Iceland

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 29, 2011
Flag of Iceland
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Iceland
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Iceland
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Iceland
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 18 PHOTOS Opens in New Window
OF ICELAND
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008. Literacy, longevity, and social cohesion are first rate by world standards.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
65 00 N, 18 00 W
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 103,000 sq km
country comparison to the world: 108
land: 100,250 sq km
water: 2,750 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Kentucky
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4,970 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,110 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 0.07%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.93% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
170 cu km (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 0.17 cu km/yr (34%/66%/0%)
per capita: 567 cu m/yr (2003)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
earthquakes and volcanic activity
volcanism: Iceland, situated on top of a hotspot, experiences severe volcanic activity; Eyjafjallajokull (elev. 1,666 m) erupted in 2010, sending ash high into the atmosphere and seriously disrupting European air traffic; scientists continue to monitor nearby Katla (elev. 1,512 m), which has a high probability of eruption in the very near future, potentially disrupting air traffic; Grimsvoetn and Hekla are Iceland's most frequently active volcanoes; other historically active volcanoes include Askja, Bardarbunga, Brennisteinsfjoll, Esjufjoll, Hengill, Krafla, Krisuvik, Kverkfjoll, Oraefajokull, Reykjanes, Torfajokull, and Vestmannaeyjar
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
strategic location between Greenland and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital in the world; more land covered by glaciers than in all of continental Europe
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Icelander(s)
adjective: Icelandic
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 80.7%, Roman Catholic 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
311,058 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 20.2% (male 31,929/female 31,034)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 105,541/female 103,202)
65 years and over: 12.7% (male 17,974/female 21,378) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 35.6 years
male: 35.2 years
female: 36.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.687% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13.29 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.96 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
REYKJAVIK (capital) 198,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 166
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 216
male: 3.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 80.9 years
country comparison to the world: 18
male: 78.72 years
female: 83.17 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.89 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.2% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 156
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.934 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
country comparison to the world: 13
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.79 beds/1,000 population (2007)
country comparison to the world: 29
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12.4% (2002)
country comparison to the world: 46
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.4% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 20 years (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 16%
country comparison to the world: 72
male: 19.9%
female: 12% (2009)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
conventional short form: Iceland
local long form: Lydveldid Island
local short form: Island
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
constitutional republic
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Reykjavik
geographic coordinates: 64 09 N, 21 57 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8 regions; Austurland, Hofudhborgarsvaedhi, Nordhurland Eystra, Nordhurland Vestra, Sudhurland, Sudhurnes, Vestfirdhir, Vesturland
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 December 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 17 June (1944)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944; amended many times
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
civil law system influenced by the Danish model
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
head of government: Prime Minister Johanna SIGURDARDOTTIR (since 1 February 2009)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term (no term limits); election last held on 28 June 2004 (next to be held in June 2012); note - the presidential election of 28 June 2008 was not held because Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON had no challengers; he was sworn in on 1 August 2008; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually the prime minister
election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON elected president; percent of vote - Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON 85.6%, Baldur AGUSTSSON 12.5%, Astthor MAGNUSSON 1.9%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Althingi (parliament) (63 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 25 April 2009 (next to be held in 2013)
election results: percent of vote by party - Social Democratic Alliance 29.8%, Independence Party 23.7%, Left-Green Movement 21.7%, Progressive Party 14.8%, Citizens' Movement 7.2%, other 2.8%; seats by party - Social Democratic Alliance 20, Independence Party 16, Left-Green Alliance 14, Progressive Party 9, Citizens' Movement 4
note: the Citizens' Movement disintegrated in September 2009; three of its former MPs are now represented under the banner of The Movement and the fourth former MP is an independent
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed for life by the president); eight district courts (justices are appointed for life by the president)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Party or IP [Bjarni BENEDIKTSSON]; Left-Green Movement or LGM [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; The Liberal Party [Sigurjon THORDARSON]; The Movement [Birgitta JONSDOTTIR]; Progressive Party or PP [Sigmundur David GUNNLAUGSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance or SDA [Johanna SIGURDARDOTTIR]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, EU (candidate country), FAO, FATF, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Gudmundur A. STEFANSSON
chancery: House of Sweden, 2900 K Street NW #509, Washington, DC 20007
telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653
FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656
consulate(s) general: New York
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Luis E. ARREAGA
embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik
mailing address: US Department of State, 5640 Reykjavik Place, Washington, D.C. 20521-5640
telephone: [354] 562-9100
FAX: [354] 562-9118
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors represent three of the elements that make up the island: red is for the island's volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and ice fields of the island, and blue is for the surrounding ocean
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
gyrfalcon
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Lofsongur" (Song of Praise)
lyrics/music: Matthias JOCHUMSSON/Sveinbjorn SVEINBJORNSSON
note: adopted 1944; the anthem, also known as "O, Guo vors Lands" (O, God of Our Land), was originally written and performed in 1874
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Iceland's Scandinavian-type social-market economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. Prior to the 2008 crisis, Iceland had achieved high growth, low unemployment, and a remarkably even distribution of income. The economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 40% of export earnings, more than 12% of GDP, and employs 7% of the work force. It remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, particularly within the fields of software production, biotechnology, and tourism. Abundant geothermal and hydropower sources have attracted substantial foreign investment in the aluminum sector and boosted economic growth, although the financial crisis has put several investment projects on hold. Much of Iceland's economic growth in recent years came as the result of a boom in domestic demand following the rapid expansion of the country's financial sector. Domestic banks expanded aggressively in foreign markets, and consumers and businesses borrowed heavily in foreign currencies, following the privatization of the banking sector in the early 2000s. Worsening global financial conditions throughout 2008 resulted in a sharp depreciation of the krona vis-a-vis other major currencies. The foreign exposure of Icelandic banks, whose loans and other assets totaled more than 10 times the country's GDP, became unsustainable. Iceland's three largest banks collapsed in late 2008. The country secured over $10 billion in loans from the IMF and other countries to stabilize its currency and financial sector, and to back government guarantees for foreign deposits in Icelandic banks. GDP fell 6.8% in 2009, and unemployment peaked at 9.4% in February 2009. GDP fell 3.4% in 2010. Since the collapse of Iceland's financial sector, government economic priorities have included: stabilizing the krona, reducing Iceland's high budget deficit, containing inflation, restructuring the financial sector, and diversifying the economy. Three new banks were established to take over the domestic assets of the collapsed banks. Two of them have foreign majority ownership, while the State holds a majority of the shares of the third. British and Dutch authorities have pressed claims totaling over $5 billion against Iceland to compensate their citizens for losses suffered on deposits held in the failed Icelandic bank, Landsbanki Islands. Iceland agreed to new terms with the UK and the Netherlands to compensate British and Dutch depositors, but the agreement must first be approved by the Icelandic President. Iceland began accession negotiations with the EU in July 2010; however, public support has dropped substantially because of concern about losing control over fishing resources and in reaction to measures taken by Brussels during the ongoing Eurozone crisis.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$11.82 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
$12.24 billion (2009 est.)
$13.15 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$12.59 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-3.5% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 209
-6.9% (2009 est.)
1.4% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$38,300 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
$39,900 (2009 est.)
$43,200 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 5.5%
industry: 24.7%
services: 69.8% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
181,000 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 4.8%
industry: 22.2%
services: 73% (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
8% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
28 (2006)
country comparison to the world: 126
25 (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $5.322 billion
expenditures: $6.302 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
42.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-7.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
126.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
114.9% of GDP (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155
12% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.75% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
14.55% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10.242% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
19% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5.276 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88
$4.384 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$30.39 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
$24.01 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$69.71 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
$54.05 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.996 billion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 103
$1.128 billion (31 December 2009)
$5.557 billion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, hydropower, tourism
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16.48 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16.48 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17,430 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,209 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15,530 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 146
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 191
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 206
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$973 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
-$1.436 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$4.603 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
$4.05 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fish and fish products 40%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Netherlands 33.9%, Germany 14.1%, UK 10.1%, Spain 4.7%, US 4.5%, Norway 4.3% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$3.621 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
$3.318 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Norway 9%, Brazil 8.7%, Netherlands 8.5%, US 8.1%, Germany 7.5%, Denmark 7%, China 6%, Finland 5.4%, Sweden 5.2%, UK 5.1% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5.79 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
$3.883 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$124.5 billion (30 June 2011)
country comparison to the world: 36
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA (31 December 2010)
$9.2 billion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
$8.8 billion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Icelandic kronur (ISK) per US dollar -
139.32 (2010)
123.64 (2009)
85.619 (2008)
63.391 (2007)
70.195 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
204,000 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
348,100 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 173
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: telecommunications infrastructure is modern and fully digitized, with satellite-earth stations, fiber-optic cables, and an extensive broadband network
domestic: liberalization of the telecommunications sector beginning in the late 1990s has led to increased competition especially in the mobile services segment of the market
international: country code - 354; the CANTAT-3 and FARICE-1 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Canada, the Faroe Islands, UK, Denmark, and Germany; a planned new section of the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable will provide additional connectivity to Canada, US, and Ireland; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Iceland shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
state-owned public television broadcaster operates 1 TV channel nationally; several privately-owned TV stations broadcast nationally and roughly another half-dozen operate locally; about half the households utilize multi-channel cable or satellite TV services; state-owned public radio broadcaster operates 2 national networks and 4 regional stations; 2 privately-owned radio stations operate nationally and another 15 provide more limited coverage (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.is
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
344,748 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 55
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
301,600 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 129
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
99 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 59
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 6
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 93
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 27
under 914 m: 63 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 12,869 km
country comparison to the world: 128
paved/oiled gravel: 4,438 km (does not include urban roads)
unpaved: 8,431 km (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2
country comparison to the world: 143
by type: passenger/cargo 2
registered in other countries: 19 (Antigua and Barbuda 9, Belize 2, Denmark 3, Finland 1, Gibraltar 1, Norway 3) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Grundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Reykjavik
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces; Icelandic National Police (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 75,337 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 62,781
females age 16-49: 61,511 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 2,277
female: 2,200 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0% of GDP (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Iceland has no standing military force; under a 1951 bilateral agreement - still valid - its defense was provided by the US-manned Icelandic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik; however, all US military forces in Iceland were withdrawn as of October 2006; although wartime defense of Iceland remains a NATO commitment, in April 2007, Iceland and Norway signed a bilateral agreement providing for Norwegian aerial surveillance and defense of Icelandic airspace (2008)
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm
Page statistics
594 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments