Pitcairn Islands

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON APRIL 29, 2011
Flag of Pitcairn Islands
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Pitcairn Islands
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Pitcairn Islands
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Pitcairn Islands
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF PITCAIRN ISLANDS
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
25 04 S, 130 06 W
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 47 sq km
country comparison to the world: 234
land: 47 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
about three tenths the size of Washington, DC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
51 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Big Ridge 347 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish
note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: NA
permanent crops: NA
other: NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
typhoons (especially November to March)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Britain's most isolated dependency; only the larger island of Pitcairn is inhabited but it has no port or natural harbor; supplies must be transported by rowed longboat from larger ships stationed offshore
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)
adjective: Pitcairn Islander
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Seventh-Day Adventist 100%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
48 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 239
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 0% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: NA
male: NA
female: NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
conventional short form: Pitcairn Islands
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
overseas territory of the UK
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Adamstown
geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 05 W
time difference: UTC-9 (4 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
local island by-laws
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal with three years residency
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Victoria M. TREADELL (since May 2010); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council
head of government: Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Mike WARREN (since 1 January 2008)
cabinet: NA
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor and commissioner appointed by the monarch; island mayor elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held in December 2010 (next to be held in December 2013)
election results: Mike WARREN reelected mayor and chairman of the Island Council
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Island Council (11 seats; mayor, deputy mayor, 4 members elected by popular vote, 1 member appointed by the governor, 3 ex officio members including governor, deputy governor, and commissioner; deputy mayor and elected members serve two-year terms)
elections: last held on 24 December 2009 (next to be held on 24 December 2011)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - 4 independents
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Magistrate's Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judicial officers are appointed by the governor
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
SPC, UPU
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the green, yellow, and blue of the shield represents the island rising from the ocean; the green field features a yellow anchor surmounted by a bible (both the anchor and the bible were items found on the HMS Bounty); sitting on the crest is a Pitcairn Island wheelbarrow from which springs a slip of miro (a local plant)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "We From Pitcairn Island"
lyrics/music: unknown/Frederick M. LEHMAN
note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The inhabitants of this tiny isolated economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships. In October 2004, more than one-quarter of Pitcairn's small labor force was arrested, putting the economy in a bind, since their services were required as lighter crew to load or unload passing ships.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15 able-bodied men (2004)
country comparison to the world: 230
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $746,000
expenditures: $1.028 million (FY04/05)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
honey; wide variety of fruits and vegetables; goats, chickens, fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA kWh; note - electric power is provided by a small diesel-powered generator
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -
1.3874 (2010)
1.6002 (2009)
1.4151 (2008)
1.3811 (2007)
1.5408 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 (there are 17 telephones on one party line) (2004)
country comparison to the world: 230
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: satellite phone services
domestic: domestic communication via radio (CB)
international: country code - 872; satellite earth station - 1 (Inmarsat)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no local broadcast television or radio stations (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.pn
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 219
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
defense is the responsibility of the UK
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
 
Page statistics
570 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments