Djibouti

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 10, 2011
Flag of Djibouti
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Djibouti
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Djibouti
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Djibouti
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF DJIBOUTI
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multi-party presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH; he was re-elected to a second term in 2005. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, but also has strong ties with the US. Djibouti hosts the only US military base in sub-Saharan Africa.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11 30 N, 43 00 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 23,200 sq km
country comparison to the world: 151
land: 23,180 sq km
water: 20 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Massachusetts
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 516 km
border countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
314 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
desert; torrid, dry
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
potential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 0.04%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.96% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10 sq km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.3 cu km (1997)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 0.02 cu km/yr (84%/0%/16%)
per capita: 25 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
volcanism: Djibouti experiences limited volcanic activity; Ardoukoba (elev. 298 m) last erupted in 1978; Manda-Inakir, located along the Ethiopian border, is also historically active
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
inadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Djiboutian(s)
adjective: Djiboutian
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
757,074 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 35% (male 132,592/female 132,114)
15-64 years: 61.7% (male 206,323/female 260,772)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 11,349/female 13,924) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 21.8 years
male: 20.2 years
female: 23.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.237% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
25.27 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.23 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 76% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
DJIBOUTI (capital) 567,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
300 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 45
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 54.94 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 41
male: 62.63 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 61.14 years
country comparison to the world: 183
male: 58.69 years
female: 63.66 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.71 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.4% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 95
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.229 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
country comparison to the world: 147
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 52% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 48% of population
total: 8% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 63% of population
rural: 10% of population
total: 56% of population
unimproved:
urban: 37% of population
rural: 90% of population
total: 44% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
29.6% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 18
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.4% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 9
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 78%
female: 58.4% (2003 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 5 years
male: 6 years
female: 5 years (2009)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
conventional short form: Djibouti
local long form: Republique de Djibouti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti
local short form: Djibouti/Jibuti
former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
republic
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Djibouti
geographic coordinates: 11 35 N, 43 09 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjourah
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
27 June 1977 (from France)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 27 June (1977)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
approved by referendum 4 September 1992; note - constitution allows for multiparties
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system based primarily on the French civil code (as it existed in 1997) and Islamic religious law (in matters of family law and successions), and customary law
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999)
head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed Dileita DILEITA (since 4 March 2001)
cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the president
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; president is eligible to hold office until age 75; election last held on 8 April 2011 (next to be held by 2016); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Ismail Omar GUELLEH reelected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 80.6%, Mohamed Warsama RAGUEH 19.4%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - constitutional amendments in 2010 provided for the establishment of a senate
elections: last held on 8 February 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP (coalition of parties associated with President Ismail Omar GUELLAH) 65
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Constitutional Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; Djibouti Development Party or PDD [Mohamed Daoud CHEHEM]; Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP [Ismail Omar GUELLEH] (governing party); Peoples Social Democratic Party or PPSD [Moumin Bahdon FARAH]; Republican Alliance for Democracy or ARD [Ahmed YOUSSOUF]; Union for a Presidential Majority or UMP [Mohamed Dileita DILEITA] (a coalition of parties including RPP, FRUD, PND, and PPSD); Union for Democracy and Justice or UDJ
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Roble OLHAYE Oudine
chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270
FAX: [1] (202) 331-0302
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador James C. SWAN
embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
telephone: [253] 35 39 95
FAX: [253] 35 39 40
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center; blue stands for sea and sky and the Issa Somali people; green symbolizes earth and the Afar people; white represents peace; the red star recalls the struggle for independence and stands for unity
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Jabuuti" (Djibouti)
lyrics/music: Aden ELMI/Abdi ROBLEH
note: adopted 1977
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in the Horn of Africa. Two-thirds of Djibouti's inhabitants live in the capital city; the remainder are mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. Imports and exports from landlocked neighbor Ethiopia represent 70% of port activity at Djibouti's container terminal. Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of nearly 60% in urban areas continues to be a major problem. While inflation is not a concern, due to the fixed tie of the Djiboutian franc to the US dollar, the artificially high value of the Djiboutian franc adversely affects Djibouti's balance of payments. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% between 1999 and 2006 because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Djibouti has experienced relatively minimal impact from the global economic downturn, but its reliance on diesel-generated electricity and imported food leave average consumers vulnerable to global price shocks.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.105 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
$2.014 billion (2009 est.)
$1.918 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.14 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.5% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
5% (2009 est.)
5.8% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2,800 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
$2,800 (2009 est.)
$2,700 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 3.5%
industry: 16.5%
services: 80% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
351,700 (2007)
country comparison to the world: 158
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
59% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194
note: data are for urban areas, 83% in rural areas
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
42% (2007 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 2.4%
highest 10%: 30.9% (2002)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
40.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $497.4 million
expenditures: $506.4 million (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
43.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
1.7% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10.3% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 95
11.1% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$716.2 million (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 154
$577.7 million (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.056 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
$940.8 million (31 December 2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$406.4 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
$339 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels, animal hides
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
construction, agricultural processing
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
280 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
260.4 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
19 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11,230 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 86
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$55.9 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
-$71.1 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$71.2 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
$77.4 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Somalia 80.4%, Yemen 4.1%, Egypt 4.1%, UAE 4% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$416.9 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
$450.7 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
China 18%, Saudi Arabia 17.7%, India 12.9%, Malaysia 7.5%, US 5%, Pakistan 4.7% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$230.6 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
$219.6 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$428 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 167
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Djiboutian francs (DJF) per US dollar -
177.71 (2007)
174.75 (2006)
177.72 (2005)
177.72 (2004)
177.72 (2003)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18,500 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
165,600 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 181
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate, as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country
domestic: Djibouti Telecom is the sole provider of telecommunications services and utilizes mostly a microwave radio relay network; fiber-optic cable is installed in the capital; rural areas connected via wireless local loop radio systems; mobile cellular coverage is primarily limited to the area in and around Djibouti city
international: country code - 253; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable with links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Indian Ocean and 1 Arabsat); Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
maintains restrictions on the licensing and operation of broadcast media; state-owned Radiodiffusion-Television de Djibouti (RTD) operates the sole terrestrial TV station as well as the only 2 domestic radio networks; no private TV or radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters are available (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.dj
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
195 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
25,900 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 153
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 2 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the 781 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway)
country comparison to the world: 126
narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000-m gauge
note: railway is under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia but is largely inoperable (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3,065 km
country comparison to the world: 165
paved: 1,226 km
unpaved: 1,839 km (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Djibouti
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the International Maritime Bureau reports offshore waters in the Gulf of Aden are high risk for piracy; numerous vessels, including commercial shipping and pleasure craft, have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; crew, passengers, and cargo are held for ransom; the presence of several naval task forces in the Gulf of Aden and additional anti-piracy measures on the part of ship operators reduced the incidence of piracy in that body of water by more than half in 2010
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Djibouti Armed Forces (Forces Armees Djiboutiennes, FAD): Djibouti National Army (includes Coastal Navy, Djiboutian Air Force (Force Aerienne Djiboutienne, FAD), National Gendarmerie (GN)) (2011)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age for voluntary military service; 16-25 years of age for voluntary military training; no conscription (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 170,386
females age 16-49: 221,411 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 114,557
females age 16-49: 154,173 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 8,360
female: 8,602 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.8% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 28
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while maintaining some political ties to various factions in Somalia; Kuwait is chief investor in the 2008 restoration and upgrade of the Ethiopian-Djibouti rail link; in 2008, Eritrean troops move across the border on Ras Doumera peninsula and occupy Doumera Island with undefined sovereignty in the Red Sea
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
refugees (country of origin): 8,642 (Somalia) (2007)
Page statistics
650 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments