Algeria

Last modified

Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publicat...k/geos/ag.html

Resources

PAGE LAST UPDATED ON NOVEMBER 29, 2011
Flag of Algeria
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Algeria
CLICK FLAG OR MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
 
Map of Algeria
CLICK MAP TO ENLARGE Opens in New Window
Photos of Algeria
 
Navigation Arrow VIEW 21 PHOTOS Opens in New Window
OF ALGERIA
 

Introduction

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for independence and has largely dominated politics since. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets, and fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent. He was reelected to a second term in 2004, and overwhelmingly won a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qa'ida to form al-Qa'ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests. A sudden rise in the cost of food staples, possibly coupled with the onset of protests in neighboring Tunisia beginning in December 2010, triggered a wave of riots across Algeria in early January 2011, but protests subsided quickly following a restrained security response and the government's decision to cut taxes and increase subsidies on key food staples. In response to protester demands, the government in February 2011 lifted the 19-year state of emergency restrictions, and President BOUTEFLIKA inaugurated a presidential reform commission the following month. Draft reform laws, including changes to the process for authorizing new political parties and the opening of broadcast media to private ownership, were submitted to parliament in early October. Small, sometimes violent demonstrations by disparate groups continued throughout the country in 2011, but were primarily focused on sector-specific socioeconomic demands or confined to specific regions.
 
Back to Top

Geography

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
28 00 N, 3 00 E
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,381,741 sq km
country comparison to the world: 10
land: 2,381,741 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 6,343 km
border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
998 km
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 nm
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
highest point: Tahat 3,003 m
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 3.17%
permanent crops: 0.28%
other: 96.55% (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5,700 sq km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14.3 cu km (1997)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 6.07 cu km/yr (22%/13%/65%)
per capita: 185 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
largest country in Africa
 
Back to Top

People and Society

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Algerian(s)
adjective: Algerian
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
note: although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
34,994,937 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 24.2% (male 4,319,295/female 4,144,863)
15-64 years: 70.6% (male 12,455,378/female 12,242,604)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 845,116/female 987,681) (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 27.6 years
male: 27.4 years
female: 27.8 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.173% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16.69 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.69 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 66% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ALGIERS (capital) 2.74 million; Oran 770,000 (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
120 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 63
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 25.81 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 80
male: 28.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 74.5 years
country comparison to the world: 99
male: 72.78 years
female: 76.31 years (2011 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.75 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.8% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 114
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.207 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
country comparison to the world: 92
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.7 beds/1,000 population (2004)
country comparison to the world: 113
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 85% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 83% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 17% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 88% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 12% of population
total: 5% of population (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.1%; 0.1% note - no country specific models provided (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.7% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 97
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.3% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 89
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 69.9%
male: 79.6%
female: 60.1% (2002 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2005)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 24.3%
country comparison to the world: 34
male: 42.9%
female: 46.3% (2006)
 
Back to Top

Government

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
conventional short form: Algeria
local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
local short form: Al Jaza'ir
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
republic
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Algiers
geographic coordinates: 36 45 N, 3 03 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
48 provinces (wilayat, singular - wilaya); Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5 July 1962 (from France)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8 September 1963; revised 19 November 1976; effective 22 November 1976; revised 3 November 1988, 23 February 1989, 28 November 1996, 10 April 2002, and 12 November 2008
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; a November 2008 constitutional amendment separated the position of head of government from that of the prime minister
head of government: President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 9 April 2009 (next to be held in April 2014)
election results: Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA reelected president for a third term; percent of vote - Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA 90.2%, Louisa HANOUNE 4.2%, Moussa TOUATI 2.3%, Djahid YOUNSI 1.4%, Ali Fawzi REBIANE less than 1%, Mohamed SAID less than 1%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
bicameral Parliament consists of the Council of the Nation (upper house; 144 seats; one-third of the members appointed by the president, two-thirds elected by indirect vote to serve six-year terms; the constitution requires half the Council to be renewed every three years) and the National People's Assembly (lower house; 389 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: Council of the Nation - last held on 29 December 2009 (next to be held in December 2012); National People's Assembly - last held on 17 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
election results: Council of the Nation - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; National People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FLN 136, RND 61, MSP 52, PT 26, RCD 19, FNA 13, other 49, independents 33;
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Ahd 54 [Ali Fauzi REBAINE]; Algerian National Front or FNA [Moussa TOUATI]; Movement of the Society of Peace or MSP [Boudjerra SOLTANI]; National Democratic Rally (Rassemblement National Democratique) or RND [Ahmed OUYAHIA]; National Liberation Front or FLN [Abdelaziz BELKHADEM, secretary general]; National Reform Movement or Islah [Ahmed ABDESLAM] (formerly MRN); Rally for Culture and Democracy or RCD [Said SADI]; Renaissance Movement or EnNahda Movement [Fatah RABEI]; Socialist Forces Front or FFS [Hocine Ait AHMED]; Workers Party or PT [Louisa HANOUNE]
note: a law banning political parties based on religion was enacted in March 1997
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
The Algerian Human Rights League or LADDH [Hocine ZEHOUANE]; SOS Disparus [Nacera DUTOUR]
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BIS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Abdallah BAALI
chancery: 2118 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 265-2800
FAX: [1] (202) 667-2174
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Henry S. ENSHER
embassy: 05 Chemin Cheikh Bachir, El-Ibrahimi, El-Biar 16000 Algiers
mailing address: B. P. 408, Alger-Gare, 16030 Algiers
telephone: [213] 770-08-2000
FAX: [213] 21-60-7355
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the colors represent Islam (green), purity and peace (white), and liberty (red); the crescent and star are also Islamic symbols, but the crescent is more closed than those of other Muslim countries because the Algerians believe the long crescent horns bring happiness
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
star and crescent; fennec fox
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: "Kassaman" (We Pledge)
lyrics/music: Mufdi ZAKARIAH/Mohamed FAWZI
note: adopted 1962; ZAKARIAH wrote "Kassaman" as a poem while imprisoned in Algiers by French colonial forces
 
Back to Top

Economy

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Algeria's economy remains dominated by the state, a legacy of the country's socialist post-independence development model. Gradual liberalization since the mid-1990s has opened up more of the economy, but in recent years Algeria has imposed new restrictions on foreign involvement in its economy and largely halted the privatization of state-owned industries. Hydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the eighth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the fourth-largest gas exporter. It ranks 16th in oil reserves. Thanks to strong hydrocarbon revenues, Algeria has a cushion of $150 billion in foreign currency reserves and a large hydrocarbon stabilization fund. In addition, Algeria's external debt is extremely low at about 1% of GDP. Algeria has struggled to develop industries outside of hydrocarbons in part because of high costs and an inert state bureaucracy. The government's efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector have done little to reduce high poverty and youth unemployment rates. In 2010, Algeria began a five-year, $286 billion development program to update the country's infrastructure and provide jobs. The costly program will boost Algeria's economy in 2011 but worsen the country's budget deficit. Long-term economic challenges include diversification from hydrocarbons, relaxing state control of the economy, and providing adequate jobs for younger Algerians.
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$251.1 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
$243 billion (2009 est.)
$237.4 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$160.3 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.3% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
2.4% (2009 est.)
2.4% (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$7,300 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
$7,100 (2009 est.)
$7,000 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 8.3%
industry: 61.6%
services: 30.1% (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10.81 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 14%
industry: 13.4%
construction and public works: 10%
trade: 14.6%
government: 32%
other: 16% (2003 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
10.2% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
23% (2006 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 26.8% (1995)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
35.3 (1995)
country comparison to the world: 90
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
34.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $58.88 billion
expenditures: $60.67 billion (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
36.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-1.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
8.1% of GDP (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.9% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
5.7% (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
4% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
8% (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$75.24 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
$67.98 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$108.9 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
$98.63 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$12.18 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
$12.27 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-3.6% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
40.11 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
30.5 billion kWh (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
323 million kWh (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
49 million kWh (2008 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.078 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
312,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.694 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18,180 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12.2 billion bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
85.14 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
29.86 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
55.28 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.502 trillion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$12.74 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
$520 million (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$57.19 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
$45.18 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
US 24.9%, Italy 17.5%, Spain 10%, Canada 6.3%, France 5.1%, Netherlands 5.1%, Brazil 4.3% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$38.38 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
$37.4 billion (2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
France 18%, China 10.6%, Italy 9.9%, Spain 7%, Tajikistan 4.8%, Germany 4.4% (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$162.9 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
$149.3 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$4.344 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
$5.345 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$21.03 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
$17.34 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.844 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
$1.644 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Algerian dinars (DZD) per US dollar -
76 (2010)
72.65 (2009)
63.25 (2008)
69.9 (2007)
72.647 (2006)
 
Back to Top

Communications

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.923 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 52
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
32.78 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 31
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: privatization of Algeria's telecommunications sector began in 2000; three mobile cellular licenses have been issued and, in 2005, a consortium led by Egypt's Orascom Telecom won a 15-year license to build and operate a fixed-line network in Algeria; the license will allow Orascom to develop high-speed data and other specialized services and contribute to meeting the large unfulfilled demand for basic residential telephony; Internet broadband services began in 2003
domestic: a limited network of fixed lines with a teledensity of less than 10 telephones per 100 persons is offset by the rapid increase in mobile-cellular subscribership; in 2010, combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity was roughly 100 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 213; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber-optic submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; microwave radio relay to Italy, France, Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia; coaxial cable to Morocco and Tunisia; participant in Medarabtel; satellite earth stations - 51 (Intelsat, Intersputnik, and Arabsat) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
state-run Radio-Television Algerienne operates the broadcast media and carries programming in Arabic, Berber dialects, and French; use of satellite dishes is widespread, providing easy access to European and Arab satellite stations; state-run radio operates several national networks and roughly 40 regional radio stations (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.dz
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
572 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 176
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.7 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 49
 
Back to Top

Transportation

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
143 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 40
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 57
over 3,047 m: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 28
1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 1 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 86
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
914 to 1,523 m: 41
under 914 m: 23 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2 (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
condensate 2,600 km; gas 16,360 km; liquid petroleum gas 3,447 km; oil 7,611 km; refined products 144 km (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3,973 km
country comparison to the world: 44
standard gauge: 2,888 km 1.435-m gauge (283 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 1,085 km 1.055-m gauge (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 111,261 km
country comparison to the world: 38
paved: 81,732 km (includes 645 km of expressways)
unpaved: 29,529 km (2008)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 35
country comparison to the world: 81
by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 8, chemical tanker 2, liquefied gas 9, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 12 (UK 12) (2010)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda
 
Back to Top

Military

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
People's National Army (Armee Nationale Populaire, ANP), Land Forces (Forces Terrestres, FT), Navy of the Republic of Algeria (Marine de la Republique Algerienne, MRA), Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jaza'eriya, QJJ), Territorial Air Defense Force (2009)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
19-30 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (6 months basic training, 12 months civil projects) (2006)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 10,273,129
females age 16-49: 10,114,552 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 8,622,897
females age 16-49: 8,626,222 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 342,895
female: 330,098 (2010 est.)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.3% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 37
 
Back to Top

Transnational Issues

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Algeria, and many other states, rejects Moroccan administration of Western Sahara; the Polisario Front, exiled in Algeria, represents the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic; Algeria's border with Morocco remains an irritant to bilateral relations, each nation accusing the other of harboring militants and arms smuggling; dormant disputes include Libyan claims of about 32,000 sq km still reflected on its maps of southeastern Algeria and the FLN's assertions of a claim to Chirac Pastures in southeastern Morocco
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
refugees (country of origin): 90,000 (Western Saharan Sahrawi, mostly living in Algerian-sponsored camps in the southwestern Algerian town of Tindouf)
IDPs: undetermined (civil war during 1990s) (2007)
 
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
current situation: Algeria is a transit and, to a lesser extent, a destination and source country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking; criminal networks which sometimes extend to sub-Saharan Africa and to Europe are involved in both smuggling and human trafficking
tier rating: Tier 3 - the Government of Algeria does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government made no discernible effort to enforce its 2009 anti-trafficking law; it also failed to identify and protect trafficking victims and continued to lack adequate measures to protect victims and prevent trafficking (2011)
 
Back to Top
 
Page statistics
790 view(s) and 6 edit(s)
Social share
Share this page?

Tags

This page has no custom tags.
This page has no classifications.

Comments

You must to post a comment.

Attachments