Clipperton Island

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PAGE LAST UPDATED ON MAY 25, 2011
Flag of Clipperton Island
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Clipperton Island
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Map of Clipperton Island
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No Photos available for Clipperton Island
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF CLIPPERTON ISLAND
 

Introduction

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This isolated island was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France, which took possession in 1935.
 
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Geography

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Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico
 
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10 17 N, 109 13 W
 
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total: 6 sq km
country comparison to the world: 245
land: 6 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
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about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
 
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0 km
 
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11.1 km
 
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territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
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tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, wet season (May to October)
 
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coral atoll
 
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lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m
 
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fish
 
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arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all coral) (2005)
 
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0 sq km
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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reef 12 km in circumference
 
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People and Society

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uninhabited
 
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Government

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conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Clipperton Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Clipperton
former: sometimes called Ile de la Passion
 
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possession of France; administered directly by the Minister of Overseas France
 
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the laws of France, where applicable, apply
 
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the flag of France is used
 
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Economy

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Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing.
 
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Transportation

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none; offshore anchorage only
 
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Military

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defense is the responsibility of France
 
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Transnational Issues


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none
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