Ukraine

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 15, 2011
Flag of Ukraine
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Ukraine
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Ukraine
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Ukraine
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 31 PHOTOS Opens in New Window
OF UKRAINE
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
49 00 N, 32 00 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 603,550 sq km
country comparison to the world: 46
land: 579,330 sq km
water: 24,220 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Texas
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 4,566 km
border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 940 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (south) 176 km, Romania (southwest) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2,782 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m or to the depth of exploitation
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 53.8%
permanent crops: 1.5%
other: 44.7% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
21,790 sq km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
139.5 cu km (1997)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 37.53 cu km/yr (12%/35%/52%)
per capita: 807 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in Europe
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Ukrainian(s)
adjective: Ukrainian
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, other (includes small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 9%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate 50.4%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6%, other 3.2% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
45,134,707 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 13.7% (male 3,186,606/female 3,014,069)
15-64 years: 70.8% (male 15,282,749/female 16,673,641)
65 years and over: 15.5% (male 2,294,777/female 4,682,865) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 39.9 years
male: 36.7 years
female: 43.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.622% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 225
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.62 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15.74 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 69% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
KYIV (capital) 2.779 million; Kharkiv 1.455 million; Dnipropetrovsk 1.013 million; Odesa 1.009 million; Donetsk 971,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.065 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female
total population: 0.85 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
26 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 117
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 8.54 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 158
male: 10.71 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 68.58 years
country comparison to the world: 151
male: 62.79 years
female: 74.75 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.28 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 212
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 80
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.1254 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
country comparison to the world: 35
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.73 beds/1,000 population (2006)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 2% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 90% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 10% of population
total: 5% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
350,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
24,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.1% (2000)
country comparison to the world: 93
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.3% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 48
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.2% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 14.9%
country comparison to the world: 76
male: 15.2%
female: 14.5% (2005)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Ukraine
local long form: none
local short form: Ukrayina
former: Ukrainian National Republic, Ukrainian State, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
republic
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Kyiv (Kiev)
note: pronounced KAY-yiv
geographic coordinates: 50 26 N, 30 31 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
24 provinces (oblasti, singular - oblast'), 1 autonomous republic* (avtonomna respublika), and 2 municipalities (mista, singular - misto) with oblast status**; Cherkasy, Chernihiv, Chernivtsi, Crimea or Avtonomna Respublika Krym* (Simferopol'), Dnipropetrovs'k, Donets'k, Ivano-Frankivs'k, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmel'nyts'kyy, Kirovohrad, Kyiv**, Kyiv, Luhans'k, L'viv, Mykolayiv, Odesa, Poltava, Rivne, Sevastopol'**, Sumy, Ternopil', Vinnytsya, Volyn' (Luts'k), Zakarpattya (Uzhhorod), Zaporizhzhya, Zhytomyr
note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: ca. A.D. 982 (VOLODYMYR I consolidates Kyivan Rus), 1648 (establishment of Cossack Hetmanate)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 24 August (1991); note - 22 January 1918, the day Ukraine first declared its independence (from Soviet Russia) and the day the short-lived Western and Greater (Eastern) Ukrainian republics united (1919), is now celebrated as Unity Day
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
adopted 28 June 1996
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Viktor YANUKOVYCH (since 25 February 2010)
head of government: Prime Minister Mykola AZAROV (since 11 March 2010); First Deputy Prime Minister Andriy KLYUYEV (since 11 March 2010); Deputy Prime Ministers Borys KOLESNIKOV and Serhiy TIHIPKO (both since 11 March 2010)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers nominated by the president and approved by the Rada
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
note: there is also a National Security and Defense Council or NSDC originally created in 1992 as the National Security Council; the NSDC staff is tasked with developing national security policy on domestic and international matters and advising the president; a Presidential Administration helps draft presidential edicts and provides policy support to the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 17 January 2010 with runoff on 7 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
election results: Viktor YANUKOVYCH elected president; percent of vote - Viktor YANUKOVYCH 48.95%, Yuliya TYMOSHENKO 45.5%, other 5.6%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Supreme Council or Verkhovna Rada (450 seats; members allocated on a proportional basis to those parties that gain 3% or more of the national electoral vote; members to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 30 September 2007 (next must be held in 2012 or sooner if a ruling coalition cannot be formed in the Rada)
election results: percent of vote by party/bloc - Party of Regions 34.4%, Block of Yuliya Tymoshenko 30.7%, Our Ukraine-People's Self Defense Bloc 14.2%, CPU 5.4%, Lytvyn Bloc 4%, other parties 11.3%; seats by party/bloc - Party of Regions 175, Block of Yuliya Tymoshenko 156, Our Ukraine-People's Self Defense 72, CPU 27, Lytvyn Bloc 20
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court; Constitutional Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Block of Yuliya Tymoshenko-Batkivshchyna (BYuT-Batkivshchyna) [Yuliya TYMOSHENKO]; Communist Party of Ukraine or CPU [Petro SYMONENKO]; European Party of Ukraine [Mykola KATERYNCHUK]; Forward Ukraine! [Viktor MUSIYAKA]; Front of Change [Arseniy YATSENYUK]; Lytvyn Bloc (composed of People's Party and Labor Party of Ukraine) [Volodymyr LYTVYN]; Our Ukraine [Viktor YUSHCHENKO]; Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs [Anatoliy KINAKH]; Party of Regions [Viktor YANUKOVYCH]; Party of the Defenders of the Fatherland [Yuriy KARMAZIN]; People's Movement of Ukraine (Rukh) [Borys TARASYUK]; People's Party [Volodymyr LYTVYN]; Peoples' Self-Defense [Yuriy LUTSENKO]; PORA! (It's Time!) party [Vladyslav KASKIV]; Progressive Socialist Party [Natalya VITRENKO]; Reforms and Order Party [Viktor PYNZENYK]; Sobor [Anatoliy MATVIYENKO]; Social Democratic Party [Yevhen KORNICHUK]; Social Democratic Party (United) or SDPU(o) [Yuriy ZAHORODNIY]; Socialist Party of Ukraine or SPU [Oleksandr MOROZ]; Strong Ukraine [SERHIY TIHIPKO]; Ukrainian People's Party [Yuriy KOSTENKO]; United Center [Viktor BALOHA]; Viche [Inna BOHOSLOVSKA]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Committee of Voters of Ukraine [Aleksandr CHERNENKO]; OPORA [Olha AIVAZOVSKA]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Australia Group, BSEC, CBSS (observer), CE, CEI, CICA (observer), CIS (participating member, has not signed the 1993 CIS charter although it participates in meetings), EAEC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Oleksandr MOTSYK
chancery: 3350 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20007
telephone: [1] (202) 333-0606
FAX: [1] (202) 333-0817
consulate(s) general: Chicago, New York, San Francisco
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador John F. TEFFT
embassy: 10 Yurii Kotsiubynsky Street, 01901 Kyiv
mailing address: 5850 Kyiv Place, Washington, DC 20521-5850
telephone: [380] (44) 490-4000
FAX: [380] (44) 490-4085
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
two equal horizontal bands of azure (top) and golden yellow represent grain fields under a blue sky
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
trident (tryzub)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Sche ne vmerla Ukraina" (Ukraine Has Not Yet Perished)
lyrics/music: Paul CHUBYNSKYI/Mikhail VERBYTSKYI
note: music adopted 1991, lyrics adopted 2003; the song was first performed in 1864 at the Ukraine Theatre in Lviv; the lyrics, originally written in 1862, were revised in 2003
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
After Russia, the Ukrainian republic was far and away the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union, producing about four times the output of the next-ranking republic. Its fertile black soil generated more than one-fourth of Soviet agricultural output, and its farms provided substantial quantities of meat, milk, grain, and vegetables to other republics. Likewise, its diversified heavy industry supplied the unique equipment (for example, large diameter pipes) and raw materials to industrial and mining sites (vertical drilling apparatus) in other regions of the former USSR. Shortly after independence in August 1991, the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization, but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to some backtracking. Output by 1999 had fallen to less than 40% of the 1991 level. Ukraine's dependence on Russia for energy supplies and the lack of significant structural reform have made the Ukrainian economy vulnerable to external shocks. Ukraine depends on imports to meet about three-fourths of its annual oil and natural gas requirements and 100% of its nuclear fuel needs. After a two-week dispute that saw gas supplies cutoff to Europe, Ukraine agreed to 10-year gas supply and transit contracts with Russia in January 2009 that brought gas prices to "world" levels. The strict terms of the contracts have further hobbled Ukraine's cash-strapped state gas company, Naftohaz. Outside institutions - particularly the IMF - have encouraged Ukraine to quicken the pace and scope of reforms. Ukrainian Government officials eliminated most tax and customs privileges in a March 2005 budget law, bringing more economic activity out of Ukraine's large shadow economy, but more improvements are needed, including fighting corruption, developing capital markets, and improving the legislative framework. Ukraine's economy was buoyant despite political turmoil between the prime minister and president until mid-2008. Real GDP growth exceeded 7% in 2006-07, fueled by high global prices for steel - Ukraine's top export - and by strong domestic consumption, spurred by rising pensions and wages. Ukraine reached an agreement with the IMF for a $16.4 billion Stand-By Arrangement in November 2008 to deal with the economic crisis, but the Ukrainian Government's lack of progress in implementing reforms has twice delayed the release of IMF assistance funds. The drop in steel prices and Ukraine's exposure to the global financial crisis due to aggressive foreign borrowing lowered growth in 2008 and the economy contracted more than 15% in 2009, among the worst economic performances in the world; growth resumed in 2010, buoyed by exports. External conditions are likely to hamper efforts for economic recovery in 2011.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$305.2 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
$292.9 billion (2009 est.)
$343.8 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$136.4 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.2% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
-14.8% (2009 est.)
1.9% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$6,700 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
$6,400 (2009 est.)
$7,500 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 9.4%
industry: 33.6%
services: 57% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22.02 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 15.8%
industry: 18.5%
services: 65.7% (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
8.8% (2009 est.)
note: officially registered; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
35% (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 4.1%
highest 10%: 22.6% (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
27.5 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 128
29 (1999)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
19.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $39.62 billion
expenditures: $49.89 billion
note: this is the planned, consolidated budget (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
29% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-7.5% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
42.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
34.7% of GDP (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
15.9% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11.97% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
10.25% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15.869% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
20.863% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$36.41 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
$29.27 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$74.96 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
$60.71 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$108.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
$101.3 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$39.46 billion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 63
$16.79 billion (31 December 2009)
$24.36 billion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables; beef, milk
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11.2% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
172.9 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
134.6 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4 billion kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.73 billion kWh (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
82,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
296,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
114,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
301,900 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
395 million bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20.26 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
44.16 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.8 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
26.7 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.104 trillion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$2.884 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
-$1.732 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$52.19 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
$40.39 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, food products
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Russia 24.1%, Turkey 5.9%, Italy 4.7% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$60.9 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
$44.7 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
energy, machinery and equipment, chemicals
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Russia 33.9%, China 8.5%, Germany 8.1%, Poland 5.4%, Belarus 4.1% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$34.58 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
$26.51 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$123.4 billion (30 June 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
$99.51 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$53.3 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
$46.81 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.803 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
$2.067 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
hryvnia (UAH) per US dollar -
7.9111 (2010)
7.7912 (2009)
4.9523 (2008)
5.05 (2007)
5.05 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12.941 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 20
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
53.929 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 23
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: Ukraine's telecommunication development plan emphasizes improving domestic trunk lines, international connections, and the mobile-cellular system
domestic: at independence in December 1991, Ukraine inherited a telephone system that was antiquated, inefficient, and in disrepair; more than 3.5 million applications for telephones could not be satisfied; telephone density is rising and the domestic trunk system is being improved; about one-third of Ukraine's networks are digital and a majority of regional centers now have digital switching stations; improvements in local networks and local exchanges continue to lag; the mobile-cellular telephone system's expansion has slowed, largely due to saturation of the market which has reached 120 mobile phones per 100 people
international: country code - 380; 2 new domestic trunk lines are a part of the fiber-optic Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) system and 3 Ukrainian links have been installed in the fiber-optic Trans-European Lines (TEL) project that connects 18 countries; additional international service is provided by the Italy-Turkey-Ukraine-Russia (ITUR) fiber-optic submarine cable and by an unknown number of earth stations in the Intelsat, Inmarsat, and Intersputnik satellite systems
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
TV coverage is provided by Ukraine's state-controlled nationwide broadcast channel (UT1) and a number of privately-owned television broadcast networks; Russian television broadcasts have a small audience nationwide, but larger audiences in the eastern and southern regions; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; Ukraine's radio broadcast market, a mix of independent and state-owned networks, is comprised of some 300 stations (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.ua
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.098 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 42
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.77 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 38
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
425 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 19
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 189
over 3,047 m: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 51
1,524 to 2,437 m: 24
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 97 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 236
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 12
under 914 m: 214 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
gas 36,493 km; oil 4,514 km; refined products 4,211 km (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 21,684 km
country comparison to the world: 12
broad gauge: 21,684 km 1.524-m gauge (9,854 km electrified) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 169,496 km
country comparison to the world: 30
paved: 165,844 km (includes 15 km of expressways)
unpaved: 3,652 km (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2,185 km (most on Dnieper River) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 160
country comparison to the world: 40
by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 123, chemical tanker 1, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 9, refrigerated cargo 11, specialized tanker 2
foreign-owned: 1 (Iran 1)
registered in other countries: 197 (Belize 6, Cambodia 37, Comoros 10, Cyprus 2, Dominica 2, Georgia 15, Liberia 16, Malta 30, Marshall Islands 1, Moldova 12, Mongolia 1, Panama 11, Russia 12, Saint Kitts and Nevis 10, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 12, Sierra Leone 5, Slovakia 7, Tuvalu 1, Vanuatu 3, unknown 4) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Feodosiya (Theodosia), Illichivsk, Mariupol', Mykolayiv, Odesa, Yuzhnyy
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces (Viyskovo-Povitryani Syly, VPS) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months for Army and Air Force, 18 months for Navy (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 10,984,394
females age 16-49: 11.26 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 6,893,551
females age 16-49: 8,792,504 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 246,397
female: 234,916 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.4% of GDP (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1997 boundary delimitation treaty with Belarus remains un-ratified due to unresolved financial claims, stalling demarcation and reducing border security; delimitation of land boundary with Russia is complete with preparations for demarcation underway; the dispute over the boundary between Russia and Ukraine through the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov remains unresolved despite a December 2003 framework agreement and ongoing expert-level discussions; Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria Region, which remains under OSCE supervision; the ICJ gave Ukraine until December 2006 to reply, and Romania until June 2007 to rejoin, in their dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
limited cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly for CIS consumption; some synthetic drug production for export to the West; limited government eradication program; used as transshipment point for opiates and other illicit drugs from Africa, Latin America, and Turkey to Europe and Russia; Ukraine has improved anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List in February 2004; Ukraine's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
Page statistics
601 view(s) and 2 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments