Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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PAGE LAST UPDATED ON DECEMBER 5, 2011
Flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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Map of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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Photos of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 
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OF SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
 

Introduction

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First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
 
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Geography

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Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
 
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46 50 N, 56 20 W
 
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total: 242 sq km
country comparison to the world: 214
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
 
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one and half times the size of Washington, DC
 
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0 km
 
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120 km
 
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territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
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cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy
 
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mostly barren rock
 
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lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
 
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fish, deepwater ports
 
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arable land: 12.5%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 87.5% (2005)
 
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NA
 
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persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
 
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recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
 
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vegetation scanty
 
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People and Society

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noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
adjective: French
 
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Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
 
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French (official)
 
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Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
 
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5,888 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 229
 
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0-14 years: 17.1% (male 518/female 487)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 2,004/female 1,949)
65 years and over: 15.8% (male 379/female 551) (2011 est.)
 
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total: 42.6 years
male: 42.2 years
female: 43 years (2011 est.)
 
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-0.968% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 229
 
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8.32 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 218
 
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8.83 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
 
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-9.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 209
 
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urban population: 91% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
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SAINT-PIERRE (capital) 5,000 (2009)
 
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at birth: 1.042 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
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total: 7.47 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 162
male: 8.71 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
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total population: 79.87 years
country comparison to the world: 31
male: 77.61 years
female: 82.26 years (2011 est.)
 
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1.55 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (1982 est.)
 
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NA
 
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Government

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conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
 
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self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
 
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NA
 
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name: Saint-Pierre
geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
 
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none (territorial overseas collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are two communes - Saint Pierre, Miquelon at the second order
 
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none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
 
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Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
 
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4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
 
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French civil law
 
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18 years of age; universal
 
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chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Patrice LATRON (since 16 November 2011)
head of government: President of the Territorial Council Stephane ARTANO (since 21 February 2007)
cabinet: NA
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elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held on 6 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council elected by the members of the council
 
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unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial (19 seats, 15 from Saint Pierre and four from Miquelon; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: elections last held on 19 and 26 March 2006 (next to be held in March 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AD 16, Cap sur l'Avenir 2, SPM 2000/AM 1
note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect one member to the French Senate; elections last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held on, first round - 10 June 2007, second round - 17 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRG 1
 
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Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
 
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Archipelago Tomorrow or AD (affiliated with UDF/RPR list); Cap sur l'Avenir (affiliated with PRG); Left Radical Party or PRG; Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR (now UMP); Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2000/Avenir Miquelon or SPM 2000/AM; Socialist Party or PS; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
 
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NA
 
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UPU, WFTU
 
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none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
 
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none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
 
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a yellow three-masted sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a blue background with scattered, white, wavy lines under the ship; a continuous black-over-white wavy line divides the ship from the white wavy lines; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the blue on the main portion of the flag symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean and the stylized ship represents the Grande Hermine in which Jacques Cartier "discovered" the islands in 1536
note: the flag of France used for official occasions
 
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16th-century sailing ship
 
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note: as a collectivity of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)
 
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Economy

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The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. France heavily subsidizes the islands to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture are being developed to diversify the local economy. Recent test drilling for oil may pave the way for development of the energy sector.
 
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$48.3 million (2003 est.)
country comparison to the world: 223
note: supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million
 
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$NA
 
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NA%
 
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$7,000 (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
 
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agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
 
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3,450 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 222
 
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agriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
 
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10.3% (1999)
country comparison to the world: 113
 
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NA%
 
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
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revenues: $70 million
expenditures: $60 million (1996 est.)
 
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8.1% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 190
 
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vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
 
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fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
 
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NA%
 
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53 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
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49.29 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
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0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
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0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
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0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
 
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1,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
 
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0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 210
 
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584 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
 
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0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
 
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0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
 
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0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
 
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0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
 
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0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
 
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0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
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$5.5 million (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 216
 
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fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
 
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$68.2 million (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
 
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meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
 
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$NA
 
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euros (EUR) per US dollar -
0.755 (2010)
0.7198 (2009)
0.6734 (2008)
0.7345 (2007)
0.7964 (2006)
 
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Communications

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4,800 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 215
 
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general assessment: adequate
domestic: NA
international: country code - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
 
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2 television stations with a third repeater station, all part of the French Overseas Network; has radio stations on St. Pierre and on Miquelon that are part of the French Overseas Network (2007)
 
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.pm
 
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0 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 232
 
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Transportation

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2 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 204
 
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total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)
 
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total: 117 km
country comparison to the world: 214
paved: 80 km
unpaved: 37 km (2000)
 
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Saint-Pierre
 
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Military

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males age 16-49: 1,064
females age 16-49: 1,069 (2010 est.)
 
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male: 34
female: 32 (2010 est.)
 
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defense is the responsibility of France
 
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Transnational Issues

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none
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