Turks and Caicos Islands

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 10, 2011
Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Turks and Caicos Islands
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Turks and Caicos Islands
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Turks and Caicos Islands
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 1 PHOTO Opens in New Window
OF TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
21 45 N, 71 35 W
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 948 sq km
country comparison to the world: 186
land: 948 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
389 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Flamingo Hill 48 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
spiny lobster, conch
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 2.33%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.67% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
frequent hurricanes
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
limited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: none
adjective: none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
black 87.6%, white 7.9%, mixed 2.5%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English (official)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%, other 14% (2001)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
44,819 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 22.7% (male 5,188/female 5,008)
15-64 years: 73.2% (male 16,653/female 16,156)
65 years and over: 4% (male 813/female 1,001) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 30.4 years
male: 30.8 years
female: 30.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.485% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17.76 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.99 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
GRAND TURK (capital) 6,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.052 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 11.97 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 134
male: 15.02 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 79.11 years
country comparison to the world: 40
male: 76.39 years
female: 81.97 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.7 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 94% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 6% of population
total: 4% of population (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98%
male: 99%
female: 98% (1970 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and the US
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
abbreviation: TCI
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
overseas territory of the UK
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution (Interim Amendment) Order 2009, S.I. 2009/701 - effective 14 August 2009 - suspended Ministerial government, the House of Assembly, and the constitutional right to trial by jury, and imposed direct British rule
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system of English common law and civil law
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Damian (Ric) TODD (since 12 September 2011)
head of government: Governor Damian (Ric) TODD (since 12 September 2011); note - the office of premier is suspended by the Order in Council, effective 14 August 2009
cabinet: under provisions of the Order in Council, the cabinet is suspended effective 14 August 2009 and replaced by an Advisory Council appointed by the governor
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch
note: following an investigation into allegations of widespread corruption and misconduct within the Turks and Caicos Government, the UK foreign minister directed the governor to bring into effect on 14 August 2009 an Order in Council suspending Ministerial government and the House of Assembly, and imposing direct rule pending completion of reform milestones
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
under provisions of the Order in Council, the unicameral House of Assembly is dissolved and all seats vacated for a period of up to two years; in the interim, a Consultative Forum, appointed by the governor, will be established
elections: last held on 9 February 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
election results: under provisions of the Order in Council, all seats in the House of Assembly are vacated
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Floyd SEYMOUR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Michael Eugene MISICK]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biota
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "This Land of Ours"
lyrics/music: Conrad HOWELL
note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is the official anthem (see United Kingdom)
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$216 million (2002 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.9% (2000 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$11,500 (2002 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 1%
industry: 23.9%
services: 75.2%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4,848 (1990 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10% (1997 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
44.5% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $345 million
expenditures: $374.5 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
1.5% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tourism, offshore financial services
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
175 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
162.8 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
500 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
470 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$169.2 million (2000)
country comparison to the world: 181
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$175.6 million (2000)
country comparison to the world: 205
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the US dollar is used
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3,700 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 218
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
25,100 (2004)
country comparison to the world: 206
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing
domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available
international: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
while there are no local terrestrial TV stations, broadcasts from the Bahamas can be received; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; government-run radio network operates alongside private broadcasters with a total of about 15 stations broadcasting (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.tc
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,969 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 163
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 121 km
country comparison to the world: 212
paved: 24 km
unpaved: 97 km (2003)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
registered in other countries: 1 (Panama 1) (2008)
country comparison to the world: 150
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, Providenciales
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 11,842
females age 16-49: 11,755 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 338
female: 342 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
defense is the responsibility of the UK
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorder
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Page statistics
508 view(s) and 2 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments