Anguilla

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Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publicat...k/geos/av.html

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PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 9, 2011
Flag of Anguilla
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Anguilla
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Map of Anguilla
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Photos of Anguilla
 
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OF ANGUILLA
 

Introduction

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Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
 
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Geography

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Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
 
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18 15 N, 63 10 W
 
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total: 91 sq km
country comparison to the world: 227
land: 91 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
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about one-half the size of Washington, DC
 
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0 km
 
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61 km
 
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territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
 
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tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
 
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flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
 
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lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
 
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salt, fish, lobster
 
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arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2005)
 
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NA
 
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frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
 
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supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
 
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the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
 
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People and Society

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noun: Anguillan(s)
adjective: Anguillan
 
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black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)
 
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English (official)
 
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Protestant 83.1% (Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%), Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)
 
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15,094 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 223
 
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0-14 years: 24% (male 1,861/female 1,764)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 4,855/female 5,427)
65 years and over: 7.9% (male 577/female 610) (2011 est.)
 
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total: 33.3 years
male: 31.9 years
female: 34.7 years (2011 est.)
 
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2.173% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
 
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12.92 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155
 
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4.44 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
 
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13.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 
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urban population: 100% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
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THE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2009)
 
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at birth: 1.031 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
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total: 3.47 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 211
male: 3.91 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
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total population: 80.87 years
country comparison to the world: 19
male: 78.32 years
female: 83.51 years (2011 est.)
 
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1.75 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
 
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improved:
urban: 60% of population
total: 60% of population
unimproved:
urban: 40% of population
total: 40% of population (2000)
 
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improved:
urban: 99% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2008)
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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NA
 
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3.5% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 119
 
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definition: age 12 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 95%
female: 95% (1984 est.)
 
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total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2008)
 
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Government

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conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Anguilla
 
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overseas territory of the UK
 
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NA
 
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name: The Valley
geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
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none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
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none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
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Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
 
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Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
 
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common law based on the English model
 
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18 years of age; universal
 
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chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Alistair HARRISON (since 21 April 2009)
head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
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elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed chief minister by the governor
 
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unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AUM 4, AUF 2, APP 1
 
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High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
 
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Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Brent DAVIS]; Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]; Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA); Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]
 
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NA
 
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Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
 
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none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
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none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
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blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with a turquoise-blue field below; the white in the background represents peace; the blue base symbolizes the surrounding sea, as well as faith, youth, and hope; the three dolphins stand for endurance, unity, and strength
 
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dolphin
 
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name: "God Bless Anguilla"
lyrics/music: Alex RICHARDSON
note: local anthem adopted 1981; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
 
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Economy

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Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
 
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$175.4 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 217
$191.7 million (2008 est.)
$108.9 million (2004 est.)
 
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$175.4 million (2009 est.)
 
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-8.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
 
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$12,200 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
 
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agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 26.6%
services: 71.3% (2010 est.)
 
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6,049 (2001)
country comparison to the world: 219
 
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agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4%
manufacturing: 3%
construction: 18%
transportation and utilities: 10%
commerce: 36%
services: 29% (2000 est.)
 
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8% (2002)
country comparison to the world: 92
 
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23% (2002)
 
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 
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41.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
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revenues: $22.8 million
expenditures: $22.5 million (2009 est.)
 
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13% of GDP (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
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0.2% of GDP (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
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1.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
-0.7% (2009 est.)
 
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6.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
6.5% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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10.6% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
9.273% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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$16.42 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
$19.03 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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$439.3 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
$430.7 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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$500.6 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
$489 million (31 December 2009 est.)
 
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small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
 
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tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
 
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NA%
 
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NA kWh
 
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-$160.6 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
-$102.4 million (2009 est.)
 
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$11.5 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 213
$26.23 million (2009 est.)
 
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lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
 
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$175 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 206
$153.4 million (2009 est.)
 
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fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
 
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$8.8 million (1998)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
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East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2010)
2.7 (2009)
2.7 (2005)
2.7 (2004)
2.7 (2003)
 
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Communications

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6,300 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 209
 
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24,000 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 209
 
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general assessment: modern internal telephone system
domestic: fixed-line teledensity is roughly 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 160 per 100 persons
international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin/Sint Maarten (2009)
 
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1 private television station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; about 10 radio stations, one of which is government-owned (2007)
 
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.ai
 
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271 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 186
 
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3,700 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 208
 
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Transportation

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3 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 195
 
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total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)
 
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total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2010)
 
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total: 175 km
country comparison to the world: 210
paved: 82 km
unpaved: 93 km (2004)
 
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Blowing Point, Road Bay
 
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Military

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males age 16-49: 3,641 (2010 est.)
 
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males age 16-49: 3,009
females age 16-49: 3,397 (2010 est.)
 
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male: 111
female: 113 (2010 est.)
 
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defense is the responsibility of the UK
 
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Transnational Issues

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none
 
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transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
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