United Kingdom

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 15, 2011
Flag of United Kingdom
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of United Kingdom
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of United Kingdom
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of United Kingdom
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 142 PHOTOS Opens in New Window
OF UNITED KINGDOM
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The United Kingdom has historically played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two world wars and the Irish republic withdraw from the union. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy. The UK is also an active member of the EU, although it chose to remain outside the Economic and Monetary Union. The Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established in 1999. The latter was suspended until May 2007 due to wrangling over the peace process, but devolution was fully completed in March 2010.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Western Europe, islands - including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland - between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea; northwest of France
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
54 00 N, 2 00 W
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 243,610 sq km
country comparison to the world: 80
land: 241,930 sq km
water: 1,680 sq km
note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Oregon
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 360 km
border countries: Ireland 360 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12,429 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: The Fens -4 m
highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 23.23%
permanent crops: 0.2%
other: 76.57% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,950 sq km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
160.6 cu km (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 11.75 cu km/yr (22%/75%/3%)
per capita: 197 cu m/yr (1994)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
winter windstorms; floods
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move toward a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the government reduced the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and recycled or composted at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Briton(s), British (collective plural)
adjective: British
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English
note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
62,698,362 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 17.3% (male 5,575,119/female 5,301,301)
15-64 years: 66.2% (male 20,979,401/female 20,500,913)
65 years and over: 16.5% (male 4,564,375/female 5,777,253) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 40 years
male: 38.8 years
female: 41.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.557% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12.29 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.33 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 80% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
LONDON (capital) 8.615 million; Birmingham 2.296 million; Manchester 2.247 million; West Yorkshire 1.541 million; Glasgow 1.166 million (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.052 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 141
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 4.62 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 190
male: 5.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 80.05 years
country comparison to the world: 28
male: 77.95 years
female: 82.25 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.91 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.739 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
country comparison to the world: 47
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.38 beds/1,000 population (2008)
country comparison to the world: 62
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.2% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
85,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22.7% (2002)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.5% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 44
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 18.9%
country comparison to the world: 63
male: 21.7%
female: 15.6% (2009)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; note - Great Britain includes England, Scotland, and Wales
conventional short form: United Kingdom
abbreviation: UK
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: London
geographic coordinates: 51 30 N, 0 10 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
note: applies to the United Kingdom proper, not to its overseas dependencies or territories
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
England: 27 two-tier counties, 32 London boroughs and 1 City of London or Greater London, 36 metropolitan districts, 56 unitary authorities (including 4 single-tier counties*)
two-tier counties: Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cumbria, Derbyshire, Devon, Dorset, East Sussex, Essex, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Somerset, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Sussex, Worcestershire
London boroughs and City of London or Greater London: Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Camden, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Kingston upon Thames, Lambeth, Lewisham, City of London, Merton, Newham, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Southwark, Sutton, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, Wandsworth, Westminster
metropolitan districts: Barnsley, Birmingham, Bolton, Bradford, Bury, Calderdale, Coventry, Doncaster, Dudley, Gateshead, Kirklees, Knowlsey, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside, Oldham, Rochdale, Rotherham, Salford, Sandwell, Sefton, Sheffield, Solihull, South Tyneside, St. Helens, Stockport, Sunderland, Tameside, Trafford, Wakefield, Walsall, Wigan, Wirral, Wolverhampton
unitary authorities: Bath and North East Somerset, Blackburn with Darwen, Bedford, Blackpool, Bournemouth, Bracknell Forest, Brighton and Hove, City of Bristol, Central Bedfordshire, Cheshire East, Cheshire West and Chester, Cornwall, Darlington, Derby, Durham County*, East Riding of Yorkshire, Halton, Hartlepool, Herefordshire*, Isle of Wight*, Isles of Scilly*, City of Kingston upon Hull, Leicester, Luton, Medway, Middlesbrough, Milton Keynes, North East Lincolnshire, North Lincolnshire, North Somerset, Northumberland*, Nottingham, Peterborough, Plymouth, Poole, Portsmouth, Reading, Redcar and Cleveland, Rutland, Shropshire, Slough, South Gloucestershire, Southampton, Southend-on-Sea, Stockton-on-Tees, Stoke-on-Trent, Swindon, Telford and Wrekin, Thurrock, Torbay, Warrington, West Berkshire, Wiltshire, Windsor and Maidenhead, Wokingham, York
Northern Ireland: 26 district council areas
district council areas: Antrim, Ards, Armagh, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Banbridge, Belfast, Carrickfergus, Castlereagh, Coleraine, Cookstown, Craigavon, Derry, Down, Dungannon, Fermanagh, Larne, Limavady, Lisburn, Magherafelt, Moyle, Newry and Mourne, Newtownabbey, North Down, Omagh, Strabane
Scotland: 32 council areas
council areas: Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dumfries and Galloway, Dundee City, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Lothian, East Renfrewshire, City of Edinburgh, Eilean Siar (Western Isles), Falkirk, Fife, Glasgow City, Highland, Inverclyde, Midlothian, Moray, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Orkney Islands, Perth and Kinross, Renfrewshire, Shetland Islands, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, Stirling, The Scottish Borders, West Dunbartonshire, West Lothian
Wales: 22 unitary authorities
unitary authorities: Blaenau Gwent; Bridgend; Caerphilly; Cardiff; Carmarthenshire; Ceredigion; Conwy; Denbighshire; Flintshire; Gwynedd; Isle of Anglesey; Merthyr Tydfil; Monmouthshire; Neath Port Talbot; Newport; Pembrokeshire; Powys; Rhondda Cynon Taff; Swansea; The Vale of Glamorgan; Torfaen; Wrexham
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Anguilla, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 April 1927 (Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act establishes current name of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland); notable earlier dates: 927 (minor English kingdoms united); 3 March 1284 (enactment of the Statute of Rhuddlan uniting England and Wales); 1536 (Act of Union formally incorporates England and Wales); 1 May 1707 (Acts of Union formally unite England and Scotland as Great Britain); 1 January 1801 (Acts of Union formally unite Great Britain and Ireland as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland); 6 December 1921 (Anglo-Irish Treaty formalizes partition of Ireland; six counties remain part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the UK does not celebrate one particular national holiday
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
common law system; has nonbinding judicial review of Acts of Parliament under the Human Rights Act of 1998
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); Heir Apparent Prince CHARLES (son of the queen, born 14 November 1948)
head of government: Prime Minister David CAMERON (since 11 May 2010)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually the prime minister
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
bicameral Parliament consists of House of Lords (741 seats; consisting of approximately 625 life peers, 91 hereditary peers, and 25 clergy - as of 15 December 2010) and House of Commons (650 seats since 2010 elections; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms unless the House is dissolved earlier)
elections: House of Lords - no elections (note - in 1999, as provided by the House of Lords Act, elections were held in the House of Lords to determine the 92 hereditary peers who would remain there; elections are held only as vacancies in the hereditary peerage arise); House of Commons - last held on 6 May 2010 (next to be held by June 2015)
election results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Conservative 36.1%, Labor 29%, Liberal Democrats 23%, other 11.9%; seats by party - Conservative 305, Labor 258, Liberal Democrat 57, other 30
note: in 1998 elections were held for a Northern Ireland Assembly (because of unresolved disputes among existing parties, the transfer of power from London to Northern Ireland came only at the end of 1999 and has been suspended four times, the latest occurring in October 2002 and lasting until 8 May 2007); in 1999, the UK held the first elections for a Scottish Parliament and a Welsh Assembly
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court of the UK (established in October 2009 taking over appellate jurisdiction formerly vested in the House of Lords); Senior Courts of England and Wales (comprising the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice, and the Crown Courts); Court of Judicature (Northern Ireland); Scotland's Court of Session and High Court of the Justiciary
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Conservative [David CAMERON]; Democratic Unionist Party or DUP (Northern Ireland) [Peter ROBINSON]; Labor Party [Ed MILIBAND]; Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems) [Nick CLEGG]; Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) [Ieuan Wyn JONES]; Scottish National Party or SNP [Alex SALMOND]; Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland) [Gerry ADAMS]; Social Democratic and Labor Party or SDLP (Northern Ireland) [Margaret RICHIE]; Ulster Unionist Party (Northern Ireland) [Tom ELLIOTT]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament; Confederation of British Industry; National Farmers' Union; Trades Union Congress
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BIS, C, CBSS (observer), CDB, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-20, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MONUSCO, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), SECI (observer), UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMISS, UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Sir Nigel E. SHEINWALD
chancery: 3100 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 588-6500
FAX: [1] (202) 588-7870
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Francisco
consulate(s): Dallas, Denver, Orlando
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Louis B. SUSMAN
embassy: 24 Grosvenor Square, London, W1A 1AE note - a new embassy is scheduled to open by the end of 2017 in the Nine Elms area of Wandsworth (architect Kiernan TIMBERLAKE)
mailing address: PSC 801, Box 40, FPO AE 09498-4040
telephone: [44] (0) 20 7499-9000
FAX: [44] (0) 20 7629-9124
consulate(s) general: Belfast, Edinburgh
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
blue field with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) edged in white superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which is superimposed on the diagonal white cross of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland); properly known as the Union Flag, but commonly called the Union Jack; the design and colors (especially the Blue Ensign) have been the basis for a number of other flags including other Commonwealth countries and their constituent states or provinces, and British overseas territories
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lion (Britain in general); lion (England); lion, unicorn (Scotland); dragon (Wales); harp (Northern Ireland)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "God Save the Queen"
lyrics/music: unknown
note: in use since 1745; by tradition, the song serves as both the national and royal anthem of the United Kingdom; it is known as either "God Save the Queen" or "God Save the King," depending on the gender of the reigning monarch; it also serves as the royal anthem of many Commonwealth nations
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The UK, a leading trading power and financial center, is the third largest economy in Europe after Germany and France. Over the past two decades, the government has greatly reduced public ownership and contained the growth of social welfare programs. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labor force. The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining and the UK became a net importer of energy in 2005. Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP while industry continues to decline in importance. After emerging from recession in 1992, Britain's economy enjoyed the longest period of expansion on record during which time growth outpaced most of Western Europe. In 2008, however, the global financial crisis hit the economy particularly hard, due to the importance of its financial sector. Sharply declining home prices, high consumer debt, and the global economic slowdown compounded Britain's economic problems, pushing the economy into recession in the latter half of 2008 and prompting the then BROWN government to implement a number of measures to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial markets; these include nationalizing parts of the banking system, cutting taxes, suspending public sector borrowing rules, and moving forward public spending on capital projects. Facing burgeoning public deficits and debt levels, the CAMERON government in 2010 initiated a five-year austerity program, which aims to lower London's budget deficit from over 10% of GDP in 2010 to nearly 1% by 2015. The Bank of England periodically coordinates interest rate moves with the European Central Bank, but Britain remains outside the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU).
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.173 trillion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
$2.146 trillion (2009 est.)
$2.256 trillion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.247 trillion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.3% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
-4.9% (2009 est.)
-0.1% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$34,800 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
$34,600 (2009 est.)
$36,600 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 0.7%
industry: 21.7%
services: 77.6% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
31.52 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 18.2%
services: 80.4% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
7.6% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 28.5% (1999)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
34 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 95
36.8 (1999)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $908 billion
expenditures: $1.14 trillion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
40.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-10.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
76.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
68.2% of GDP (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.3% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
2.2% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.75% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
0.5% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.962% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
4.048% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$88.88 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
$87.71 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$3.362 trillion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
$3.301 trillion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5.151 trillion (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 6
$4.436 trillion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$3.107 trillion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 5
$2.796 trillion (31 December 2009)
$1.852 trillion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
346 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
344.7 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.748 billion kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.861 billion kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.393 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.622 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.311 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.45 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.858 billion bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
56.3 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
94.28 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15.65 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
53.63 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
256 billion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$56.19 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194
-$37.05 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$410.2 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
$356.4 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
US 11.4%, Germany 11.2%, Netherlands 8.5%, France 7.7%, Ireland 6.8%, Belgium 5.4% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$563.2 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
$484.9 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Germany 13.1%, China 9.1%, Netherlands 7.5%, France 6.1%, US 5.8%, Norway 5.5%, Belgium 4.9% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$82.41 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
$66.72 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$9.836 trillion (30 June 2011)
country comparison to the world: 3
$8.981 trillion (30 June 2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.076 trillion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
$1.056 trillion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.675 trillion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
$1.674 trillion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
British pounds (GBP) per US dollar -
0.6388 (2010)
0.6175 (2009)
0.5302 (2008)
0.4993 (2007)
0.5418 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
33.32 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 10
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
80.799 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: technologically advanced domestic and international system
domestic: equal mix of buried cables, microwave radio relay, and fiber-optic systems
international: country code - 44; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Europe, Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and US; satellite earth stations - 10 Intelsat (7 Atlantic Ocean and 3 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region), and 1 Eutelsat; at least 8 large international switching centers
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
public service broadcaster BBC is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world; BBC operates multiple TV networks with regional and local TV service; a mixed system of public and commercial TV broadcasters along with satellite and cable systems provide access to hundreds of TV stations throughout the world; BBC operates multiple national, regional, and local radio networks with multiple transmission sites; a large number of commercial radio stations as well as satellite radio services are available (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.uk
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.03 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
51.444 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 7
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
505 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 306
over 3,047 m: 9
2,438 to 3,047 m: 32
1,524 to 2,437 m: 124
914 to 1,523 m: 77
under 914 m: 64 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 199
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 22
under 914 m: 173 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
condensate 8 km; gas 14,071 km; liquid petroleum gas 59 km; oil 595 km; refined products 4,907 km (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 16,454 km
country comparison to the world: 17
broad gauge: 303 km 1.600-m gauge (in Northern Ireland)
standard gauge: 16,151 km 1.435-m gauge (5,248 km electrified) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 394,428 km
country comparison to the world: 16
paved: 394,428 km (includes 3,519 km of expressways) (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3,200 km (620 km used for commerce) (2009)
country comparison to the world: 31
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 527
country comparison to the world: 22
by type: bulk carrier 30, cargo 70, carrier 3, chemical tanker 71, container 190, liquefied gas 10, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 67, petroleum tanker 20, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 29, vehicle carrier 24
foreign-owned: 271 (Australia 1, Bermuda 9, China 15, Denmark 40, France 32, Germany 78, Greece 1, Hong Kong, Italy 4, Japan 4, Netherlands 1, Norway 32, NZ 1, South Africa 5, Spain 7, Sweden 21, Taiwan 1, Turkey 1, UAE 7, United States 11)
note: this country allows large numbers of ships owned by foreign entities to be registered in its national shipping registry and to fly its flag; these ships operate under the laws of the flag state
registered in other countries: 275 (Algeria 12, Antigua and Barbuda 2, Argentina 2, Australia 5, Bahamas 24, Barbados 7, Belgium 2, Belize 4, Bermuda 11, Cambodia 3, Cape Verde 2, Cayman Islands 2, Comoros 1, Cook Islands 2, Cyprus 7, Georgia 4, Gibraltar 4, Greece 27, Honduras 1, Hong Kong 27, Italy 2, Liberia 44, Libya 1, Luxembourg 5, Malta 16, Marshall Islands 9, Moldova 6, Nigeria 2, Panama 44, Saint Kitts and Nevis 2, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7, Sierra Leone 1, Singapore 6, Thailand 6, Togo 3, Tonga 1, US 4, unknown 1) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Dover, Felixstowe, Immingham, Liverpool, London, Southampton, Teesport (England); Forth Ports (Scotland); Milford Haven (Wales)
oil terminals: Fawley Marine terminal, Liverpool Bay terminal (England); Braefoot Bay terminal, Finnart oil terminal, Hound Point terminal (Scotland)
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Army, Royal Navy (includes Royal Marines), Royal Air Force (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; as of October 2009, women comprised 12.1% of officers and 9% of enlisted personnel in the regular forces; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 16 years of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 14,856,917
females age 16-49: 14,307,316 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 12,255,452
females age 16-49: 11,779,679 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 383,989
female: 365,491 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.4% of GDP (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement between the UK and Spain; the Government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the two countries; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory); in 2001, the former inhabitants of the archipelago, evicted 1967 - 1973, were granted U.K. citizenship and the right of return, followed by Orders in Council in 2004 that banned rehabitation, a High Court ruling reversing the ban, a Court of Appeal refusal to hear the case, and a Law Lords' decision in 2008 denying the right of return; in addition, the United Kingdom created the world's largest marine protection area around the Chagos islands prohibiting the extraction of any natural resources therein; UK rejects sovereignty talks requested by Argentina, which still claims the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory) overlaps Argentine claim and partially overlaps Chilean claim; Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
producer of limited amounts of synthetic drugs and synthetic precursor chemicals; major consumer of Southwest Asian heroin, Latin American cocaine, and synthetic drugs; money-laundering center
Page statistics
584 view(s) and 2 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments