Micronesia, Federated States of

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 14, 2011
Flag of Micronesia, Federated States of
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Micronesia, Federated States of
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Micronesia, Federated States of
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Micronesia, Federated States of
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 2 PHOTOS Opens in New Window
OF MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6 55 N, 158 15 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 702 sq km
country comparison to the world: 191
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6,112 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 45.71%
other: 48.58% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
typhoons (June to December)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
overfishing, climate change, pollution
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
four major island groups totaling 607 islands
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 41.7% (Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%), other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
106,836 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 191
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 33.6% (male 18,223/female 17,639)
15-64 years: 63.4% (male 33,566/female 34,215)
65 years and over: 3% (male 1,375/female 1,818) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 22.7 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 23.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.313% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 216
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22.22 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-20.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 82
male: 26.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 71.52 years
country comparison to the world: 135
male: 69.58 years
female: 73.55 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.74 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.9% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 163
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.564 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
country comparison to the world: 121
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.22 beds/1,000 population (2009)
country comparison to the world: 67
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 8% of population (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 59% of population
rural: 16% of population
total: 26% of population
unimproved:
urban: 41% of population
rural: 84% of population
total: 74% of population (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
local short form: none
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation: FSM
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Palikir
geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10 May 1979
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system of common and customary law
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the 8 executive departments
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed
election results: Emanuel MORI reelected president by Congress unopposed; Alik L. ALIK reelected vice president
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
elections: last held on 8 March 2011 (next to be held in March 2013)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no formal parties
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Yosiwo GEORGE
chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Peter A. PRAHAR
embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941
telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Patriots of Micronesia"
lyrics/music: unknown
note: adopted 1991; the anthem is also known as "Across All Micronesia;" the music is based on the 1820 German patriotic song "Ich hab mich ergeben," which was the West German national anthem from 1949-1950; variants of this tune are used in Johannes Brahms' "Festival Overture" and Gustav Mahler's "Third Symphony"
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. Under the original terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US provided $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the current slow growth of the private sector.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$238.1 million (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
$277 million (2002 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars
GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$238.1 million (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
0.3% (2005 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2,200 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
$2,300 (2005 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 28.9%
industry: 15.2%
services: 55.9% (2004 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16,360 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 211
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 34.4%
services: 64.7%
note: two-thirds of the labor force are government employees (FY05 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22% (2000 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
26.7% (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $166 million (FY07 est.)
expenditures: $152.7 million (FY07 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
69.7% of GDP (FY07 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.6% of GDP (FY07 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.2% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 69
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15.13% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
15.38% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$29.02 million (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 187
$21.21 million (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$114 million (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
$98 million (31 December 2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$65.68 million (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 185
$43.75 million (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca), sakau (kava), Kosraen citrus, betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
192 million kWh (2002)
country comparison to the world: 182
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
178.6 million kWh (2002)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2002)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2002)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$34.3 million (FY05 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$14 million (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 210
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nut
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$132.7 million (2004)
country comparison to the world: 209
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$60.8 million (FY05 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the US dollar is used
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,500 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 204
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
27,500 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 204
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: adequate system
domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; mobile-cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no television broadcast stations; each state has a multi-channel cable service with television transmissions carrying roughly 95% imported programming and 5% local programming; about a half dozen radio stations in operation (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.fm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3,097 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 144
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 195
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 174
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 240 km
country comparison to the world: 207
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
country comparison to the world: 137
by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Colonia (Tomil Harbor), Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 26,712 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 22,008
females age 16-49: 23,501 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 1,276
female: 1,253 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
defense is the responsibility of the US
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
current situation: the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a source country for women subjected to sex trafficking; FSM women have been recruited to the United States and its territories with promises of well-paying jobs, and forced into prostitution upon arrival; little data on the scope of human trafficking in FSM is available, as the government has not conducted any inquiries, investigations, studies, or surveys on human trafficking
tier rating: Tier 3 - the FSM Government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government did not investigate or prosecute any trafficking cases, made no efforts to identify or assist victims of trafficking, and failed to make efforts to prevent trafficking or increase the general public's awareness of trafficking (2011)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
major consumer of cannabis
Page statistics
601 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments