Table of contents
  1. Explanation
  2. Samples
    1. ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY OF RECENT CLASSICAL NOVAE
    2. CONTROL OF ATTENTION: MODELING THE EFFECTS OF STIMULUS CHARACTERISTICS, TASK DEMANDS, AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
    3. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLOGIC MODELING
    4. COARSENING IN SOLID-LIQUID MIXTURES II
    5. SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT OF DATA ACQUISITION PLAYFORMS FOR ASTROBIOLOGY, AEROSPACE DEVICES, AND SMALL SPACECRAFT
    6. A STUDY OF ARCTIC RADIATION BUDGET USING CERES/MODIS SATELLITE AND ARM NSA SURFACE OBERVATIONS AND NASA GISS MODEL
    7. EXGKS: EXTRAGALACTIC KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM
    8. COHERENT DOPPLER LIDAR DIAL ERROR ANALYSIS 1.
    9. GEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYLLOSILICATE DEPOSITS ON MARS PHASE II
    10. STRUCTURE AND RESPONSE OF SPHERICAL DIFFUSION FLAMES
    11. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLIC MODELING.
    12. U.S. COMPETITIVENESS: UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS AND THE EXPANSION OF THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PIPELINE
    13. "INTERNATIONAL HELIOPHYSICAL YEAR EDUCATION: SPACE WEATHER AROUND THE WORLD"
    14. POLYMER-INORGANIC NANOHYBRID MATERIALS FOR LUNAR REGOLITH ANALYSIS
    15. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF VOYAGER 1 AND 2 MAG DATA
    16. CASSINI-HUYGENS GAS CHROMATOGRAPH MASS SPECTROMETER SCIENCE SUPPORT
    17. NEW METHODS IN DATA MINING FOR TIME-DOMAIN ASTRONOMY
    18. THE LOCAL GALAXY MASS FUNCTION OF THE BRIGHTEST CLUSTERS IN THE SKY-I
    19. THE SUPPORT OF INTERNATIONAL TOVS STUDY CONFERENCE
    20. NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS AND NASA DIGITAL LEARNING NETWORK
    21. 0711134: University of Tennessee - Knoxville<br/>
    22. LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE
    23. The question of microbial life on Mars has become a major topic of investigation as observations and data from NASA robotic missions to the red planet reveal an environment not too far removed from earthly habitats populated by extremophilic microorganism
    24. MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMAL SCHEDULING FOR SPACE SCIENCE APPLICATIONS
    25. Laser remote sensing and optical communication are two important technology areas with great potentials in improving human lives and impacting the global economy. While these two fields are distinct in their application areas and market place, they share
    26. The MMS/SMART mision consistis of four fully instrumented satellites that is designed to explore the microphysica of magnetic reconnection and associated generation of turbulence. This will be the frist mission that willhave sufficient time resolution to
    27. TRACTICAL ROVER-BASED MARTIAN GEOLOGIC MAPPING
    28. This award supports a three-year study to isolate essential physical processes affecting Thwaites Glacier (TG) in the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) of West Antarctica using a suite of existing numerical models in conjunction with existing and International Polar Year (IPY)-proposed data sets.
    29. NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT EXPERTISE
    30. JWST TELESCOPE SCIENTIST INVESTIGATION
    31. LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE
    32. We propose to provide independent measurements of the spin state of Mercury and to integrate them with the spacecraft-derived data for an optimal characterization of the interior of MErcury.
    33. LUNAR BASED SOFT X-RAYS SCIENCE
    34. This project focuses on the analysis of the water balance in the Western U.S. during Miocene time through the application of an innovative approach that links changes in precipitation patterns to sea surface temperature (SST) variations in the eastern Pacific and Gulf of Mexico.
    35. "EXOSPHERIC SOURCES AND SURFACE CHEMISTRY TO PROBE THE FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF MERCURY"
    36. FRACTIONATION OF MULTIPLE SULFUR ISOTOPES DURING BIOLOGICAL SULFUR OXIDATION THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON COLLECTING SULFUR MULTIPLE ISOTOPE DATA FOR LABORATORY CULTURE EXPERIMENTS WITH PHOTOTROPHIC AND NON-PHOTOTROPHIC S OXIDIZING ORGANISMS, AND E

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Table of contents
  1. Explanation
  2. Samples
    1. ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY OF RECENT CLASSICAL NOVAE
    2. CONTROL OF ATTENTION: MODELING THE EFFECTS OF STIMULUS CHARACTERISTICS, TASK DEMANDS, AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
    3. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLOGIC MODELING
    4. COARSENING IN SOLID-LIQUID MIXTURES II
    5. SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT OF DATA ACQUISITION PLAYFORMS FOR ASTROBIOLOGY, AEROSPACE DEVICES, AND SMALL SPACECRAFT
    6. A STUDY OF ARCTIC RADIATION BUDGET USING CERES/MODIS SATELLITE AND ARM NSA SURFACE OBERVATIONS AND NASA GISS MODEL
    7. EXGKS: EXTRAGALACTIC KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM
    8. COHERENT DOPPLER LIDAR DIAL ERROR ANALYSIS 1.
    9. GEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYLLOSILICATE DEPOSITS ON MARS PHASE II
    10. STRUCTURE AND RESPONSE OF SPHERICAL DIFFUSION FLAMES
    11. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLIC MODELING.
    12. U.S. COMPETITIVENESS: UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS AND THE EXPANSION OF THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PIPELINE
    13. "INTERNATIONAL HELIOPHYSICAL YEAR EDUCATION: SPACE WEATHER AROUND THE WORLD"
    14. POLYMER-INORGANIC NANOHYBRID MATERIALS FOR LUNAR REGOLITH ANALYSIS
    15. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF VOYAGER 1 AND 2 MAG DATA
    16. CASSINI-HUYGENS GAS CHROMATOGRAPH MASS SPECTROMETER SCIENCE SUPPORT
    17. NEW METHODS IN DATA MINING FOR TIME-DOMAIN ASTRONOMY
    18. THE LOCAL GALAXY MASS FUNCTION OF THE BRIGHTEST CLUSTERS IN THE SKY-I
    19. THE SUPPORT OF INTERNATIONAL TOVS STUDY CONFERENCE
    20. NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS AND NASA DIGITAL LEARNING NETWORK
    21. 0711134: University of Tennessee - Knoxville<br/>
    22. LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE
    23. The question of microbial life on Mars has become a major topic of investigation as observations and data from NASA robotic missions to the red planet reveal an environment not too far removed from earthly habitats populated by extremophilic microorganism
    24. MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMAL SCHEDULING FOR SPACE SCIENCE APPLICATIONS
    25. Laser remote sensing and optical communication are two important technology areas with great potentials in improving human lives and impacting the global economy. While these two fields are distinct in their application areas and market place, they share
    26. The MMS/SMART mision consistis of four fully instrumented satellites that is designed to explore the microphysica of magnetic reconnection and associated generation of turbulence. This will be the frist mission that willhave sufficient time resolution to
    27. TRACTICAL ROVER-BASED MARTIAN GEOLOGIC MAPPING
    28. This award supports a three-year study to isolate essential physical processes affecting Thwaites Glacier (TG) in the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) of West Antarctica using a suite of existing numerical models in conjunction with existing and International Polar Year (IPY)-proposed data sets.
    29. NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT EXPERTISE
    30. JWST TELESCOPE SCIENTIST INVESTIGATION
    31. LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE
    32. We propose to provide independent measurements of the spin state of Mercury and to integrate them with the spacecraft-derived data for an optimal characterization of the interior of MErcury.
    33. LUNAR BASED SOFT X-RAYS SCIENCE
    34. This project focuses on the analysis of the water balance in the Western U.S. during Miocene time through the application of an innovative approach that links changes in precipitation patterns to sea surface temperature (SST) variations in the eastern Pacific and Gulf of Mexico.
    35. "EXOSPHERIC SOURCES AND SURFACE CHEMISTRY TO PROBE THE FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF MERCURY"
    36. FRACTIONATION OF MULTIPLE SULFUR ISOTOPES DURING BIOLOGICAL SULFUR OXIDATION THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON COLLECTING SULFUR MULTIPLE ISOTOPE DATA FOR LABORATORY CULTURE EXPERIMENTS WITH PHOTOTROPHIC AND NON-PHOTOTROPHIC S OXIDIZING ORGANISMS, AND E

  1. Explanation
  2. Samples
    1. ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY OF RECENT CLASSICAL NOVAE
    2. CONTROL OF ATTENTION: MODELING THE EFFECTS OF STIMULUS CHARACTERISTICS, TASK DEMANDS, AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
    3. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLOGIC MODELING
    4. COARSENING IN SOLID-LIQUID MIXTURES II
    5. SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT OF DATA ACQUISITION PLAYFORMS FOR ASTROBIOLOGY, AEROSPACE DEVICES, AND SMALL SPACECRAFT
    6. A STUDY OF ARCTIC RADIATION BUDGET USING CERES/MODIS SATELLITE AND ARM NSA SURFACE OBERVATIONS AND NASA GISS MODEL
    7. EXGKS: EXTRAGALACTIC KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM
    8. COHERENT DOPPLER LIDAR DIAL ERROR ANALYSIS 1.
    9. GEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYLLOSILICATE DEPOSITS ON MARS PHASE II
    10. STRUCTURE AND RESPONSE OF SPHERICAL DIFFUSION FLAMES
    11. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLIC MODELING.
    12. U.S. COMPETITIVENESS: UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS AND THE EXPANSION OF THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PIPELINE
    13. "INTERNATIONAL HELIOPHYSICAL YEAR EDUCATION: SPACE WEATHER AROUND THE WORLD"
    14. POLYMER-INORGANIC NANOHYBRID MATERIALS FOR LUNAR REGOLITH ANALYSIS
    15. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF VOYAGER 1 AND 2 MAG DATA
    16. CASSINI-HUYGENS GAS CHROMATOGRAPH MASS SPECTROMETER SCIENCE SUPPORT
    17. NEW METHODS IN DATA MINING FOR TIME-DOMAIN ASTRONOMY
    18. THE LOCAL GALAXY MASS FUNCTION OF THE BRIGHTEST CLUSTERS IN THE SKY-I
    19. THE SUPPORT OF INTERNATIONAL TOVS STUDY CONFERENCE
    20. NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS AND NASA DIGITAL LEARNING NETWORK
    21. 0711134: University of Tennessee - Knoxville<br/>
    22. LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE
    23. The question of microbial life on Mars has become a major topic of investigation as observations and data from NASA robotic missions to the red planet reveal an environment not too far removed from earthly habitats populated by extremophilic microorganism
    24. MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMAL SCHEDULING FOR SPACE SCIENCE APPLICATIONS
    25. Laser remote sensing and optical communication are two important technology areas with great potentials in improving human lives and impacting the global economy. While these two fields are distinct in their application areas and market place, they share
    26. The MMS/SMART mision consistis of four fully instrumented satellites that is designed to explore the microphysica of magnetic reconnection and associated generation of turbulence. This will be the frist mission that willhave sufficient time resolution to
    27. TRACTICAL ROVER-BASED MARTIAN GEOLOGIC MAPPING
    28. This award supports a three-year study to isolate essential physical processes affecting Thwaites Glacier (TG) in the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) of West Antarctica using a suite of existing numerical models in conjunction with existing and International Polar Year (IPY)-proposed data sets.
    29. NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT EXPERTISE
    30. JWST TELESCOPE SCIENTIST INVESTIGATION
    31. LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE
    32. We propose to provide independent measurements of the spin state of Mercury and to integrate them with the spacecraft-derived data for an optimal characterization of the interior of MErcury.
    33. LUNAR BASED SOFT X-RAYS SCIENCE
    34. This project focuses on the analysis of the water balance in the Western U.S. during Miocene time through the application of an innovative approach that links changes in precipitation patterns to sea surface temperature (SST) variations in the eastern Pacific and Gulf of Mexico.
    35. "EXOSPHERIC SOURCES AND SURFACE CHEMISTRY TO PROBE THE FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF MERCURY"
    36. FRACTIONATION OF MULTIPLE SULFUR ISOTOPES DURING BIOLOGICAL SULFUR OXIDATION THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON COLLECTING SULFUR MULTIPLE ISOTOPE DATA FOR LABORATORY CULTURE EXPERIMENTS WITH PHOTOTROPHIC AND NON-PHOTOTROPHIC S OXIDIZING ORGANISMS, AND E

Explanation

There are four fields:

Abstract at Time of Award

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research
Publications Produced as Conference Proceedings
Project Outcomes Report
 
But most only have one or two fields with incomplete information.
 

Samples

 

ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY OF RECENT CLASSICAL NOVAE

 

CONTROL OF ATTENTION: MODELING THE EFFECTS OF STIMULUS CHARACTERISTICS, TASK DEMANDS, AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES

 

THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLOGIC MODELING

 
GIobaL irrigated agriculture consumes approximately 2,400 billion cubic meters of water per year (almost 10
 

COARSENING IN SOLID-LIQUID MIXTURES II

 

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT OF DATA ACQUISITION PLAYFORMS FOR ASTROBIOLOGY, AEROSPACE DEVICES, AND SMALL SPACECRAFT

 

A STUDY OF ARCTIC RADIATION BUDGET USING CERES/MODIS SATELLITE AND ARM NSA SURFACE OBERVATIONS AND NASA GISS MODEL

 
This proposed research is in response to the announcement of NASA ROSE-2005 NRA, in particular for NASA Energy and Water Cycle Study (NEWS),
 

EXGKS: EXTRAGALACTIC KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM

 
This is a modest project to explore techniques and tools to enhance the final stages of data analysis prior to publication. There is a growing gap between the size of ever increasing data archives and the capability o
 

COHERENT DOPPLER LIDAR DIAL ERROR ANALYSIS 1.

 
Develope a docurnenr for the calculation of the error in coherent Doppler lidar DlAI, measurements and compare with current results and the formulation for direct detection DIAL. The analysis will include hete
 

GEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYLLOSILICATE DEPOSITS ON MARS PHASE II

 

STRUCTURE AND RESPONSE OF SPHERICAL DIFFUSION FLAMES

 

THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION EXPANSION: DEVELOPING USEFUL DATASETS OF GEOGRAPHY AND WATER USE FROM REMOTE SENSING AND HYDROLIC MODELING.

 

U.S. COMPETITIVENESS: UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS AND THE EXPANSION OF THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PIPELINE

 
An ad hoc COSEPUP committee will explore the role of underrepresented groups in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics workforce and its
 

"INTERNATIONAL HELIOPHYSICAL YEAR EDUCATION: SPACE WEATHER AROUND THE WORLD"

 
Fifty years ago the International Geophysical Year organized a unique and unprecedented program of research that united 60,000 scientists from 66 nations to study global phenonme
 

POLYMER-INORGANIC NANOHYBRID MATERIALS FOR LUNAR REGOLITH ANALYSIS

 

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF VOYAGER 1 AND 2 MAG DATA

 
The Principal Investigator of this proposal is an Adjunct Professor at CUA and will continue to use his experience and familiarity with the study of the weak magnetic fields in interplanetary space,
 

CASSINI-HUYGENS GAS CHROMATOGRAPH MASS SPECTROMETER SCIENCE SUPPORT

 

NEW METHODS IN DATA MINING FOR TIME-DOMAIN ASTRONOMY

 

THE LOCAL GALAXY MASS FUNCTION OF THE BRIGHTEST CLUSTERS IN THE SKY-I

 
Galaxy clusters have proven to be highly competitive and complementary cosmological probes. For the next major breakthrough more reliable mass estimates and, therefore, a better underst
 

THE SUPPORT OF INTERNATIONAL TOVS STUDY CONFERENCE

 

NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS AND NASA DIGITAL LEARNING NETWORK

 
This unsolicited proposal is being submitted by Oklahoma State University (OSU) to provide ongoing support for the NASA Explorer Schools (NES) Project and NASA Digital Learning Network (DLN) Module.
 

0711134: University of Tennessee - Knoxville<br/>

PI: Thomas Zacharia<br/><br/>ABSTRACT<br/><br/>In this project, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK) will provide a significant new computing capability to the research community.   It will provide the capability for researchers to tackle large and complex research challenges in a wide range of areas.  In partnership with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), UTK will acquire, deploy and operate a sequence of large, well balanced, high-performance computational resources on behalf of the science and engineering research community.  Initially, a large teraflop/s Cray XT4 system will be deployed.  This will subsequently be upgraded to a Cray Baker system with a peak performance of over one petaflop/s and a large amount of main memory.  These systems will be sited at the Joint Institute for Computational Sciences, a center established by the University of Tennessee and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), housed in a building constructed by the state of Tennessee on the ORNL campus.  The new systems will form part of NSF's TeraGrid high-performance cyberinfrastructure, doubling the computational capacity of the TeraGrid in one year.<br/><br/>This award will permit investigators across the country to conduct innovative research in a number of areas.  Examples of recent impacts of the TeraGrid's high performance computing resources in research, taken from NSF's "Highlights" database, include:<br/><br/>. The first atomic level simulation of a life form. These simulations of the satellite tobacco mosaic virus will help scientists determine what factors are important to the virus' structural integrity and how those factors might influence assembly of the virus inside host cells.<br/>. Avalanches, oil spills, thunderstorm fronts, and the dust cloud following a building collapse all generate heavier fluid intrusions into a lighter environment. Mathematical modeling and large scale simulations give engineers the means to study these threedimensional flows, which are frequently immeasurable due to their destructive power.<br/>. Over the last year, scientists have used more than one million CPU hours on TeraGrid systems to optimize the process by which the signals generated by Higgs decay are separated from the potentially overwhelming background noise.<br/>. One of the best tools economists have to account for the vagaries of human decision-making as it affects economic forecasting is the life cycle model. Using a process called "backward induction," for the first time, made it possible to apply massively parallel computing to the life cycle model. TeraGrid systems were used to solve the largest, most realistically specified versions of the life cycle model ever attempted. <br/>. Proteins are the building blocks of the body, and biologists have learned that the myriad ways they function  from fighting off infection and building new bones to storing a memory  depend on the precise details of their 3 D shapes. But determining the shapes of proteins has been a slow and exacting process.  By dramatically accelerating scientific research, modern supercomputers are opening the door to medical advances such as rational drug design.<br/><br/>This project manifests broader impacts in a number of areas.  <br/>. The project enhances the infrastructure for research and education through the provision of facilities for high-end computing integrated into the TeraGrid.  Integration into the TeraGrid permits the facility to be used, relatively transparently, to provide back-end services to the education portals within the TeraGrid Science and Engineering Gateways. <br/>. The project partners at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Texas Advanced Computing Center, and the National Center for Atmospheric Research will collaborate to develop and offer advanced training in high-end computing topics including scaling and performance optimization.  This training program will include in-person training at remote institutions where there are at least ten attendees.  Training sessions will also be provided at large science and engineering workshops and conferences.<br/>. Leveraging funding from a variety of sources, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville will launch a multidisciplinary Intercollegiate Graduate Program in Computational Science that will offer training in computational science to students in a wide range of disciplines.<br/>. Many of the users of the proposed system will be graduate students and post-doctoral researchers working in research groups that use high-end computing in their investigations.  It is anticipated that the computational resources provided by this project will play a role in over one hundred graduate theses.<br/>. The project will work with the Oak Ridge Associated Universities' Council of Minority-Serving Institutions to recruit a diverse group of users from underrepresented groups.<br/><br/>One of the primary partners in this project, ORNL, operates a portfolio of existing programs aimed at introducing pre-college and college students to the science and engineering uses of highend computing and at broadening the participation of underrepresented groups in science and engineering.  The types of research conducted with the new system will be integrated into these programs.
 

LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE

 

The question of microbial life on Mars has become a major topic of investigation as observations and data from NASA robotic missions to the red planet reveal an environment not too far removed from earthly habitats populated by extremophilic microorganism

 

MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMAL SCHEDULING FOR SPACE SCIENCE APPLICATIONS

We propose to develop and assess a new multi-objective multi-participant optimization application for scheduling space-based observatories. Our approach will address how to optimize schedul
 

Laser remote sensing and optical communication are two important technology areas with great potentials in improving human lives and impacting the global economy. While these two fields are distinct in their application areas and market place, they share

 

The MMS/SMART mision consistis of four fully instrumented satellites that is designed to explore the microphysica of magnetic reconnection and associated generation of turbulence. This will be the frist mission that willhave sufficient time resolution to

 

TRACTICAL ROVER-BASED MARTIAN GEOLOGIC MAPPING

Current state-of-practice techniques for location refinement of planetary surface rovers are too time-consuming to conduct during the tactical science process of surface operations. As a result, uncertainty i
 

This award supports a three-year study to isolate essential physical processes affecting Thwaites Glacier (TG) in the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) of West Antarctica using a suite of existing numerical models in conjunction with existing and International Polar Year (IPY)-proposed data sets.

 
Four different models will be utilized to explore the effects of embayment geometry, ice-shelf buttressing, basal-stress distribution, surface mass balance, surface climate, and inland dynamic perturbations on the present and future dynamics of TG. This particular collection of models is ideally suited for the broad nature of this investigation, as they incorporate efficient and complementary simplifications of the stress field (shallow-ice and shelf-stream), system geometry (1-d and 2-d plan-view and flowline; depth-integrated and depth-dependent), and mass-momentum energy coupling (mechanical and thermo-mechanical). The models will be constrained and validated by data sets (including regional maps of ice thickness, surface elevation, basal topography, ice surface velocity, and potential fields) and geophysical data analyses (including increasing the spatial resolution of surface elevations, improving regional estimates of geothermal flux, and characterizing the sub-glacial interface of grounded ice as well as the grounding-zone transition between grounded and floating ice). The intellectual merit of the research focuses on several of the NSF Glaciology program's emphases, including: ice dynamics, numerical modeling, and remote sensing of ice sheets. In addition, the research directly addresses the following specific NSF objectives: "investigation of the physics of fast glacier flow with emphasis on processes at glacier beds"; "investigation of ice-shelf stability"; and "identification and quantification of the feedback between ice dynamics and climate change".  The broader impacts of this research effort will help answer societally relevant questions of future ice sheet stability and sea-level change. The research also will aid in the early career development of two young investigators and will contribute to the education of both graduate and undergraduate students directly involved in the research, and results will be incorporated into courses and informal presentations.
 
Walker, R.T., T.K. Dupont, D.M. Holland, B.R. Parizek, and R.B. Alley~Initial effects of oceanic warming on a coupled ocean-ice shelf-ice stream system~Earth and Planetary Science Letters~287~2009~483~, Walker, RT; Dupont, TK; Parizek, BR; Alley, RB~Effects of basal-melting distribution on the retreat of ice-shelf grounding lines~GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS~35~2008~ ~http://wok-ws.isiknowledge.com/WoS?r...00258999700001, Alley, RB; Horgan, HJ; Joughin, I; Cuffey, KM; Dupont, TK; Parizek, BR; Anandakrishnan, S; Bassis, J~A Simple Law for Ice-Shelf Calving~SCIENCE~322~2008~1344~http://wok-ws.isiknowledge.com/WoS?r...00261170600028, Vaughan, D.G., J.W. Holt, and D.D. Blankenship~West Antarctic Links to Sea Level Estimation~EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union~88~2007~485~, Little, C.M., M. Oppenheimer, R.B. Alley, V. Balaji, G.K.C. Clarke, and fifteen others~Toward a New Generation of Ice Sheet Models~EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union~88~2007~578~, Ackert, RP; Mukhopadhyay, S; Parizek, BR; Borns, HW~Ice elevation near the West Antarctic Ice Sheet divide during the Last Glaciation~GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS~34~2007~ ~http://wok-ws.isiknowledge.com/WoS?r...00250850000004
 

NASA EXPLORER SCHOOLS: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT EXPERTISE

 
The NASA Explorer Schools are an ongoing agency effort intended to improve Science and Math Education for students historically underrepresented in Science, Technolog
 

JWST TELESCOPE SCIENTIST INVESTIGATION

 

LUNAR-BASED SOFT X-RAY SCIENCE

 

We propose to provide independent measurements of the spin state of Mercury and to integrate them with the spacecraft-derived data for an optimal characterization of the interior of MErcury.

 
Our specific objectives are: 1) To measure the amplitude of the
 

LUNAR BASED SOFT X-RAYS SCIENCE

 

This project focuses on the analysis of the water balance in the Western U.S. during Miocene time through the application of an innovative approach that links changes in precipitation patterns to sea surface temperature (SST) variations in the eastern Pacific and Gulf of Mexico.

 
In contrast to the prevailing arid climate of the modern Western U.S., conditions during middle Miocene time were far wetter despite similar atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. This project will determine how SST variations affect the net transfer of water from ocean to land by using existing Ocean Drilling Program sediment cores to reconstruct a SST time series for the middle and late Miocene, by groundtruthing the time series using terrestrial proxies for climate change, and by applying both regional and global climate models to simulate the impact of SST variations on climate conditions in the Western U.S.  The project will produce the first well-constrained SST record for Miocene time and will provide modeling results that hindcast Miocene climate conditions and that may also be applied in a predictive sense to determine the potential impact of warming episodes on the future aridity of the Western U.S.  Broader impacts of the project include linkages between the water cycle and regional climate change, support for relatively recent PhDs as principal investigators, and training of graduate and undergraduate students.
 
Lyle, M~Palaeoceanography - Bloom without fertilizer~NATURE GEOSCIENCE~1~2008~576~http://wok-ws.isiknowledge.com/WoS?r...00258894700009, Lyle, Barron, Bralower, Huber, Olivarez Lyle, Ravelo, Rea, Wilson~The Pacific Ocean and the Cenozoic Evolution of Climate~Reviews of Geophysics~46~2008~RG2002, 4~, Dekens, P.S., A.C. Ravelo, and M. McCarthy~Warm Upwelling Regions in the Warm Pliocene~Paleoceanography~22~2007~PA3211, 1~
 

"EXOSPHERIC SOURCES AND SURFACE CHEMISTRY TO PROBE THE FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF MERCURY"

 
This project is a two-part scientific investigation that determines the true sources of Mercury''s exosphere using the Mercury Atmospheric and Surface Composition S
 

FRACTIONATION OF MULTIPLE SULFUR ISOTOPES DURING BIOLOGICAL SULFUR OXIDATION THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON COLLECTING SULFUR MULTIPLE ISOTOPE DATA FOR LABORATORY CULTURE EXPERIMENTS WITH PHOTOTROPHIC AND NON-PHOTOTROPHIC S OXIDIZING ORGANISMS, AND E

 
0725070: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign<br/>PI: Thomas H. Dunning<br/>ABSTRACT<br/>In this project, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will provide a new class of computing capability to the research community, opening up new possibilities in science and engineering. It will provide the capability for researchers to tackle much larger and more complex research challenges across a wide spectrum of domains. NCSA will acquire, deploy and operate a very large, architecturally coherent, innovative, leadership-class, high-performance computational resource, to be known as Blue Waters, for the science and engineering research community. This system will be sited at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) where it will be operated by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) and its partners in the Great Lakes Consortium for Petascale Computing (GLC). Initially, large allocations of resources on the new system will be awarded by NSF through a separate peer-reviewed competition. As research activities are identified in this way, the GLC will form Petascale Application Collaboration Teams to provide collaborative consulting services to each activity.<br/>The Blue Waters project also includes education and outreach programs that will target pre-college, undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate levels. The Girls Engaged in Mathematics and Science (GEMS) and Southeastern University and College Coalition for Engineering Education (SUCCEED) programs will be augmented with materials related to petascale computing. Graduate education will be enhanced by the establishment of a Virtual School of Computational Science and Engineering that brings together the faculty at each of the universities in the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC) as well as Iowa State University, Louisiana State University, and the University of North Carolina, to create courses that focus on petascale computing and petascale-enabled science and engineering. The Virtual School will explore new instructional technologies and create courses, curricula, and certificate programs that are tailored to science and engineering students and will also sponsor workshops, conferences, summer schools, and seminars.<br/>The project will include an annual series of workshops targeted at the developers of simulation packages and aspiring application developers. In addition, the project will include two industrial partnership activities. The first, Industry Partners in Petascale Engagement program (IPIPE) will provide industrial partners with a first look at the technological and scientific developments that flow from the petascale program. The second, an Independent Software Vendor (ISV) Application Scalability Forum will promote collaborations between Consortium members, ISVs, and the industrial end-user community.<br/>This award will permit investigators across the country to conduct innovative research in a number of areas including:<br/>.<br/>the development of structure in the early cosmos; the physics of supernovae, gamma-ray bursters, binary black-hole systems, and collisions between neutron stars;<br/>.<br/>the first-principles design of catalysts, pharmaceuticals, and other molecular materials for specificity and efficiency;<br/>.<br/>the mechanisms of reactions involving large bio-molecules and bio-molecular assemblages, such as enzymes, ribosomes and cellular membranes; the assembly of capsids;<br/>.<br/>the interaction of very short laser pulse trains with polyatomic molecules;<br/>.<br/>nonlinear interactions between cloud systems, weather systems and the Earth's climate; the detailed structure of, and the nature of intermittency in, stratified and unstratified, rotating and non-rotating turbulence in classical and magnetic fluids; and<br/>.<br/>the exploration of the internal structure of the Earth using high-resolution, broad-band, global seismic inversions<br/>The broader impacts of this award include: provisioning of unique infrastructure for research and education; extensive efforts to accelerate education and training in the use of high-performance computation in science; training in petascale computing techniques; promoting an exchange of information between academia and industry about the applications of petascale computing; and<br/>broadening participation in computational science through NCSA's GEMS program designed to encourage middle-school girls to consider mathematics-oriented and science-oriented careers.
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