Aruba

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Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publicat...k/geos/aa.html

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PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 9, 2011
Flag of Aruba
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Aruba
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Map of Aruba
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Photos of Aruba
 
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OF ARUBA
 

Introduction

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Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
 
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Geography

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Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
 
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12 30 N, 69 58 W
 
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total: 180 sq km
country comparison to the world: 218
land: 180 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
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slightly larger than Washington, DC
 
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0 km
 
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68.5 km
 
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territorial sea: 12 nm
 
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tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
 
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flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
 
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lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ceru Jamanota 188 m
 
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NEGL; white sandy beaches
 
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arable land: 10.53%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 89.47% (2005)
 
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NA (2008)
 
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hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened
 
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NA
 
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a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
 
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People and Society

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noun: Aruban(s)
adjective: Aruban; Dutch
 
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mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
 
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Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
 
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Roman Catholic 80.8%, Protestant 7.8% (Evangelist 4.1%, Methodist 1.2%, other Protestant 2.5%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%
 
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106,113 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census
 
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0-14 years: 18.4% (male 9,847/female 9,729)
15-64 years: 70.3% (male 35,809/female 38,816)
65 years and over: 11.2% (male 4,698/female 7,214) (2011 est.)
 
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total: 38.2 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 40 years (2011 est.)
 
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1.436% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
 
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12.78 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
 
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7.84 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
 
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9.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
 
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urban population: 47% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
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ORANJESTAD (capital) 33,000 (2009)
 
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at birth: 1.021 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
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total: 12.92 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 128
male: 17.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
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total population: 75.72 years
country comparison to the world: 84
male: 72.68 years
female: 78.82 years (2011 est.)
 
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1.84 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
 
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improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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5% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 58
 
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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.3%
male: 97.5%
female: 97.1% (2000 census)
 
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total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2009)
 
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total: 23.2%
country comparison to the world: 36
male: 24.1%
female: 22.9% (2007)
 
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Government

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conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Aruba
 
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constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
 
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parliamentary democracy
 
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name: Oranjestad
geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
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none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
 
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none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
 
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Flag Day, 18 March (1976)
 
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1 January 1986
 
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civil law system based on the Dutch civil code
 
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18 years of age; universal
 
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chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)
head of government: Prime Minister Michiel "Mike" Godfried EMAN (since 30 October 2009)
cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held in 2009 (next to be held by 2013)
election results: Mike EMAN elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA
 
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unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 25 September 2009 (next to be held in 2013)
election results: percent of vote by party - AVP 48%, MEP 35.9%, PDR 5.7%; seats by party - AVP 12, MEP 8, PDR 1
 
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Common Court of Justice, Joint High Court of Justice (judges appointed by the monarch)
 
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Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER]; Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Mike EMAN]; People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]; RED [Rudy LAMPE]; Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
 
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other: environmental groups
 
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Caricom (observer), FATF, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU
 
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none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Henry BAARH, Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 
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the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Curacao is accredited to Aruba
 
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blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner; the star represents Aruba and its red soil and white beaches, its four points the four major languages (Papiamento, Dutch, Spanish, English) as well as the four points of a compass, to indicate that its inhabitants come from all over the world; the blue symbolizes Caribbean waters and skies; the stripes represent the island's two main "industries": the flow of tourists to the sun-drenched beaches and the flow of minerals from the earth
 
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name: "Aruba Deshi Tera" (Aruba Precious Country)
lyrics/music: Juan Chabaya 'Padu' LAMPE/Rufo Inocencio WEVER
note: local anthem adopted 1986; as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, "Het Wilhelmus" is official (see Netherlands)
 
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Economy

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Tourism is the mainstay of the small open Aruban economy, together with offshore banking. Oil refining and storage ended in 2009. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Over 1.5 million tourists per year visit Aruba with 75% of those from the US. Construction continues to boom with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. Tourist arrivals rebounded strongly following a dip after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The government has made cutting the budget and trade deficits a high priority.
 
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$2.258 billion (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
$2.205 billion (2004 est.)
 
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$2.258 billion (2005 est.)
 
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2.4% (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
 
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$21,800 (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
 
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agriculture: 0.4%
industry: 33.3%
services: 66.3% (2002 est.)
 
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41,500 (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
 
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agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants
 
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6.9% (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
 
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NA%
 
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
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NA%
 
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revenues: $650.4 million
expenditures: $693.6 million (2010 est.)
 
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28.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
 
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-1.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
 
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46.3% of GDP (2005)
country comparison to the world: 57
 
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2.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
-2.1% (2009 est.)
 
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1% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
3% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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10.3% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
10.7% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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$762.8 million (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 152
$856.1 million (31 December 2008)
 
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$1.753 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
$1.758 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
 
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$1.412 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
$1.322 billion (31 December 2008)
 
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aloes; livestock; fish
 
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tourism, transshipment facilities
 
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NA%
 
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910 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
 
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846.3 million kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
 
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0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
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0 kWh (2009 est.)
 
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2,477 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
 
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8,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
 
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206,400 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
 
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234,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
 
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0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
 
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1 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
 
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1 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
 
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1 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
 
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1 cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
 
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0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
 
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-$75.1 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
$157 million (2009 est.)
 
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$1.589 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
note: includes oil reexports
 
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live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
 
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Colombia 27.2%, Panama 22.2%, Netherlands Antilles 15.2%, Venezuela 15.1%, US 5.9%, Netherlands 5.1% (2010)
 
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$2.063 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
$1.919 billion (2009 est.)
 
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machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
 
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US 50.8%, Netherlands 12%, UK 6.3% (2010)
 
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$725.1 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
$701.1 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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$478.6 million (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
 
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Aruban guilders/florins (AWG) per US dollar -
NA (2007)
1.79 (2006)
1.79 (2005)
1.79 (2004)
1.79 (2003)
 
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Communications

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35,000 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 177
 
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131,800 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
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general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system
domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 mobile-cellular service providers are now licensed
international: country code - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable system that extends from the US Virgin Islands through Aruba to Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and the west coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)
 
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2 commercial television stations; cable TV subscription service provides access to foreign channels; about 20 commercial radio stations broadcast (2007)
 
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.aw
 
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25,080 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 101
 
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24,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 188
 
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Transportation

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1 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 216
 
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total: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2010)
 
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Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas
 
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Military

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no regular military forces (2010)
 
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males age 16-49: 24,891
females age 16-49: 26,202 (2010 est.)
 
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males age 16-49: 20,527
females age 16-49: 21,493 (2010 est.)
 
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male: 767
female: 743 (2010 est.)
 
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defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 
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Transnational Issues

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none
 
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transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine
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