Mauritius

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON DECEMBER 1, 2011
Flag of Mauritius
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Mauritius
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Mauritius
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Mauritius
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF MAURITIUS
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather, declining sugar prices, and declining textile and apparel production, have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20 17 S, 57 33 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,040 sq km
country comparison to the world: 181
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
177 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land, fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 49.02%
permanent crops: 2.94%
other: 48.04% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
210 sq km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.2 cu km (2001)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 0.61 cu km/yr (25%/14%/60%)
per capita: 488 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs; home of the dodo, a large flightless bird related to pigeons, driven to extinction by the end of the 17th century through a combination of hunting and the introduction of predatory species
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,303,717 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 21.8% (male 145,185/female 139,579)
15-64 years: 70.7% (male 457,743/female 463,875)
65 years and over: 7.5% (male 38,944/female 58,391) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 32.7 years
male: 31.9 years
female: 33.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.729% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13.97 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.68 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 42% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
PORT LOUIS (capital) 149,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
36 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 108
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 11.52 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 139
male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 74.48 years
country comparison to the world: 100
male: 71.01 years
female: 78.12 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.79 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.5% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 91
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.06 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
country comparison to the world: 101
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.33 beds/1,000 population (2008)
country comparison to the world: 64
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 10% of population
total: 9% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,800 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.2% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.4%
male: 88.4%
female: 80.5% (2000 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 21.4%
country comparison to the world: 48
male: 18.1%
female: 26.3% (2009)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
conventional short form: Mauritius
local long form: Republic of Mauritius
local short form: Mauritius
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
parliamentary democracy
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Port Louis
geographic coordinates: 20 09 S, 57 29 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 March 1968 (from the UK)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 12 March (1968)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
civil legal system based on French civil law with some elements of English common law
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 7 October 2003); Vice President Monique OHSAN-BELLEPEAU (since 13 November 2010)
head of government: Prime Minister Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM (since 5 July 2005)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 19 September 2008 (next to be held in 2013); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly
election results: Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH reelected president by unanimous vote; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral National Assembly (70 seats; 62 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the election commission to give representation to various ethnic minorities; members to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 5 May 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AF 41, MMM 18, MR 2, MSF 1; appointed seats - to be assigned 8
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Alliance of the Future or AF [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM] (governing coalition - includes MLP, MMSM, MR, MSD, PMSD); Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER]; Mauritian Militant Socialist Movement or MMSM [Pravind JUGNAUTH]; Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement or MSMM [Madan DULLOO]; Mauritian Solidarity Front of FSM [Cehl FAKEERMEEAH]; Mouvement Republicain or MR [Jayarama VALAYDEN]; Maurition Social Democratic Party or PMSD [Xavier Luc DUVAL]; Rodrigues Movement or MR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]; Rodrigues Peoples Organization or OPR [Serge CLAIR]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
other: various labor unions
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, C, COMESA, CPLP (associate), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SAARC (observer), SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Somduth SOBORUN
chancery: 1709 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036; administrative offices - 3201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 441, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 244-1491 through 1492
FAX: [1] (202) 966-0983
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Troy FITRELL
embassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis
mailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2450
telephone: [230] 202-4400
FAX: [230] 208-9534
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green; red represents self-determination and independence, blue the Indian Ocean surrounding the island, yellow has been interpreted as the new light of independence, golden sunshine, or the bright future, and green can symbolize either agriculture or the lush vegetation of the island
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Motherland"
lyrics/music: Jean Georges PROSPER/Philippe GENTIL
note: adopted 1968
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. The economy rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology, and hospitality and property development. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 15% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on creating vertical and horizontal clusters of development in these sectors. Mauritius has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India, South Africa, and China. Investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Mauritius' sound economic policies and prudent banking practices helped to mitigate negative effects from the global financial crisis in 2008-09. GDP grew 3.6% in 2010 and the country continues to expand its trade and investment outreach around the globe.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$18.06 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
$17.36 billion (2009 est.)
$16.85 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$9.729 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
3% (2009 est.)
5.5% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$14,000 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
$13,500 (2009 est.)
$13,200 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 4.6%
industry: 24.1%
services: 71.3% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
597,300 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture and fishing: 9%
construction and industry: 30%
transportation and communication: 7%
trade, restaurants, hotels: 22%
finance: 6%
other services: 25% (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
7.3% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
39 (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
37 (1987 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
24.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $2.028 billion
expenditures: $2.478 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-4.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
57.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
60.4% of GDP (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.9% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
2.5% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9% (31 December 2010 est.)
NA% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
19.25% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
19.25% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
$2.036 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$10.5 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
$9.813 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$10.92 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
$9.943 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$6.506 billion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 81
$4.74 billion (31 December 2009)
$3.443 billion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.3% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.402 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.234 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
23,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20,750 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 146
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$824.2 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
-$674.6 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.259 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
$1.942 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
UK 19%, France 16.8%, US 11%, Madagascar 8.4%, Italy 7.9%, South Africa 6%, Spain 4.9% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$4.154 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
$3.499 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
India 20.3%, France 10.6%, China 10.3%, South Africa 9.7% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.601 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106
$2.304 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$4.695 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
$3.717 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Mauritian rupees (MUR) per US dollar -
30.991 (2010)
31.96 (2009)
27.973 (2008)
31.798 (2007)
31.656 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
387,700 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 105
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.191 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 146
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: small system with good service
domestic: monopoly over fixed-line services terminated in 2005; fixed-line teledensity roughly 30 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services launched in 1989 with teledensity in 2009 reaching 85 per 100 persons
international: country code - 230; landing point for the SAFE submarine cable that provides links to Asia and South Africa where it connects to the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable that provides further links to parts of East Africa, and Europe; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the government maintains control over TV broadcasting through the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation (MBC), which operates 3 analog and 10 digital TV stations; MBC is a shareholder in a local company that operates 2 pay TV stations; the state retains the largest radio broadcast network with multiple stations; several private radio broadcasters have entered the market since 2001; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.mu
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
36,653 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 94
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
290,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 132
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 180
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,066 km
country comparison to the world: 173
paved: 2,066 km (includes 75 km of expressways) (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
country comparison to the world: 136
by type: passenger/cargo 2, refrigerated cargo 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Port Louis
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces; Mauritius Police Force, Special Mobile Force, National Coast Guard (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 343,628 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 280,596
females age 16-49: 283,317 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 10,193
female: 10,104 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.3% of GDP (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands; claims French-administered Tromelin Island
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential for money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry
Page statistics
629 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments