Coral Sea Islands

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PAGE LAST UPDATED ON MAY 25, 2011
Flag of Coral Sea Islands
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Coral Sea Islands
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Map of Coral Sea Islands
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No Photos available for Coral Sea Islands
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF CORAL SEA ISLANDS
 

Introduction

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Scattered over more than three-quarters of a million square kilometers of ocean, the Coral Sea Islands were declared a territory of Australia in 1969. They are uninhabited except for a small meteorological staff on the Willis Islets. Automated weather stations, beacons, and a lighthouse occupy many other islands and reefs.
 
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Geography

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Oceania, islands in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia
 
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18 00 S, 152 00 E
 
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total: less than 3 sq km
country comparison to the world: 249
land: less than 3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes numerous small islands and reefs scattered over a sea area of about 780,000 sq km with the Willis Islets the most important
 
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NA
 
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0 km
 
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3,095 km
 
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territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
 
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tropical
 
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sand and coral reefs and islands (or cays)
 
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lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island 6 m
 
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NEGL
 
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arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly grass or scrub cover) (2005)
 
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0 sq km
 
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occasional tropical cyclones
 
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no permanent freshwater resources
 
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important nesting area for birds and turtles
 
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People and Society

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no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
 
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Government

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conventional long form: Coral Sea Islands Territory
conventional short form: Coral Sea Islands
 
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territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government
 
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the legal system of Australia, where applicable, applies
 
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none (territory of Australia)
 
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none (territory of Australia)
 
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the flag of Australia is used
 
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Economy

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no economic activity
 
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Communications

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there are automatic weather stations on many of the isles and reefs relaying data to the mainland
 
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Transportation

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none; offshore anchorage only
 
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Military

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defense is the responsibility of Australia
 
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Transnational Issues

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none
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