shipments, the district (or port) in which the merchandise is loaded on the vessel or aircraft which takes the merchandise out of the country. For rail, truck, pipeline, or other overland transportation, the district (or port) through which the merchandise crosses the U.S. border into foreign territory. Aircraft exported under their own power are credited to the district from which they are flown out of the United States.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

District (or port) of Unlading

The district where merchandise is unloaded from the importing vessel or aircraft.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

District and Port Classification

The names and codes of districts and ports are listed in Schedule D, Classification of U.S. Customs Districts and Ports for Foreign Trade Statistics. The geographical limits of each district are published in the U.S. Customs Regulations. Schedule D is published as a statistical annex in HTSUSA and as a part of Schedule B. Statistics for two or more Customs Districts may be combined and published under an arbitrary designation or shipping weight may be excluded from an individual Customs District as a solution to disclosure situations. Consequently, statistics for individual ports may be understated due to the suppression of the weight of the affected commodities.

Related terms: Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States AnnotatedSchedule BSchedule D

Districts (Special)

There are three special districts included for statistical purposes in special Customs districts and are not reported by geographical location of the individual Customs district of entry or exportation: (a) Vessels under their own power or afloat (imports and exports); (b) Low-valued imports and exports; (c) Mail shipments (exports only).

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Division

A grouping of states and the District of Columbia within a census geographic region, established by the Census Bureau for the presentation of census data. The nine divisions are subdivisions of the four census geographic regions.

Division 1
New England Division: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island
Division 2
Middle Atlantic Division: New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania
Division 3
East North Central Division: Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois
Division 4
West North Central Division: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota
Division 5
South Atlantic Division: Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, District of Columbia
Division 6
East South Central Division: Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi
Division 7
West South Central Division: Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana
Division 8
Mountain Division: Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Division 9
Pacific Division: Washington, Oregon, California, Alaska, Hawaii

Puerto Rico and the Island Areas do not belong to any division.

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Related term: Region

Document and stock transfer taxes

Taxes on the recording, registering, and transfer of documents such as mortgages, deeds, and securities, except taxes on recording or transfer of motor vehicle titles, which are classified elsewhere.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Domestic Exports

Goods that are grown, produced, or manufactured in the United States, and commodities of foreign origin that have been changed in the United States, including changes made in a U.S. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ), from the form in which they were imported, or that have been enhanced in value or improved in condition by further processing or manufacturing in the United States.

Related term: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)

Down payment

In the American Housing Survey, this item refers to the total amount of money used for the down payment or outright purchase of the home/property. Respondents were allowed to answer by giving a total dollar amount or by giving a percent of the purchase price.

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Download

To save information, (for example, a table, map, data, metadata, image) to a location under the user’s control.

Drayage

The charge made for hauling freight, carts, drays, or trucks.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Dress Rehearsal

In planning the 10-year census of population and housing, the Census Bureau generally conducts a dress rehearsal before each census. The rehearsal usually is conducted in multiple sites using whatever forms, operations, systems, procedures, and schedules that are known or planned (at that point) for the next census. Dress rehearsals have been conducted for every census since 1970. ("Full dress" pretests were conducted before the 1950 census.)

Drop Box

Foreign Trade Data FTD data product electronic dissemination method from the FTD internet site for retrieval of customized data files.

Drop down list

In websites, a user interface control element which allows the user to choose one item from a list. When a drop-down list is inactive, it displays a single value. When you click on the down arrow in the box, it “drops down” a list of values, from which the user may select one. When you select a new value, the box displays the selected value.

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Drop shipment

A shipment of goods from a manufacturer directly to the ultimate consignee, avoiding shipment to the Foreign buyer.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Dumping

Occurs when goods are exported at a price less than their normal value, generally meaning they are exported for less than they are sold in the domestic market or third-country markets, or at less than production cost. (Source: World Trade Organization)

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Dun and Bradstreet Number (DUNS)

The DUNS Number is a unique 9-digit identification sequence that provides identifiers to single business entities while linking corporate family structures together.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Dunnage

Materials placed around cargo to prevent shifting or damage while in transit.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Dutiable Value of Imports

The "dutiable value" represents, in general, the Customs value of foreign merchandise imported into the United States, which is subject to duty.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Duty

A charge imposed on the import of goods. Duties are generally based on the value of the goods (ad valorem duties), some other factor, such as weight or quantity (specific duties), or a combination of value and other factors (compound duties).

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

E

Earnings

Earnings includes wage or salary income, net income (gross receipts minus expenses) from nonfarm and farm self-employment, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses. Earnings represent the amount of income received regularly before deductions for personal income taxes, Social Security, bond purchases, union dues, Medicare deductions, etc.

Related term: Income

Earnings on Investments

DefinitionInterest, dividends, rents, and other earnings on investments. Includes realized and unrealized gains on sale of investments net of any realized or unrealized losses based on reporting market value for corporate bonds and stocks.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Earnings on investments, insurance trust revenue

Interest, dividends, and other earnings on securities held as assets to provide income for insurance trust programs. Includes earnings on securities of state government held by its own insurance trust funds, but excludes rental income from real property held by insurance trust funds and rented to other state agencies.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Economic Census

Provides a detailed portrait of the United States’ economy once every five years, from the national to the local level. It covers most of the U.S. economy in its basic collection of establishment statistics.

Collective name for the censuses of construction, manufactures, minerals, minority- and women-owned businesses, retail trade, service industries, transportation, and wholesale trade, conducted by the Census Bureau every five years, in years ending in 2 and 7.

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Economic Census of Puerto Rico and Island Areas

Provides a detailed portrait of the economic structure and activity of Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa every five years.

Collective name for the censuses of construction, manufactures, minerals, retail trade, service industries, transportation, and wholesale trade, conducted every 5 years, in years ending in 2 and 7.

The data for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas are not included in the United States totals published in the economic census.

Economic indicators

Monthly and quarterly reports that provide selected statistics, primarily at the national level, for measuring key sectors of the U.S. economy. Economists, policymakers, businesses, and other data users closely monitor these data to gauge the nation’s economic well-being. The Census Bureau produces 13 economic indicators, many of which are also used to generate more comprehensive measures of the economy, such as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The Census Economic Briefing Rooms page contains links to all indicator reports. There are also release schedules for the reports on this page. You can follow our indicators on our America’s Economy mobile app.

Our indicators include:

Economic place

A statistical subdivision of a state for the purpose of presenting economic census data. The concept of “economic place” used to tabulate Economic Census data (and the kinds of entities identified as “economic places”) varies from that used to tabulate place data from the decennial census, the American Community Survey, the Population Estimates Program, and other Census Bureau data tabulation programs. These entities include incorporated places, consolidated cities, census designated places (CDPs), minor civil divisions (MCDs) in selected states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin), and balances of MCDs or counties.

An incorporated place, CDP, MCD, or balance of MCD qualifies as an economic place if it contains:

  • 2,500 or more people according to the 2010 Decennial Census (5,000 was used for the 2007 Economic Census).
  • 2,500 or more jobs according to data from the 2006-2010 5-year ACS period estimates (5,000 was used for the 2007 Economic Census).
  • Is a new or significantly revised place since the 2010 Census and has an estimated population of 2,500 or greater.

The economic census does not tabulate data by place in Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

More information

Related terms: Census Designated Place (CDP)Economic CensusIncorporated placeMinor Civil Division (MCD)

Economy-Wide Key Statistics (EWKS)

Compiles four key statistics for every industry and geographic area as they are published in other tables. It provides the most up-to-date figures for these measures.

Economic Census data for U.S., states, counties, places, and metropolitan areas for all industries.

Data items include: number of establishments, sales and receipts, annual payroll, and number of employees.

The 2007 EWKS also included establishments and sales for nonemployers starting in late 2009.

Related term: Economic Census

Education

Schools, colleges, and other educational institutions (e.g., for blind, deaf, and other handicapped individuals), and educational programs for adults, veterans, and other special classes. State institutions of higher education includes activities of institutions operated by the state, except that agricultural extension services and experiment stations are classified under Natural resources and hospitals serving the public are classified under hospitals. Revenue and expenditure for dormitories, cafeterias, athletic events, bookstores, and other auxiliary enterprises financed mainly through charges for services are reported on a gross basis.

Elementary and secondary education comprises payments for instructional, support services, and other activities of local public schools for kindergarten through high school programs. Direct state expenditure for other education includes state educational administration and services, tuition grants, fellowships, aid to private schools, and special programs.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Educational attainment

Refers to the highest level of education completed in terms of the highest degree or the highest level of schooling completed.

Related terms: Grade in which enrolledSchool enrollmentType of school

Educational services

The educational services sector comprises establishments that provide instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects. This instruction and training is provided by specialized establishments, such as schools, colleges, universities, and training centers. These establishments may be privately owned and operated for profit or not for profit, or they may be publicly owned and operated.

Educational services are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 61.

More information

Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

EEO County Set

A special geographic summary level defined as single counties or county equivalents with residence population of 50,000 or more, or aggregations of counties or county equivalents that together have a population of 50,000 or more. All counties within an EEO county set are contiguous and are within the same state, i.e., EEO county sets do not cross state lines. The EEO County Set is not a standard Census Bureau geography and is used only with select tables of the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation.

Related terms: County and equivalent entityEqual Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation

Electric power

Operation and maintenance of electric power system including production or acquisition and distribution of electric power.

Related terms: Statistics about GovernmentsUtility

Electronic Export Information (EEI)

The electronic export data as filed in the Automated Export System (AES). This is the electronic equivalent of the export data formerly collected as Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) information and now mandated to be filed through the AES or AESDirect.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Elementary and secondary education

All activities associated with the operation of public elementary and secondary schools and locally operated vocational-technical schools. Special education programs operated by elementary and secondary school systems are also included as are all ancillary services associated with the operation of schools, such as pupil transportation and food service. Instructional employees includes not only classroom teachers, but also principals, supervisors of instruction, librarians, teacher aides, library aides, and guidance and psychological personnel. Other employees includes all persons not included as instructional employees (e.g., school superintendents and other administrative personnel, clerical and secretarial staffs, plant operation and maintenance personnel, health and recreation employees, transportation and food service personnel, and any student employees).

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Elementary school

A school inclusive of kindergarten through either the eighth or ninth grade, or the first through either the eighth or ninth grade. It can include both elementary and intermediate or middle schools.

Related term: High school

Embedded Housing Unit (EHU)

An Embedded Housing Unit (EHU) is a housing unit within a group quarters where the occupants live separately from others living in the group quarters. Embedded means located within the building and not free-standing.

Related term: Housing unit

Employed

Employed includes all civilians 16 years old and over who were either (1) "at work" -- those who did any work at all during the reference week as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession, worked on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a family farm or in a family business; or (2) were "with a job but not at work" -- those who did not work during the reference week but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation, or other personal reasons. Excluded from the employed are people whose only activity consisted of work around the house or unpaid volunteer work for religious, charitable, and similar organizations; also excluded are people on active duty in the United States Armed Forces. The reference week is the calendar week preceding the date on which the respondents completed their questionnaires or were interviewed. This week may not be the same for all respondents.

Related terms: Employment statusLabor forceUnemployedWorker

Employee-retirement expenditure

Cash payments to beneficiaries (including withdrawals of contributions) of government-administered employee-retirement systems, local government contributions to state-administered employee-retirement systems, and noncontributory gratuities paid to former employees; these are classed under General expenditure.

Related terms: General expenditureStatistics about Governments

Employee-retirement revenue

Revenue from contributions required of employees for financing government-administered employee-retirement systems, earnings on investments held for such systems, and receipts of state payments for employees covered by government systems. Excludes any contributions by government, either as employer contributions or for general financial support, to an employee-retirement system. Tax proceeds, donations, and any forms of revenue other than those enumerated above are classified as general revenue rather than employee-retirement revenue, even though such amounts may be received specifically for employee-retirement purposes. For states, includes employer contributions from local governments, for such systems covering local government employees.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Employee-retirement system

A government-administered contributory plan for financing retirement and associated benefits for state or local government employees. Does not include noncontributory plans. See Insurance trust system

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Employees

Employees include all persons paid for personal services performed in the indicated pay period, including any persons in a paid leave status. Employees who have multiple responsibilities are reported once at the functional classification which is their primary responsibility. Contractors and their employees are excluded.

Related terms: Full-time employeesFull-time equivalent employmentPart-time employeesStatistics about Governments

Employer Identification Number (EIN)

The U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)'s Internal Revenue Service (IRS) EIN is the 9-digit numerical code as reported on the Employer's Quarterly Federal Tax Return, Treasury Form 941.

Related terms: Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

Employers

Businesses with payroll and paid employees.

Employment security administration

Administration of unemployment compensation, public employment offices, and related services, and veterans' readjustment allowances. See Unemployment compensation expenditure for benefit payments under this program.

Related terms: Statistics about GovernmentsUnemployment compensation expenditure

Employment status

Employment status identifies those who 1) worked at any time during the reference week; 2) were on temporary layoff and available for work; 3) did not work during the reference week but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); 4) did not work during the reference week but were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available to work during the reference week; and 5) were not in the labor force.

Related terms: EmployedLabor forceUnemployed

Employment status reference week

The data on employment status and journey to work relate to the calendar week preceding the date on which the respondents completed their questionnaires or were interviewed. This week may not be the same for all respondents.

Employment/population ratio

A measure derived by dividing the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 64 years who are employed by the total civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 64 years and multiplying by 100. (American Community Survey)

End user

The person abroad that receives and ultimately uses the exported or reexported items. The end user is not an authorized agent or intermediary, but may be the Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI) or ultimate consignee.

Related terms: Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)Statistics about Foreign Trade

End-Use

A classification system for U.S. exported and imported merchandise based on principal use rather than the physical characteristics of the merchandise. End-Use codes are assigned by the Bureau of Economic Analysis under the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Energy Star Rated Appliances

In the American Housing Survey, this item includes all appliances that are Energy Star certified. Energy Star is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy. Energy Star was introduced in 1992 as a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Computers and monitors were the first labeled products, but now the Energy Star label is on major appliances, office equipment, lighting, home electronics, and more.

More information

Related terms: Government subsidy for repairs and alterationsHome improvement

Enhancement

A change or modification to goods that increases their value or improves their condition.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Entity

Legal form of organization such as a company, business, government, establishment from which data are collected.

Entry number

Consists of a three-position entry filer code and a seven-position transaction code, plus a check digit assigned by the entry filer as a tracking number for goods entered into the United States.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)

Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws help to ensure that race, sex, national origin, and other legally protected characteristics are not considered in employment decisions. EEO is derived from federal, state and local laws that govern all employment-related actions. Affirmative action regulations help us to identify and remove barriers to the hiring and the advancement of minorities, women, individuals with disabilities, and veterans.

Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation

A custom data tabulation designed to measure the effects of and compliance with Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws. The tabulation serves as the primary external benchmark of the race, ethnicity, and sex composition of the workforce by occupation and geography at the worksite and residence levels. The tabulation additionally provides data on other demographic and economic characteristics, such as educational attainment, age, industry, earnings, and citizenship.

Related terms: AgeCitizenship statusEarningsEducational attainmentEmployedIndustry (population data)Labor force,OccupationRaceSex,Unemployed

Equipment

Apparatus, furnishings, motor vehicles, office machines, and the like having an expected life of more than 5 years. Equipment expenditure consists only of amounts for purchase of equipment, including both additional equipment and replacements. Expenditures for facilities that are integral parts of structures are classified as expenditure for construction or for purchase of land and existing structures.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Equipment number

The identification number for shipping equipment, such as container or igloo (Unit Load Device (ULD)) number, truck license number, or rail car number.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Establishment

A business or industrial unit at a single physical location that produces or distributes goods or performs services.

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted and/or services are provided. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more.

Economic census figures represent a summary of reports for individual establishments rather than companies. For cases where a census report was received, separate information was obtained for each location where business was conducted. When administrative records of other federal agencies were used instead of a census report, no information was available on the number of locations operated. Each economic census establishment was tabulated according to the physical location at which the business was conducted. The count of establishments represents those in business at any time during 2002.

When two activities or more were carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally were grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment was classified on the basis of its major activity and all data for it were included in that classification. However, when distinct and separate economic activities (for which different industry classification codes were appropriate) were conducted at a single location under a single ownership, separate establishment reports for each of the different activities were obtained in the census.

Related term: Company

Estate

A type of legal subdivision in the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI). The 335 estates reflect boundaries provided by the USVI Office of Lieutenant Governor, and cover most of the land area of the USVI. Estates do not always nest within the census subdistricts (county subdivisions), and do overlap with the places. Estates were first delineated for the 2010 Census.

More information

Related terms: Island AreasSubminor civil divisionUnited States Virgin Islands

Estimates (American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey)

Data for the American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey are collected from a sample of housing units and used to produce estimates of the actual figures that would have been obtained by interviewing the entire population using the same methodology.

Related terms: American Community Survey (ACS)Confidence interval (American Community Survey)Census 2000 Supplementary Survey (C2SS),Standard error (ACS)

Estimates base (Population Estimates Program)

The population count or estimate used as the starting point in the estimates process. It can be the last Census count or the estimate for a previous date. Also referred to as the "base population".

Related term: Population estimate (Population Estimates Program)

Ethnic Origin or Race

This definition is used only for American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam (U.S. Island Areas). Ethnic origin refers to an individual’s self-identification of their origin or descent, “roots,” heritage, or place where the individual or his/her parents or ancestors were born. Respondents could report their ethnic group regardless of the number of generations removed from their place of origin. Responses to this question reflected the groups with which respondents identified and not necessarily the degree of attachment or association the individual had with the particular group(s).

The responses to this question were used not only to describe the ethnic origin of the respondent, but also their race. Racial and ethnic classification used by the Census Bureau adheres to the October 30, 1997, Federal Register notice entitled, “Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity” issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). These standards govern the categorization of race and ethnicity in census data products. The OMB identified five minimum race categories (White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander). The OMB identified two minimum ethnicity categories (Hispanic or Latino and Not Hispanic or Latino).

Ethnicity

The U.S. Census Bureau adheres to the U.S. Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) definition of ethnicity. There are two minimum categories for ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino and Not Hispanic or Latino. OMB considers race and Hispanic origin to be two separate and distinct concepts. Hispanics and Latinos may be of any race.

Related terms: AncestryHispanic or Latino originRace

Euro Area

Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Europe

All Schedule C codes, designating county of origin, beginning with "4". Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Svalbard, Jan Mayen Island, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Vatican City.

Related term: Schedule CStatistics about Foreign Trade

European

Refers to people who reported their ancestry as "European."

Related term: Ancestry

European Union

Member counties include: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exchange Rate

The price of one currency expressed in terms of another, i.e., the number of units of one currency that may be exchanged for one unit of another currency.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exclusions

Transactions outside of the scope of the Foreign Trade Regulations that are excluded from the requirement of filing Electronic Export Information (EEI).

Related terms: Electronic Export Information (EEI)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exemption legend

A notation placed on the bill of lading, air waybill, export shipping instructions, or other commercial loading document that describes the basis for not filing Electronic Export Information (EEI) for an export transaction. The exemption legend shall reference the number of the section or provision in the Foreign Trade Regulations where the particular exemption is provided (See Appendix D to this part).

Related term: Electronic Export Information (EEI)

Exemptions

A specific reason as cited within this part that eliminates the requirement for filing Electronic Export Information (EEI).

Related terms: Electronic Export Information (EEI)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Expenditure

All amounts of money paid out by a government (net of recoveries and other correcting transactions) other than for retirement of debt, investment in securities, extension of credit, or as agency transactions. Note that expenditures includes only external transactions of a government and exclude noncash transactions such as the provision of perquisites or other payments in kind.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Experienced civilian labor force

Consists of the employed and the experienced unemployed.

Related term: Unemployed

Experienced unemployed

These are unemployed people who have worked at any time in the past. The experienced unemployed population has not been separately identified in any Census or ACS tables since Census 1990. The question previously used to identify this population was changed in Census 2000.

Related term: Unemployed

Export

To send or transport goods out of a country.

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

Regulations administered by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) that, among other things, provide specific instructions on the use and types of export licenses required for certain commodities, software, and technology. These regulations are located in 15 CFR 730-774.

Related terms: Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Export control

Governmental control of exports for statistical or strategic and short supply or national security purposes, and/or for foreign policy purposes.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Export Control Classification Number (ECCN)

The number used to identify items on the Commerce Control List (CCL), Supplement No. 1 to Part 774 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The ECCN consists of a set of digits and a letter. Items that are not classified under an ECCN are designated "EAR99." Section 738.2 of the EAR describes the ECCN format.

Related terms: Commerce Control List (CCL)Export Administration Regulations (EAR)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Export license

A controlling agency's document authorizing export of particular goods in specific quantities or values to a particular destination. Issuing agencies include, but are not limited to, the U.S. State Department; the Bureau of Industry and Security; the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms; and the Drug Enforcement Administration permit to export.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exporter Data Base

Provides data on the number of exporters, their distribution in cities and states, and their economic characteristics. The EDB, developed by the Commerce Department's International Trade Administration and the Census Bureau links commodity data from millions of U.S. export declarations to the Bureau's various databases on the business characteristics of U.S. firms.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exports

Exports measure the total physical movement of merchandise out of the United States to foreign countries whether such merchandise is exported from within the U.S. Customs territory or from a U.S. Customs bonded warehouse or a U.S. Foreign Trade Zone.

Exports (Domestic)

Goods that are grown, produced, or manufactured in the United States. Commodities of foreign origin that have been changed in the United States, including changes made in a U.S. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ), from the form in which they were imported, or that have been enhanced in value or improved in condition by further processing or manufacturing in the United States.

Related terms: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exports (Foreign or Re-exports)

For statistical purposes: These are exports of foreign-origin goods that have previously entered the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands for consumption, entry into a CBP bonded warehouse, or a U.S. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ), and at the time of exportation, have undergone no change in form or condition or enhancement in value by further manufacturing in the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or U.S. FTZs. For the purpose of goods subject to export controls (e.g., U.S. Munitions List (USML) articles) these are shipments of U.S.-origin products from one foreign destination to another.

Related terms: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exports (Total)

Total exports are calculated by adding domestic exports to foreign exports (also called re-exports).

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Exterior additions and replacements

In the American Housing Survey, these jobs were major alterations or improvements in the last two years, such as roofing, siding, and doors and windows.

Roofing. This includes the replacement of the entire roof or at least most of it. Anything less, such as the repair of a hole or leak, or the replacement of a small section, would be considered maintenance. The roof may replace or be installed over the old roofing materials.

Siding. This includes all types of siding that can be added to the outside of the building. Examples include aluminum, vinyl, fiber, cement or wood siding, or redwood siding, as well as other materials, such as shingles, various facades that look like brick or masonry, stucco, and the like. Excludes the trim, soffits, and fascia, if those were the only areas that were covered.

Doors or windows. This includes adding or replacing windows and skylights, or interior or exterior doors. Includes upgrades for windows and doors (e.g., changing from regular, double hung door to French doors or ordinary windows to picture windows). Also includes the replacement of worn out storm doors, windows or screens. Excludes seasonal installation of storm doors, windows, or screens. Patching or repairing screens or replacing window panes is included under routine maintenance.

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Related term: Home improvement

F

Families and primary individuals

In the American Housing Survey, while any occupant of a housing unit is called a household member, each household includes either one of the following:

1. A family, which is the householder and all (one or more) other people living in the same household who are related to the householder by blood, marriage, or adoption.

2. A primary individual, which is a householder who lives alone or with nonrelatives only. Although only one primary individual is identified per household, the household also may include one or more roommates, lodgers, resident employees, or other people unrelated to the householder. These nonrelatives are considered members of the household but not of the family.The definition of families and primary individuals is significant in that some income items namely, current income and food stamps are collected only for the family or primary individual. 

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Family household

A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family.

A family household may contain people not related to the householder, but those people are not included as part of the householder's family in census tabulations. Thus, the number of family households is equal to the number of families, but family households may include more members than do families. A household can contain only one family for purposes of census tabulations. Not all households contain families since a household may comprise a group of unrelated people or one person living alone.

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Related terms: HouseholdHouseholder

Family Income

The sum of the income of all family members 15 years and older living in the household. Families are groups of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Related terms: Family householdHouseholderIncome

Family size

Refers to the number of people in a family.

Family type

Refers to how the members of a family are related to one another. Families may be a "Married Couple Family," “Female householder, no spouse present” or “Male householder, no spouse present.”

Farm residence

Dwelling or household located in a rural farm area and concerned with growing crops or raising livestock.

Fatal error message

An electronic response sent to the filer by the Automated Export System (AES) when invalid or missing data has been encountered, theElectronic Export Information (EEI) has been rejected, and the information is not on file in the AES. The filer is required to immediately correct the problem, correct the data, and retransmit the EEI.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Electronic Export Information (EEI)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Feature

Any part of the landscape, whether natural (such as a stream or ridge), man-made (such as a road or power line), that can be shown on a map.

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Related term: Reference map

Federal home heating and cooling assistance program

The data on this topic are designed to measure the number of households receiving benefits from the federal home heating and cooling assistance program. The Low-income Home Energy Assistance Act (Title XXVI of P.L. 97- 35 as amended) provides 100 percent federal funding for the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program through annual block grants to states, the District of Columbia, more than 100 eligible Indian tribes, 2 commonwealths, and 4 territories. In addition, these funds may be supplemented with money from court-ordered oil-price overcharge settlements (distributed by the Department of Energy), state and local appropriations, and agreements with energy providers. The Department of Health and Human Services distributes annual federal appropriations to states, eligible Indian tribes, and the Island Areas (grantees) using an allocation formula established in law.

Federal Information Processing Series/Standards (FIPS)

Standardized system of numeric coding originally issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the US Department of Commerce. FIPS codes are assigned for a variety of geographic entities including American Indian and Alaska Native Areas, Hawaiian home lands, congressional districts, counties, county subdivisions, metropolitan areas, places, and states. The purpose in using FIPS codes is to improve the use of data and avoid unnecessary duplication and incompatibility in the collection, processing, and dissemination of data.

FIPS codes were discontinued by NIST in 2005, but the Census Bureau continues to maintain and issue codes for the geographic entities calling them Federal Information Processing Series (FIPS) codes, using the same acronym.

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Related terms: ANSI CodeFIPS class code

Female householder, no husband present

A female maintaining a household with no husband of the householder present.

Field of degree

This term refers to the major(s) of any bachelor’s degrees among respondents who have completed a bachelor’s or higher degree.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

A process that allows a user to download large census and survey files and datasets from American FactFinder and other Census Bureau sites. 

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Filer ID

The Employee Identification Number of the company who is filing the export information in the Automated Export System (AES).

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Statistics about Foreign Trade

Filter

Filters in American FactFinder are the predefined subjects or categories used to organize Census data. Filters are also used to organize the selections found on the Geography, Population Group, and Industry Code overlays.

When you select a filter (e.g., “Language spoken at home”, “Educational attainment”) from the topic list on the search page, the selected filter is added to “Your Selections”, and the search results update to display only those products associated with the filters contained in “Your Selections”.

When you select a filter from the “Geography Filter Options” on the Geography overlay (e.g., “Geography Type: State”, “Within State: Alabama”), the selected geography filter is added to “Your Geography Filters”, and the geography search results update to display only those geographies associated with the filters contained in “Your Geography Filters”. The Population Groups and Industry Codes overlays work the same way.

Finance and insurance

The finance and insurance sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions (transactions involving the creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets) and/or in facilitating financial transactions.

Finance and insurance establishments are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 52.

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Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Financial administration

Activities involving finance and taxation. Includes central agencies for accounting, auditing, and budgeting; the supervision of local government finances; tax administration; collection, custody, and disbursement of funds; administration of employee-retirement systems; debt and investment administration; and the like.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Fines and forfeits

Penalties imposed for violation of law and forfeits of amounts on deposit as performance guarantees. Does not include penalties on delinquent taxes.

Related terms: Long-term debt issuedStatistics about Governments

FIPS class code

A two-character code to differentiate between various classes of populated places, other geopolitical and census units, and institutional facilities. The class code structure distinguishes between active, inactive and nonfunctioning local governments, and also identifies close relationships between entities. For example, an incorporated place may serve as the statistical equivalent of a county.

Class codes exist for counties; county subdivisions; subminor civil divisions; places; consolidated cities; Alaska Native Regional Corporations; American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian areas; and American Indian tribal subdivisions.

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Related terms: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)Federal Information Processing Series/Standards (FIPS)

Fire protection

Fire fighting organization and auxiliary services; fire inspection and investigation; support of volunteer fire forces; and other fire prevention activities. Includes cost of fire fighting facilities, such as fire hydrants and water, furnished by other agencies of the government.

Related terms: Long-term debt offsetsStatistics about Governments

Firm

A business organization or entity consisting of one or more domestic establishment locations under common ownership or control.

Related term: Establishment

Fiscal year

The 12-month period at the end of which the government or any government agency determines its financial condition and the results of its operations and closes its books. For the federal government, the fiscal year begins on October 1 and concludes the following September 30. Contrasts with the calendar year (January 1 to December 31).

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Fish and game

Conservation and development of fish and game resources through regulation, protection, and propagation.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Food stamp receipt

The data on participation in the Food Stamp Program are designed to identify households in which one or more of the current members received food stamps during the past 12 months. Once a food stamp household was identified, a question was asked about the total value of all food stamps received by the household during that 12 month period. The Food Stamp Act of 1977 defines this federally funded program as one intended to "permit low-income households to obtain a more nutritious diet." (From title XIII of P.L. 95-113, The Food Stamp Act of 1977, declaration of policy.) Providing eligible households with coupons that can be used to purchase food increases food purchasing power. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers the Food Stamp program through state and local welfare offices. The Food Stamp program is the major national income support program to which all low-income and low-resource households, regardless of household characteristics, are eligible.

Foreign born

Foreign born refers to people who are not U.S. citizens at birth. This includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents (immigrants), temporary migrants (such as foreign students), humanitarian migrants (such as refugees and asylees), and persons illegally present in the United States.

Related terms: Citizenship statusNative bornNativity statusParental place of birthPlace of birth

Foreign entity

A person that temporarily enters into the United States and purchases or obtains goods for export. This person does not physically maintain an office or residence in the United States. This is a special class of U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI).

Related terms: Statistics about Foreign TradeU.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI)

Foreign Exports (Re-exports)

For statistical purposes: These are exports of foreign-origin goods that have previously entered the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands for consumption, entry into a CBP bonded warehouse, or a U.S. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ), and at the time of exportation, have undergone no change in form or condition or enhancement in value by further manufacturing in the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or U.S. FTZs. For the purpose of goods subject to export controls (e.g., U.S. Munitions List (USML) articles) these are shipments of U.S.-origin products from one foreign destination to another.

Related term: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)

Foreign Military Sales (FMS)

The shipment of military goods for sale or repair to a foreign country.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Foreign principal party in interest (FPPI)

The party shown on the transportation document to whom final delivery or end-use of the goods may be made. This party may be the ultimate consignee.

Related terms: ConsigneeStatistics about Foreign Trade

Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)

Specially licensed commercial and industrial areas in or near ports of entry where foreign and domestic goods, including raw materials, components, and finished goods, may be brought in without being subject to payment of customs duties. Goods brought into these zones may be stored, sold, exhibited, repacked, assembled, sorted, graded, cleaned, or otherwise manipulated prior to reexport or entry into the country's customs territory. Goods entering an FTZ are included in General Imports but not Imports for Consumption. They are considered Imports for Consumption if they leave the FTZ for domestic consumption.

Related terms: General ImportsImports for ConsumptionStatistics about Foreign Trade

Forestry

Conservation, development, and promotion of forests and forest products. Includes forest fire prevention and forest fire-fighting activities.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Forwarding agent

The person in the United States who is authorized by the principal party in interest to facilitate the movement of the cargo from the United States to the foreign destination and/or prepare and file the required documentation.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Foster children

Children placed in care by a government agency. The child may be related to their foster parents, or unrelated to them.

When a foster child is also a relative, such as a nephew or niece, the child is generally reported as a related individual rather than a foster child.

Related term: Nonrelatives

Free Along Ship (F.A.S.) Export Value

The value of exports at the U.S. seaport, airport, or border port of export, based on the transaction price, including inland freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of exportation. The value, as defined, excludes the cost of loading the merchandise aboard the exporting carrier and also excludes freight, insurance, and any charges or transportation costs beyond the port of exportation.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Free or reduced-price meals programs

The data on this topic are designed to measure the number of households where at least one member of the household received free or reduced-price lunches. The National School Lunch Program is designed "to help safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation’s children by assisting the states in providing an adequate supply of foods" (P.L. 79-396, the National School Lunch Act of 1946) for all children at moderate cost. Additional assistance is provided for children determined by local school officials to be unable to pay the "full established" price for lunches. Like the Food Stamp program, the National School Lunch Program is administered by the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture through state educational agencies or through regional USDA nutrition services for some nonprofit private schools.

Freight

A term for cargo or the cost of shipping.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Freight Forwarder

An independent business which handles export shipments for compensation.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Frequency of language use

People who reported speaking another language other than English at home also reported the frequency with which they spoke the other language relative to English in one of the following categories: “more frequently than English,” “both, equally often,” “less frequently than English,” or “does not speak English.”

Related terms: Household languageLanguage spoken at home

Full-faith and credit debt

Long-term debt for which the credit of the government concerned, implying the power of taxation, is unconditionally pledged. Includes debt payable initially from specific taxes on nontax sources, but representing a liability payable from any other available resources if the pledged sources are insufficient.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Full-Quarter (Stable) Employment

An estimate of stable jobs, i.e. the number of jobs that are held on both the first and last day of the specified quarter with the same employer. The Census Bureau releases statistics on Full-Quarter Employment based on the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) program.

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Related terms: Beginning-of-Quarter EmploymentJob ChangeJob CreationJob DestructionLongitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)New HiresOrigin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES)OnTheMapQuarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)SeparationsTurnover Rate

Full-time employees

Persons employed during the pay period to work the number of hours per week that represents regular full-time employment. Included are full-time temporary or seasonal employees who are working the number of hours that represent full-time employment.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Full-time equivalent employment

Full-time equivalent is a computed statistic representing the number of full-time employees that could have been employed if the reported number of hours worked by part-time employees had been worked by full-time employees. This statistic is calculated separately for each function of a government by dividing the “part- time hours paid” by the standard number of hours for full-time employees in the particular government and then adding the resulting quotient to the number of full-time employees.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Full-Time, Year-Round Worker

A person who worked full time (35 or more hours per week) and year round (50 or more weeks) during the previous calendar year or in the past twelve months.

Full-time, year-round workers in designated calendar year

All people 16 years old and over who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in the designated calendar year.

Related terms: EmployedWorker

Functional status code

A one-letter code that describes whether a geographic entity is a functioning governmental unit, has an inactive government, is an administrative area without a functioning government, or is a statistical area identified and defined solely for tabulation and presentation of statistical data.

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Functions

Public purposes served by governmental activities (education, highways, public welfare, etc.). Expenditure for each function includes amounts for all types of expenditure serving the purpose concerned.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Fund

An accounting device established to control receipt and disbursement of income from sources set aside to support specific activities or attain certain objectives. In the accounts of individual governments, each fund is treated as a distinct fiscal entity. In Census Bureau statistics on government finance, however, transactions of funds are consolidated in accordance with the principles described in the Government Finance and Employment Classification Manual.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

G

Gas supply

Operation and maintenance of gas supply systems including acquisition and distribution of natural gas.

Related terms: Statistics about GovernmentsUtility

Gay

The Census Bureau does not collect information about sexual orientation. Refer to “unmarried partner.”

Related term: Unmarried partner

Gender

In general discussions, the concept of “gender” is often confused with the concept of “sex,” and the terms are used interchangeably. These two concepts are not the same:

  • Sex is based on the biological attributes of men and women (chromosomes, anatomy, hormones).
  • Gender is a social construction whereby a society or culture assigns certain tendencies or behaviors the labels of masculine or feminine.
  • These assignments may differ across cultures and among people within a culture, and even across time.
  • Gender may or may not correspond directly to sex--depending on the society or culture or period. That means, for example, that people may associate themselves with femininity (as defined by their culture) while being biologically male.

At the Census Bureau, the sex question wording very specifically intends to capture a person's biological sex and not gender.

Ambiguity of these two concepts interferes with accurately and consistently measuring what we intend to measure--the sex composition of the population.

Related term: Sex

General debt

All debt other than that identified as having been issued specifically for utility purposes

Related terms: Statistics about GovernmentsUtility debt

General expenditure

All government expenditure other than the specifically enumerated kinds of expenditure classified as utility expenditure, liquor stores expenditure, and employee-retirement or other insurance trust expenditure.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

General expenditure, N.E.C.

General expenditure for purposes and activities not falling within any standard functional category and unallocated amounts relating to two or more functions.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

General Imports

Measures the total physical arrivals of merchandise from foreign countries, whether such merchandise enters consumption channels immediately or is entered into bonded warehouses or a Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) under Customs custody.

Related terms: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)Statistics about Foreign Trade

General local government support

Amounts distributed to local governments without restriction of function or purpose to which applicable.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

General obligation debt

Long-term full faith and credit obligations other than those payable initially from nontax revenue. Includes debt payable in the first instance from particular earmarked taxes, such as motor fuel sales taxes or property taxes.

Related terms: Full-faith and credit debtStatistics about Governments

General public buildings

Provision and maintenance of public buildings not allocated to particular functions.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

General revenue

All government revenue except liquor stores revenue, insurance trust revenue, and utility revenue. The basis for distinction is not the fund or administrative unit receiving particular amounts, but rather the nature of the revenue sources concerned.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)

A framework under which certain developing countries are given preferential tariff treatment to their manufactured goods.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Geographic Area Series (GAS)

Data for individual industries at the U. S., state, county, place and metropolitan area levels. Coverage by geographic levels varies by economic census sector.

Related term: Economic Census

Geographic comparison tables (GCT)

These tables in American FactFinder provide basic measures for decennial census 100-percent and sample population and housing subjects. These tables are also available for the American Community Survey and population estimates program estimates. Users can compare data across geographic areas in the same table (e.g., all counties in a state). 

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Related terms: Demographic profileDetailed Tables (DT)Quick Tables (QT)

Geographic Component

A geographic component is the portion of a geographic area (e.g., Alabama) that meets a location-based test such as "in a metropolitan area" or "in a rural place." For example, a geographic component of "in metropolitan area" for Texas combines the land area of El Paso, TX MSA, San Antonio, TX MSA and all other metropolitan areas in Texas into a single collective identity.

The Census Bureau recognizes about 100 different geographic components, with most focusing on urban/rural or metropolitan/non-metropolitan distinctions. Geographic components are only available for some types of geographic areas (e.g., state, region), and the specific geographic components available for one geographic type may be different from those available for another geographic type.

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Related term: Summary level

Geographic entity

A geographic area of any type, legal or statistical, such as a state, county, place, county subdivision, census tract, or census block.

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Related term: Census geography

Geographic Identifiers

In the American FactFinder, the codes, names and some basic geographic data relevant to the geography chosen, such as land area, water area, and the center point longitude and latitude.

Using the geographic codes in the geographic identifiers, one uniquely identifies a specific geographic entity, and can link census and survey data to spatial TIGER/Line shapefiles for use in geographic information systems (GIS) software. 

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Related term: Geographic Identifiers Table (G001)

Geographic Identifiers Table (G001)

Contains geographic identifier information (codes, names and some basic geographic data relevant to the geography chosen, such as land area, water area, and the center point longitude and latitude) and often also includes the 100-percent population and housing counts. 

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Related term: Geographic Identifiers

Geography Quick Report (GQR)

Data for this report are collected by the economic census. The report displays all industries for a geographic area.

Related term: Economic Census

Gini Index

The Gini index, or index of income concentration, is a statistical measure of income inequality ranging from 0 to 1. A measure of 1 indicates perfect inequality, i.e., one household having all the income and rest having none. A measure of 0 indicates perfect equality, i.e., all households having an equal share of income.

Go-outside-home disability

Referred to in the American Housing Survey, a person with a go-outside-home disability has difficulty doing errands such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping by oneself. 

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Goods

Merchandise, supplies, raw materials, and products or any other item identified by a Harmonized System code.

Related terms: Harmonized SystemStatistics about Foreign Trade

Government administration

Comprises the functions of Financial administration, Judicial and legal, and General public buildings; and activities of the governing body, office of the chief executive, and central staff services and agencies concerned with personnel administration, recording, planning, zoning, and the like.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Government subsidy for repairs and alterations

In the American Housing Survey, data were collected for units who had a major repair in the last two years. Included are units who received a low interest loan or grant from an assistance program provided by the federal, state, or local government for the purpose of obtaining or installing energy conservation products for low-income households. The type of products include insulation, storm doors, storm windows, weather stripping, caulking, furnace tune ups, or for repair of broken doors and windows. More information

Related terms: Energy Star Rated AppliancesHome improvement

Grade in which enrolled

The level of enrollment in school: nursery school or pre-school, kindergarten, grades 1 to 12, college and graduate or professional school.

Related terms: Educational attainmentType of school

Grandparents as caregivers

Grandparent(s) who provide most of the basic care of their grandchildren on a temporary or permanent live-in basis.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

The market value of goods and services produced by labor and property in the United States, regardless of nationality; GDP replaced gross national product (GNP) as the primary measure of U.S. production in 1991. (Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Gross National Product (GNP)

The market value of goods and services produced by labor and property supplied by U.S. residents, regardless of where they are located. It was used as the primary measure of U.S. production prior to 1991, when it was replaced by gross domestic product (GDP). (Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Gross rent

The amount of the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid for by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). Gross rent is intended to eliminate differentials which result from varying practices with respect to the inclusion of utilities and fuels as part of the rental payment.

Related term: Contract rent

Gross rent as a percentage of income

Gross rent as a percentage of household income is a computed ratio of monthly gross rent to monthly household income.

Related terms: Gross rentHousehold income

Group Quarters (GQ)

The Census Bureau classifies all people not living in housing units as living in group quarters. A group quarters is a place where people live or stay, in a group living arrangement, that is owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents.

This is not a typical household-type living arrangement. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other.

Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers’ dormitories. 

More information.

Related terms- Housing unitLiving quartersType of institution

Group quarters population

Includes all people living in group quarters instead of housing units. Group quarters are places where people live or stay, in a group living arrangement, that is owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. The group quarters population lives in group quarters, of which there are two general categories:

Institutional group quarters are facilities that house those who are primarily ineligible, unable, or unlikely to participate in the labor force while resident. The institutionalized population is the population residing in institutional group quarters such as adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled-nursing facilities, and other institutional facilities such as mental (psychiatric) hospitals and in-patient hospice facilities.

Noninstitutional group quarters are facilities that house those who are primarily eligible, able, or likely to participate in the labor force while resident. The nonistitutionalized population lives in noninstitutional group quarters such as college/university student housing, military quarters, and other noninstitutional group quarters such as emergency and transitional shelters for people experiencing homelessness and group homes.

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Related terms: Institutionalized populationNoninstitutionalized population

Guam

The Census Bureau treats Guam as the statistical equivalent of a state for data presentation purposes. The entire area of Guam also serves as a single county equivalent for data presentation purposes. Guam also includes Cocos Island and Cabras Island. 

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Related terms: Island AreasPacific Islands

Guarantors of primary mortgages

As used in the American Housing Survey, this item refers to the federal government agencies that currently insure or guarantee mortgages or similar debts, including the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and Rural Housing Service/Rural Development (RHS/RD).

Mortgage insurance is a promise to pay the lender’s losses in case the borrower fails to keep up the required mortgage payments and defaults on the loan. Such insurance protection is offered by the government, acting as an insurance agent, and by private mortgage insurance companies. Mortgage loans that are not insured or guaranteed by these government agencies are referred to as ‘‘conventional’’ mortgages. Conventional mortgages, including mortgages insured or guaranteed by state or local governments, are shown as ‘‘Other types.’

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H

Harmonized System

The International Harmonized System (HS) is administered by the World Customs Organization. The 4- and 6-digit HS headings and subheadings are the basis for the 10-digit U.S. import and export statistical classification systems, the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTS) for imports, and the Schedule B for exports. The HS is revised approximately every five years. The current version was updated in 2007; the next revision is scheduled for 2012. For more information, see The World Customs Organization.

In the United States, the import classification system is called the "Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States" while the export system is called the "Schedule B."

Related term: Schedule B

Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated

The import statistics are initially collected and compiled in terms of approximately 18,000 10-digit commodity codes in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTS). The HTS is maintained by the U.S. International Trade Commission and is based on the 4- and 6-digit headings and subheadings of the international Harmonized System (HS). The HTS is revised and published at least twice annually; new codes are usually effective January 1 and July 1. Suggested changes to the statistical requirements of the HTS should be submitted in the form of a request to the 484(f) Committee. More information

Related term: 484(f) Committee

Hawaiian home land

Lands held in trust for Native Hawaiians by the State of Hawaii, pursuant to the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1920, as amended. The Census Bureau obtains the names and boundaries for HHLs from state officials. More information

Related term: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)

Health

Outpatient health services, other than hospital care, including: public health administration; research and education; categorical health programs; treatment and immunization clinics; nursing; environmental health activities such as air and water pollution control; ambulance service if provided separately from fire protection services, and other general public health activities such as mosquito abatement. School health services provided by health agencies (rather than school agencies) are included here. Sewage treatment operations are classified under Sewerage.

Related terms: SewerageStatistics about Governments

Health care and social assistance

The health care and social assistance sector comprises establishments providing health care and social assistance for individuals. The industries in this sector are arranged on a continuum starting with those establishments providing medical care exclusively, continuing with those providing health care and social assistance, and finally finishing with those providing only social assistance. The services provided by establishments in this sector are delivered by trained professionals.

Health care and social assistance services are classified in the North American Industry Classification System as sector 62.

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Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Health insurance coverage

For reporting purposes, the Census Bureau broadly classifies health insurance coverage as private or public. Private health insurance is a plan provided through an employer or union, a plan purchased by an individual from a private company, or TRICARE or other military health care. Public coverage includes the federal programs Medicare, Medicaid, and VA Health Care (provided through the Department of Veterans Affairs); the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP); and local medical programs for indigents (this program is included only for the Pacific Islands). People who had no reported health coverage, or those whose only health coverage was Indian Health service (this program is included only in the American Community Survey), were considered uninsured.

Hearing disability

In the American Housing Survey, a person with a hearing disability is deaf or has a hearing impairment that makes it very difficult to hear conversations, televisions, or radio broadcasts.

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Heating fuel

The type of fuel used most often to heat the house, apartment, or mobile home.

High school

Includes schools with either the ninth through the twelfth grade or the tenth through the twelfth grades.

Related term: Elementary school

Higher education

Includes local government degree granting institutions which provide academic training above grade 12. Instructional employees includes persons engaged in teaching and related academic research.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Highways

Construction, maintenance, and operation of highways, streets, and related structures, including toll highways, bridges, tunnels, ferries, street lighting and snow and ice removal. However, highway policing and traffic control are classed under Police protection.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Hispanic or Latino origin

Hispanic or Latino refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. This includes people who reported detailed Hispanic or Latino groups such as:

  • Mexican
  • Puerto Rican
  • Cuban
  • Dominican Republic

Central American (excludes Mexican)

  • Costa Rican
  • Guatemalan
  • Honduran
  • Nicaraguan
  • Panamanian
  • Salvadoran
  • Other Central American

South American

  • Argentinian
  • Bolivian
  • Chilean
  • Colombian
  • Ecuadorian
  • Paraguayan
  • Peruvian
  • Uruguayan
  • Venezuelan
  • Other South American

Spaniard

  • All other Hispanic or Latino

Related terms: AncestryEthnic Origin or RaceRace

Home improvement

The American Housing Survey asks questions about where the work was done, if any rooms were created or attached, and if the bathroom or kitchen had been remodeled within the last 2 years.

Respondents also were asked if they added or replaced their roofs, siding, interior water pipes; electrical wiring, fuse boxes, or breaker switches; doors or windows; plumbing fixtures, such as sinks or bath tubs; insulation; wall-to-wall carpeting, flooring; paneling or ceiling tiles; air conditioning; built-in heating equipment; septic tanks; water heaters; dishwashers, garbage disposals; driveways or walkways; fencing or walls; patios, terraces, or detached decks; swimming pools, tennis courts, and other recreational structures; sheds, detached garages, or other buildings.

Respondents also have the opportunity to report up to three miscellaneous inside and outside jobs not previously reported. For each job, respondents were asked for the cost of the job including the amount any insurance covered, and whether the job was performed by someone in the household. See also government subsidy for repairs and alterations, energy efficiency, remodeling, room additions and renovations, systems and equipment, exterior additions and replacements, interior additions and replacements, other additions and replacements, and disaster repairs. 

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Home-equity mortgages

The two types of home-equity mortgages referenced in the American Housing Survey are home-equity lump-sum loans, in which a loan of a set amount is received all at once, and home-equity line-of-credit, which is an arrangement in which one may withdraw funds at any time up to a set limit. They are mortgage loans, usually a second mortgage, that allow a property owner to borrow cash against the equity of a home, at any time up to a predetermined amount, without reapplying for a loan. Depending on the situation, lines-of-credit give an advantage to access the equity in different portions, by giving the option to withdraw the funds whenever needed, and make payments accordingly. With a home equity line-of-credit, the respondent is able to use the equity of the property and take advantage of the tax savings. Excludes reverse annuity mortgages and home equity conversions.

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Homeowner association fee

In the American Housing Survey, this is a fee charged for services such as upkeep of common property, including painting hallways, cleaning lobbies, mowing lawns, repairing laundry facilities, paving parking areas, and repairing street lights (excludes condominium and cooperative fees). The fee may include the use and maintenance of either indoor or outdoor swimming facilities or other recreational facilities (party rooms, tennis courts, basketball courts, exercise rooms, and playground areas). Also the homeowner association fee can include payments for security personnel such as security guards or services such as telephone answering service, maid service, or other domestic help. 

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Homeowner vacancy rate

The homeowner vacancy rate is the proportion of the homeowner housing inventory which is vacant for sale. It is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for sale only by the sum of owner-occupied units and vacant units that are for sale only, and then multiplying by 100.

Related terms: Owner-occupied housing unitRental vacancy rate

Hospitals

Financing, construction acquisition, maintenance or operation of hospital facilities, provision of hospital care, and support of public or private hospitals. Own hospitals are facilities administered directly by the government concerned; Other hospitals refers to support for hospital services in private hospitals or other governments. However, see Public welfare concerning vendor payments under welfare programs. Nursing homes are included under Public welfare unless they are directly associated with a government hospital.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Household

A household includes all the people who occupy a housing unit as their usual place of residence.

Related terms: Housing unitUsual residence

Household income

The sum of the income of all people 15 years and older living in the household. A household includes related family members and all the unrelated people, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit, or a group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit, is also counted as a household.

Related terms: HouseholdHouseholderIncome

Household language

Household language identifies the language spoken if anyone in the household speaks a language other than English. If multiple languages are spoken in the household, only one is chosen as the household language.

Related terms: Frequency of language useLanguage spoken at home

Household population

All U.S. residents who live in housing units such as single family homes, townhouses, apartments, and mobile homes.

Related term: Housing unit

Household size

The total number of people living in a housing unit.

Household type

Households are classified by type according to the sex of the householder and the presence of relatives. Examples include: married couple family; male householder, no wife present; female householder, no husband present.

Household type and relationship

Households are classified by type according to the sex of the householder and the presence of relatives. Examples include: married‑couple family; male householder, no wife present; female householder, no husband present; spouse (husband/wife); child; and other relatives.

Householder

The person, or one of the people, in whose name the home is owned, being bought, or rented.

If there is no such person present, any household member 15 years old and over can serve as the householder.

Two types of householders are distinguished: a family householder and a nonfamily householder. A family householder is a householder living with one or more people related to him or her by birth, marriage, or adoption. The householder and all people in the household related to him are family members.

A nonfamily householder is a householder living alone or with nonrelatives only.

Related terms- Family householdHousehold

Housing and community development

Construction and operation of housing and redevelopment projects, and other activities to promote or aid housing and community development.

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Housing unit

A house, an apartment, a mobile home or trailer, a group of rooms, or a single room occupied as separate living quarters, or if vacant, intended for occupancy as separate living quarters. Separate living quarters are those in which the occupants live separately from any other individuals in the building and which have direct access from outside the building or through a common hall. For vacant units, the criteria of separateness and direct access are applied to the intended occupants whenever possible.

Related terms: HouseholdOccupied housing unitVacant housing unit

Housing unit density

Number of housing units within a geographic entity (for example, United States, state, county, place) divided by the land area of that entity measured in square kilometers or square miles. Density is expressed as both "housing units per square kilometer" and “housing units per square mile" of land area.

Related term: Population density

Housing Vacancies and Homeownership

Quarterly economic indicator providing current information on rental and homeowner vacancy rates, and characteristics of housing units available for occupancy, as well as on homeownership. More information

Related term: Economic indicators

I

If-Then-Else Edit

An edit that verifies that the data follow a predefined logic where the final sequence can only have one outcome.

Immigrants

According to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), immigrants are foreign-born persons who obtain legal permanent residence in the United States. DHS is responsible for publishing immigration statistics based on administrative data, such as the number of persons obtaining legal permanent resident status, refugees and asylees, naturalizations, nonimmigrant admissions, and enforcement actions.

Related term: Foreign born

Import Charges

The import charges represent the aggregate cost of all freight, insurance, and other charges (excluding U.S. import duties) incurred in bringing the merchandise from alongside the carrier at the port of exportation in the country of exportation and placing it alongside the carrier at the first port of entry in the United States. In the case of overland shipments originating in Canada or Mexico, such costs include freight, insurance, and all other charges, costs and expenses incurred in bringing the merchandise from the point of origin (where the merchandise begins its journey to the United States) in Canada or Mexico to the first port of entry.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Imports

All goods physically brought into the United States, including: (1) Goods of foreign origin, and (2) Goods of domestic origin returned to the United States without substantial transformation affecting a change in tariff classification under an applicable rule of origin.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Imports (General)

Measures the total physical arrivals of merchandise from foreign countries, whether such merchandise enters consumption channels immediately or is entered into bonded warehouses or Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) under Customs custody.

Related term: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)

Imports for Consumption

Measures the total of merchandise that has physically cleared through Customs either entering consumption channels immediately or entering after withdrawal for consumption from bonded warehouses under Customs custody or from Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ). Many countries use the term "special imports" to designate statistics compiled on this basis.

Related term: Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)

Imputation

The process used to estimate missing or misreported data.

When information is missing or inconsistent, the Census Bureau uses a method called imputation to assign values. Imputation relies on the statistical principle of "homogeneity," or the tendency of households within a small geographic area to be similar in most characteristics. For example, the value of "rented" is likely to be imputed for a housing unit not reported on owner/renter status in a neighborhood with multi-units or apartments where other respondents reported "rented" on the census questionnaire.

Related terms: AllocationSubstitution

In-transit Shipments

Goods shipped through the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands from one foreign country or area to another foreign country or area without entering the consumption channels of the United States. Intransit shipments should not be part of the U.S. international trade data.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Inbond

A procedure administered by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) under which goods are transported or warehoused under CBP supervision until the goods are either formally entered into the customs territory of the United States and duties are paid, or until they are exported from the United States. The procedure is so named because the cargo moves under a bond (financial liability assured by the principal on the bond) from the gateway seaport, airport, or land border port and remains "inbond" until CBP releases the cargo at the inland Customs point or at the port of export.

Income

"Money income" is the income received on a regular basis (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains and lump-sum payments) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. It includes income received from wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, and tips; self-employment income from own nonfarm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement income; Supplemental Security Income (SSI); any cash public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor, or disability benefits; and any other sources of income received regularly such as Veterans' (VA) payments, unemployment and/or worker’s compensation, child support, and alimony.

Link to the Bureau's Income Main:http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/index.html

Link to the Bureau's Income- About: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/about/index.html

The Census Bureau collects income data from several surveys. Depending on your needs, one survey may be more suitable than another. The following is a list of Census Bureau surveys:

  • Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS ASEC)
  • American Community Survey (ACS)
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
  • Census 2000 long form
  • Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program (SAIPE)

Each of these surveys differs from the others in some ways, such as the length and detail of its questionnaire, the number of households included (sample size), and the methodology used to collect and process the data. The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program uses statistical models to produce income and poverty estimates by combining survey results with administrative records.  

Related term: Earnings

Incorporated place

A type of governmental unit incorporated under state law having legally prescribed powers and functions. Types of incorporated places include cities, towns (except the New England states, New York, and Wisconsin), boroughs (except in Alaska and New York), and villages. Hawaii and Guam do not contain any incorporated places.

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Related terms: BoroughCensus Designated Place (CDP)CityPlaceTownVillage

Independent City (IC)

An incorporated place that is a primary division of a state and legally not part of any county. The Census Bureau treats an independent city as both a county equivalent and county subdivision for data tabulation purposes.

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Related terms: County and equivalent entityCounty subdivisionIncorporated placeMinor Civil Division (MCD)Place

Individual income taxes

Taxes on individuals measured by net income and taxes distinctively imposed on special types of income (e.g., interest, dividends, income from intangibles, etc.).

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Industrial classification

The economic census classifies establishments according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). NAICS codes replace the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes used in previous censuses. NAICS classifies industries using 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6- digit levels of detail. The 2-digit codes represent sectors, the broadest classifications. The 6-digit codes represent individual industries in the U.S.

Related terms: Economic CensusNorth American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Industry (economic)

U.S. industries are classified using a 5- or 6-digit NAICS code. Industry groups are represented by classification using a 4-digit NAICS code.

Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Industry (population data)

Information on industry relates to the kind of business conducted by a person’s employing organization. For employed people the data refer to the person’s job during the reference week. For those who worked at two or more jobs, the data refer to the job at which the person worked the greatest number of hours. Some examples of industrial groups shown in products include agriculture, forestry, and fisheries; construction; manufacturing; wholesale or retail trade; transportation and communication; personal, professional and entertainment services; and public administration.

Related terms: Economic CensusEmployed

Industry Quick Report (IQR)

Data for this report are collected by the economic census. The report displays industry statistics for the United States by state.

Related term: Economic Census

Industry Series

Preliminary data for individual industries and their products at the U. S. level only.

Information sector

The information sector comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data. Included are:

  • Publishing industries.
  • Motion picture and sound recording industries.
  • Broadcasting industries.
  • Telecommunications industries.
  • Web search portals.
  • Data processing industries.
  • Information services industries.

Information establishments are classified in the North American Classification System as sector 51.

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Related term: North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

Inland freight in Canada

An addition is made for inland freight in Canada. Imports of goods from all countries are valued at the foreign port of export, including inland freight charges ("customs value"). In the case of Canada, this should be the cost of the goods at the U.S. border. However, the customs value for imports for certain Canadian goods is the point of origin in Canada. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) makes an addition for the inland freight charges of transporting these Canadian goods to the U.S. border to make the value comparable to the customs value as reported by all other countries. Insurance and freight charges for transporting goods to the United States from all other countries to the U.S. border are included in services by the BEA. (The same procedure is used for Mexico as an Other Adjustment, but is much smaller.)

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Institutionalized population

Institutional group quarters are facilities that house those who are primarily ineligible, unable, or unlikely to participate in the labor force while resident. The institutionalized population is the population residing in institutional group quarters such as adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled-nursing facilities, and other institutional facilities such as mental (psychiatric) hospitals and in-patient hospice facilities.

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Related terms: Group Quarters (GQ)Group quarters populationNoninstitutionalized population

Insurance benefits and repayments

Social insurance payments to beneficiaries, employee-retirement annuities and other benefits, and withdrawals of insurance or employee retirement contributions. Includes only amounts paid to beneficiaries; administrative expenditure for such activities are classified as Current operation.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Insurance trust expenditure

Cash payments to beneficiaries (including withdrawals of retirement contributions) of employee retirement, unemployment compensation, workers' compensation, and disability benefit social insurance programs. Excludes cost of administering insurance trust activities, state contributions of programs administered by the state or by the federal government, intergovernmental expenditure for support of locally administered employee-retirement systems, and noncontributory gratuities paid to former employees.

Related terms: Insurance trust systemStatistics about Governments

Insurance trust revenue

Revenue from contributions required of employers and employees for financing social insurance programs operated by the government and earnings on assets held for such systems. Excludes any contributions by a government-either as employer contributions or for general financial support-to a social insurance system it administers. Note that tax proceeds, donations, and any forms of revenue other than those enumerated above are classified as general revenue, even though such amounts may be received specifically for insurance trust purposes.

Related Terms: Insurance trust systemStatistics about Governments

Insurance trust system

A government-administered plan for compulsory or voluntary social insurance (insurance protection of persons or their survivors against economic hazards arising from retirement, disability, death, accident, illness, unemployment, etc.) through accumulation of assets from contributions, assessments, premiums, and the like collected from employers and employees for use in making cash benefit payments to eligible persons covered by the system.

Comprises employee retirement, unemployment compensation, workers' compensation, and miscellaneous (accident, sickness, and other disability benefit) systems. In exhibit statistics, each insurance trust system is treated as an entity, with its transactions including intragovernmental amounts. However, intragovernmental transactions are excluded from the insurance trust components of revenue and expenditure.

Related terms: Insurance trust expenditureInsurance trust revenueStatistics about Governments

Integrated Coverage Measurement (ICM)

The Integrated Coverage Measurement program was designed to permit statistically valid estimates of the proportion of the population missed using traditional census procedures and to identify persons incorrectly included in the initial phase of the Census 2000 Dress Rehearsal. The ICM program was designed to address irrefutable evidence produced from studies of previous censuses indicating that traditional census methods result in difficulties in counting people in certain demographic groups, specifically minorities and renters. ICM estimates were obtained using a three-step procedure: Dual System Estimation, Iterative Proportional Fitting, and Synthetic Estimation.

Related term: Without Correction for ICM

Intercensal estimates

Population estimates produced for the years between two decennial censuses when both the beginning and ending populations are known. They are produced once a decade by adjusting the existing time series of postcensal estimates for the entire decade to smooth the transition from one decennial census count to the next. They differ from the postcensal estimates that are released annually because they rely on a mathematical formula that redistributes the difference between the April 1 postcensal estimate and April 1 census count for the end of the decade across the estimates for that decade. For dates when both postcensal and intercensal estimates are available, intercensal estimates are preferred.

Interest earnings

Interest earned on deposits and securities, including amounts for accrued interest on investment securities sold. However, receipts for accrued interest on bonds issued are classified as offsets to interest expenditure. Note that interest earnings shown under general revenue do not include earnings on assets of employee-retirement systems.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Interest expenditure

Amounts paid for the use of borrowed money. Interest on utility debt is included in utility expenditure.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Intergovernmental expenditure

Revenue amounts paid to other governments as fiscal aid in the form of shared revenues and grants-in-aid, as reimbursements for performance of general government activities and for specific services for the paying government, or in lieu of taxes. Excludes amounts paid to other governments for purchase of commodities, property, or utility services, any tax imposed and paid as such, and employer contributions for social insurance -- e.g., contributions to the Federal Government for Old Age, Survivors', Disability, and Health Insurance for government employees.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Intergovernmental revenue

Amounts received from other governments as fiscal aid in the form of shared revenues and grants-in-aid, as reimbursements for performance of general government functions and specific services for the paying government (e.g., care of prisoners or contractual research), or in lieu of taxes. Excludes amounts received from other governments for sale of property, commodities, and utility services. All intergovernmental revenue is classified as General revenue.

Related terms: General revenueStatistics about Governments

Intergovernmental revenue for federal government

Intergovernmental revenue received by a government directly from the federal government. For local governments, excludes federal aid channeled through state governments, which is considered as Intergovernmental revenue from state government.

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Intergovernmental revenue for general local government support

Fiscal aid that allows the receiving government unrestricted use as to function or purpose.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Intergovernmental revenue from local governments

Revenue amounts from local governments: for shares in financial support of programs administered by the state; for reimbursements of services performed or expenditures made for them by the state; for application to debt services on state debt issued for their benefit; and for repayment of advances and contingent loans extended to them. Does not include local government contributions to state-administered employee retirement or other insurance trust systems, which are classified as insurance trust revenue, or agency transactions. Excludes proceeds from interest on local government securities held by the state and proceeds from state taxes on local government facilities.

Related terms: Agency and private trust transactionsStatistics about Governments

Intergovernmental revenue from state governments

All intergovernmental revenue received from the state government. For local governments, includes amounts originally from the federal government but channeled through the state.

Related term: Statistics about Governments

Interior additions and replacements

According to the American Housing Survey, these are jobs that were major alterations or improvements in the last two years, such as insulation, installation of wall to wall carpeting, other floorings, paneling, ceiling tiles, or drywall.

Insulation. Includes fiberglass batts and other loose materials, or foam or other materials blown into the walls, ceilings or attics. Excludes plastic film seasonally installed over windows or doors as insulation. Includes caulking and weather stripping only if all or most of the homes doors or windows were treated otherwise caulking and weather stripping is considered routine maintenance.

Wall-to-wall carpeting. Carpeting that is cut to fit a specific room, and goes completely to the walls of that room. It generally is also fixed in place.

Other floorings. Examples include hardwood, tile, marble, or vinyl flooring. Includes only the addion or replacement of flooring that is considered a finished floor. Excludes refinishing hardwood floors, or cleaning existing floors.

Paneling, ceiling tiles, or drywall. “Paneling” refers to large sheets of material that are put on existing walls. Paneling may be made of wood, gypsum board, wood byproducts, etc. Ceiling tiles are suspended from or attached to the existing ceiling. Drywall consists of large, rigid sheets of finishing material used to create the interior walls of dwellings.

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Related term: Home improvement

Intermediate consignee

The person or entity in the foreign country who acts as an agent for the principal party in interest with the purpose of effecting delivery of items to the ultimate consignee. The intermediate consignee may be a bank, forwarding agent, or other person who acts as an agent for a principal party in interest.

Related terms: ConsigneePrincipal parties in interestStatistics about Foreign Trade

Internal point

A calculated point (latitude and longitude coordinates) for each geographic entity that is at or near the geographic center of the entity. For some irregularly shaped entities (such as those shaped like a crescent), the calculated geographic center may be located outside the boundaries of the entity. In such instances, the internal point is identified as the point inside the entity boundaries nearest to the calculated geographic center.

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Internal transaction number (ITN)

The Automated Export System (AES) generated number assigned to a shipment confirming that an Electronic Export Information (EEI)transaction was accepted and is on file in the AES. The ITN must appear on the bill of lading, air waybill, export shipping instructions, or other commercial loading documents.

Related terms: Automated Export System (AES)Electronic Export Information (EEI)

International Data Base (IDB)

The International Data Base (IDB) offers a variety of demographic indicators for countries and areas of the world with a population of 5,000 or more. The IDB has provided access to demographic data for over 25 years to governments, academics, other organizations, and the public. The IDB allows users to access statistics on the population growth rate and density the demographic characteristics of the population, fertility, and other topics for individual countries.

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International Standards Organization (ISO) Country Codes

The 2-position alphabetic code for countries used to identify countries for which shipments are reportable. While U.S. international trade data are collected using the ISO code, they are published using the 4-digit Schedule C Country Code.

Related terms: Country of Origin (imports only)Schedule CStatistics about Foreign Trade

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)

Regulations administered by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls within the U.S. State Department that provide for the control of the export and temporary import of defense articles and defense services. These regulations are located in 22 CFR 120-130.

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Interpolation

Interpolation frequently is used in calculating medians or quartiles based on interval data and in approximating standard errors from tables. Linear interpolation is used to estimate values of a function between two known values. Pareto interpolation is an alternative to linear interpolation. In Pareto interpolation, the median is derived by interpolating between the logarithms of the upper and lower income limits of the median category. It is used by the Census Bureau in calculating median income within intervals wider than $2,500.

Island Areas

The Island Areas of the United States are American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI). The Census Bureau treats the Island Areas as entities that are statistically equivalent to states for data presentation purposes; data for the Island Areas, however, are presented separately from data for the United States and Puerto Rico. For the 1990 census and previous censuses, the Census Bureau referred to the entities as “outlying areas.”

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Related terms: American SamoaCommonwealth of the Northern Mariana IslandsGuamOutlying areas,United States Virgin Islands

Issued banknotes

A promissory note intended to circulate as money, usually printed on paper or plastic, issued by a bank with a specific denomination, payable to...

Related term: Statistics about Foreign Trade

Item nonresponse

Occurs when some but not all data have been collected for the respondent.

J

Joint-Use Area

As applied to any American Indian area by the Census Bureau, it is an area that is administered jointly and/or claimed by two or more American Indian tribes. More information

Related term: American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian Area (AIANNHA)

Journey to work

Includes data on where people work, how they get to work, how long it takes to get from their home to their usual workplace, when they leave home to go to their usual workplace, and carpooling.

Related terms: EmployedWorker

Judicial and legal (government employment statistics)

Courts and activities associated with courts including law libraries, prosecutorial and defendant programs, probate functions, and juries.

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Judicial and legal (government finance statistics)

Includes all court and court related activities (except probation and parole activities which are included at the “Correction” function), court activities of sheriff's offices, prosecuting attorneys' and public defender's offices, legal departments, and attorneys providing government-wide legal service.

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K

Kitchen facilities

A unit has complete kitchen facilities when it has all of the following facilities: (a) cooking facilities (b) refrigerator; and (c) a sink with piped water.

L

Labor force

The labor force includes all people classified in the civilian labor force, plus members of the U.S. Armed Forces (people on active duty with the United States Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard). The Civilian Labor Force consists of people classified as employed or unemployed

Related terms: EmployedEm