Samoa

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 10, 2011
Flag of Samoa
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Samoa
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Samoa
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Samoa
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 1 PHOTO Opens in New Window
OF SAMOA
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13 35 S, 172 20 W
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,831 sq km
country comparison to the world: 178
land: 2,821 sq km
water: 10 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Rhode Island
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
403 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Silisili 1,857 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
hardwood forests, fish, hydropower
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 21.13%
permanent crops: 24.3%
other: 54.57% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
occasional typhoons; active volcanism
volcanism: Savai'I Island (elev. 1,858 m), which last erupted in 1911, is historically active
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
occupies an almost central position within Polynesia
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Samoan(s)
adjective: Samoan
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Samoan (Polynesian) (official), English
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Protestant 59.9% (Congregationalist 34.8%, Methodist 15%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, Mormon 12.7%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
193,161 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 35.4% (male 35,233/female 33,060)
15-64 years: 59.4% (male 59,366/female 55,376)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 4,472/female 5,654) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 22.1 years
male: 22 years
female: 22.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.6% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22.5 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-11.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 212
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 20% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
APIA (capital) 36,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.051 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 22.74 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 87
male: 26.88 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 72.4 years
country comparison to the world: 129
male: 69.55 years
female: 75.39 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.22 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 81
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.27 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
country comparison to the world: 145
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.97 beds/1,000 population (2005)
country comparison to the world: 148
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 92% of population
rural: 88% of population
total: 89% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8% of population
rural: 12% of population
total: 11% of population (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.7% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 37
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.6%
female: 99.7% (2003 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 12.2%
country comparison to the world: 89
male: 10.6%
female: 15.5% (2001)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Independent State of Samoa
conventional short form: Samoa
local long form: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
local short form: Samoa
former: Western Samoa
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
parliamentary democracy
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Apia
geographic coordinates: 13 50 S, 171 44 W
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
+1hr, begins last Sunday in September; ends first Sunday in April
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11 districts; A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa'itea, Tuamasaga, Va'a-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day Celebration, 1 June (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship; it is observed in June
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 January 1962
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system of English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
21 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: TUIATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi (since 20 June 2007)
head of government: Prime Minister TUILA'EPA Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi (since 1998); Deputy Prime Minister FONOTOE Pierre Lauofo (since 2011)
cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12 members appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: chief of state elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 15 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually appointed prime minister by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly
election results: TUIATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi unanimously elected by the Legislative Assembly
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fono (49 seats, 47 members elected by voters affiliated with traditional village-based electoral districts, 2 elected by independent, mostly non-Samoan or part-Samoan, voters who cannot, (or choose not to) establish a village affiliation; only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Fono from the 47 village-based electorates; members serve five-year terms)
elections: election last held on 4 March 2011 (next election to be held not later than March 2016)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - HRPP 29, Tautua Samoa 13, independents 7
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; District Court; Land and Titles Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA]; Samoa Christian Party or TCP [Tuala Tiresa MALIETOA]; Samoa Democratic United Party or SDUP [LE MAMEA Ropati]; Samoa Progressive Political Party or SPPP [Toeolesulusulu SIUEVA]; Tautua Samoa [Vaelua Eti ALESANA]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Aliioaiga Feturi ELISAIA
chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400D, New York, NY 10017
telephone: [1] (212) 599-6196 through 6197
FAX: [1] (212) 599-0797
consulate(s) general: Pago Pago (American Samoa)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: US Ambassador to New Zealand is accredited to Samoa
embassy: Accident Corporation Building, 5th Floor, Matafele, Apia
mailing address: P. O. Box 3430, Matafele, Apia
telephone: [685] 21436/21631/21452/22696
FAX: [685] 22030
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation; red stands for courage, blue represents freedom, and white signifies purity
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Southern Cross constellation (five, five-pointed stars)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "O le Fu"a o le Sa"olotoga o Samoa" (The Banner of Freedom)
lyrics/music: Sauni Iiga KURESA
note: adopted 1962; the anthem is also known as "Samoa Tula'i" (Samoa Arise)
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector accounting for 25% of GDP; 122,000 tourists visited the islands in 2007. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami severely damaged Samoa, and nearby American Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.055 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
$1.055 billion (2009 est.)
$1.112 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$556 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
-5.1% (2009 est.)
5.1% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5,500 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
$5,500 (2009 est.)
$5,900 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 11.6%
industry: 13.1%
services: 75.3% (2004 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
66,270 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $201.2 million
expenditures: $281.7 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
36.2% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-14.5% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
6.3% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10.725% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
12.108% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$105.8 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
$80.43 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$323.6 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
$282.8 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$256.8 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
$242.6 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
coconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food processing, building materials, auto parts
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.8% (2000)
country comparison to the world: 120
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
108 million kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
98.58 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,125 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 210
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 209
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$590,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
-$1.14 million (2007 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$35.07 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
$25.11 million (2006)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish, coconut oil and cream, copra, taro, automotive parts, garments, beer
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
American Samoa 45.4%, Australia 30.1% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$280 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 197
$207.9 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, foodstuffs
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NZ 21.8%, China 16.6%, Fiji 16.2%, Singapore 13%, Japan 7.5%, Australia 6.3%, US 4.6% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$209.5 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
$165.9 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$235.5 million (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176
$177 million (2004)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tala (SAT) per US dollar -
NA (2007)
2.7594 (2006)
2.7103 (2005)
2.7807 (2004)
2.9732 (2003)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
35,300 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 176
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
167,400 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 180
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: adequate
domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 85 telephones per 100 persons; coverage extended to roughly 95 percent of the country
international: country code - 685; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
state-owned television station privatized in 2008; 4 privately-owned television broadcast stations; about a half dozen privately-owned radio stations and one state-owned radio station; television and radio broadcasts of several stations from American Samoa are available (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.ws
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17,044 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 114
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 187
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
under 914 m: 3 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,337 km
country comparison to the world: 171
paved: 332 km
unpaved: 2,005 km (2001)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2
country comparison to the world: 147
by type: passenger/cargo 1, cargo 1
foreign-owned: 1 (NZ 1) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Apia
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces; Samoa Police Force (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 47,906 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 38,260
females age 16-49: 38,032 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 2,221
female: 2,062 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
Page statistics
650 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments