Christmas Island

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON OCTOBER 18, 2011
Flag of Christmas Island
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Christmas Island
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Christmas Island
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Christmas Island
 
NO PHOTOS AVAILABLE OF CHRISTMAS ISLAND
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10 30 S, 105 40 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 135 sq km
country comparison to the world: 222
land: 135 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
138.9 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Murray Hill 361 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
phosphate, beaches
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a national park) (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
loss of rainforest; impact of phosphate mining
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Christmas Islander(s)
adjective: Christmas Island
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
note: no indigenous population (2001)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English (official), Chinese, Malay
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian 18%, other 21% (1997)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,402 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 234
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: NA
male: NA
female: NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island
conventional short form: Christmas Island
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
non-self governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: The Settlement
geographic coordinates: 10 25 S, 105 43 E
time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (territory of Australia)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (territory of Australia)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Australia Day, 26 January (1788)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Christmas Island Act of 1958-59 (1 October 1958) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
legal system is under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) represented by the Australian governor general
head of government: Administrator Brian LACY (since 5 October 2009)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the Australian prime minister; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Christmas Island Shire Council (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: held every two years with half the members standing for election; last held on 17 October 2009 (next to be held in 2011)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 9
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court; District Court; Magistrate's Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (territory of Australia)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (territory of Australia)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial flag; divided diagonally from upper hoist to lower fly; the upper triangle is green with a yellow image of the Golden Bosun Bird superimposed, the lower triangle is blue with the Southern Cross constellation, representing Australia, superimposed; a centered yellow disk displays a green map of the island
note: the flag of Australia is used for official purposes
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
golden bosun bird
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
note: as a territory of Australia, "Advance Australia Fair" remains official as the national anthem, while "God Save the Queen" serves as the royal anthem (see Australia)
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian government closed the mine. In 1991, the mine was reopened. With the support of the government, a $34 million casino opened in 1993, but closed in 1998.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $NA
expenditures: $NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
phosphate
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
consumer goods
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar -
1.0902 (2010)
1.2822 (2009)
1.2059 (2008)
1.2137 (2007)
1.3285 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: service provided by the Australian network
domestic: GSM mobile-cellular telephone service replaced older analog system in February 2005
international: country code - 61-8; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat provides telephone and telex service) (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 community radio station; broadcasts of several Australian radio and television stations are received via satellite (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.cx
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2,542 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 149
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
464 (2001)
country comparison to the world: 217
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 225
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 18 km
country comparison to the world: 133
standard gauge: 18 km 1.435-m (not in operation) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 140 km
country comparison to the world: 211
paved: 30 km
unpaved: 110 km (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Flying Fish Cove
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
defense is the responsibility of Australia
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
Page statistics
673 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments