Canada

Last modified

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 15, 2011
Flag of Canada
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Canada
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Canada
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Canada
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 30 PHOTOS Opens in New Window
OF CANADA
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the World's longest unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, and education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
60 00 N, 95 00 W
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 9,984,670 sq km
country comparison to the world: 2
land: 9,093,507 sq km
water: 891,163 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly larger than the US
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 8,893 km
border countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
note: Canada is the World's largest country that borders only one country
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
202,080 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 4.57%
permanent crops: 0.65%
other: 94.78% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,550 sq km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3,300 cu km (1985)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 44.72 cu km/yr (20%/69%/12%)
per capita: 1,386 cu m/yr (1996)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
continuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains
volcanism: the vast majority of volcanoes in Western Canada's Coast Mountains remain dormant
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Marine Life Conservation
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route; approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
34,030,589 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 15.7% (male 2,736,737/female 2,602,342)
15-64 years: 68.5% (male 11,776,611/female 11,517,972)
65 years and over: 15.9% (male 2,372,356/female 3,024,571) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 41 years
male: 39.8 years
female: 42.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.794% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10.28 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.98 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 81% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Toronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.17 million; Calgary 1.16 million (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.056 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 139
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 184
male: 5.26 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 81.38 years
country comparison to the world: 12
male: 78.81 years
female: 84.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.58 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10.9% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 22
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.9132 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
country comparison to the world: 68
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2008)
country comparison to the world: 61
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
68,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
23.1% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.9% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 64
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2004)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 15.3%
country comparison to the world: 74
male: 18.1%
female: 12.4% (2009)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Canada
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Ottawa
geographic coordinates: 45 25 N, 75 42 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
note: Canada is divided into six time zones
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10 provinces and 3 territories*; Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory*
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by UK per Statute of Westminster)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Canada Day, 1 July (1867)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Constitution Act of 17 April 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Canada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
common law system except in Quebec where civil law based on the French civil code prevails
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
head of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General David JOHNSTON (since 1 October 2010)
head of government: Prime Minister Stephen Joseph HARPER (since 6 February 2006)
cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Commons generally designated prime minister by the governor general
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (105 seats; members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister and serve until 75 years of age) and the House of Commons or Chambre des Communes (308 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve a maximum of four-year terms)
elections: House of Commons - last held on 2 May 2011 (next to be held no later than 19 October 2015)
election results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Conservative Party 39.6%, New Democratic Party 30.6%, Liberal Party 18.9%, Bloc Quebecois 6%, Greens 3.9%; seats by party - Conservative Party 166, New Democratic Party 103, Liberal Party 34, Bloc Quebecois 4, Greens 1
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court of Canada (judges are appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister); Federal Court of Canada; Federal Court of Appeal; Tax Court of Canada; Provincial/Territorial Courts (these are named variously Court of Appeal, Court of Queen's Bench, Superior Court, Supreme Court, and Court of Justice)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Bloc Quebecois [Louis PLAMONDON]; Conservative Party of Canada [Stephen HARPER]; Green Party [Elizabeth MAY]; Liberal Party [Robert RAE (interim)]; New Democratic Party [Nycole Turmel (interim)]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
other: agricultural sector; automobile industry; business groups; chemical industry; commercial banks; communications sector; energy industry; environmentalists; public administration groups; steel industry; trade unions
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CD, CDB, CE (observer), EAPC, EBRD, FAO, FATF, G-20, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAFTA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Gary DOER
chancery: 501 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001
telephone: [1] (202) 682-1740
FAX: [1] (202) 682-7701
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York, San Francisco/Silicon Valley,, Seattle
consulate(s): Anchorage, Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Raleigh, San Diego, San Jose (California), Tucson
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador David C. JACOBSON
embassy: 490 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 1G8
mailing address: P. O. Box 5000, Ogdensburg, NY 13669-0430; P.O. Box 866, Station B, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5T1
telephone: [1] (613) 688-5335
FAX: [1] (613) 688-3082
consulate(s) general: Calgary, Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width) with white square between them; an 11-pointed red maple leaf is centered in the white square; the maple leaf has long been a Canadian symbol; the official colors of Canada are red and white
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
maple leaf
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "O Canada"
lyrics/music: Adolphe-Basile ROUTHIER [French], Robert Stanley WEIR [English]/Calixa LAVALLEE
note: adopted 1980; originally written in 1880, "O Canada" served as an unofficial anthem many years before its official adoption; the anthem has French and English versions whose lyrics differ; as a Commonwealth realm, in addition to the national anthem, "God Save the Queen" serves as the royal anthem (see United Kingdom)
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
As an affluent, high-tech industrial society in the trillion-dollar class, Canada resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and affluent living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (which includes Mexico) touched off a dramatic increase in trade and economic integration with the US, its principal trading partner. Canada enjoys a substantial trade surplus with the US, which absorbs about three-fourths of Canadian exports each year. Canada is the US's largest foreign supplier of energy, including oil, gas, uranium, and electric power. Given its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant, Canada enjoyed solid economic growth from 1993 through 2007. Buffeted by the global economic crisis, the economy dropped into a sharp recession in the final months of 2008, and Ottawa posted its first fiscal deficit in 2009 after 12 years of surplus. Canada's major banks, however, emerged from the financial crisis of 2008-09 among the strongest in the world, owing to the financial sector's tradition of conservative lending practices and strong capitalization. During 2010, Canada's economy grew only 3%, due to decreased global demand and a highly valued Canadian dollar.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.33 trillion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
$1.291 trillion (2009 est.)
$1.323 trillion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.574 trillion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
-2.5% (2009 est.)
0.5% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$39,400 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22
$38,500 (2009 est.)
$39,800 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 2.2%
industry: 26.3%
services: 71.5% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18.53 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 2%
manufacturing: 13%
construction: 6%
services: 76%
other: 3% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
8.3% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.4%
note: this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 24.8% (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
32.1 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 105
31.5 (1994)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $601 billion
expenditures: $689.8 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
38.2% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-5.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
84% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
83.3% of GDP (2009 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
0.3% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
0.25% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.604% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
2.396% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$585.5 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
$513.5 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.356 trillion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
$1.251 trillion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.731 trillion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
$2.488 trillion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.16 trillion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 8
$1.681 trillion (31 December 2009)
$1.002 trillion (31 December 2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
604.4 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
549.5 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
51.11 billion kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
33.62 billion kWh (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.483 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.209 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.929 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.088 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
175.2 billion bbl
country comparison to the world: 3
note: includes oil sands (1 January 2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
152.3 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
82.48 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
92.4 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22.53 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.754 trillion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-$48.5 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 191
-$39.58 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$393 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
$323.1 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
US 74.9%, UK 4.1% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$401.7 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
$327.3 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
US 50.4%, China 11%, Mexico 5.5% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$57.15 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
$54.36 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.181 trillion (30 June 2011)
country comparison to the world: 14
$1.009 trillion (30 June 2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$561.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
$523.2 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$616.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
$593.5 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Canadian dollars (CAD) per US dollar -
1.0346 (2010)
1.1431 (2009)
1.0364 (2008)
1.0724 (2007)
1.1334 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17.021 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
24.037 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 38
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: excellent service provided by modern technology
domestic: domestic satellite system with about 300 earth stations
international: country code - 1; submarine cables provide links to the US and Europe; satellite earth stations - 7 (5 Intelsat - 4 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean, and 2 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region) (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2 public television broadcasting networks each with a large number of network affiliates; several private-commercial networks also with multiple network affiliates; overall, about 150 TV stations; multi-channel satellite and cable systems provide access to a wide range of stations including US stations; mix of public and commercial radio broadcasters with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), the public radio broadcaster, operating 4 radio networks, Radio Canada International, and radio services to indigenous populations in the north; roughly 2,000 licensed radio stations in Canada (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.ca
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.77 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 13
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
26.96 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,404 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 514
over 3,047 m: 18
2,438 to 3,047 m: 20
1,524 to 2,437 m: 148
914 to 1,523 m: 249
under 914 m: 79 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 890
1,524 to 2,437 m: 73
914 to 1,523 m: 377
under 914 m: 440 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
gas 835 km; liquid petroleum gas 75,000 km (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 46,552 km
country comparison to the world: 5
standard gauge: 46,552 km 1.435-m gauge (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1,042,300 km
country comparison to the world: 6
paved: 415,600 km (includes 17,000 km of expressways)
unpaved: 626,700 km (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
636 km (Saint Lawrence Seaway of 3,769 km, including the Saint Lawrence River of 3,058 km, shared with United States) (2008)
country comparison to the world: 78
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 184
country comparison to the world: 36
by type: bulk carrier 66, cargo 12, carrier 1, chemical tanker 14, combination ore/oil 1, container 2, passenger 6, passenger/cargo 64, petroleum tanker 12, roll on/roll off 6
foreign-owned: 15 (France 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 4, US 9)
registered in other countries: 223 (Australia 7, Bahamas 102, Barbados 13, Cambodia 2, Cyprus 2, Honduras 1, Hong Kong 70, Liberia 4, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 4, Norway 1, Panama 5, Spain 5, US 1, Vanuatu 5) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Fraser River Port, Halifax, Hamilton, Montreal, Port-Cartier, Quebec City, Saint John (New Brunswick), Sept-Isles, Vancouver
oil terminals: Lower Lakes terminal
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Canadian Forces: Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Canadian Air Force, Canada Command (homeland security) (2011)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17 years of age for voluntary male and female military service (with parental consent); 16 years of age for reserve and military college applicants; Canadian citizenship or permanent residence status required; maximum 34 years of age; service obligation 3-9 years (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 8,031,266
females age 16-49: 7,755,550 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 6,633,472
females age 16-49: 6,389,669 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 218,069
female: 206,195 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.1% of GDP (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
managed maritime boundary disputes with the US at Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Maine including the disputed Machias Seal Island and North Rock; Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf; US works closely with Canada to intensify security measures for monitoring and controlling legal and illegal movement of people, transport, and commodities across the international border; sovereignty dispute with Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; commencing the collection of technical evidence for submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in support of claims for continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from its declared baselines in the Arctic, as stipulated in Article 76, paragraph 8, of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic drug market and export to US; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; increasing ecstasy production, some of which is destined for the US; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering because of its mature financial services sector
Page statistics
660 view(s) and 3 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments