Solomon Islands

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 29, 2011
Flag of Solomon Islands
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Solomon Islands
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Solomon Islands
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Solomon Islands
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF SOLOMON ISLANDS
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8 00 S, 159 00 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 28,896 sq km
country comparison to the world: 144
land: 27,986 sq km
water: 910 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Maryland
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5,313 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Popomanaseu 2,310 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 0.62%
permanent crops: 2.04%
other: 97.34% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
44.7 cu km (1987)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis
volcanism: Tinakula (elev. 851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (elev. 485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 April 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara; the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces with dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (1999 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Protestant 73.7% (Church of Melanesia 32.8%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%), Roman Catholic 19%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2% (1999 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
571,890 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 37.8% (male 111,265/female 104,896)
15-64 years: 58.3% (male 169,873/female 163,621)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 10,879/female 11,356) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 20.9 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.22% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
28.03 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 19% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
HONIARA (capital) 72,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
100 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 68
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 17.82 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 102
male: 20.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 74.18 years
country comparison to the world: 107
male: 71.6 years
female: 76.89 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.59 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.4% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 130
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.186 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
country comparison to the world: 152
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2005)
country comparison to the world: 126
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 65% of population
total: 70% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 35% of population
total: 31% of population (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 18% of population
total: 31% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 82% of population
total: 69% of population (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11.5% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 62
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2007)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Solomon Islands
local long form: none
local short form: Solomon Islands
former: British Solomon Islands
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Honiara
geographic coordinates: 9 26 S, 159 57 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9 provinces and 1 capital territory*; Central, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell and Bellona, Temotu, Western
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7 July 1978 (from the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 7 July (1978)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7 July 1978
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system of English common law and customary law
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
21 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Frank KABUI (since 7 July 2009)
head of government: Prime Minister Gordon Darcy LILO (since 16 November 2011)
cabinet: Cabinet consists of 20 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of parliament
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of parliament for up to five years (eligible for a second term); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition usually elected prime minister by parliament; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of parliament; Gordon Darcy LILO elected on 16 November 2011
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral National Parliament (50 seats; members elected from single-member constituencies by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 4 August 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SIDP 14, OUR 4, SIPRA 3, RDP 3, IDP 2, DDP 2, PCP 1, PFP 1, RUPP 1, SILP 1, SINP 1, independents 17
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Court of Appeal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Direct Development Party or DDP [Dick HA'AMORI]; People's Alliance Party or PAP [James MEKAB]; People's Congress Party or PCP [Fred FONO]; People's Federation Party or PFP [Rudolf DORA]; Ownership, Unity, and Responsibility Party or OUR [Manasseh SOGAVARE]; Reform Democratic Party or RDP [Danny PHILIP]; Rural and Urban Political Party or RUPP [Samuel MANETOALI]; Solomon Islands Democratic Party or SIDP [Steve ABANA]; Solomon Islands Liberal Party or SILP [Derek SIKUA]; Solomon Islands National Party or SINP [Francis HILLY]; Solomon Islands Party for Rural Advancement or SIPRA [Job D. TAUSINGA]; United Party [Sir Peter KENILOREA]
note: in general, Solomon Islands politics is characterized by fluid coalitions
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Isatabu Freedom Movement (IFM); Malaita Eagle Force (MEF); note - these rival armed ethnic factions crippled the Solomon Islands in a wave of violence from 1999 to 2003
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Collin David BECK
chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400L, New York, NY 10017
telephone: [1] (212) 599-6192, 6193
FAX: [1] (212) 661-8925
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the US does not have an embassy in the Solomon Islands; the US ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to the Solomon Islands
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green; blue represents the ocean; green the land; and yellow sunshine; the five stars stand for the five main island groups of the Solomon Islands
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "God Save Our Solomon Islands"
lyrics/music: Panapasa BALEKANA and Matila BALEKANA/Panapasa BALEKANA
note: adopted 1978
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
by the end of 2007, the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) - originally made up of police and troops from Australia, NZ, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, and Tonga - had been scaled back to 303 police officers, 197 civilian technical advisers, and 72 military advisers from 15 countries across the region
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of RAMSI, severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.627 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
$1.542 billion (2009 est.)
$1.562 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$712 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.6% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
-1.3% (2009 est.)
7.3% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2,900 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
$2,800 (2009 est.)
$2,900 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 31.1%
industry: 6.9%
services: 62% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
202,500 (2007)
country comparison to the world: 169
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 75%
industry: 5%
services: 20% (2000 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $223.2 million
expenditures: $198.4 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
31.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.5% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.3% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
7.1% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14.4% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
15.3% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$161.2 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
$127.4 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$264.8 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
$227.1 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$148.1 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
$111.1 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
cocoa beans, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; timber; cattle, pigs; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish (tuna), mining, timber
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
78 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
72.54 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,485 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$207.9 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
-$207.9 million (2007 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$163.4 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
$163.4 million (2006)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
China 63.7% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$256 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 198
$239.2 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food, plant and equipment, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Australia 29%, Singapore 21.7%, China 7.9%, NZ 6.1%, Fiji 4.3%, Papua New Guinea 4.2%, Malaysia 4.1% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$265.8 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
$146 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$166 million (2004)
country comparison to the world: 180
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Solomon Islands dollars (SBD) per US dollar -
NA (2007)
7.3447 (2006)
7.5299 (2005)
7.4847 (2004)
7.5059 (2003)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,400 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 205
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
30,000 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 203
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: NA
domestic: mobile-cellular telephone density is about 5 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 677; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation (SIBC) is the sole TV broadcaster with 1 station; multi-channel pay-TV is available; SIBC, the public service broadcaster, operates 2 national radio stations and 2 provincial stations; 2 local commercial radio stations operating; Radio Australia is obtainable via satellite feed (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.sb
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4,065 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 141
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 201
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
36 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 107
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 34
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 25 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1,360 km
country comparison to the world: 177
paved: 33 km
unpaved: 1,327 km
note: includes 800 km of private plantation roads (2002)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Honiara, Malloco Bay, Viru Harbor, Tulaghi
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces; Solomon Islands Police Force (2011)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 142,913 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 118,921
females age 16-49: 118,164 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 6,483
female: 6,098 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 46
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
since 2003, RAMSI, consisting of police, military, and civilian advisors drawn from 15 countries, has assisted in reestablishing and maintaining civil and political order while reinforcing regional stability and security
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
IDPs: 5,400 (displaced by tsunami on 2 April 2007) (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
current situation: the Solomon Islands is a destination country for local and Southeast Asian men and women subjected to forced labor and forced prostitution; local children are subjected to sex trafficking, particularly near foreign logging camps and on foreign and local commercial fishing vessels, but also at hotels and entertainment establishments; some girls are hired under the guise of domestic labor in logging and fishing areas, but subsequently coerced into commercial sex; some Asian women from China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines may have been recruited from their home countries for legitimate work and upon arrival, forced into prostitution; men from Indonesia and Malaysia are recruited to work in the Solomon Islands' logging and mining industries, and may be subsequently subjected to forced labor in industrial camps; the Solomon Islands is a destination country for child sex tourists
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - the government failed to report any efforts to investigate or prosecute any trafficking offenders, or identify or assist any trafficking victims; the government did not conduct any public awareness campaigns on trafficking (2011)
Page statistics
853 view(s) and 2 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments